Turtle Bunbury

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FAMILY

McCLINTOCK FAMILY HISTORY

 

THE McCLINTOCKS OF TRINTAUGH

 

In September 2019, Sylvia McClintock directed me to an as yet untapped resource at http://freepages.rootsweb.com/%7Ejackmcclintic/genealogy/donegal.html Among the documents here are the 1630 Muster Roll, the 1665 Heart Money Roll and a number of wills, as well as the Spinning Wheel List (or the Flax Growers Bounty List) of 1796, a Flax Seed Premium Entitlement list naming all those in Ireland to whom the Trustees of the Linen Manufacturers paid premiums for sowing flax in 1796. When opportunity knocks, I will take a closer look ...

 

Alexander McClintock of Trintaugh, Co. Donegal (d. 1670)

 

The first McClintock to come to Ireland is said to have been Alexander McClintock, a Scotsman from Argyll. He probably sailed direct from Glasgow, around the northern coast of Ireland and down the River Foyle. One wonders at how they brought all their luggage and furniture, or where they initially lived!? Family tradition states that he 'came from Scotland' in 1597 but that date does not add up, not least considering that Ireland was then midway through the violent Nine Years War. I would suggest that 1597 could simply have been the year of his birth. [i] Burke's Commoners, 1835 (Vol 2, p. 257) states that Alexander sprang 'from a respectable Scottish family' and that he 'settled in the County of Donegall, anno 1623, and was progenitor of Alexander McClintock esq. of Trintaugh, in the same shire'.

The most romantic reason I can conceive for Alexander arriving in 1597 is that he was some form of mercenary. One thinks of Finola McDonnell, aka Iníon Dubh (d. 1608), the daughter of Séamus Mac Dhòmhnaill, 6th Laird of Dunnyveg, an Islay-based Gaelic nobleman, who was married in about 1570 to Sir Aodh mac Maghnusa Ó Domhnaill (aka Sir Hugh O’Donnell) by whom she was mother to the famous Red Hugh O’Donnell and his brother Rory, the last King of Tyrconnell. A story is told that when Iníon Dubh cam to Ireland to marry O'Donnell, she brought 100 of the biggest Scots she could find along with her, 80 of whom were said to be Crawfords. Similarly, when her mother Lady Agnes Campbell (1526–1601), a daughter of Colin Campbell, 3rd Earl of Argyll, was married (secondly) to Turlough Luineach O’Neill (who succeeded Shane O’Neill as clan chief) in 1569, she brought 1,200 Highland troops with her to Ireland. Could Alexander have been part of that tradition? It’s pure speculation, of course, but I include these details here in case they prove relevant. Iníon Dubh lived along the River Foyle at Mongavlin Castle (5.5km south-east of Trintaugh). The castle was granted to Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox, along with lands of 1,000 acres, by royal patent on 23 July 1610, and passed to his brother, Esme, the 3rd Duke, in 1624. Is it really feasible that Alexander was in County Donegal at the time of events such as the battle of Kinsale, the flight of the Earls and the rebellion of Sir Cahir O'Doherty?

By 1623, the Scottish plantations of County Donegal were in full swing and this is certainly a much better fit. I suppose it is possible that the Alexanders of 1597 and 1623 were one and the same although I would suggest there is a generation between those dates. At any rate, an "Alexander Mc Lentock" is one of eight McClintocks mentioned in the 1630 Muster for Ulster, bearing a sword and pike, and living on the Duke of Lennox's 4000 acre estate in the Barony of Raphoe, County Donegal. Esme, the 3rd Duke of Lennox, was among King James's closest friends and he may have granted the arms himself. It is believed he was the son of another Alexander McClintock [McKlintock] by his wife Catherine Rogers. The Barony of Raphoe formed part of the ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O’Neills, which included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone and Derry (and the four baronies of West Inishowen, East Inishowen, Raphoe North and Raphoe South in County Donegal). The majority of present-day County Derry was carved out of Tír Eoghain between 1610 and 1620 when that land was assigned to the profit-making Guilds of London.

In about 1630 a man by name of Alexander McClintock moved to the parish of Taughboyne in east Donegal where he occupied a house that he may have built, and which Sylvia Wright (nee McClintock) believes to have had barn attached. He settled at Trintaugh, which he seems to have purchased at about the time of his marriage in Glasgow in 1648 to Agnes Stinson (1635-1696).

Trintaugh (Trentagh) is close to the River Foyle, 2-3 miles WSW of St Johnstown (and SW of Derry) in the Laggan Valley, the most fertile land in that part of Ireland. It shows up on Google maps at about this point, or on townland.ie here. The McCintocks helped to build the nearby Church of Ireland at Church Town (in the parish of Taughboyne), about 2 miles north of St Johnstown. Sylvia McClintock has some maps of Co. Donegal from 1777, which clearly show a Mr McClintock living at this Trintaugh, as well as other McClintock's living nearby at Dunmore, Carrigans, Castrues and Prospect. On the Trintaugh estate, above where the house stood (stands?), there is a high black rock, a spur of the mountain Dooish (black mountain), subsequently mined for slate. Andrew McClintock advises that, in 2019, a McClintock was still farming the mountainous land at Dooish on the descent from the north, 1-2 miles above Trintaugh.

[NB: To add to the confusion, there are two places called Traintaugh / Trentagh / Treantagh / Trinta in County Donegal! The second one is NW of Letterkenny, and close to Church Hill, as well as Rathdonnell House. This land was (and may yet be?) boggy marshland. In July 2018 Laurence Gilmore advised me: 'Trentagh is a district near Letterkenny which was known in the 1700s as the Manor of Rathdonnell ... The Manor was mortgaged by George Keys of Cavanacor in 1791.' It might be noted that Jenet McClintock's sister Margaret Lowry had married John Keys of Cavanacor. The 1791 mortgage was recalled in a deed of 1823 referring to George's heiress Mary Keys that Laurence found in the Registry of Deeds in Dublin. [Vol. 787, p. 222, entry 532357. There may be supporting memorials at the registry relating to the Manor of Rathdonnell.]

One wonders if the newly married Alexander, or any other McClintocks, lined out for the Battle of Scarrifholis (or Scariffhollis), one of the bloodiest battles in recent Irish history which was fought on the banks of the River Swilly at Newmills on 21 June 1650. Since the execution of Charles I, Ulster’s Protestants had split into Royalist and Parliamentary factions. Most of the English settlers sided with the Parliament (mainly in opposition to the Royalist's conciliatory attitude to Irish Catholics) and they took control of Derry, aided by a Parliamentary army sent to Ulster by Oliver Cromwell in 1649. The Covenanters, on the other hand, sided with the Royalists but failed to oust the Parliamentarians from Derry and were then defeated at the Battle of Lisnagarvey near Lisburn in December 1649. It seems the Covenanters then joined forces with the Confederate Ulster Army, commanded by Heber MacMahon, Roman Catholic Bishop of Clogher, but they were annihilated at Scarrifholis by the Parliamentarian army commanded by Charles Coote, 1st Earl of Mountrath (where other Protestant settlers in Ulster united with troops from the New Model Army), securing the north of Ireland for Parliament.

It seems likely that, hailing from Scotland, the McClintocks were Presbyterian and therefore Covenanters. The family links with Scotland remained strong for at least a century after their arrival. During the Siege of Derry, for instance, John McClintock (1649-1707) and his wife Jenet (nee Lowry) went back to Scotland where their eldest son John was born on 1st Feb. 1688/89. (He died before 1698). It is unclear when they joined the Church of Ireland, although Alexander evidently had a close affinity with Taughboyne, the Protestant church where he was laid to rest in 1670. Did they convert from conviction (ie: Anglicanism was the better way to a Christian life) or to cement their position in the ascendancy?

Agnes Stinson, Alexander's wife, is believed to have been a daughter of Donal MacLean (1615-1651), Laird of Ardgour, on the remote Ardnamurchan peninsula on the western shore of Loch Linnhe in the Scottish Highlands. Donal was the fifth son of Allan MacLean (c.1582-c1681) and a grandson of Evan MacLean (1550-1592), Laird of Ardgour, by his marriage to Catharine Cameron of Lochiel.

Agnes McClintock's mother Marion MacLean was also a sister of John MacLean. John's wife Fionnvola Campbell was a daughter of Sir Dugald Campbell, 5th Lord Auchinbreck, and his wife, Mary Erskine (1575-1614), a niece of King James V's mistress, Margaret Erskine. [Mary's father was Alexander Erskine of Gogar]. In other words Agnes McClintock's aunt Fionnuala was a great-niece of James V's squeeze. Tenuous, but there you have it, Campbells and Erskines all over the place ...

On 20 July 1651, Donal Maclean was killed at the Battle of Inverkeithing while serving in a 4,000 strong Scottish Covenanter force that, acting for Charles II, sought to halt a superior force from Cromwell’s New Model Army which had landed on the coast at Fife. The Highland infantry were actually under the command of Sir Hector Maclean of Duart, the 18th Clan Chief of Clan Maclean. Sir Hector, Donal, his younger brother John and perhaps five hundred other Scots were killed. Also among the slain were seven Maclean brothers who died while protecting Sir Hector. As each brother fell, another came up in succession to cover him, crying ‘Fear eile airson Eachuinn’ ("Another for Hector"), which is now one of the two slogans used by Clan Maclean. [ii] Agnes is elsewhere described as the widow of Mr. Stinson / Stenson / Stevenson) of Argyllshire. During the late 17th century, the MacLean clan were, with the Camerons, frequently in difficulty back in Scotland where the Argyll Campbells were pressing down hard on smaller tribes; this was an age which saw the Campbell's empire extend as far as it could go. It's not clear where the McClintocks stood on such matters but the Lindsay family (said to be their kinsmen) fought with the Campbells in the build up to the Massacre of Glencoe in 1692. (The Lindsay family were also on the side of the Covenanters in the battle against Montrose in the 1650s).

It is to be noted that the original oak panelling in the library at Lisnavagh bears two dates that have no obvious significance to the McClintock or Bunbury families. The dates are 1651 and 1677. Could this be a rererence to the defeat at Inverkeithing in 1651, aluded to above? Otherwise my best guess, and I think it an unlikely one, is a connection to the House of Stuart. In 1651, Charles II was crowned King of Scotland at Scone while 1677 was the year in which the future Mary II of England (daughter of James II) married William of Orange.

Alexander's name appears as having paid the Hearth Tax in the parish of Taughboyne in 1665. He is believed to have lived at Trinta House (also Trintaugh) where he died on 6 September 1670. He was buried in Taughboyne churchyard along with Agnes (who died on 6th December 1696) and their son Alexander.

Alexander and Agnes had at least three sons and a daughter. Their eldest son, John McClintock (1649-1707) was described as 'of Treintamucklach', married Jenet Lowry and was ancestor of the McClintocks of Drumcar, Lisnavagh, Seskinore and Red Hall.

The second son William McClintock (1657-1724) married Elizabeth Harvey and was ancestor of the McClintocks of Dunmore and the Alexanders of Caledon.

The third son, Alexander McClintock (1660-1689) 'of Treintoch in parish Taboyne', gentleman, lived at Castrues and was a Lieutenant in the Irish Volunteers. He married Sarah Young, who died on 27 June 1689. Given that Deerry was under heavy bombardment at this time, it is hard not to conclude that Sarah was killed in the Siege of Derry. Alexander died on September 14th 1689, less than 50 days after the siege was lifted. He was buried with his parents in Taughboyne. His date of birth is sometimes given as 1651, in which case he was the second son. A little confoundingly, Sir Arthur Vicars 'Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300, refers to the will of a Lieutenant Alexander McClintock of Fremlock, County Donegal, with a date of 1691. It’s otherwise spelled as Frinla and Frinlough but neither these, nor Fremlock, scored any recognition on Google in August 2017 outside of Vicars himself! This leads me to propose that all these words are actually Trintaugh!!

Alexander and Agnes's daughetr Jane (or Jean) McClintock married a Mr. Porter.

FOOTNOTES

[i] Sylvia Wright (nee McClintock) playfully postulates an earlier date of birth as 1587 and proposes that he was the chap who killed Black John McGregor at the Batttle of Glen Fruin in 1603.

[ii] Stewart, David (1825). "Part I Section 3: Devoted Obedience to the Clans—Spirit of Independence—Fidelity".". Sketches of The Character, Manners, and Present State of the Highlanders of Scotland; with details of The Military Service of The Highland Regiments 1 (3rd ed.). Edinburgh and London: Archibald Constable and Co., and Hurst, Robinson and Co.See http://www.wow.com/wiki/Maclean_of_Ardgour and http://www.maclean.org/clan-maclean-history/maclean-casualties2.php With thanks to Sylvia McClintock.

NB: It would be nice to find a match up for the Rev. Samuel McClintock (1732-1804), a Congregational clergyman from Medford, Massachusetts, who was one of 19 children born to a William McClintock who emigrated from Scotland to Ireland, where he lived through the Siege of Derry, and onwards to America. See here for more. The Ulster American Folk Park near Omagh includes a clergyman called McClintock.

 

John McClintock of Trintaugh (1649-1707)

Born in 1649, John was 21-years-old when his father died. He is sometimes described as 'of Treintamucklach' [the townland beside Trintagh, also spelled Treantaghmucklagh), which he inherited following the death of his 29-year-old brother Lt. Alexander McClintock in the wake of the Siege of Derry in 1689. He was ancestor of the McClintocks of Drumcar, Lisnavagh, Seskinore and Red Hall.

On August 11th 1687, he married Jenet Lowry whose family subsequently added the name of Corry and were given the title of Lord Belmore. One might have though 'Jenet' was a typo but that is the spelling given on her tombstone. Jenet was the fourth daughter of a prosperous Scottish landowner called John Lowry who had settled at Aghenis, Co. Tyrone. His first wife was a daughter of Mr. Hamilton of Ballyfallon, Co. Tyrone. She is said to have died at Londonderry during the siege of 1689 but this does not quite make sense chronologically if Jenet McClintock was the daughter of John Lowry's second wife.

By his first wife, John Lowry had a son William Lowry, who went to the East Indies and died unmarried, and three daughters - Elizabeth who married Francis Perry of Tattyreagh, Co. Tyrone; Margaret who married John Keys of Cavancurr [Cavancor], near Lifford, Co. Donegal; and Mary who married Archibald Woods of Trinsallagh, Co. Donegal.

By his second wife Mary Buchanan, John Lowry had two more sons - John who died unmarried and Robert Lowry who married Anne Sinclair and succeeded at Ahennis - and four more daughters. Catharine, the eldest daughter, maried Sameul Perry of Moyloughmore (Mullaghmore), Co. Tyrone, the estate adjacent to that of John Forster. Rebecca, the second, married William Moore of Ballymagrane, near Cappagh. The Moores and Lowrys were influential families in Co. Tyrone and many of their men were attainted by James II's Parliament in 1689. Anne Lowry, the third sister, married Robert McClintock of Castrues, Co. Donegal, and Jenet, or Jane, was the youngest gal who, as stated above, married John McClintock of Trintaugh. Another sister Margaret Lowry married John Keys of Cavanacor

It would seem that John and Jenet sought refuge in Scotland during the wars of 1689. They were certainly over there during the Siege of Londonderry, where their first child John was born on 1st February 1689 although the baby did not survive infancy. [i] John's brother Alexander and his wife Sarah seem to have died on account of the siege. James II visited Mongavlin Castle (5.5km south-east of Trintaugh) on his way to the siege in 1690. He apparently wrote a letter here, proposing the city surrender, which was famously rejected.

The McClintocks returned to Ireland soon after peace was re-established and had some thirteen children, of whom seven survived. These were Alexander McClintock of Drumcar, William (see below), John of Trintaugh (see below), Robert of Castruse (see below), James, Mary (who was born on Feb 2nd 1690, married Gray, Esq, of Donegal) and, perhaps, Katharine or Catherine (who married Mr. Keys).

Note that Scotland was blitzed by severe famine between 1695 and 1698, with some districts losing up to 20% of their inhabitants.

On 2 June 1705, the town of Enniskillen, Co Fermanagh is virtually destroyed by an accidental fire. One hundred and fourteen families and their servants suffered severe losses, and the barracks of her Majesty (Queen Anne) sustained great damage, the total loss being computed at 7,911 pound 13 s. 4d. A memorial was presented to the Lord Lieutenant from the Provost and Corporation, asking for the benefit of a full collection from house to house throughout the Kingdom, and in all Cathedrals and Parish Churches. It set forth that “they never in the late reign nor in this applied to their Majesties for any relief or reward for their services and sufferings (in 1641 and 1688-90) when they had to maintain many thousands of poor stript Protestants who came for protection. But now being poor, disconsolate and entirely ruined, so that they have neither house to go into, beds to lie on, nor wherewithal to buy bread, may it please your Grace to grant your Petitioners the benefit of a full collection.” (Details via Stair na hÉireann).

John passed away on 3rd September 1707 aged 59 and was buried beneath a white marble slab in the south side of Taughboyne Church Cemetery. His will is recorded in Sir Arthur Vicars 'Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300, where he is referred to as John McClintock of ’Trentogh’ and a ‘gent'. In his will, dated 1st September 1707, he left his wife £20 per annum and the lease of Trinta during her life or widowhood, and £50 to dispose of by will, besides ten cows, two of the best horses, and twelve sheep; to his son Alexander a freehold in St. Johnstone; to his daughter Mary, £40, and to daughter Katherine, £20. Each child was named in the will and bond was given by Alexander McClintock, October 4, 1719, as the guardian of the living minor children, named James and Robert. The fact that the son George had died before the bond was given is important. Jenet, widow of John McClintock, died December 28, 1739 and was buried alongside him, as were his son John and daughter-in-law Susanna in due course.

Alexander McClintock of Drumcar (1692-1775)

John and Janet McClintock’s eldest son, Alexander McClintock, was born on 30th September 1692. He most likely went to Dublin in about 1710 where he read law and became a barrister of note during the early Georgian Age. In 1734, he was noted as ‘Attorney, Common Pleas’. In 1725, he married the wealthy Rebecca Sampson who came from a prosperous Dublin family. As they had no children, Alexander became, in Colonel Bob McClintock’s words, ‘the fairy godfather to his nephews and nieces’, although he notably excluded his nephew and nearest natural heir Dr. James McClintock (son of William) from his will. He purchased the Drumcar property in Co Louth which he left to his nephew John McClintock, grandfather of the first Lord Rathdonnell. He established another nephew Alexander McClintock at Seskinore in Co Tyrone. And he ‘left money to many of his nephews and nieces’. When he died in Dublin on 25th May 1775, he was buried in Dunleer, a couple of miles outside Drumcar. His last will was dated 10 July 1772 and proven on 8 June 1775. His will is recorded in Sir Arthur Vicars 'Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300. See Drumcar for more.

 

WILLIAM MCCLINTOCK (1697-1774)

John and Janet McClintock’s second surviving son William McClintock was born on 9th January 1696/7. Tradition locates him in Cappagh, Co. Tyrone, 'a bleak and sparsely settled district'. He was apparently not on friendly terms with his eldest brother, Alexander. The precise cause of this family bust up is unknown but Mervine (1913) attributes it to jealousy, stating that their father showed 'a marked preference' for his son John, as evidenced by his will where the younger John was named as executor. John's characteristics, says Mervine (1913), 'indicate that he was distinctly a "business man " in the modern phrase.' What Alexander had to do with this is unclear, but William's grandson apparently had such a marked aversion to the name 'Alexander' that he could barely say the name. Nor were they allowed to mention the name of Trinta and when a nanny mentioned that she had heard of a family called McClintock from Trinta, she was very nearly dismissed on the spot.

William may have moved to Cappagh to be close to his aunt Rebecca Moore, sister of his mother Jenet. He appears to have operated as a doctor, as his son James learned the medicine profession from him. In 1738, he married Isabella Forster. The marriage probably took place shortly after the death of her father, John Forster, of Tullaghan, Co. Monaghan, who left her a legacy of £400. She died on 14 May 1773 and William died less than ten months later in early March 1774. It is notable that four of their children also died in 1774, namely Jenet, Margaret, William and their firstborn son, Robert (1738-1774). There does not seem to be any record of a fever, plague or disaster that year. Leslie Clarkson (Professor Emeritus in Economic and Social History at Queen's University Belfast) observed in an email of 21 February 2019: 'If all these family members family died in the same house at about the same time, the most likely cause was infectious disease such as tbs or small pox or even measles. Another possibility is a water borne infections.'

According to Mervine (1913), William's will was written for him on his deathbed on February 24, 1774, just ten days before the day of his burial.' The will described him as " weak in body". In his will, he bequeathed to his grandson Robert, son of Dr. James, 'the loom that had belonged to his [since deceased] son Robert in his lifetime" . He distributed other effects among his three children, namely James, Jenet and Margaret. To Jenet he left "the house and land, the " horse furniture " (harness, wagons, etc.,) and a heifer and calf, with half of the sheep; the other half, and the rest of the cows, to her sister ; the household goods were to be divided between the daughters ; Jenet to give her sister board and lodging for one vear, and one guinea.' James Moore of Letterbyne, and William Moore of Killstrole, both in the parish of Ardstraw, were made overseers, and the testator's son Dr. James McClintock of Reaghan in Cappagh was appointed executor. Witnesses, Charles Ker and John S. Moore. The will was never proved, though filed and indexed in Dublin.

William and Isabella were survived by their son Dr James McClintock (1739-1832) who, instructed in the practice of medicine by his father, became a county doctor. He also farmed land at Reaghan, near Cappagh. He married Margaret Lemon (1737-1823). When H.S. Hetherington, an Irish-American, visited the area in about 1830, the elderly Dr McClintock was a well-known character locally, regarded as the Oracle or local Pope, and he 'could outspell the whole school and was also the best writer'. He was said to have been a stiff, conservative figure, and was presumably greatly miffed that his extremely wealthy uncle Alexander McClintock of Drumcar, who died in 1775, completely overlooked himin the will, despite the fact that he was Alexander's nearest natural heir. Margaret died aged 86 in February 1823. The doctor died aged 93 on 20 November 1832. They had four sons - William (b. 1866), Robert (died young), Hugh (survived by daughters), John (see below) - and a daughter Mary (b. 1868).

Dr. James and Margaret McClintock's youngest son John McClintock (1784-1856) grew up in Cappagh and died in Philadelphia. In 1797, he had a major quarrel with his father over a local beauty deemed to be of inferior social class called Martha McMackin. Aged sixteen, she was the daughter of Patrick McMackin and Catherine Rogers, of the parish of Newton Stewart, County Tyrone. Her father was closely involvde with the Wesleyan Methodists and John Wesley had actually used the Rogers' barn as a meeting place. An epic romance ensued:

'Learning of the opposition of the young man's family, Patrick McMackin promptly forbade the young man's suit, and soon after sent his daugher to join her brother in America. John McClintock was at first at a loss what to do, but learning that James Gowen, one of Martha's suitors, favored by her father, had gone to Philadelphia, he started at once for the same place. Arriving there, with no clue except that which might be found by watching Gowen, his efforts were for some weeks unrewarded, until observing that Gowen was absent at intervals, he followed him to the village of Soudersburg, where John McClintock, a convert to Methodism, was married April 19, 1808, to Martha McMackin.' (Mervine, 1913)

He prospred as a merchant for many years but suffered a reversal of fortune in 1830. A number of freinds, including John Gowen, came ot his rescue, appointed him manager of a bank and he later became part owner and chief manager of the Beaver Meadow Coal Mines. He was described as "a man of middle height, with light hair and eyes, and " of unusual intelligence ; alert in movement, irrepressible in temper, persistent, tenacious, and a man of mark in his religious communion." He never returned to Ireland but later dispatched his son James to erect a headstone to his parents in Cappagh graveyard. His wife Martha died on 4th July 1840. The following year, he married secondly Brigitta McGovern. John died at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on 24 May 1856.

John and Martha had seven sons, Dr. James McClintock M.D. (1809-1881); the theologian, abolionist and university president John McClintock Ph.D. (1814-1870); the soldier William McClintock (1817-1847) who was killed at the battle of Buena Vista; Robert Burch McClintock (1819-1889); Samuel Ross McClintock, MD (who disappeared in the California Gold Rush of 1849), Emory Waugh McClintock (1842-1900) and Edgar Wakeman McClintock (1844-1880), as well as three daughters Jane (1811-1884), Martha (1821-1900, married Joseph Graydon) and Margaret (1828-1856, married Rev. William Godman). For more on this branch, including the influential Emory McClintock, see THE McCLINTOCK GENEALOGY (1913), reprinted from Volume One of The Genealogical Register and edited by William M. Mervine of Philadelphia. The lead to this information was provided by Dr. James McClintock's great-grandson Tom Barr in May 2010.

As an 1847 enthusiast I am particualrly taken by the tale of the above-named Prof John McClintock Ph. D. and the McClintock Slave Riot of 1847. The account at that link commences: "In the late summer of 1847 when Professor John McClintock was tried before the Quarter Sessions Court of Cumberland County, the only white man among 34 other Carlisle Pennsylvanians, all black, charged with inciting a riot, he seems to have reached a turning point in his career. His first book had just been published by Harper Brothers in the fall of 1846;1 he had been offered and had declined a munificent post as professor of modern languages at the University of Pennsylvania; his satisfactions with teaching at Dickinson College were great; and his almost accidental part in the stark drama of the slave riot set in the new courthouse in Carlisle climaxed a quickening of conscience against slavery on his own part."

[Cumberland County had a strong Scots-Irish presence. Oliver Pollock was a merchant, miller and tavern keeper who emigrated to Pennsylvania from Ireland in 1760 and became one of the wealthiest men in Cumberland County. Born in Bready, just north of Strabane, he not only helped bankroll the Patriots during the American Revolution but would also be credited with inventing the famous $ sign for the US dollar in 1778. [i] “Pollock…entered the abbreviation ‘ps’ by the figures for ‘peso.’ Because Pollock recorded these Spanish “dollars” or “pesos” as ‘ps” and because he tended to run both letters together, the resulting symbol resembled a ‘$,’” says Jim Woodrick, the Historic Preservation Division Director of the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. From Dan Hess, ‘The Bankrupt Irishman Who Created the Dollar Sign by Accident’, Atlas Obscura, 23 November 2015; James, James Alton. “Oliver Pollock: Financier of the American Revolution in the West.” Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, vol. 18, no. 72, 1929, pp. 633–647.)

It is assumed this branch also provides the ancestry for Congressman Tom McClintock but we also scored Harry Kirby McClintock (1882–1957), aka "Haywire Mac", of Knoxville, Tennessee, who wrote and sang that fabulous "Big Rock Candy Mountain” in 1928. Harry was a hobo who said he was "the son of a railroad cabinet maker and nephew of four boomer trainmen."

 

Robert McClintock of Castrues (1702-1757)

John and Janet McClintock’s fourth surviving son Robert McClintock was born on 27th October 1702 and lived at Castruse [sometimes Castletrues] and married Helen Harvey. He died at Castrues on 18 November 1758 (sometimes given as February 1757). His will is recorded in Sir Arthur Vicars 'Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300. Their surviving children were John, David, William, Henry, Rose, and Helena. His son William McClintock, aka ‘Stuttering Willy’, lived at Prospect House. A close friend of Lord Exmouth, he was father to Henry McClintock who served with distinction during the bombardment of Algiers in 1816 at which the young Captain William McClintock Bunbury was also present. Sadly this line died out with Henry who had no children.[ii]

 

John McClintock of Trintaugh (1698-1765)

John and Janet McClintock’s third surviving son John McClintock of Trintaugh was born on 27th March 1698. In 1723, John married Susanna Maria Chambers (1700-1742). Susannah was a daughter of William Chambers (1665-1724) of Rockhill, Letterkenny, County Dongeal and his wife Francelina Colhoun (or Colquhoun, born c. 1665-1675). William and Francelina married in 1695. Francelina was a great-granddaughter of Sir Adam Colquhoun (1601-1634) of Luss, Dunbartonshire, and his Bonhill-born wife Christian Lindsay (1603-1629). Francelina’s grandfather Robert Colhoun / Colquhoun) (1622-166) was born in Dunbarton but emigrated to Donegal where he settled at Corkagh near Letterkenny; his wife Katherine MacAuselan / McAusland (1623-1658) died in Donegal. Robert and Katherine’s son Charles (1645-1712) married Mary and they were Francelina Chambers’ parents. (Thanks to Sylvia McClintock)

There is a merry speculation that John and Susannah's wedding was the occasion for which the Trintaugh or McClintock Tablecloth was made. (See below) They had sixteen children of whom at least six died young. Susanna’s date of death is recorded as 1742, yet her two youngest children are said to have been born in 1745 and 1746, according to a pedigree compiled by Sir Leopold in the 1860’s. Sir Leopold apparently took these details from a gravestone in Taughboyne churchyard at Church Hill near St. Johnstown, Co. Donegal. The sixteen children included:

1) William McClintock of Lifford. (See below).

2) John McClintock of Drumcar
(aka Bumper Jack), who succeeded to the bulk of his uncle Alexander's fortune and married Patience Foster).

3) James McClintock of Trintaugh
, who married Dora Beresford McCullach. (See below).

4) Alexander McClintock (1746-1798) of Seskinore.

1)
Francelina McClintock, born 26 January 1730, married William Keyes, Esq., of Cavancor, Co Donegal.

2)
Rebecca McClintock, who married Lawrence O’Hara of Brookfield, Co. Donegal. He was High Sheriff of Donegal in 1782.

3) Catherine McClintock
, who married, firstly, James Nesbitt, Wsq., and, secondly, Benjamin Fenton, Esq, [who was probably from Strabane. Co. Tyrone, and may well haev been one of the Protestant Dissenters (Presbyterians) who were barred from holding public office because of their beliefs].

4) Anne McClintock, w
ho was married in April 1766 to Rev. John Young of Eden, Co. Armagh. See below.

It is quite possible that Susanne McClintock died in childbirth, given her age and the number of children she had in 19 years of marriage. She was buried beneath a white marble slab in the south side of Taughboyne Church Cemetery where her parents-in-law and husband also lie.

John McClintock of Trintagh and Redmond Cahan (aka Redmond Kane), clerk, to Robert King of Dublin, were listed as witnesses to a 1731 deed relating to a purchase of land in Tyrone by Alexander McClintock of Dublin. [Registry of Deeds in Dublin, Vol. 65, p. 535, no. 46845. Thanks to Laurence Gilmore]. He should not be confused with the John McClintock of Strabane and Dunmore who was named as agent to the Earl of Abercorn circa 1745. John McClintock of Trintaugh died on 26 May 1765 at the age of 67. His will is recorded in Sir Arthur Vicars 'Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300, where he is referred to as John McClintock of ’Frinlough, Co. Donegal’ and a ‘gent'.

 

BARON LISGAR & THE YOUNGS OF BAILIEBOROUGH

In April 1766, Bumper Jack's sister Anne married the Rev. John Young of Eden, Co. Armagh. Their eldest son Thomas Young, an officer in the service of the Hon East India Company, Madras Presidency, received high military appointments from the Duke of Wellington (then General Wellesley) during the Mahratta war, and was one of his staff at the battle of Assaye in 1803 He was lost at sea in returning to Europe in 1808 when his ship and three other richly laden Indiamen foundered in a storm off the Mauritius.

John and Anne Young's second son William, an East India director, was created a baronet in 1821 and lived at Bailieborough Castle, Co. Cavan. His eldest son John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar (1807-76) served variously as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1853–55), second Governor General of Canada (1869–72) and 12th Governor of New South Wales (1861–67). The Illustrated London News of Saturday 14 October 1876 provided a detailed synopsis of his life:

"The Right Hon. Sir John Young, Baron Lisgar of Lisgar and Bailieborough, in the county of Cavan, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, and a Baronet, PC,GCB, GCMG, Lord Lieutenant of the county of Cavan, died on the 6th inst., at his seat in Ireland. His Lordship was born Aug. 31, 1807, the eldest son of Sir William Young, Bart.; was educated at Eton, and at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and was called to the Bar at Lincoln’s Inn in 1834. He entered Parliament as M.P. for the county of Cavan in 1835, and continued to sit for the same constituency until 1855. He held office from 1841 to 1844 as a Lord of the Treasury, from 1844 to 1846 as Secretary to the Treasury, and from 1852 1855 as Chief Secretary for Ireland. In the last named year he was appointed Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Isles, in 1860 Governor of New South Wales, and in 1868 Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada. He retired finally in 1872. In 1848 he succeeded his father in the baronetcy, in 1870 he was raised to the peerage, and in 1871 was constituted Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of his county. In politics this able and meritorious public servant was a Moderate Conservative, or rather a Conservative Liberal. He married, April 8, 1835, Adelaide-Annabella, daughter of Edward Tuite Dalton, Esq., by Olivia, his wife, afterwards Marchioness of Headfort, but had issue. The barony of Lisgar consequently becomes extinct, but the baronetcy and the representation of the ancient family of Young devolve on his Lordship’s nephew, now Sir William Muston Need Young, third Baronet."

Lady Lisgar subsequently married her late husband’s former private secretary, Sir Francis Charles Fortescue Turville KCMG, of Bosworth Hall, Leicestershire. See also Barbara J. Messamore (2004) Diplomacy or duplicity? Lord Lisgar, John A. Macdonald, and the Treaty of Washington, 1871, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 32:2, 29-53.

As noted above, when Baron Lisgar died in 1870, the barony died with him but 'the baronetcy and the representation of the ancient family of Young' devolved upon his nephew, who became Sir William Muston Need Young, 3rd Baronet. Born posthumously in Calcutta in 1847, Sir William was the only son of Thomas Young (d. 1846), Baron Lisgar’s brother, who had served as a magistrate and collector with the Honourable East India Company’s Bengal Civil Service. His mother Mary Jane Duncan was a daughter of William Pitt Muston, Esq, MD. In 1871, Sir William was married in Southampton to Isabella Leach of Black Torrington, Devonshire, with whom he had three children.[i] Sir William, who took on Bailieborough Castle, worked as assistant superintendent with the Government Telegraph Department in India and was a director of several public companies. He was posted to series of place in India and then Burma before retiring in 1896. However, his marriage had come asunder by January 1896 when Lady Young sought a judicial separation from the London Divorce Division.[ii] The marriage between their eldest son John Edgar Harington Young and Mildred Guy that June did nothing to halt proceedings.[iii] In July 1896 it was disclosed in the press that Lady Isabella’s reason for seeking divorce was that her husband had embarked upon an affair with one of the servants at their home in Kensington, and that the servant had then moved into her bedroom. In a sign that the pendulum was slowly swinging in favour of the wronged wife in Victorian England, Lady Young was granted a decree of judicial separation, with costs, as well as custody of her younger children.[iv]

Further heartache came the Young’s way in 1902 when their eldest son John Edgar Harington Young, by now a captain in the Royal Artillery, died at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley, aged 31. At the time of his death he was seconded in his regiment as assistant superintendent of the gun carriage factory at the fortified town of Futtehghuror (Furruckabad), on the western bank of the Ganges. He and Mildred had a son John, born in 1897, who became heir to the baronetcy but who was himself fated to die at the Somme on 1 July 1916.[v]

The plot thickened in 1932 when Sir William, then an 85-year-old ‘widower’, was married at Wandsworth district register office in London to Sarah Hallinan, the 59-year-old daughter of James Hallinan, a cattle buyer from Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, and his wife, Sarah Flynn.[vi] [Lady Isabel Young had died aged 78 in Bath on 23 June 1925, and was buried in Bath’s Smallcombe Cemetery.] According to a report in the Belfast Telegraph, Sir William and Sarah were both living at 30 Streathbourne Road, Balham, in South West London at the time.[vii] The newspaper continued:“Sir William is an invalid and could not walk without assistance. He drove up to the register office in a car and was helped inside by two friends. Owing to his infirmity the ceremony took place in a downstairs office instead of upstairs as usual. The bridegroom remained seated except when he raised himself to repeat the words of the marriage declaration." In the marriage register, no record was made of the bridegroom's title.

Sir William, who changed his name to Wilfred Yorke, died in 1934, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest surviving son by his first marriage, Sir Cyril Roe Muston Young (1881-1955), who worked closely with Butterfield and Swire, Shanghai merchants. Sir Cyril was in turn succeeded by his son Sir John William Roe Young, 5th Bt (1913-1981) and grandson, Sir John Kenyon Roe Young, 6th and present Bt, Royal Navy (Hydrographic Branch 1970–79),

Sarah Young / Yorke (nee Hallinan) passed away in June 1964. Ancestry indicates that she and Sir William had five children born between 1896 and 1913, named as Wilfred Yorke (1896–1972), Gilbert Victor Yorke (1898–1990), Norah Eileen Minnie Yorke (1900–1992), Philip Raymond Alexander Yorke (1904–1926) and Horatio Vernon Barrington Yorke (1913–1982).[viii] As such, it seems that Sarah was the servant Sir William was in a relationship with by July 1896.

FOOTNOTES

[i] Young-Leach, Nov. 24, at the parish church of St. James’s, Southampton, William Muston Need, only son of the late Thomas Young, Esq., H.E.I.C.’s Bengal Civil Service, to Isabella, only daughter of the late John Leach, Esq., Exeter. (Homeward Mail from India, China and the East - Monday 09 January 1871).

[ii] 'Matrimonial Suit. LADY YOUNG'S APPLICATION. In the Divorce Division to-day Mr Justice Barnes further heard the application made on behalf of Lady Young, the petitioner in a pending suit for judicial separation, for an attachment against the respondent, Sir Wm. Muston Need Young, Bart., stated to be connected with the Government Telegraph Department in India and a director of public companies. The attachment was asked for on the grounds that respondent had disobeyed an order of the Court to secure £50 for the costs of the trial. The matter had been referred to the Registrar for respondent to be examined as to his means. His Lordship said he was of opinion that respondent could comply with the order if he wished, and the writ of attachment must be issued, but it must lie in the office a month to give respondent an opportunity of complying with the order.' (South Wales Echo - Friday 17 January 1896).

[iii] 'Yesterday afternoon at St Mary Abbot's Church, Kensington, with full choral service, a marriage was solemnized between Mr. John Edgar Harington Young, of the Royal Artillery, eldest son of Sir William Muston Need Young, third baronet, J P for Co Cavan, and an assistant superintendent in the Telegraphic Department of India, of Bailieboro' Castle, Co Cavan, and Miss Mildred Guy, only daughter of Mr and Mrs Ferris Guy, of 8 Vicarage Gate, Kensington. The bride wore a wedding dress of white satin and full Court train of rich brocade, the bodice being arranged with point de gass lace, the gift of the bridegroom. In the afternoon Mr. and Mrs J E H Young left for their honeymoon tour, the going-away gown being of dark green canvas over shot silk, with vest of white satin, trimmed with gold-embroidered grass lawn and lace, and green straw hat, trimmed with lace and green ribbon, and lawn cape.' (Freeman's Journal - Friday 12 June 1896)

[iv] 'A BARONET'S SEPARATION CASE. In the London Divorce Division yesterday, Mr Justice Barnes had before him the petition of Lady Isabella Young for judicial separation, by reason of the adultery of her husband. Sir Wm. Muston Need Young, Bart., with regard to whom his Lordship last week directed his release from prison, where he had been sent for not complying with the order to secure his wife's costs of trial. The marriage took place in 1870, and there were three children. Respondent, who is in the Indian Telegraph Department, took a house in Kensington, where he misconducted himself with one of the servants after his wife left him, the servant occupying Lady Young's room. Decree of judicial separation, with costs, was granted, with custody of the younger children.' (Dundee Courier - Tuesday 07 July 1896)

[v] 'Captain John Edgar Harington Young, Royal Artillery, died at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley, on the 14th inst. He was eldest son of Sir William Muston Need Young, third baronet, of Bailieborough, formerly superintendent in the Indian Telegraph Department. Captain Young was born in 1871, passed into the Royal Artillery when 20 years of age, and became Lieutenant in 1894 and Captain in 1899. At the time of his death he was seconded in his regiment as assistant superintendent of the gun carriage factory at Futtehghur. In 1896 he married Mildred, only daughter of Mr. T. Ferrers Guy, by whom he had son, John, born in 1897, who now becomes heir to the baronetcy.' (Army and Navy Gazette - Saturday 22 February 1902). His widow married Patrick Stewart of 8, Vicarage Gate, Kensington, London. For the fate of Captain John Ferrers Harington Young, see HERE.

[vi] Ancestry says she was born in Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, on 1 Mar 1873 to James Hallinan and Sarah Flynn, and that she passed away in June 1964. See

[vii] HELPED INTO REGISTER OFFICE. The marriage has taken place at Wandsworth district register office of Sir William Muston Need Young, Bart., aged 85, to Miss Sarah Hallinan, aged 59, both giving an address in Streathbourne Road, Balham [South West London]. Sir William is an invalid and could not walk without assistance. He drove up to the register office in a car and was helped inside by two friends. . Owing to his infirmity the ceremony took place in a downstairs office instead of upstairs as usual. The bridegroom remained seated except when he raised himself to repeat the words of the marriage declaration. In the marriage register appeared the following :—
"William Muston Need Young, widower, independent means, aged 83, 30 Streathbourne Road, Balham, son of Thomas Young, deceased, magistrate and collector, Bengal Civil Service.
"Sarah Hallinan, spinster, aged 59, 30 Streathbourne Road, Belham, daughter of James Hallinan, deceased, cattle buyer."
On Friday last Miss Hallinan visited the register office and made application for the marriage licence, but she then made no reference to the bridegroom's title.
Belfast Telegraph - Thursday 29 September 1932

[viii] Could Thom Yorke of Radiohead be a kinsman?!

 

William McClintock of Lifford (1724-disinherited)

John and Susanna McClintock’s eldest son William McClintock was born in 1724. He was subsequently disinherited when he married his first cousin Francelina Nesbit. She was a daughter of James Nesbit; her grandfather Alexander Nesbit /Nesbitt married Rose Chambers (b. 1665).

William's wealthy uncle Alexander McClintock provided him with some support while he lived in Lifford. Colonel Bob McClintock supposes William to have been ‘rather a pathetic figure, living in a small way and watching his younger brother James playing ducks and drakes with the property to which he was the natural heir. We may hope that his wife for whose sake he had given up his inheritance made this sacrifice worthwhile’.

William and Francelina had a son Alexander McClintock who is said to have ‘died in India’. Colonel McClintock wonders was this the ‘unusually accomplished’ and ‘amiable’ McClintock mentioned in William Hickey’s memoir.[iii] This branch appears to have died with Alexander. Howvever another line of thought holds that Alexander did not "die in India' but that the expression was a euphemism common among the landed gentry when they wished to close the official records of a black sheep. The same theory holds that this was Alexander (1762-1800) who married Anne Alexander in 1788 and had two sons, John and Alexander. It is certainly notable that young Alexander is mentioned in the will of Alexander McClintock, the Dublin barrister, which was written after the stated death of Alexander.

William of Lifford’s other offspring are named as John McClintock (who died 9 May 1799, married Grace, daughter of Rev Robert Mansfield of Killygordon, Co Donegal and had two sons, William McClintock, b 13 October 1781, who dsp, and Ralph McClintock, born 9 March 1784); Anne McClintock (m Robert Spence esq of Lifford) and Catherine McClintock (m James Caldwell esq).

 

James McClintock of Trintaugh (1735-1786)

Eleven years younger than his disgraced and disinherited brother William, James McClintock would have been 30 when he succeeded his father John at Trintaugh in 1765. Born on 17th August 1735, he was married in 1762 to Dorothea (Dora) Beresford McCullach, youngest daughter and heiress of Henry McCullagh [McCullach] of Ballyarton, Co Donegal.

According to an essay by Rev. Robert Alexander, published in the Londonderry Sentinel on 31 January 1946, Henry McCullagh "purchased the townland of Ballyarton, Lettermuck, Tamnyarran, and Cleggan, in the County Londonderry, from Mrs. Dorothea Upton of Templepatrick, County Antrim, in 1707." He married Anne Crawford (Crauford), second daughter of John Crawford of Crawfordsburn, County Down; I think Anne’s mother was Mabel Johnson, sister and heiress of Arthur Johnson and daughter of Hugh Johnson. Henry and Anne had no sons, but three daughters, Jane, Anne, and Dorothea. The first died unmarried at Ballyarton in 1758. She willed £100 for her funeral expenses, and was buried in the family burying-ground, Drumall, near Randalstown, County Antrim. The second married Robert Alexander, Boom Hall, September 20, 1759. [See Appendix under McClintock of Dunmore] The third was Dorothea ...

James was an extravagant individual and is said to have counted 29 hunters and coach-horses in his stable, and always drove with four horses in his coach. This apparently reduced the family estate so much that Trintaugh had to be sold soon after his death in 1786. His will of 1788 (??) is recorded in Sir Arthur Vicars 'Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300, where he is referred to as James McClintock of ’Frinla, Co. Donegal’ and a ‘gent'.

When John Bellew published William Crawford’s ‘A History of Ireland. From the Earliest Period, to the Present Time: In a Series of Letters, Addressed to William Hamilton, Esq.’ in 1783, the subscribers included Lieut Col James M’Clintock of Trintaugh, Colonel Rob M’Clintock of Dunmore and John M’Clintock esq of Drumcar.

James and Dora had two sons Alexander Henry McClintock and Robert McClintock, and daughter Susannah McClintock. They appear to have intermarried with the Caldwell, Montgomery, Hardiman and Alexander families but I have not delved into them yet.

 

Henry McClintock of Rathdonnell (1764-1815)

Born in 1764, Henry McClintock was the only son of James and Dorothea McClintock. His wife Mary Caldwell came from Ballybogan near Lifford. They lived at Rathdonnell although Colonel Bob McClintock states his belief that the house was ‘never a family home, but rather in the nature of a shooting lodge’.

Henry and Mary had three children - Henry M'Culloch McClintock (who died 20 August, 1813); Andrew (who died the same year he was born, 1794), and Dorothea McClintock (1795-1877). Born on 20 June, 1795, Dorothea succeeded to the remaining property, furniture and contents of Trintaugh. On 16 October 1820, she married the Rev Robert Alexander, eldest child and only son of General Alexander, and became the mother of the Most Rev William Alexander (1824-1911), Archbishop of Armagh (1852) and Primate of All Ireland (1896-1911). In 1850, Dr Alexander married the hymn-writer CF Alexander (All Things Bright and Beautiful, Once in Royal David’s City, There is a Green Hill Far Away etc). In 1961, their granddaughter Mrs Rhodes was living in Lulworth Cove where she still apparently possessed some furniture from Trintaugh. Rathdonnell House was sold in 1920 after the death of the Primate’s son Jocelyn who was killed when a German submarine torpedoed the SS Leinster in 1918. Local lore tells that Rathdonnell House was formerly owned by a Major Stafford, who had been a page to James II. At the very moment that Stafford breathed his last, his beloved horse apparently dropped dead on the doorstep. The ‘trace’ of the horse was placed on Stafford's tombstone in Douglas.

The townland of Rathdonnell borders the townlands of Magheragran and Dromore, adjacent to the River Lennon. It is located about 4km from the village of Kilmacrennan and approx. 6km from Letterkenny via Killyclug. In December 2020, it was described by a local estate agent as 'good quality arable land.'

 

Susanna McClintock & the Montgomery Connection

James and Dorothea McClintock also had one daughter Susanna Maria McClintock, born in 1767. She married Rev Samuel Montgomery. Their son Sir Robert Montgomery, KCSI (1809-1887) married Ellen Lambert and was father to Rt Rev Sir Henry Montgomery (1847-1932), KCMG, Bishop of Tasmania. Sir Henry married Maud Farrar and they were parents of Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery of Alamein. As it happens, Field Marshal Lord Alexander of Tunis was also part-McClintock. If you want your offspring to become generals, marry a McClintock.

 

 

image title

Above: We have no fixed date for the creation of the McClintock tablecloth but the figures are dressed in early 18th century
fashion. This illustratin came from Major Stanley. McClintock's green Scrap Book.

THE McCLINTOCK or TRINTAUGH TABLECLOTH

The Trintaugh or McClintock Tablecloth, measuring 7'6" by 5’3”, was made in the 18th century, possibly for John McClintock’s 1723 wedding to Susannah Chambers. At the centre of this linen damask is the coat of arms with the motto ‘Virtute et Labore’ and around it are various devices depicting cock-fighting, racing, feasting and drinking, hounds and one figure which seems to be a man tilting at a dummy. At each end are the words ‘JOHN McCLINTOCK, TRINTAUGH’. The cloth is regarded as of ‘considerable’ importance in the history of the Irish linen industry. When shown to London's Victoria & Albert Museum in 1912, recounted Nicky McClintock, ‘they had no knowledge of any tablecloth of the period at all resembling it.’ Nicky presented the original to the V&A in 1971 so that it could be 'properly cared for and will be available for study.’ Colonel Bob McClintock had described the 'very interesting’ relic shortly before this as being in ‘a very tattered’ condition and with the late Mrs HF McClintock at the Red House, Ardee, Co Louth.’ The colonel also observed how Harry F McClintock, a son of Admiral Sir Leopold McClintock, 'had a loom set up and made a number of copies which were distributed around the family.’ This must have been a tricky process given the complexity of its patterns. Harry’s copies were made in 1914 while another copy was made by Major Stanley McClintock circa 1890. (Stanley added the date 1689 - perhaps, as Nicky wrote, 'on the assumption that it had been made to commemorate the Siege of Derry, but there is nothing in the design to connect it with Derry, and the costumes prove that it cannot have been made much before 1730.’) Neither copy exactly follows the original; in each case a modern border has been substituted, with Harry’s having a floral border, some 15 inches wide. At least two of my (relatively distant!) McClintock cousins presently (2019) have these copies.
If the cloth is connected to John and Susannah’s wedding, it would be 'a surprisingly early example of such work from Ireland and may indeed have been woven in Germany.’ Or where was it made? Donegal and north-west Ulster was not an area where linen damask was produced in the 18th century. In 1741, Dublin Society awarded a premium to Henry MacCleary of Waringstown (a village near Craigavon that was settled with Flemish weavers and renowned for its handloom damask weaving), for a linen damask with Lord Howth’s arms. Another surviving armorial cloth, now at Chatsworth, was made in Carlow in 1755 for Cavendish, the Lord Lieutenant. By 1764, Irish cloths were considered as good as imported damasks. The McClintock’s cousin John Foster was heavily involved in promoting linen manufacture.
An early study of the linen damask was “White Figurated Linen Damasks” by Dr GT Van Ysselsteyn, published at The Hague in 1962, although the book is said to contain many factual errors. It is essentially a catalogue of fine pieces, held in a number of public collections and occasionally private ones. The McClintock Tablecloth is recorded as entry no. 204, along with a black and white photograph. It is described, rather disappointingly, as a napkin, and its provenance as 'Private trousseau, Great Britain'.
With thanks to John McClintock, Sylvia McClintock and Brenda Collins

 

 

NB: 'At Beltony, near Raphoe, on 22d March, Mr. WILLIAM BUCHANAN, to Miss MARY M'CLINTOCK, both of the Milltown of Raphoe, whose ages together are 130 years. Neither of them had been married before, and they have always borne religions and unblemished characters.’ Belfast News-Letter - Friday 06 April 1832

FOOTNOTES

[i] "A History of the McClintock Family" by Col. R.S. McClintock, pub. 1961. As an aside, 1689 also saw the birth of William Mitchell in Virginia. He later became a Revenue official in Dublin where he died in 1804 at the astonishing age of 115.

[ii] See RS McClintock’s booklet for two letters written from Lord Exmouth to William McClintock that sing of young Henry’s praises in the battle.

[iii] At Madras in July 1769, Hickey was proposing to sail to China and Mr Chisholm, the second officer of the ‘Plassey’ in which he was about to sail ‘brought a remarkably fine looking young man about 18 years of age’ by name of McClintock ‘who had been about three years in India and was going on a sea voyage for the recovery of his health’. They shared a cabin and Hickey continues, ‘I had reason to be highly satisfied with my companion for, during the nine subsequent months that we were inseparable, I never once heard an angry or ill-natured word from his lips, so placid and fine tempered a lad I never met with; he was also unusually accomplished and an excellent scholar’. They remained together and returned to England, reaching London in April 1770. Hickey continues: ‘In May 1770, my much esteemed friend McClintock took leave of me and embarked for India, having been little more than a month in England, but he was an uncommonly prudent young man and anxious to get back to his duty. With real grief I afterwards learnt that two days after landing in excellent health in Madras he was attacked by one of the fevers of that inhospitable climate which in four and twenty hours terminated his life. A more amiable and accomplished young man never existed’.
Quoted in 'A History of the McClintock Family" by Col. R.S. McClintock.

With thanks to William Bunbury, Andrew Bunbury, Olive Brown, Tom Barr, Sylvia McClintock and the McFarlands.

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