The Normans on the Irish Waterways

The Normans on the Irish Waterways

In the late 12th century, the waterways of Ireland became a battleground once again as a new force arrived on Irish shores in pursuit of land and glory, namely the Normans. They came from Normandy. Prior to settling in Normandy, they were Vikings so perhaps think of...
Turlough O’Connor, High King of the Waterways

Turlough O’Connor, High King of the Waterways

  One of the most remarkable figures in early medieval Irish history was Turlough O’Connor – or Ó Conchobair [pronounced O-Cra-hoor] in Irish, who became King of Connacht in 11106. Through his mother, he was a Brian Boru’s great-great-grandson while on his...
The Vikings on Irish Waterways

The Vikings on Irish Waterways

In the medieval period, rivers and lakes were the principal highways that people used to get around. [i] The rivers of Ireland – and, in fact, most rivers in Europe – were considerably swampier, broader and a lot less navigable then than they are now. It...
The Normans in Wexford

The Normans in Wexford

Hook Head, May 1170. Raymond Le Gros, the Cambro-Norman commander, was caught in a jam. His force of a hundred men, including ten knights, were hemmed in by a dense wall of 3,000 Irish and Norse Ostmen warriors who were determined to drive the invaders back into the...