Above: A gathering at Dalmonach on the shores of Loch Lomond. The impressively bearded Alexander Drew was ancestor to
the McClintock Bunbury family through his second son Daniel, grandfather of the artist Pamela Drew, Lady Rathdonnell.
DREW OF SCOTLAND & WESTMORLAND
My grandmother Pamela Rathdonnell was the eldest daughter of John Malcolm Drew by his marriage to Sylvia Peart Robinson. The Drew family made a substantial fortune in calico and textile printing in Scotland and northern England during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The following is based on the Drew Family Tree now at Lisnavagh, as compiled by SV Ocleston, with additional material collated by JMD, as well as subsequent correspondence since this page began in 2011. There is no date on the tree.
In 1687, John Drew married Bethia Hamilton. Bethia may have been a sister of Charles Hamilton of Wetherley in Scotland. Born on 17th December 1678, he was a son of William Hamilton, 3rd of Wishaw (son of William Hamilton, 1st of Wishaw) and Mary Erskine (daughter of Hon. Sir Charles Erskine of Alva). In 1699, Charles married Euphemia Hamilton, daughter of Sir Archibald Hamilton of Rosehall, 1st Bt. and Anne Murray. They had at least two sons, one called Archibald, and two daughters, Charlotte and Bethia. The latter was born on 31st January 1702, married her cousin William Hamilton of Wishaw and lived until 2nd October 1785. It may be that she was named for an aunt who married John Drew?
John and Bethia Drew had six sons and a daughter. Their first two sons James (b. 1688) and Walter (b. 1690) died in infancy. Another Walter was born in 1692 but we know no more. Nor do we know more of the fourth son James (b. 1694), fifth son Lawrence (b. 1697) or daughter Margaret (b. 1699). Our Drew family descend from the sixth and youngest son Joseph.
Joseph Drew was born in 1702 and chirstened on 21 April 1702. He lived in Glasgow until at least 1746. In 1730 he married Christian Boyce [Bryce] who bore him at least seven sons and a daughter. She was probably the Christian Boyce, daughter of Alexander Bryce and wife Margaret Findlay, who was christened on 20 May 1705. (Alexander and Margaret were married on 21 July 1703). Again, infant mortality took care of the first three sons, Joseph (b. 1731), James (christened 7 June 1733) and Alexander (ch. 25 Aug 1734). Nor do we know the fate of three of the younger sons - Alexander (ch. 25 Aug 1739), James (ch. 19 Feb 1744) and Christian (b. 1746), or their daughter Margaret (christened 25 Mar 1736).
However, we do know that another son Joseph Drew (ch. 1 August 1742), was christened on 1 Aug 1742 and went from Scotland to Georgia and then to South Carolina. He fled from SC during the American Revolution and moved north to New Brunswick, Canada, with his wife Mary (Her surname unknown, searches in Georgia and SC have not revealed a marriage so he may have married prior to coming to America) and his children - two sons, John and James, and three daughters Mary, Christian/na and Elizabeth (who married another Loyalist, Luke Keirstead). Joseph died in Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1808. For more on Joseph Drew, follow this link.
Our story sticks with Jospeh and Christian's eldest surviving son, John Drew.
John Drew was born in 1737 and christened on New Year's Day 1738. He lived until at least 1797. In 1775 he married Janet Shirrat. She bore him four daughters and five sons. Three of these died in infancy, namely Janet (b. 1779), another Janet (b. 1781) and James (b. 1786). The firstborn daughter Elizabeth (b. 1776) married Mr Brown. The second daughter Mary (b. 1778) married Mr Carruthers of Dumfries. No more is yet known of the three younger sons – James (b. 1791), Joseph (b. 1793) or William (b. 1797). Our story sticks with the firstborn son, John Drew.
Above: Photographed in 1867, Ann Lindsay, daughter of Mr Alexander Lindsay,
baker, was married to Glaswegian merchant John Drew in 1814. She died on
30th December 1869 and was buried alongside her husband at Glasgow Cathedral.
Their eldest son Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899) was born in 1815
and lived at Creggandarroch, Blairmore, on the shores of Loch Lomond. His
son Daniel Drew was my great-great-grandfather.
John Drew was born in 1783 and was a merchant in Glasgow. On 25th April 1814, he was married in Glasgow to Ann Lindsay, daughter of Mr Alexander Lindsay, baker. We very fortunately have a number of photographs taken of her in 1867. There isalso a copy of their wedding certificate in the cockloft at Lisnavagh. Ann gave him four sons (Alexander, John, James and William) and four daughters. John died on 9th May 1865 and was buried in Glasgow Cathedral. Ann survived him four years, passing away on 30th December 1869. Their eldest daughter Janet was born in 1816, never married and lived until November 1909, when she was buried in Glasgow Cathedral. The second daughter Eliza died unmarried in 1849 and was also interred in Glasgow Cathedral. The third daughter Margaret was married in 1846 to William McNaught and is dealt with anon. The youngest daughter Mary Ann married Isaac Andrews and is also dealt with anon.
John and Ann Drew’s eldest son Alexander, ancestor of the McClintock Bunburys, was born in Glasgow on 18th February 1815 and lived at Creggandarroch, Blairmore, on the shores of Loch Lomond, not far from Luss where, incidentally, the McClintock family hailed from. We have various photographs of him from the 1860s and 1870s when he sported a particularly impressive beard.
By 1866, Alexander Drew had his business offices at 72 Gordon Street, Glasgow. In that year, he began a five year term as a partner in a calico printing firm on the banks of the River Leven at Dalmonach, near Bonhill, in present day West Dumbartonshire. At this time, the River Leven was “one of the world's leading producers of bleached, dyed and printed cloth, rivalled only by Lancashire in the British Isles. It concentrated on the finishing processes and would buy in ready-woven flax or cotton." The Dalmonach Works, as it was originally known, was opened in 1785 by John & James Kibble & Co but burned down in 1812. A Review of James Black & Co., Dalmonach Printers, found in the Cockloft at Lisnavagh, adds that these works, ‘for many years the most important in the Vale’, were established in about 1786. From that year until 1835, when James Black & Co. took over the works, ‘one or more Kibbles with varying combinations seem to have been at the head of affairs. On one wall by the entrance was painted on a small wooden board the legend: ‘James and John Kibble & Co., licensed calico printers’. During the Napoleonic Wars, the government squeezed a tax on every yard of printed calico. In 1814 the first two colours wrought by cylinder at Dalmonach were printed.
After the fire, the works were rebuilt to the designs of Henry Bell, the Dalmonach Works passed into the hands of James Black & Co in 1835. In 1857 the firm changed its name to the Dalmonach Printing Company, but it later reverted to James Black & Co. At this time, Mr John Miller and Mr Appleton were town partners and Mr E.J. Jones was managing partner at the works.
In 1866 Alexander Drew & Sons became co-partners in the firm, which then became known as James Black, Drew & Co. One of his fellow partners was Mr E.J. Jones who was born at Rhodes, near Manchester, in 1831. Mr Jones served his apprenticeship at the printing works of Messrs. Salis, Schwabe & Co. of Rhodes. In 1863, he became sub-manager of the Dalmonach Printing Works, rising to manager-in-chief the following year. In 1866, he was assumed as a partner, the firm then being James Black, Drew & Co. Mr. Jones also found time to make himself an authority on shorthand writing, inventing a system of his own which was published and ‘met with such a hearty reception at the hands of the public that four editions of the work have been run off with great rapidity’.
In 1871 Alexander Drew retired, and the name reverted once more to James Black & Co., before finally becoming the Dalmonach Printing Company again! Jo Sherington, the Local History & Reference Librarian in the Heritage Centre at Dumbarton Library writes: ‘As early as the 1870s, the printworks’ large engraving department held an apparatus for taking photographic copies of certain patterns. In that period also, blockprinting was revived. At its height, Dalmonach had 28 printing machines, some capable of printing 60 inch widths, and the only machines in Scotland capable of printing sixteen colours simultaneously. Dalmonach had a reputation for both industrial and social advance. In 1899, Dalmonach became one of 46 British textile companies to join the [Manchester-based] Calico Printers Association. It finally closed in 1929.’ NB: The Review of James Black & Co. at Lisnavagh states that in 1879 there were twenty five printing machines in position, capable of printing 25,000,000 yards of goods yearly.
An album of photos from 1867 includes many fine images of the Dalmonach Works and other places around Loch Lomond, including the island of Inchmurrin, the southernmost island on the loch, which was owned by the Duke of Montrose until he sold it in 1930. Dumbarton Library acquired photocopies of some of these photos in 1992 from a museum in Burnley who had the originals. The album also includes many fine photos of Alexander and his family, as well as Ardentinny, Loch Long, and Blairmore in Argyll.
Further details of this can be found at this link.
Meanwhile, as Brian Hall relates in his book ‘Lowerhouse and the Dugdales', Alexander Drew relocated to Lowerhouse.
"In the 1870s he [Alexander] wanted to take his three sons, Alexander junior, Daniel and Thomas into the firm, but his partner refused. So Alexander decided to set up a new works on his own, and as Lancashire was the centre of the cotton manufacturing industry, Alexander Junior was sent there to look for suitable premises. He met Mr. Grafton of Accrington, who leased the old mill at Lowerhouse from the Dugdales, and who was about to give up the lease of the premises. Alexander sent for his father, who came down and decided to take over the Lowerhouse works. The lease of 1872 was originally for fourteen years, at an annual rent of £2,120, but it was extended in 1879 and again in 1886.
The running of the Lowerhouse Printworks was left to the three sons. Daniel became works manager, and lived in the house in the centre of the works. He had wide interests in addition to running the factory. He was a noted Rugby football player, and played for Scotland in the first international match in 1871. In the early days of the bicycle, he was a keen cyclist, and once built himself a wooden machine to a design he purchased at the Paris Exhibition. His favourite hobby, however, was yachting, at the family home in Scotland. Daniel was also an enthusiastic amateur photographer and was one of the founders of the Burnley Photographic Society. Like the Dugdales, he took great interest in All Saints' Church Habergham.
Daniel's brothers also played an important part in the running of the family firm. Alexander lived at Holme Lodge- formerly the home of Richard Shaw - which he rented, and he used to walk from home to the printworks every day. He married Alice Ashworth and had five children, the eldest of whom, Edward, died in 1972, while living at Simonstone Hall."
Alexander Drew's friends included the Antrim-born geologist Professor Edward Hull.
On 14th April 1841, he married his first wife, Isabella Robertson. (She was born on 8th April 1821).They had eight children before Isabella’s death on 4th February 1853, to whom we will turn to shortly.
In 1858, Alexander married secondly 26-year-old Aline Sutherland Campbell. They had no children and Aline died in 1888. Alexander survived until 27th July 1899. An obituary at Lisnavagh from an unnamed newspaper described him as 'a native of Glasgow [who] for many years occupied a prominent position amongst its most useful and enlightened citizens. He was a man of wide culture and refined tastes. His reading was extensive and careful, especially in historical subjects and certain branches of science. He was a shrewd businessman, and in his commercial relations practiced principles of probity which, unfortunately, are now to some extent old-fashioned. Neither his gifts nor his inclinations were such as to make for him a figure in public life, but in a quiet and most helpful manner he did good work in the interests of many public institutions of his native city. He was for some years a director of Haldane's Academy of Art. He was also a useful member of the Chamber of Commerce and of the Clyde Trust, and was connected with several of the Societies of the West of Scotland. He came to reside in Blairmore about twenty years ago, and, though living there a life of considerable retirement, contrived to take a leading part in the affairs of the district. He represented the Kilmun part of the parish on the Dunoon and Kilmun School Board. He was the first district representative at the County Council, of which his large knowledge of business principles made him a useful member. He was mainly instrumental in promoting the district water supply which has proved an inestimable boon. Mr. Drew attained a ripe old age and most of the generation to which he belonged have passed away'. His remains were laid to rest, 'in the presence of many friends', in the Northern Necropolis of Glasgow.
Above: I believe this finely whiskered soul is Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899), pictured in 1867. That is assumed to be one of his daughters standing on the steps of Creggandarroch.
John and Ann Drew’s second son John Drew was born in 1819 and moved to Australia where he settled at Bet Bet, Victoria, a shire about 180 kilometres (112 mi) northwest of Melbourne. He was married and died on 13th August 1913, leaving a daughter Margaret. She married Mr Davidson of Sydney. They had two sons, John Drew Davidson and William Davidson, and a daughter Nellie. John was married and became father to Mavis (b. May 1909). William never married. Nellie married a Mr Hannam and seems to have been mother to another Mavis (b. Feb 1908).
John and Ann Drew’s third son James also moved to Australia and died in 1870. He married a Miss Lawson and had two sons. The eldest son John had descendents but trace was lost by the time the tree was connected. The younger son James died on 19th June 1919 leaving a daughter Annie who was based in Australia. This branch could be connected to Robert Drew, born in Ipswich, Queensland in 1889, and who actually took the surname of his mother's family (ie Drew). His great-great-grandson Alasdair Drew contacted me with this information in December 2009.
John and Ann Drew’s youngest son William was born in February 1828 and died on 11th January 1912. His wife Elizabeth Campbell Brown was born on 14th January 1833 and died on 22nd September 1921. The date of their marriage is unknown. They had four sons and four daughters.
The eldest child Mary Ann Drew was born on 30th July 1859 and died unmarried on 22nd December 1908.
The second child John and third child Elizabeth died in their infancy.
The fourth child William Drew was born on 22nd April 1862, married in 1893 to Leonora Guild SP and died on 31st December 1932.
The fifth child Augustus James Drew was born on 13th May 1866 and died in October 1903.
The sixth child Janet was born on 1st April 1869 and married on 22nd September 1898 to Cecil Godfrey Hay. Cecil died on 20th March 1919, a twin boy and girl Cecil George Jackson Hay and Ceilia Elizabeth Campbell Hay, born 14th August 1899.
The seventh child (Lady) Alexandrina Sutherland Campbell was born on 1st January 1871 and married on 4th September 1910 to Sir Philip James MacDonell, M.A. Oxon, B.C.L. (1873-1940), sometime Chief Justice of Trinidad & Tobago (1927-30). In 2009, I was contacted by a gentleman who had come into posession of various photos / papers belonging to Lady Alexandrina so if there is a family historian / archivist out there who would have some interest in them, let me know and I shall endeavour to track down same.
The eight and youngest child Charles Hugh Drew was born on 24th February 1875. He as married in 1910 to Florence Grace McNeill. They were divorced in 1929. He married secondly on 15th July 1929 Alison McKenzie Lindsay.
Above: Isabel Drew (who married Sloan), Alexander Drew and their cousin John Linsdsay McNaught.
John and Ann Drew’s third daughter Margaret was married on 24th September 1846 to William McNaught. They had five sons and a daughter.
The eldest son John Lindsay McNaught, pictured, lived from 24th April 1848 to April 1896 and was married to Emma Wilding (d. August 1874).
Nothing is known of the younger sons bar their names and dates – William (15/4/1852 – 4/1902); Robert (8 / 12 / 1853 – Oct 1933); Duncan (3/5/1856 – 9/1912) and Lindsay Frederick (13/6/1858 – 7/1910).
The only daughter Anne Margaret McNaught was born on 31st July 1850. At the age of 20, she was married on 20th April 1870 to William Henry McKerrow (d. 1888-9). They had a son Duncan (b. 3 / 1872, married, 2 children) and three daughters, Edith (b. 12/1870, New York), Muriel Mary and Maud Annie. Anne Margaret died in 1935.
John and Ann drew’s youngest daughter Mary Ann was married in 1844 to Isaac Andrews. They had two sons and two daughters.
The eldest child Anne Andrews, was born on 30th April 1845 and married on 5th May 1868 to (her cousin?) John Andrews. They had issue – Mary Ann (b. 29/7/1869; d. 25/2/1885); Eva (b. 28 / 8 / 1872), John Drennan (b. 18 / 8 / 1873); Ethel (b. 16 / 2 / 1876) and William Isaac Lennox (b. 14 / 3 / 1878). Of these we have record of Ethel marrying Norman de Wind by whom she had two sons, Norman John Stone (b. 9 / 3 / 1912) and Adrien William Andrews (b. 1 /12 / 1913).
The second child Thomas James Andrews was born on 8th August 1847 and died on 23rd March 1908. He was married on 15th September 1881 to Helen Ardill (b. 1864).
The third child John Andrews was born on 10th July 1849 and died on 25th October 1920. On 27th September 1872 he married Mary Jeffery, by whom he had three sons – Ernest Wood (b. 13 August 1873, d. 1937), Oscar (b. 24 / 7 / 1876) and Sydney (b . 19 / 12 / 1877) - and a daughter, Agnes (b. 13 / 3 / 1879). Oscar was married on 25th July 1904 to Amy Lyttle and had two daughters, Mary Winifred (b. 11 / 9 / 1905) and Betty Marianne (b. 29 / 1 / 1911). Sydney was married to Mary Lyttle (Amy’s sister?) and had a son David (b. 13 / 3 / 1907) and two daughters, Kathleen (b. 14 / 8 / 1908) and Marjorie (b. 6 / 5 / 1912).
The fourth child Frances was born on 28th February 1851; we know no more.
Above: The Sons of Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899) by his first wife Isabella Robertson, namely (l-r), Alexander Drew jun., Daniel Drew (ancestor of the McClintock Bunbury family) and Thomas Auchterlonie Drew.
Above: Alexander Drew & Sons' calico printing factory in Dalmanoch as it looked in 1868. It looks as though Alexander himself (bearded) is pictured in the middle photograph.
It is time now to return to the children of Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899) by his first wife Isabella Robertson. Their eldest son John was born in 1842 but died aged six in 1848. Their eldest daughter Elizabeth died aged three in 1847. Another son Alexander died in 1846.
With all three of their first infants dead by the year 1847, Alexander and Isabella Drew’s hopes cannot have been high for another boy born on 2nd May 1847. They also christened him Alexander Drew. As it happened this child survived until 1936. On 26th September 1878, he married Alice Ashworth (b. 26 Aug 1857) who bore him a son Edward (b. 19 July 1880) and four daughters.
He established the textile company that would become one of the major players in Rochdale, Lancashire, with an address at Rainshore Mill in Norden. On 22nd February 1929, The Times carried a heading in its business section of ‘NEW ISSUE SUCCESSES’. The lead story read: ‘Owing to oversubscription, the list for the issue by Alexander Drew & Sons of 200,000 Seven per cent Cumulative Preference shares were closed at 10:30am yesterday. It will not be possible to consider any applications received after the time of the closing of the list’. Seven months later, on 28th September, the same newspaper explained that ‘letter of allotment and regret for the issue of Preference share sin Alexander Drew & Sons have been posted’. On 18th June 1936, The Times reported that Alexander Drew & Sons, calico printers and merchants, had incurred a loss of £17,115 for the year to March 31st (against a profit of £1,629 for 1934-35). ‘This increases the debt balance to £29, 588’. A meeting was scheduled for June 24th. Things had improved somewhat by 28th June 1937 when The Times noted that the accounts for Alexander Drew & Sons, with address at Manchester, had ‘after allowing £5,836 for depreciation, shown loss of £1,444 for 1936, against £17,115. The debit balance is thus increased to £31,033. It is stated in the report that no payment of any dividend can be made, but that there has been an improvement of turnover, chiefly owing to the demand for the Coronation’. A meeting was scheduled for July 5th. The double Coronation must have helped but by 1938, the company seems to have been struggling desperately. On 28th June 1938, the same paper reported that ‘after allowing £5,811 (against £5,836) for depreciation, the loss for the year ended March 31st is £28, 757 (against a loss of £1,444). This increases the debit balance carried forward to £59, 790’.
On 7th September 1951, The Times noted that business had become ‘much brisker … and the improvement continues’ for Alexander Drew & Sons, by then a subsidiary of Holcombe Holdings (formerly Holcombe Investments) During the 1990s, Alexander Drew of Rochdale was still one of England’s foremost and innovative textile companies, specializing in dyeing, finishing and printing, with some 350 workers. In August 2005 the company announced it was to close down production with the loss of 60 jobs. 
The eldest child Dorothy was born on 15th August 1879 and died on 3rd November 1911. She was married on 11th December 1901 to Dr Thomas, MD (14/6/ 1867 – 29/9/1929). They had a son John (b. 25/10 / 1904; married Nov 1936 Hazel Eva) and daughter Margaret (b. 14/2/1906; m. 7/11/1931 Charles Wortley, parents of Ann Wortley, b. 15/8/1935).
The second child and only son Edward was born o 19th July 1880 and married on 19th November 1913 to Margaret Kay Baron (b.20/7/1891). They had two sons Alexander (b. 17/2/1915) and Gordon Arthur (b. 26/7/1916) and a daughter Margaret (b. 18/4/1920).
The third child Shiela was born on 24th June 1882 and married on 29th October 1918 to George Sutcliffe (b. 11/2/1864).
The fourth child Alice Ashworth was born on 13th October 1883 and married on 12th February 1913 to William Birtwistle (b. 1/7/1884). They had two sons William Gerald Peter (b. 22/2/1914) and John Norman Drew (b. 25 / 2 1920) and three daughters - Thelma Alice Ashworth (b. 23/8/1921), Dorothy Cynthia Monica (b. 18/9/1924), Olga Allison Madge (b. 7/1/1927).
The fifth and youngest child Helen Oliver was born on 23rd June 1888 and married on 1st June 1911 to Harry Hargreaves Bolton (b. 9/2/1886). They had a son George Henry Hargreaves (b. 14/2/1914) and daughter Rhona Helen Allen (b. 2/4/1915). Harry died of wounds on 24th May 1915.
Above: Charles Tennant Sloan and his wife Isabel Drew, sister of Daniel Drew.
Alexander and Isabella Drew’s eldest surviving daughter Isabella was born on 11th September 1848. On 12th November 1874 she married Charles Tennant Sloan (24/11/1849 – 23/10/1929). They had surviving a daughter Ethel and two sons, Alexander and Douglas. (Their firstborn children, twin daughters, died in infancy shortly after their birth in 1876). See here for more on Sloanes.
Their only daughter Ethel Caroline Tennant Sloan was born on 16th March 1878 and married on 6th April 1904 to Leonard Southerden Wood (b. 9/4/1878). They had two daughters, Angela Isabel Mary Tenant (b. 31/7/1908; m. 24.6/1931 Reginald Fisher Woodhouse) and Ethel Caroline Tennant (b. 14/11/1916; d. 7/6/1919).
The eldest son Alexander Drew Sloan was born on 23rd February 1883 and married on 12th June 1923 to Muriel Parker (b. 26/1/1882). Their son Peter Sloan was born on 22nd July 1911.
The younger son Douglas Tennant Sloan was born on 23rd March 1892 and married on 12th June 1923 Elizabeth Grace Odlam (b. 1892). They had a daughter, Maureen Isobel Tennant, born 2/2/1932.
Alexander and Isabella Drew’s second surviving son Daniel was my great-great-grandfather and lived at Lower House, Burnley. He was born on 13th October 1850 and studied at Glasgow Academy. At the age of 21, he was selected as a forward for the first ever Scottish international rugby team which took on England on 27th March 1871. 4000 people wacthed the match at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh. Scotland won by a goal.
This was the match in which Daniel’s fellow forward Angus Buchanan (1847-1927) scored the first try in international rugby when the Scottish pack pushed the English over their try-line and Buchanan fell on the ball. According to Wikipedia’s entry on Mr. Buchanan, this try ‘was converted by William Cross, which created the score (crucially because it was goals that counted, not tries). The English argued that the try shold not stand, but it was awarded by the umpire Dr Hely Hutchinson Almond [who, also Scottish], made a questionable justification of his decision: ‘Let me make a confession: I do not know whether the decision which gave Scotland the try from which the winning goal was kicked was correct in fact. When an umpire is in doubt, I think he is justified in deciding against the side which makes the most noise. They are probably in the wrong.’ According to one of the English players: "after a maul, just outside the English goal-line the umpires ordered the ball to be put down in the scrummage five yards outside the line. It was taken was out accordingly, but, instead of putting it down, the Scottish forwards drove the entire scrummage into goal, and then then grounded the ball and claimed a try. This, though illegal according to English laws, was allowed by the umpires and the goal was kicked by Cross.’ (With thanks to Andy Mitchell).
He earned his second cap for Scotland against England in a match played at The Oval in London on 6th March 1876; this time England won by a goal.
Daniel Drew was a calico printer who employed 500 people.
On 19th December 1878 he married 26-year-old Rhoda Appleby (b. 23/1/1851), daughter of Joseph Appleby, a wealthy flour miller, by his wife Mary Ann Riley. Rhodea died on 3rd June 1919. They had a daughter, Margery and two sons, John Malcolm Drew and Alan Appleby Drew.
Daniel Drew died aged 64 on 2nd February 1914, thus being spared the news of his second son’s death on the Western Front just over a year later. He left a fortune of £68,479 2s to his wife Rhoda, John Malcolm (aka Jack) and Alan. According to Moneysorter.co.uk, that appears to be in excess of £5.5 million by present day rates. (Thanks to Wendy Howard).
Margery Rhoda was born on 8th June 1880 and died aged 43 on 2nd March 1923. On 20th January 1912, she married John Oscar Sillem (b. 12/1878).
Daniel and Rhoda Drew's eldest son, my great-grandfather, John Malcom Drew, or Jack Drew, was born on 8th November 1881 and died aged 54 on 2nd May 1935. He went to Charterhouse circa 1894 where he was in Gownboys and where, rather coincidentally, he was presumably in the same class as my other great-grandfather, T.L. McClintock Bunbury, later 3rd Baron Rathdonnell, whose son William married his daughter Pamela in 1937. Although TLMcCB, known as Tim, left Charterhouse in 1896, I assume the two boys met from time to time while they were knocking around the classrooms and chapel at Charterhouse. Little did they know that they would one day have the same grandchildren! Jack left Charterhouse in 1900.
In January 2015, I plucked a random photogarph album from the Lisavagh library. It covered the years 1901 to 1903 and, as well as some photos of Burnley and Lower House, it shows that Jack Drew embarked on a trip to Germany, ostensibly to visit the textile factory Schlieper und Baum, well-known calico printers at Elberfeld (a city now incorporated in the city of Wuppertal, FRG). Adolf Schlieper (1865-1945) of that company had trained in Scotland and England before joining Schlieper und Baum in 1889 so perhaps he and Jack knew each other from younger years. He had also studied chemistry and natural science at the Dresden School of Technology. (Perhaps he was connected to the von Polenzes in Dresden; Jacks future wife Sylvia Robinson is thought to have stayed with them a good deal). There would have been much to discuss. According to one report, Schlieper and Baum were hailed for inventing a process (known variously as 'Schlieper and Baum's process' or "the glucose. 7 process") for the direct printing of indigo upon cotton piece goods which completely displaced all other methods. By this process, cloth was first prepared in glucose and then printed with a colour containing finely ground indigo, caustic soda and dextrine thickening (made with caustic soda). After printing, the cloth is "aged", that is, passed through damp steam for a few minutes to effects the reduction and solution of the indigo and is then hung up in a cool chamber for a day or two, in order to re-oxidise the indigo-white to indigo by the action of the oxygen in the air. A wash in cold water finally completes the fixation of the indigo and the cloth may then be soaped and finished as usual. [p. 700, Textile Printing] They printed cloths in large amounts. Raw materials of fabric cloth rolls were bleached, dyed and color printed on large machines. They would later have a printing roller with an engraved Nazi flag on it.
In 1885, Adolf Schlieper also proposed to add lactic acid to induline printing paste, instead of the acetic acid recommended by the manufacturer. However, in 1902, Schlieper noted: "that substance [lactic acid] always produces ahomogeneous print of excellent beauty and deep intensity which can not beachieved with acetic acid. The high price of lactic acid will, however, certainly prevent its use in the industry". ['A History of Lactic Acid Making: A Chapter in the History of Biotechnology' by H. Benninga (Springer Science & Business Media, 30 Jun 1990, p. 117). Schlieper und Baum's premises were destroyed in 1943. They were subsequently reconstructed but the company went bankrupt in 1962. ['Plett - Schmidseder' by K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company (Walter De Gruyter Incorporated, 2005), p. 718.
The album includes photos of Oscar Schlieper playing tennis with Werner Baum and F. Ruffel [sic]. Also Pat Mayer and Hans Noctzhni [sic], Rudolf Baum, Herr & Frau Wilhelm Boddighaus (of Elberfeld)
There are a number of images of the Elberfeld area including the Zoological Gardens, the Tennis Club, the Villa Boltenberg (which was connected to Wilhelm Boddighaus but I can't read German! and the Schwebebahn Wuppertal Suspension Railway (the oldest electric elevated railway with hanging cars in the world, built between 1897 and 1903) built over the canal in order to keep the streets unobstructed and the train station at Döppersberg
They also went boating on the Rhine and visited Königswinter, a city and summer resort in the Rhein-Sieg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia; Coblenz, the third largest city in Rhineland-Palatinate; Deutsches Eck ("German Corner"), a headland in Koblenz where the Moselle joins the Rhine; Boppard, a town in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate which became a substantial tourism centre and spa town in the 19th century; Sankt Goar, a town on the west bank of the Middle Rhine in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis and the city of Bonn on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. They crossed into Switzerland and visited Rheineck in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
On 5th August 1909, Jack married Edith Sylvia Peart Robinson (b. 13/11/1887), known in Sylvia but sometimes referred to in my family as ‘The Woman in Black’. A few weeks beforeher untimely death in December 2016, my aunt Rosebud told Ally that Sylvia Drew started her mornings with a bottle of Guinness at 11:00 AM. She would drink half of it, with some milk, and then she would finish the rest of it at lunchtime. Full details of her family wll be found here.
Jack and Sylvia had three daughters – Pamela (my grandmother) (b. 11/9/1910), Diana (b. 17/8/1912) and Hermoine ('Golly') (b. 16/2/1916) – and two sons, John Lindsay (9/6/1914 – 19/12/1935) and Anthony Radley (b. 21/8/1918). Johnny followed his father and uncle to Charterhouse where he was also in Gownboys, leaving in 1932. Anhthony Radley Drew likewise followed his father, uncle and brother Johnny into Charterhouse where he was also in Gownboys, leaving in 1935. I brush my hair (nearly) every morning with JLD's hairbrush which makes me feel especially connected to him but his is a sad tale, about which I hope to write more anon.
On the weekend of January 21st – 22nd 1923, The Times reported that both John and Pamela Drew had been in attendance for a coming out house party thrown by Lord and Lady Baden Powell for their daughter, the Hon, Heather Baden-Powell. It took place after the Hambledon Hunt Ball at the B-P’s house, Pax Hill, Bentley. Also present were John Powell, Charles Herbert, Betty Strover, Derek Adkins, Victor Rickford-Howells and Miss Priscilla Thomson. (The Times, Court Circular, 23rd January 1933).
Pamela was among those artists represented at the fifth annual Spring Exhibition of the Kendal Art Society at the Public Library. She attended the opening on Saturday Ma 16th 1936 by Lady Maureen Stanley, wife of the President of the Board of Education. The president of the Society was James Bateman, ARA, and it had a membership of 38. The other artists represented included Lady Henry Bentinck, Dick Yeadon, Robin Wallace, Derek E Willink, Wilfrid M Harris, G Mortram Moorhouse, Arthur Bracken and Blanche Moorhouse. The exhibition remained open for a fortnight. (The Times, 18th May 1936).
On Tuesday November 2nd 1937, The Times announced that ‘the marriage between Lord Rathdonnell and Miss Pamela Drew will take place at Heversham Parish Church, Westmorland, on Thursday November 25th at 2:30pm. Owing to mourning in the bridegroom’s family there will be no reception, but all friends will be welcome at the church’. The Times reported on the wedding the day after it took place. The Bishop of Ossory, the Archdeacon of Furness, Canon Royds, and the Rev E.R. Ellis were the officiating clergy. Pamela was given away by her brother Anthony. She wore ‘a gown of parchment-tinted velvet with long, tight-fitting sleeves and a train in one with the skirt. Her tulle veil was edged with antique Brussels lace, lent by her grandmother, and held in place by a small wreath of orange blossom’ She carried a bouquet of Christmas roses, freesia, and myrtle, and wore an antique necklace of mother-of-pearl and seed pearls in vine-leaf design’. Her sister Diana was the only bridesmaid and wore a redingote dress of maize-coloured velveteen piped with red with a small red cap. Mr . H. C. Massy, 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards, was best man. On account of the 3rd Baron's recent death, there was no reception afterwards. The couple went to Manchester on their honeymoon where they managed to catch the November Handicap. Pamela traveled in "a greenish-grey check tailor-made suit with a felt hat and jumper to tone". (The Times, Weddings, Friday November 26th 1937).
My 2014 book 'The Glorious Madness - Tales of the Irish & the Great War' is dedicated to Alan Appleby Drew, second and youngest son of Daniel and Rhoda Drew. Alan was born on 26th June 1884 and educated at Mostyn House, Parkgate, Cheshire, until August 1895. Algernon George Grenfell was headmaster of the school in AA Drew’s day, both when he was a boy and when he later returned to teach. According to an article by Stuart Dye in the Daily Post (Liverpool) of 5th January 2002: “Mostyn House began life as a small school in Tarvin in 1854 with the Rev Edward Price as headmaster. When Lord Mostyn decided to sell his family's land in Parkgate, Rev Price bought it for bigger premises and moved the school to its current site in 1855. His nephew, the Rev Algernon Sidney Grenfell, took over the school seven years later and held the post for 20 years before leaving former pupil William Barrett in charge for a temporary period. (Two of Algernon Sidney's sons were to lead extraordinary lives. Wilfred Thomason Grenfell became a world-famous missionary doctor and was knighted for his work in Labrador, Canada.)
Meanwhile, Algernon George Grenfell, or AG as he was known, became one of the foremost educationalists of his time. He became head at Mostyn House in 1890 and spent more than 40 years transforming the school. He introduced educational innovations which are still used today and built the chapel, dining room, the old swimming pool, covered playground, changing room block, tearoom and four-storey block on Parkgate front. He extended the cottage and gave parts of the school their now famous black and white exterior.” In 2002, Suzi Grenfell became the sixth generation of the Grenfell family to lead the school when she took over from her father Julian, a grandson of AG.
Like his brother Jack, Alan Appleby Drew went to Charterhouse where he was in Gownboys. He was destined to be one of 687 Old Carthusians (as ex-Charterhouse boys are known) killed in the Great War. (He was probaly three or four years junior to T.L. McClintock Bunbury, later 3rd Baron Rathdonnell, whose son William married Alan's niece Pamela in 1937.) After Charterhouse, he actually returned to Mostyn House School to teach although at some point he became a partner in the family business of Lowerhouse Printing Works. He evidently went to Glasgow at some point because, according to his obituary in the Burnley Express (17 March 1915): 'Whilst in Glasgow, he was for three or four years a Lieut. in the Highland Light Infantry (Territorials), which commission he resigned on going out to Shanghai for business purposes. He had been returned about two years, and when war broke out he applied for a commission in the Highland Light Infantry, which was, however, full up, and he took one with the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).' He does not appear to have been listed on the 1911 census, in which case he was perhaps still in Shanghai. [One unidentified account says he went to Shanghai in 1907]
It's rather lovely to think that one of the pupils he might have taught was Rohan Boyle's grandfather Alec (Alexander Robert) Boyle, who was at Mostyn from about 1908-1912 and who, like Alan, later returned to teach (in the 1920s). Rohan was with Andrew and I (and Mathew Forde) when we found Alan's grave in the Royal Irish Rifles graveyard at Laventie, 11km south-west of Armentieres. Among others buried here is 24-year-old 1st Lieut. Gerrard Ferrers Nixon (whose brother Ernest was ADC to Sir John Nixon in Mesopotamia). This was on my first trip to the Western Front in May 2010 and one day I shall write up the story of that entire experience. Suffice it to say, that our party of four spent Day One at Ypres, then retreated to Waterloo 1815 for some light relief on Day Two, before returning for Day Three at the Somme. It took us several weeks to recover fully from being so close to the holocaust that was World War One. So God only knows how long it took anyone who was there during the war. Eternity I suppose.
The details of Alan's demise are as follows. On 2 February 1914, his father Daniel Drew died. Upon the outbreak of the Great War six months later, Alan was appointed to a commission as 2nd lieutenant in the 4th (Extra Reserve) Battalion of the Cameronians. He was promoted lieutenant that November. On 13 February 1915, he joined the Cameronians at the Western Front. He survived in the trenches for just a week before he was killed at Neuve Chapelle on 10 March 1915. Neuve Chapelle was a village in the Artois region that had been in German hands since October. The plan was to launch a massive assault that would rip the German line apart and allow the Allies to seize Aubers Ridge and maybe even push on to the German-occupied city of Lille. The battle of Neuve Chapelle began at 7:30 on the foggy morning of March 10th when over three hundred British guns began a gigantic bombardment of the village and its defences, confident that the artillery would decimate the huge swathes of barbed wire that marked the German lines. In conjunction with the bombardment, forty thousand British, Irish and Indian troops charged through the fog at the German lines, with the 1st Battalion of the Irish Guards amongst them. Just as their comrades would discover in Gallipoli that same month, the intense artillery bombardment had failed to destroy the enemy wire. As battalion after battalion tried to work out what to do, hidden nests of German machine guns and rifles opened fire. Running between the German trenches that day was a young dispatch rider called Adolf Hitler who bounded between shell holes delivering messages for his Bavarian comrades with an enthusiasm that was noted in his regimental diary. It took five days for Field Marshal Sir John French to concede that the offensive was not working and, by which time 22,000 Allied and German soldiers had been killed or disabled.
Alan Appleby Drew was among those killed on the first day, 10 March, and I subsequently dedicated 'The Glorious Madness' to his memory. His death was widely reported, including The Times’ List of Casualties on 18 March, the Burnley Express on 17 March, the Manchester Evening News on 29 March. I now have his hairbrush and I brush my hair with it nearly every morning. I also have a hairbrush of his ill-fated nephew Johnny but that is another story. Alan’s hairbrush was made by Finnigans of Manchester who also, we think, made a suitcase with his name on it that my father has. The brush appears to be Maplewood and my father suspects it is bristled with badger hair.
It seems that many Burnley men enlisted in the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (sometimes referred to as the Burnley Rifles). Some hold that this is literally because it was the same regiment that Alan Drew, the boss’s son, had joined. However, Burnley historian Andrew Gill holds that the Cameronians had a very successful recruiting campaign in the town because so many of the Burnley families were of Scottish descent. One of our Ellis cousins inherited a brooch which transpired to be Alan’s Cameronian badge.
Probate was granted in London on 19 November to his brother Jack (aka John Malcolm Drew, calico printer) as well as his cousins Alexander Sutherland Drew, merchant, and Edward Drew, calico printer. Alan left his property, valued at £25,767 10s. 9d (the net personalty being £25,464) to his brother Jack Drew who was then resident of The Bluff, Canford Cliffs, Bournemouth. According to Moneysorter.co.uk, that appears to be in excess of £2 million by present day rates. (Thanks to Wendy Howard).
Jack and Alan's devastated mother later installed a carillon of 31 bells in the chapel at Mostyn School in memory of Alan "& the other four-score old boys who fell in the Great War' which were unveiled with a dedication by the Bishop of Chester on 25th May 1922. In the event that Mostyn School should ever close down, or that 'the bells could no longer be heard by English boys', it was decreed they should go - or be 'translated' - to another public school, prefferably Charterhouse. Largely thanks to the work of Charterhouse bursar David Williams, that is what duly happened when Mostyn sadly closed its doors after 156 yers in 2010. The bells were wonderfully re-dedicated again on 10th May 2014 in a service attended by my father, my eldest brother, myself, our Ellis cousins and some eighty people all told. [Built in 1927 to a design by Giles Gilbert Scott, the nearby chapel at Charterhouse is the largest war memorial in the UK, recalling 687 dead - the highest percentage in England.] Suzanna Grenfell-Marten represented Mostyn. My father later declared: 'The rededication of the carillon in May 2014 was so fulfilling and beautiful that it takes pride of place in my remembrances for WWI.'
In October 2016 my father made contact with Ian Lyon, the first Old Mostonian we knew about, aside from Rohan Boyle’s grandfather. According to Ian: 'I went to Mostyn House in May 1939 and during that term, and before the bells were silenced for the duration if the War, some people were missing one night on the Sands of Dee and the bells played hymn tunes for virtually the whole night. The then Headmaster, Daryl Grenfell, was not only an excellent Headmaster but he had an excellent business brain. In 1938 he anticipated the onset if WW2 and sold the public swimming pool he owned in Parkgate and with the proceeds he built the Air Raid Shelter. Had the Shelter not existed it was highly likely the school would have been evacuated. Had it been evacuated it would not have been possible to replicate the many amenities the school had. Until the blitz virtually ended in 1942 we spent a lot of time there. I remember one term when we had to go to the Shelter virtually every night.'
On 26 February 2014, David Williams delivered an address on the bells to some 800 pupils and staff in the chapel at Charterhouse about the ‘Carillon Bells’. In explaining why they were now at the school, he spoke of AA Drew as follows:
"To find out I enlisted the help of Mrs Smith in Archives. We discovered that yes, A A Drew was an Old Carthusian and he was in Gownboys. Although his academic progress went spectacularly downwards during his time at the school, he was a “conspicuous” member of the First XI football team, he served on the Athletics Committee and in the Fire Brigade and, according to The Carthusian he was a talented singer and entertainer. He left the school in 1903 and went to work in Shanghai before returning to teach at Mostyn House.
At the onset of war he, like many of his generation, joined up, and due to family ties he enlisted in a Scottish Regiment, the Cameronians. He left England for France on 11th February 1915. A month later he was dead, killed in action at Neuve Chapelle, alongside most of his fellow young officers in the Cameronians. You will see his name on the memorial at the West end of this Chapel.
The offensive at Neuve Chapelle has been regarded as the battle where the loss of innocence occurred. More shells were fired on the first day than in the whole of the Boer War, and there still weren’t enough. The subsequent Munitions Crisis brought down Asquith’s Government and promoted Lloyd George to Minister of Munitions. It paved the way for greater female participation in the workforce and eventually towards female emancipation. It also regretfully led to restrictions on pub opening times as the blame for the shell shortage fell heavily upon the drunken factory workers.
The greatest concentration of Carillons is in Flanders. Throughout the First World War their evocative music must have formed a contrasting soundtrack to the gunfire of the trenches. Therefore it is not surprising that many of the Carillons now found outside Flanders were built as war memorials.
After the war, the families of the fallen began searching for appropriate memorials to their loved ones. A A Drew’s family made the inspired choice to install a Carillon at his prep school. His older brother John Drew, also a Carthusian, contributed the first 500 pounds of the 1,300 pound total cost of the bells. As there are four other Carthusians on the Carillon Roll of Honour, it is reasonable to assume that their families also contributed to the Carillon appeal."
Mr. Williams concluded his fine talk:
"Before he left for France, Alan Appleby Drew wrote in his sister-in-laws’ scrapbook ‘To every life that God hath given he hath allotted a work - the fulfilment of that work comes naturally, and its proper accomplishment should form the sole ambition of that life.’
This epigram summarises the guiding philosophy of a Carthusian whose allotted work was to make the ultimate sacrifice. The Carillon is his legacy. Now, one hundred years later, its dedication has been fulfilled and it has been installed at Charterhouse. Poignantly it is housed in the tower of the original Chapel, from where it will continue to “go on speaking” to us all.'
As an aside, I visited Cobh, County Cork, on 1st December 2014 where I heard the bells ring out from Cobh Cathedral. The story of these bells, installed 1916, is particularly interesting because, like Alan Drew’s bells, they were made by Taylors of Loughborough.
The story told to me by local historian Christy Keating.
Bishop Browne - uncle of the famous Fr. Browne of Titanic fame – was appointed Bishop of Cloyne in 1894 and entrusted with completing the cathedral in Cobh because he had done such a good job of finishing St. Patrick's Church in Maynooth (on time) while he was President of Maynooth College. Cobb Cathedral was the biggest project ever undertaken by the Catholic Church in Ireland.
When the Bishop initially ordered the bells from Taylor’sperfect amphitheatre with the town underneath the cathedral, the high ground behind it and the harbour in front of it.
The Bishop agreed to buy the bells whichAdmiral Lewis Bayly, the Admiral of the Queenstown Command.
It is said that during the war Admiralty House Bishop Browne gave permission to put these wires on church property in return for which Admiral Bayly provided an escort for the bells from Liverpool to Cobh. While the Royal Navy were meticulous in documenting most things, no documentation of the bells transit to Cobh has yet been found.
Bells such as these must be turned by a quarter of a turn every 100 years on account of the clapper hitting the same spot. After 400 years the bells will also have to be retuned.
You can hear 'The Bells of St. Colmans's Cathedral Cobh' on YouTube.
The following extracts come from the 2nd Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) war diary for February and March 1915. The diaries give a daily account of the Battalions movements and actions leading up to and including the Battle of Neuve Chapelle. Lieutenant Alan Appleby Drew is shown as joining the Battalion on February 26th and is also listed among those killed during the Battle.
This information was sent to me in June 2010 by Barrie Duncan, Assistant Museums Officer, Community Resources, Museum Development, South Lanarkshire Council. Unfortunately they do not hold any records on individuals and so were unable to offer any personal information on Lieutenant Drew. For more information on the 2nd Battalion’s involvement in the Battle, Barrie recommended the book Morale: A Study of Men and Courage by John Baynes. This book was written by an officer of The Cameronians and the descriptions of the Battle are heavily based on the eye-witness accounts of several of the officers and men who survived.
1st Feb - LA FLINQUE: Draft of 1 Cpl. And 39 men joined from ROUEN. Relieved 2/ Devons in the trenches. One man Killed . LIEUT. W.J. Kerr and three men wounded.
2nd Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. One man Killed and one man wounded
3rd Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. One man Killed and one man wounded
4th Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. Relieved by 2/ Devons and went into billets in Divisional Reserve at PONT RIRCHON. One man killed and two wounded. One man reported missing. 2/LIEUTS. G.V.BOOKLESS and C.T. GRANT joined the Bn.
5th Feb - PONR RIRCHON. Nothing to report.
6th Feb - Nothing to report.
7th Feb - Relieved 2/ Devons in the Trenches. Three men wounded
8th Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. Killed CAPT. & ADJT CO I MAUNSELL & two men. Three men wounded
9th Feb - Nothing to report
10th Feb - Two killed & four men wounded. Relieved by 2/ Devonshire Regt. and went into Brigade Reserve at LA FLINQUE
11th Feb - LA FLINQUE: Nothing to report
12th Feb - Nothing to report
13th Feb - Relieved 2/ Devons in the trenches, casualties – nil.
14th Feb - Three men wounded
15th Feb - One man wounded
16th Feb - Relieved by 2/ Devons and went into billets in Divisional Reserve at PONT RIRCHON. Two men wounded. Draft of 50 men joined from Base.
17th February - PONT RIRCHON: Nothing to record
18th Feb - Nothing to report
19th Feb - Relieved 2/Devons in the Trenches. Two men wounded
20th February - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. One man killed, four wounded.
21st Feb - Two men killed, two wounded
22nd Feb - No casualties. 1 Sergeant, 1 Corporal and 28 men joined from Base. Relieved by 2/ Devons and went into Brigade reserve at LA FLINQUE
23rd February - LA FLINQUE: One man wounded.
24th Feb - 2/LIEUT. S. de T. WILLIAMSON 3rd Bn. Scottish Rifles joined from Base.
25th Feb - Relieved 2/ Devons in the Trenches. One man wounded
26th Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY: LIEUT A A DREW 4th Bn. Scottish Rifles joined from Base HAVRE. Two men killed & three wounded
27th Feb - One man killed & one wounded.
28th Feb - One man wounded. W.B. GRAY- BUCHANAN CAPT.
1st March - Relieved by 1st Bn. Sherwood Foresters. CAPT. A.C. STANLEY CLARKE wounded, 1 man killed and two wounded. Billeted for the night at PONT RIRCHON
2nd March - MERVILLE: Marched to MERVILLE and went into billets in vicinity.
3rd March - LIEUT R.H.H. ROBERTSON 4th Bn. Scottish Rifles, one lance Sergt. & 19 men joined from Base.
4th March - Nothing to record
5th March - Nothing to record
6th March - Nothing to record
7th March - LA GORGUE: Moved into close billets at LA GORGUE. Three men missing, absent without leave.
8th March - In billets at LA GORGUE. Nothing to record---
March 9th - Nothing doing in the morning. Paraded at 10.45 pm & marched to “ Cameron Lane “ ie PONT du HOM- hot meal was issued there at 1am 10th.
March 10th [being the day Alan Appleby Drew was killed - tb]- At 2am marched across country to sign post corner – Single file - formed up in trenches as in map "A" by 5.30 am - guns started finished at 7 am. Bombardment of enemy trenches (wire cutting) 7.30 to 7.45 am. 7.45 to 8 bombardment of first line enemys trench - 8.5
A & B Coys left trenches and advanced on enemy front line in quick time - A Coy MAJOR EDE L. HAYES - B Coy CAPT FERRERS - C & D Coys then occupying trenches vacated by A & B. B Coy reached the first German trench with very little opposition - not so A Coy who met with a heavy rifle & M.G. fire - the German wire too was not well cut in front of this Coy by the Guns. A Coy experienced a heavy enfillade fire as the Bn. on its left - the 2 / Middx - could not get forward altho' making three gallant attempts. About 70 prisoners gave themselves up in the first line trenches. By the time the first line had been reached. Lt Col. W.M. BLISS & the ADJT. CAPT GRAY-BUCHANAN were killed close together practically leading the first line.
C & D Coy followed A & B at a short interval and the whole regt went on taking the German 2nd line - the regt had now arrived at points 21 q 82 & the right flank advanced past 41 as far as 18. the line now held 18, 41, 82 q 21 9.30 am, our guns now shelled 18. Heavy German rifle & machine gun fire came from 22. The 2/ Middlx were now able to advance and our gunners had cleared 22 - the whole line was now able to advance - the Bn occupied 53 & 19 - The Bn reached this point before our scheduled time - the (our) gunners opened fire on this line but fortunately the Bn retired before any material damage was done - they occupied a position 18, 65. At 2.15 p.m. MAJOR CARTER-CAMPBELL who by this time was the only officer left except 2/Lt. SOMERVAIL - was hit in the head & the Bn reoccupied 19,5 3. Where the 5th Black Watch were digging trenches. Very heavy M.G. from direction of Pt 5 began & was finally silenced by our machine guns time about 4 pm. The night of the 10th/11th was spent in trench 19. 53 and defended house 19. A hot meal and tea & ample rations were brought up Lt & Qr Master GRAHAM About 8 pm. the Sherwood Forresters came through the Bn advancing to a night attack. The night of 10th/11th was spent in digging & improving defenses of house.
March 11th - At 5.30 am. C Coy occupied position 55. 19 The remainder of the Bn stayed where they were heavily shelled with high explosive "Blk Marias" & shrapnel - very few casualties not worse than 2 or 3 men hit with shrapnel bullets. The night of 11th/12th was spent in the same position. The Bn again had a hot meal from the cookers brought up with great difficulty as the road was blocked & being heavily shelled.
March 12th - On the morning of this day - the Bn was in and about Pts 19. 55. 53 The subjected to heavy shell fire during the day - but did not suffer much 4 or 5 casualties only About 4 pm MAJOR CARTER-CAMPBELL was wounded & 2Lt SOMERVAIL, assisted by REGTL SGT MAJOR CHALMERS assumed command of the Bn at the time MAJOR CARTER-CAMPBELL was wounded - he was on his way from the 2/ W. Yorks Regt. where he had been making arrangements for a night attack. He was to have commanded both Bns. This command then devolved on MAJ INGPELL 2/ W. Yorks. About 8 pm the Bn formed up in the road at about pt 65 facing South. The Bn formed the advance guard & moved by 29.50. 31.They moved across country & joining up with 2/ Devons & formed a preparatory formation for a night attack. The night attack however did not come off - about 4 am 13th the night operations were cancelled.
March 13th - and the Bn returned to its position 19. 53. 55. In the morning of the 13th the Bn occupied 54. About 8 pm., after spending the day under shell fire, the Bn retired to 22. 77 where they remained all night.
March 14th - Consolidated the above position and about 4 pm retired back by Coys. through the German trenches to orchard 15. 16. 13. this night the Bn was relieved by the 25th Bde. the Bn was in reserve that night i.e. 14th/15th
Alexander & Isabella Drew’s third and youngest son Thomas Auchterlonie Drew was born on 7th June 1852 and died on 14th September 1921. A calico printer and merchant, he lived at Oak House, Fallowfield, in the City of Manchester,and had a townhouse at 15, Nicholas-street, Manchester. (The London Gazette, 12 September, 1922, p. 6616). On December 6th 1921, as London and Dublin honed the great Anglo-Irish Treaty, The Times reported that the gross value of Thomas’s will amounted to £56,189. He too was one of the directors of Alexander Drew & Sons, Lowerhouse Print Works. He was a JP and had an address at Oak House, Fallowfield, Manchester. On 17th June 1873, he married Elizabeth Beatrice Jane Syme (b. 1/10/1851 – 27/12/1903), elder daughter of James Syme of Edinburgh. They had six children – two boys and four girls.
The eldest child, Evelyn Isobel Elizabeth Drew was born on 6th February 1874 and married on 18th April 1899 to Sidney Vernon Occleston (b. 27/4/1869), a Radley-educated lieutenant in the 11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars. He was the youngest son of John James Occleston (b. 1824) of Bowdon, Cheshire. The Occlestons had run a silk warehouse in manchester since at least 1841. I 1860, they joined a 'smallware manufacture' business at Havelock Mill, 77 Great Bridgewater Street, Manchester. The new venture was called Greenough, Occlestone & Co., a nod to J.J. Occlestone's business partner Maria Greenough, whose family founded the company in 1817. From 16th April 1868, the business was carried on by J.J. Occlestone and Clifton Stanislaus West, under the old style. (Manchester Commercial List, Estell & Co., 1871, p. 22). During the First World War, Sidney served in the cavalry, as a Captain in the 11th Hussars. (With thanks to David Brown who is researching the Occlestone family)
The second child Nina Campbell Drew was born on 12th June 1876 and married on 20 April 1901 to James Macfie (b. 30/1/1869), eldest son of Dugald Macfie of Manchester. They had a daughter Elizabeth Sylvia (b. 27/7/ 1902) and son Duglad (b. 13/11/1908, d. 6/4/1982).
The third child Florence Percival Drew was born 7/9/1877 and married 9/5/1903 Donald Beith (b. 19/11/1878), fourth son of John Alexander Beith of Manchester. They had five children, three boys and two girls. Their firstborn son Alexander Gilbert Beith (b. 12/2/1904) married (15/6/1932) Hester Wilson Spencer and had two daughters, Sarah Fiona (b. 21/4/1934) and Kathleen Julia (b. 23/5/1937). Florence and Donald’s eldest daughter Evelyn Beatrice Janet was born on 17/7/1906 and married on 19/1/1935 to Roger Birley Melland. The Beith’s other children were Donald Malcolm (b. 22/10/1910, d. 14/2/1952), Norris Dunlop (b. 22/8/1914) and Julia Robson (b. 21/5/1919, d. 10/5/1973).
The fourth child Alexander Sutherland Drew was born on 29th January 1879 and married on 16th October 1905 to Mary Elizabeth Carver (b. 1/6/1875), eldest daughter of Fred William Carver of Knutsford, Cheshire. They lived at Norwood, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, and had a son and two daughters. Their only son Ian Sutherland Drew was born on 9/6/1909 and died on 30 November 1983. He was married at Christ Church, Dore, near Sheffield, on Saturday 15th September 1934 to Alison Helen Grant, second daughter of Mr and Mrs Allan J Grant of Dore Moor House. The Rev W.E. Humphreys officiated, assisted by the Rev. A.G. Saxelby-Kemp. The bride who was given away by her father, wore a down of deep cream dull satin trimmed with real lace at the neck. Her train of old Carrickmacross lace edged with satin fell from the shoulders, and the long veil was held in place by a halo wreath of orange-blossom. She carried a bouquet of white heather. Juliet and Stella Sandford, in Kate Greenaway frocks of cream satin with pale green sashes and shoes, carried the train. The eight grown-up bridesmaids – Miss Biddy and Miss Pamela Grant (sisters of the bride), Miss Peggy Drew (sister of the bridegroom), Miss Eileen Crawford, Miss Hope Todhunter, Miss Ella Pardoe, Miss Rosemary Nicholson, and Miss Cynthia Stephenson – wore dressesof pale green chiffon with Mary Stuart headdresses of old gold lace. The 1st Dore Girl Guides and Brownies formed a guard of honour at the bridge and bridegroom left the church. Mrs Grant afterwards held a reception at Dore Moor House. Among the many Drews to attend were Mr and Mrs Alexander Drew, Miss Barbara Drew, Colonel and Mrs JS Drew, Mr TS Drew, Miss L.A. Drew, Mr and Mrs Edward Drew, Mr Alexander Drew jun, Mr Gordon Drew, Miss M Drew, Mrs JL Drew and Miss Pamela Drew. The honeymoon was to be spent ‘motoring on the continent’. (The Times, 1934). Ian and Alison’s daughter Valerie Jean Drew was born on 31/3/1936, and married Count Nicholas Sollohub, son of the Russian Countess Edith Sollohub, author of 'The Russian Countess: Escaping Revolutionary Russia'. Valerie was followed by a son, Alastair Sutherland Grant Drew, born on 1 March 1939.
The elder daughter Barbara (Isabella Elizabeth) Drew was born on 29th 10 1906 and married on 7/9/1935 to John Edward Tew (b. 3/9/1905). The younger daughter Peggy (Margaret Carver Syme) was born on 28/6/1912.
The fifth child James Syme was born on 1st September 1883 and married on 19th April 1918 to Victoria Maxwell (b. 27/10/1892, d. 1977), youngest daughter of William Jardine Herries Maxwell of Munches, Kirkcudbrght. They had issue - Thomas Syme (b. 3/3/1919), Dorathea (b. 10/4/1928), Elizabeth Jean (b. 4/11/1927) and Helen Victoria (b. 30/8/1929).
The sixth and youngest child Lorna Auchterlonie was born on 17th June 1893.
 The Economic Intelligence Bulletin for North West England, Summer 2005 – Spring 2006.
With thanks to Sandra Keirstead Thorne (Hampton, New Brunswick, Canada), Alasdair Drew, David Brown (Occlestone family history), Alistair Scott, Margaret Mardall (Old Carthusian Recorder in Archives), David Williams (Bursar at Charterhouse), Jo Sherington (Local History & Reference Librarian, Heritage Centre, Dumbarton Library).