Turtle Bunbury

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At the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745, the Duke of Cumberland lost over
12,000 of his 50,000 men to the French. Among the dead was John Isaac.
His sister, Susanna Bunbury, duly succeeded to his estate in Co. Down.


The Bunbury Isaac Family

The Bunbury Isaac family descend from the second marriage of Thomas Bunbury of Kill, second son of William Bunbury of Lisnavagh, and Susanna Priscilla Isaac, daughter of the late barrister Simon Isaac. The marriage took place at St Bridget's in Dublin on 19th July (or 18 April?) 1758. Thomas's first wife, Catherine Campbell, passed away four years earlier, leaving him with a large family, including William Bunbury, later MP for Carlow and heir to Lisnavagh, and Letitia Bunbury, mother of Field Marshall Viscount Sir Hugh Gough. A detailed account of Thomas Bunbury's life from 1754 - 1774 cab be found in his diary. Thomas seems to have had an outstanding stamina and his second wife, Susanna Priscilla Bunbury, begat him at least four more children, including Thom Bunbury of Lisbryan and Jenny Arthure.

The Isaac Family

There is a suggestion that the Isaac family were of Jewish origin which would make sense of the surname. Thomas Bunbury married into the family for economic reasons, in return for which his son was obliged to adopt and preserve the name of Isaac which would have otherwise died out. Members of the Isaac family have been in Ireland since the reign of Charles II and James II, as per Peter and Bartholomew Isaac, vicars choral of St Patrick’s and Christ Church, Dublin, and Christopher Isaac, Archdeacon of Emly from 1740 until his death in 1766. Simon Isaac of Ballywalter was agent to Sir Robert Hamilton and his son, Sir Hans Hamilton the younger. In September 1705 he bought Holywood, near Hillsborough, County Down, with the Priory House and gardens in Ballykeel at a public auction in Newtownards. He had previously held these lands by a lease granted in 1697. (The manorial rights to the Holywood estate were vested in the Hill family, later Lord Dungannon). Simon Isaac also purchased other lands in the area. Further details of all of this are in a useful article published by the Belfast Morning News, 11 March 1867.

Simon died in 1727, leaving two sons, John, his heir, and Robert. John was married in 1712 to Jane Donaldson and served as sheriff for County Down in 1733. He appears to have resided at Holywood and he may have been married secondly to a Jane Montgomery. When he died in 1742, he left three sons, Simon, John and Robert, and four daughters, Susannah Priscilla, Montgomery, Letitia and Catherine (who married and died in 1801).

Called to the bar in 1735, Simon was a barrister of ecumenical principles who lived principally in Dublin; he served as Sheriff of County Down in 1747 and died in 1796. (Simon also purchased the townland of Knocknagoney from William Kennedy). John Isaac served with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in Europe during the War of the Austrian Succession. The regiment was all but wiped out on 11th May 1745 during the catastrophic battle of Fontenoy. Lieutenant John Isaac was among over 1200 British killed by the French that day. Both Simon and Robert also died without issue and, with Simon's death in 1796, the male line of Isaac ran dry.

At this point, the Bunbury's came into the property through the marriage of Susannah Priscilla Isaac to Thomas Bunbury of Kill. Their son Thomas or Thom assumed the name Isaac when he succeeded his uncle Simon Isaac in 1796; he was living at Bloomfield, Belfast, at the time of his succession. He also inherited considerable property in Carlow from his father.


Jane & Benedict Arthure of Seafield House

On 9 August 1776, Thomas and Susanna Bunbury's daughter Jane - referred to as Jenny in her father's diary - married the Rev. Benedict Arthur, MA. Born on 27 April 1755, Benedict was one of two children born to John Arthure (1720-1757) and Elizabeth Massey (1729-1825). Elizabeth was the daughter of Hugh, 1st Lord Massey. The family home of John and Elizabeth was at Great Cabragh. Benedict entered into holy orders as a young man but later changed direction and served as high sheriff of Dublin. Shortly after his marriage to Jenny, he appears to have bought Seafield House and estate in Donabate, which the Arthure family retained for several generations. Said to have been built by the classical architect Sir Edward Lovett Pearce, the Palladian mansion overlooks the estuary at Malahide. Benedict is believed to have done considerable work to the house, adding a west wing that incorporated an Italianate tower and a coach and stable yard complete with clock tower. (1) Benedict and Jenny had six children: John, Thomas, Issac, Susanna, Elizabeth Maria and Jane Bunbury. (1a) Seafield House was later home to the Hely-Hutchinson family, a prominent Irish political dynasty, while it was also home to the renowned property and art collectors Sir Robert and Lady Sheelagh Goff before they moved to the Ballincor estate in the Wicklow Mountains. Seafield House is currently owned by the Cronin family but went up for sale with a price tag of €10 million in May 2018. Benedict passed away aged 43 in 1798; his widow survived him by 44 years.

Above: The Rev. Benedict Arthure, MA, LLD (1755-1798), above left, and his wife, Jenny, aka Jane Bunbury Arthure (1756-1842),
above right, lived at Seafield House, Malahide, Co. Dublin (Photo taken in 2003).



Born in 1760, Thomas Bunbury, known to his father as Thom, was the firstborn son of Thomas and Susanna Priscilla Bunbury. He was thus the half-brother of William Bunbury III, MP for Co. Carlow, grandfather of Captain William McClintock Bunbury of Lisnavagh. He later lived at Lisbryan, County Tipperary.

On 7 June 1790, he was married at Green Mount, Co. Tipperary to Maria Greene, daughter of Michael Greene, sometime High Sheriff of Co. Waterford. He mother Jane Greene (nee Bunbury) was a granddaughter of Mathew Bunbury of Kilfeacle and thus provides a latter day link between the Lisnavagh and Kilfeacle clans. Thom and Maria had at least 10 children who survived to adulthood. Thom adopted the Isaac name as a condition of inheriting Hollywood House and lands at Lisowen, Co. Down, from his maternal uncle, John Isaac. (2)

Thom's second son was another Thomas J Bunbury (1793-1874) who married Mary Bernard of Lucan and lived at Lisbryan House, Borrisokane, near Nenagh, a house still occupied by his direct descendants. See here for more.

On 2 June 1824, Thom's youngest daughter Alicia Bunbury Isaac married the Rev. Charles Warburton, a son of Charles Mongan Warburton, Bishop of Cloyne (d. 1826), and his wife, Frances Marsden of New York. I think the Rev Charles Warburton became Archdeacon of Tuam, Chancellor of Limerick, and Vicar of Clonmel. His older brother Augustus Frederick Warburton was a colonel in the 85th Light Infantry. Charles and Alicia Warburtonhad two sons, Captain Charles Warburton, 85th Regt. (who married Mapleton, daughter of Jonathan Peel, and died in 1859) and Captain Augustus Frederick Warburton, 15th Regt (who married Marianne, daughter of Colonel Hailes, 28th rest.), and a daughter Maria whose husband John Blackburne was a major in the 85th Regiment.

Thom's other children included the Rev. William Bunbury (grandfather of Thomas Bunbury, Bishop of Limerick, see below), Lieutenant George Benjamin Bunbury, RN, and - I think - Catherine Maria (married on 6 April 1815 to Robert Burrowes, Esq.)

Thom is thought to have died in 1802 - I initially had it pegged at 1823. His will devised all his estates in Down and Carlow to his older half-brothers, George and Benjamin Bunbury, in trust, to pay his widow £400 a year out of the Down, and £100 a year out of the Carlow properties. Subject to those conditions, the Down estates were inherited in fee by his eldest son Simon Bunbury Isaac (who died in 1822), while the Carlow estates went to his second son Thomas, who also took the name of Bunbury, with provision for the other younger children.

In July 1823 Thom's widow, Maria Bunbury Isaac (nee Greene), was married secondly to the Very Rev. Hon. George Gore, Dean of Killala and Rector of Raheny. It was the third marriage for George, third and youngest son of Sir Arthur Saunders Gore, 2nd Earl of Arran of the Arran Islands. George died in 1844 and Maria in 1856; they left no children.

On 10 October 1823, Thom's half-brother Benjamin Bunbury of Moyle passed away. In his will, Benjamin refers to 'my nephew, Thomas Bunbury of Labanasigh in the county of Carlow …’, having earlier referred to 'my nephew, Thomas Bunbury of Lisnavagh in the county of Carlow …’. Griffith’s Valuations for Labanasigh (near Fenagh) in 1852 list Thomas Bunbury as the landlord, but Thomas of Lisnavagh was six years dead by then. This leads me to believe that Thomas Bunbury of Labanasigh was the aforementioned Thomas J Bunbury (1793-1874), second son of Thom and Maria Bunbury Isaac. Among the Labanasigh tenants was Henry James who married Mary Cullen in Carrigbeg in 1841; they were living at Labanasigh when their fourth child was born circa 1852. (Thanks to Kevin James)


Simon Bunbury Isaac & the Dawson Connection

Thomas and Maria Bunbury Isaac's eldest son Simon Bunbury Isaac (c. 1792-1822) ultimately succeeded to Hollywood House and the Down estates. Under the moniker of Simon Isaac, he became an Ensign in the 59th Regiment on 18 June 1807 and spent his first year of service in England, being promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 2 June 1808. Around the latter part of that summer he was seconded to the 2nd Battalion and shipped off to Corunna to support the British contingent fighting against the French. As family historian Trevor Labey of Grouville, Jersey, advised in June 2018: 'Initially, they were left at Corunna, and did not set off to join the remainder of the British force until late November 1808, but the demands of the journey to the combat zone in the winter weather is said to have cost the lives of 83 men. They finally met up with the rest of the force in January 1809, and did engage with the enemy briefly before being beaten back, along with the rest of the contingent, to Corunna where they left for England. Simon remained in England for the duration of his service with the 2nd Battalion before making a decision to resign his commission. He penned a letter in March 1809 stating that his 'Private affairs In Ireland rendering it necessary that I should retire from the Service I beg leave to request that you will be pleased to forward this resignation of my Commission as Lieutenant which I have the honor to bear in the 59th Regt.' He was formally replaced by Ensign George Walker on the 4th April 1809.'

On 30 Octobe 1812, Simon married the Hon. Eliza Dawson at Bellamont Forest in County Cavan, which was then the home of Eliza's brother-in-law, Charles Coote. (Belfast Commercial Chronicle, 25 November 1812). Eliza's father was Richard Dawson (1762-1807), MP for Co. Monaghan, of Dawson's Grove, Ematris, Co. Monaghan. (15) Her mother Catherine Dawson was the daughter of Arthur Graham of Hackley [sic]. Eliza's grandfather, another Richard Dawson, was a prosperous banker, Alderman of Dublin and sometime MP for Monaghan who, in 1723, married Elizabeth Vesey, daughter of John Vesey, Doctor of Divinity, Archbishop of Tuam and sister of Sir John Vesey, Bishop of Ossory. The elder Richard Dawson died in 1766, shortly after Wilcox and Dawson of Dublin, the bank he co-founded in 1747, closed with debts thought to amount to £192,000. I am unsure how this affected the family finances but Eliza's father died live until September 1807 and was survived by a son and four daughters. Eliza was his third daughter. In 1813 her only brother, Richard Thomas Dawson, inherited the title of Lord Cremorne from their great-uncle Thomas, 1st Lord Cremorne. Eliza thus inherited the title "Honourable" by a special remainder, her father - Lord Cremorne's heir presumptive - having predeceased his uncle.

Shortly after his marriage to Miss Dawson, the 12 December, 1812, Mr. lsaac sold Holywood, with the Priory Park in Balykeel, and Knocknagonry, to William Kennedy, Esq , then of Bombay, in the East Indies, for the sum of £38,000. Mr. Kennedy was a member of an old family of that name who had previously held Knocknagoney, and had realised a vast fortune in lndia.

After their marriage, Simon and Eliza had addresses at Dunkirk in France and Dromore Cottage, Monaghan. Simon was not yet 30 years old when he died at Compiègne in northern France on the 11th June 1822 - at the house of a timber merchant by the name of Jean-Baptiste Gauvin. My thanks to Trevor Labey for providing his French death record which confirms his identity as the "fils de Thomas Bunbury Isaac et de Marie Greene et epoux de Elisa Dawson." As Trevor notes, "the registrar struck through the Bunbury in his name though did originally record it as Simon Bunbury Isaac. He was buried in Paris on the 14th of the same month, where he's styled as 'Simon Isaac'."

His widow Eliza was either pregnant or nursing a newly born at the time. She survived him quarter of a century, passing away on 23rd June 1850 at her home in Canterbury, Kent. (3) The Bunbury-Isaacs had four sons, Richard Thomas, Thomas Bunbury Robert, Charles Thomas Vesey, George Simon, who died a minor, and Vesey Thomas, and a daughter, Letitia, whose lives are documented below. (4)


Rev. William Bunbury, RECTOR OF SHANDRUM

The Rev. William Bunbury Isaac, MA, Rector of Shandrum, was the youngest son of Thom Bunbury and Maria Greene, and a grandson of Thomas Bunbury of Kill by his second marriage to Susan Priscilla Isaac. He was born on 10th April 1803 and was ordained Deacon on 23rd September,1827, and Priest on 28th September, 1828, both at Cloyne. He was for a short time Curate of CIonmel (then Cove). He became Rector of Shandrum on 16th September 1830 and moved into the glebe house at Gortskagh outside Charleville, Co. Cork, which he held from John Courtenay. In 1834, Shandrum’s Protestant population was given as 60.

On 5 May 1828, he was married at Drumcondra Church in Dublin to Eliza Maria Gillespie, daughter of William Gillespie of Richmond, Esq. (Saunders's News-Letter, 7 May 1828) He later dropped the ‘Isaac’ part of his name. Their eldest son Thomas Bunbury became Bishop of Limerick in 1899 (see below). A second son Charles Bunbury went into the Army and served in the 63rd Foot (W. Suffolks) as an Ensign, from 15th May 1856, and with the 17th Foot as a Lieutenant from 1858. There was also a third son William Bunbury, born circa 1831 who died on January 20th 1869 aged 38 years.[i] I have seen a record that W. Bunbury Isaac’s daughter, unnamed, married Michael Greene, son of William Greene.

The Rev. William Bunbury-Isaac was also reputedly the father of two young men, Berkeley Bunbury and his younger brother Vesey Bunbury (b. 1842) who were hurriedly shipped out to the Antipodes in the 1860s or early 1870s. Vesey ended up in Queensland, where he seems to have led a very tough life and died young in December 1876. Berkeley settled in New Zealand, where he was arrested for being drunk and disorderly in 1873 and, possibly, again in 1909. Both brothers have descendants in their respective countries.

In 1846, William was subject to an unfortunate attack published in The Times, November 6th 1846, p.2, the transcription of which was kindly undertaken by Peter Bunbury:

"A letter in the Evening Mail gives an account of a desperate attack upon the house of a Protestant clergyman residing in that part of the King’s County which borders on the North Riding of Tipperary; they are as follows:--

“On Sunday evening, between 7 and 8 o’clock, an armed party attacked the house of the Rev. W. Bunbury, within half a mile of the town of Charleville. A knock was heard at the hall door, and when the servant asked “who was there?” a man replied “He came with a message from Mr Bunbury’s nephew, who resides in the neighbourhood”. The servant suspecting nothing, opened the door, when the fellow presented a gun at him; he caught at the gun and struggled with the ruffian, who not being able to shake him off, drew a pistol from his breast and snapped at him, but it missed fire. In the meantime a second ruffian came to the assistance of his comrade, and kept the hall door open, not withstanding the efforts of the servant to shut it, and one of Mr Bunbury’s sons, who had been in the drawing-room, and hearing the struggle, ran to the assistance of the servant. Mr Bunbury, his son, two nephews, Mr. W. Sanders, of Sander’s park, an esteemed magistrate, and Mr. Magrath, of Charleville, were in the dining-room, and hearing the noise and screams of Mrs. Bunbury and children, rushed into the hall. A fellow who was opposite the hall door presented his gun at Mr. Sanders and snapped it at him. It was a flint gun, and missed fire. He then ran off, followed by Mr. Sanders, who, regardless of his own danger, pursued the ruffian several yards, until one of two fellows, who were concealed among the shrubs, fired at him , but providentially without effect, and he regained the house in safety, when the fellows went off baffled in their attack. Soon after Mr. Sanders and Mr. Magrath went off to Charleville for the police, who soon came to the protection of the house, but could not find the ruffians. In the morning a new cloth cap was discovered near the house. This attack has caused much surprise and indignation in the country, and, certainly could not be made on the house of a gentleman more respected than Mr. Bunbury, for his untiring and humane efforts to relieve the victims of the prevalent distress. Mr. Bunbury is chairman, and Mr. Sanders is secretary, to the poor relief society, and both have been using the most disinterested and prudent exertions for sometime to procure food and employment for the poor. Indeed, it was on business connected with the relief society that Mr. Sanders and Mr. Magrath had on this day come to Mr. Bunbury’s house, and had remained at dinner. The wetness of the night, under Providence, prevented the loss of life, as the firearms of the ruffians were wet, and missed fire.”

On 10 November 1846, The Morning Chronicle reported: 'Rev Mr Bunbury, of Fortlands, whose house was attacked by armed ruffians on Sunday evening has taken lodgings in the town of Charleville, for the protection of his wife and family.’ (Thanks to John Colclough, who advises that the main house at Fortlands has gone, but, as of Feb 2021, 'the O'Connors used to, and may still, have an antique shop in the dower house there.']

In September 1853, the Rev. Bunbury earned ‘three long and loud cheers’ from the Catholic parishioners of nearby Newtown for ‘his very liberal and second donation of over 30 barrels of lime for rendering the chapel, and also for his liberal subscription of 30s some time since to put a gate to the yard of the other chapel in this parish’.[i.a] The Times of London printed the story also, describing it as ‘a compliment of no very common nature … In these times of redhot controversy, such a paragraph as follows almost takes away one's breath.’[ii]

About six weeks later, he had a rather particularly unpleasant day when, according to the Drumcolloher correspondent of the Limerick Examiner, unprecedented floodwaters rushed ‘with irresistible force down the declivity from the Shandrum side, and entered the rev. gentleman’s dairy, bearing away all the dairy vessels with their contents, but the building withstood the impetuous torrent which carried off hedges, stone walls & c.’.[iii]

On 27th September 1871, the Rev, William Bunbury’s daughter Maria Bagge (widow of Henry Bagge, of Sholt Castle, co. Cork) married the Hon Matthew James Hastings Fitzmaurice Deane (1831-1907), uncle of the 4th Baron Muskerry. Maria died at Gurst Ragh, Charleville, on 19th January 1879, aged 38, leaving a son Matthew Fitzmaurice Tilson Deane who became 7th Baron Muskery.[iv]

The Rev. Bunbury died in 1872 aged 69, about the time his eldest son became Dean of Limerick. On his death the parish of Shandrum was joined to that of Ballyhea.[v] The Deanes sold the glebe house at Gortskagh to the Binchy family in the 1890s.

THOMAS Bunbury, Bishop of Limerick

The Rev. William Bunbury's eldest son Thomas Bunbury was born in 1829 and baptized in Cove (Queenstown) on 8th March 1829. According to the Limerick Leader, he ‘had a very brilliant career at Trinity College Dublin, obtaining his BA in 1852.[vi] Ordained a Deacon in 1854, he served as a curate of Clonfert until 1858 when he moved to Mallow. On September 13th 1855, he married Mary Thomasina Simpson, only daughter of the late E. Simpson of Holly Bank, Yorkshire.[vii]

In 1863 he became Rector of Croome. From 1872 to 1899 he was Dean of Limerick. In 1899 he became Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert & Aghadoe, retaining the post until his death in his palace on Henry Street, Limerick, on Saturday 19th January 1907 ‘and all classes deeply regretted his demise’. On 24th April 1900, he was presented to Queen Victoria at the Masonic Schools at Ball's Bridge, during her celebrated visit of 1900. One unnamed obituary at www.limerickcity.ie/media/bunbury%20report.pdf includes the following:

‘Dr. Bunbury was a most energetic and popular person, taking the deepest interest in parochial affairs, and the spiritual and temporal welfare of his parishioners. His energies were by no means confined to parochial affairs. Disestablishment reminds us that when reconstruction and reorganization became an immediate necessity in Church affairs, the financial ability, and keen judgment of the then Rector of Croom were of the utmost value, and he was one of the foremost in placing Church organization in the Diocese of Limerick on a firm and sound footing. He displayed the same keenness and ability through the succeeding years in the affairs of the Díocese, and as Dean took a prominent part in debates at the Diocesan Synod, at the Council meetings, and in Church work generally. There was one feature, too with which he had life long connection and that was the temperance movement. He was a keen advocate of temperance reform, and at public meetings and elsewhere, expressed his views clearly and emphatically on the vice of intemperance and its consequences. He was one of the Hon. Secretaries of the Diocese, was Chaplain to the late Bishop of Limerick, Dr. Graves, was a Diocesan nominator, and, needles to remark, an old member of the General Synod and the Representative Body.
In educational matters his Lordship took a keen interest and delivered many important addresses thereon.
There was one work accomplished during his career as parochial clergyman with which the name of Dr. Bunbury is inseparably associated, and that is the renovation of that venerable pile St. Marty’s Cathedral, which he loved and took the deepest interest in. Within the past 50 years, improvements have been carried out in the time of Deans Kirwan and Day. These were continued and completed by Dr. Bunbury and we cannot do better than quote the following description which is given by the Rev. J. Dowd, BA, in his ‘History of St. Mary’s Cathedral’. [Dowd’s words follow].

He was also denounced by D. P. Moran as a 'bigot' for defending Jews of Limerick against Catholic anti-Semitic accustaions of 'deicide, usury, ritual murder, corruption, and being in league with the Freemasons' by John Creagh (1870-1947), a Redemptorist priest from Limerick. The Bishop was supported by Michael Davitt but but Creagh was supported by Limerick Corporation, several newspapers and, most notably, Arthur Griffith. See here for more. It would presumably be relevant if the Bishop’s grandfather had a Jewish mother.

According to the Kildare Observer of January 26, 1907, He was buried in the family vault in the grounds of St. Mary’s Cathedral. The Cathedral, which was built in 1168 and added to over the centuries, occupies the site of Donal Mór O’Brien's palace, some of which is still evident. The cathedral's unusual features include leper squints and internal passages leading to the bell tower which has been ringing since the 1400’s.

Mary Thomasina Bunbury, the Bishop's widow, died aged 90 at Limerick on 6 August 1926, ten months after her eldest son, William Edwin. Her death notice appeared in The Times on 9th.



The Bishop had at least two sons, William Edwin Bunbury (1858-1925) and Vesey Thomas Bunbury (1859-1934). The brothers were educated at St Columba’s College, the Eton of Ireland, located beneath the Dublin Mountains during the wardenship of the Rev. Robert Rice (1867–91). Stephen Gwynn, the nationalist MP, later wrote in The Columban, describing W. E. Bunbury, head prefect, and his brother V. T. Bunbury, as being among the ‘real leaders’ alongside Henry Bowen, W. Fry and Henry Irwin during the mid-late 1870s. They were, wrote Gwynn, ‘upstanding young men, good at games - and not just simply good at games. Both the Bunbury’s and Fry scored with high distinction and became generals. Irwin, who went to Canada as a missionary, was the finest athlete of the lot, and was always a fine human being.’ (Quoted in ‘Bowen's Court’ & Seven Winters’ by Elizabeth Bowen).

Major-General William Edwin Bunbury, C.B.. Indian Army (retired) saw service in the Afghan and Chitral campaigns and other operations on the North-Western Frontiers of India, later becoming Quartermaster- General in India. He lived in later life at Chope, Barton, Northam, North Devon, and died on October 31st 1925, aged 67. He was also a member of the Limerick Boat Club. (Thanks to Brian Sheppard). According to the Western Times of 1 April 1926, he "left estate of the gross value of £19,572 19s 5d. with net personalty £17,173 11s 3d. Probate of the will has been granted to his widow, Mrs. Eva Mary Bunbury, of the same address, and his brother, Brig.-Gen. Vesey Thomas Bunbury, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.0.. of the Red House, Hook, Southampton. Testator left £500, free of duty, to his wife, £100 to his brother as executor, and the residue of the property to his wife absolutely."

His brother Brigadier-General Vesey Thomas Bunbury, of the Red House, Hook, Hampshire, went from Columbus into the army. According to his obituary in the Ballymena Weekly Telegraph of 14 April 1934, he 'obtained his commission atthe age of 20, and ten years later commanded acolumn of mounted infantry in Burmah. He served throughout the Soudan Campaign of 1896-99, securing six clasps for his Soudan medal, obtaining the brevet of major, and being awarded the D.S.O. Having been created C.B. in 1911, he served as Provost-Marshal to the British Expeditionary Force from August, 1915, to December, 1915, being mentioned in despatches and gaining the C.M.G. He gained the 1914 Star and the Belgian Croix Guerre, and was made Commander ofthe Order of the Crown of Belgium. He married in 1904 the Hon. Daisy Carleton, daughter of Baroness Dorchester.' (His obituary also appeared in the Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette on 7 April 1934 on the basis that his wife was 'a kinswoman of Lady de Blaquiere, of Bath.'

The Bishop's daughter Elizabeth Anne Bunbury was married on 11 Apr 1901 to Robert Gerald Rodney Eden (b 7 Jan 1860). This is the same Eden family from which Baron Auckland and Prime Minister Anothony Eden hail. Elizabeth died on 17 Dec 1932 in Cheltenham Gloucestershire. [viii]


[i] He is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Dublin. No.2760. ‘To the Memory of | WILLIAM BUNBURY Esq | son of | The Revd. W. BUNBURY | Rector of Shandrum | who departed this life | Jany. 20th 1869 aged 38 years’. (With thanks to Audrey Arthur).

[i.a] Freemans Journal, Monday, September 19, 1853, p. 4.

[ii] The Times, September 19, 1853, p. 5.

[iii] Freemans Journal, Wednesday, November 09, 1853, p. 3.

[iv] Taranaki Herald, Volume XXVII, Issue 3091, 15 April 1879, p. 2.

[v] Clerical and parochial records of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, taken from diocesan and parish registries, mss. in the principal libraries and public offices of Oxford, Dublin, and London, and from private or family papers, p. 250.

[vi] Bringing Back the Past, Limerick Leader, Saturday, January 23, 1932, p. 4.

[vii] Freemans Journal, Monday, September 17, 1855, p. 4.

[viii] Cheltenham Chronicle, Saturday 24th December 1932, page 2. With thanks to Sue Eden.



Thomas and Maria's third son George Benjamin Bunbury was born in about 1800. He entered the Royal Navy in 1812 as First Class Volunteer on H.M.S. Dublin in which he served off Brest, Rochefort and the coast of France and advanced to Midshipman. He then served in H.M.S. Minden at the Bombardment of Algiers, 27 August 1816, at which his distant kinsman Captain William McClintock (later McClintock Bunbury) also served. He remained on the Minden in the East Indies until 1820. In July 2005, the clasp he won at Algiers was up for auction by Spink for £1000-2000. In 1823, he joined H.M.S. Swinger and was actively employed off the West Coast of Africa in the suppression of the slave trade.

He took part in the Ashantee War on the Gold Coast and was frequently in action on the coast and up rivers protecting towns which were well disposed. On one occasion while he was engaged in council with nearly 150 chiefs in the upper part of an old Dutch fort, the flooring gave way and he and the rest were precipitated to the bottom. Owing to this misadventure he received several bruises and dislocated a shoulder, in which condition, nevertheless, being the only person on shore aquainted with the navigation, he was obliged to steer his boat with the injured of his party through a heavy surf back to the ship. In 1825, he became Acting-Lieutenant in H.M.S. Victor, then served in several ships in the Mediterranean and off the West coast of Africa. He returned home in 1832.

On 3rd October 1836, Lieut. G. B. Bunbury was married at Walcot Church in Bath to Ann Elizabeth Reeves. Known as Eliza, she was the only child of Edwin Reeves of Gay Street, Bristl, Somerset. (The Bristol Mercury, Saturday, November 5, 1836; Issue 2437.)

Placed on the reserve list in 1853, he remained on the Navy list as Retired Commander with seniority dating from 1st July 1864.

He died in Bath in 1876 at the age of 74, leaving two sons. GB and Eliza's eldest son (Thomas) Edwin (George) Bunbury was sometime Curate in Burton-on-Trent, spent some time in New Zealand, married married Anna McGhie Pugh in 1870 but was subsequently confined to the Warneford Asylum on Old Road, Headington, Oxford, where he died on May 9th 1891 aged 51. As his family did not reclaim his body, he was buried at Holy Trinity Church, Headington Quarry.

G.B. and Eliza also had a daughter Anne Charlotte Eliza Bunbury (1844-1934) who was born in Bath on December 18, 1844. On June 11, 1868 she was married at Axbridge, Somerset, to Francis William Caulfeild (1843-1934), a 25-year-old descendent of the Barons Caulfield, from Devizes, Wiltshire. The 1901 Canadian census lists Francis Caulfeild [sic] as a ‘pleasure resort owner’ and states he emigrated in 1899. Along with the Earl of Iveagh [Guinness], he was probably the first greatest contributor to the development of West Vancouver, a municipality that rises along the North Shore mountains at the north-west end of Burrard Inlet, across the inlet from Vancouver. He acquired the foreshore of Hollyburn Mountain and set out developing a transplanted English village, with winding roads centered around the Anglican church of St. Francis in the Woods. [After him came Lord Iveagh who, though not particularly hands on, developed the British Properties up the mountain and along the Eastern edge of the municipality; vehicle traffic arrived when Lord Iveagh opened the Lion’s Gate Bridge in the early 1930’s.] From the 1970s onward, the primarily residential Caulfeild neighborhood continued up the mountain into Upper Caulfeild vs. Mr. Caulfeild’s works; the area is now referred to as Lower Caulfield while the only industrial land is the public works yard, which is well hidden up a mountain. Even their buses are garaged in the adjoining municipality. There are a few well-controlled retail areas, including Canada’s first indoor mall, Park Royal. "Parking at Caulfeild Mall, in the upper part of the neighborhood can get scarce on a weekend”, warns TOM CULLY of Howe Sound, British Columbia, 'but the Mall was barely approved in a plebiscite, which was found necessary when it was developed. There are an inordinate number of Land Rover and like products, driven by trophy wives, in the Caulfeild parking lot. The Canadian taxation authority documents the British Properties and the Caulfeild neighborhoods as the highest per capita income in Canada.” (Thanks to Tom Cully and Terry O'Neill).

Anne Caulfeild died on 15 February 1934 at 26 Cliveden Place, Chelsea, London; Francis died three weeks later, on 6 March 1934, at 7 Knaresborough Place, Earl's Court. They had at least 5 children, including:

1) Francis Edward Bunbury Caulfeild (1869-1871)
2) (Francis) Wade Caulfeild , Vice-Admiral (1872-1947). Built a memorial to his father on the waterfront in Lower Caulfeild, which includes, not surprisingly, a ship’s anchor. Had 2 daughters and a son, Toby.
3) Edward Bunbury Caulfeild (1872-1906). Was living in Florence, Italy
4) John Minden Caulfeild (1874-1896). Worked as a photographer in Western Australia and was accidentally shot at Lake Cowynn. There are no known photos of his mother, either on the internet or at the West Vancouver archives (with thanks to Reto Tschan, the archivist) tho Francis Caulfeild’s portrait is over the Archivist’s desk. Perhaps Mrs. Caulfeild, like her son, John, was always on the other side of the lens. His friend Richard Baugh erected the sandstone table covering John’s grave. (Find a Grave Memorial #54597087).
5) Dorothy Caulfeild (1874—1948) m. Arthur Frederic Basil Williams, OBE, FBA in 1905 and had 2 sons, John and William. Dorothy had been with her father in the early days of his Canadian adventure. See http://archives.westvancouver.ca/destinationstimewalk/routes/caulfeild/sites/cauEssay_caulfeildVillage.html


Jane Bunbury & the MacNeill Connection

On 24th December 1809, Thomas and Maria's eldest daughter Jane Bunbury (d. 1873) was married at Echo Lodge to Daniel Hamilton MacNeill-Hamilton (d. 1831) of Raploch & Taynish. He was the eldest son of Roger M. H. McNeill, of Ballylesson, Co. Down. The marriage was reported in The Belfast Monthly Magazine 1809 & 1810 in which Daniel was simply described as 'Daniel McNeill, esq' and Jane's father as 'the late Thomas Bumberry Isaac, esq. of Holywood House'.


Simon and Eliza Bunbury-Isaac's only daughter Letitia Alicewas born circa 1813. On 2 March 1828, she married the Rev. Benjamin Wilson Eames (c. 1816-1871), second son of Richard Eames, of Gracefield, County Dublin. (The Newry Commercial Telegraph, March 21, 1828). Benjamin's grandfather Richard Fairfax Eames, of Gracefeild, was a former Judge of the Court of Exchequer in Ireland.

The Very Rev Benjamin Wilson Eames, who became Rector of Swinford and and Dean of Kilcondoff, County Mayo, was a brother of Major Richard Fairfax Eames who committed suicide in 1846. See here.

Leititia and the Very Rev Benjamin Eames had three sons and two daughters, viz.

1. John Gough Eames, who married Amy Katherine Woodcock, had three children and was living at The Vicarage, Whaddon, Cambridge, in the 1901 census.

2. William Bunbury Fairfax Eames, MD LRCI LRCP, married (1) Caroline Clutterbuck in 1873 and (2) Minnie Wooodard of Brisbane in 1887. He died in Brisbane on 30 Nov 1904.

3. Captain Thomas Bunbury Eames (c. 1838- 1892), Royal Scots Fusiliers and 58th Regiment, who died at 8, de Vesci Terrace, Kingstown, Dublin, on 8 April 1892. He was married in Wigan in 1869 to Adelaide Mary Woodcock, whose sister Amy had married his older brother John. Captain Eames and Adelaide had six children:

      (i) Alice Kathleen Violet Eames, b. 27 Apr 1870
      (ii) Major Thomas Bunbury Gough Fairfax Eames, b. 20 Jun 1871, Mayo, Ireland, d. 7 Apr 1933, Northern Ireland, aged 61.
      (iii) Frances Mary Letitia Eames, b. 2 Mar 1876, Rathdown, Ireland; d. 1 Sep 1951, aged 75, at The Hospital, Lymington.
      (iv) Cecil William Bunbury Eames, b. 29 Aug 1878, d. 17 Feb 1948, aged 69, in Glamorgan, Wales.
       (v) Edith Mabel Eames, b. 17 Mar 1880
      (vi) Eva Gertrude Eames (24 Sep 1881-1958) was married in 1905 to Mayo-born Albert James Fair (1849-1936), with whom she was living at (Rosebeg Lodge), Carrownalurgan near Westport, County Mayo, at the time of the 1911 census, along with four year old Albert John Fair and baby Adelaide. Albert was a son of John and Maria Fair and there is a theory that Maria's family connected to the Ruttledge estate in Mayo. I suspect they were a branch of the Fairs of Hollymount. They may have come west from Ulster when the pogroms were on in the 1790s and linen workers were invited to Mayo. Eva and Albert are buried at Holy Trinity Cemetery, Westport. Their daughter Adelaide married Frederick Charles Clarke, tied in with the Nangles Mission at Duggort; their grandson Rick Dutton wrote to me in July 2020, seeking further information about Albert and the Fair family, should anyone out there know more.

4. Alice Sophia Eames

5. Grace Eames, who was married in 1877 to Ambrose Going Tuthill (1846-1889), son of Dr Christopher Tuthill of Lower Ballyteigue, County Limerick, and 14 Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin. Ambrose is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery. He and Grace had no children.



Simon and Eliza Bunbury-Isaac's eldest son Richard Thomas Bunbury Isaac was born in Cavan in 1815. At the age of 17, he became an alumnus of Trinity College Dublin but there is no indication as to whether he actually obtained any degree. On 28th April 1836 he married Marion Maxwell, daughter of Robert Maxwell of Islandmore, Co. Limerick. The wedding took place at Ballyhay, Co. Cork. They later settled at East View, Courtmacsherry, near Bandon, Co. Cork. He was a member of the County Club, Cork. In 1860, he dropped the name of 'Isaac' and resumed the name of 'Bunbury'.

Richard and Marion had, with other issue, Richard Simon Bunbury, born 1844, Robert Maxwell Bunbury born 1849, and two other children, baptized at Ballyhay.[1] Richard Thomas Bunbury died at East View on Monday 3rd December 1883, aged 69.[2] Marion survived him by eight years, passing away at East View on 13th October 1891 aged 79.[3] One of their children may have gone by the name of Lizzie Dawson (possibly changing her name from Bunbury-Isaac due to an inheritance from the Dawson estate of which her grandmother was a family member). Lizzie married the Rev. Thomas Tuckey Hallaran. The Hallaran's son William appears to have played rugby for Ireland under an assumed name so that his father, Rev. Hallaran wouldn't know. The Hallaran's daughter, Isabel Hallaran, married the Cahirciveen solicitor, James Shuel.

In May 2008, a new line opened up when I was contacted by Nuno Jorge Velloza Cordeiro, based in Glasgow, who claimed direct descent from Richard Simon Bunbury. From what Nuno could gather, Richard Simon Bunbury had emigrated from Ireland. The circumstances of this were unclear, but there was the suggestion that he was something of a black sheep, and had been ‘sent away’, perhaps for involvement in the Irish cause or ‘another more or less glamorous undertaking’.

At any rate, Richard Simon Bunbury made for South Africa where he married a woman called Constance and had two children - Richard Bunbury and Gertrude Marion Bunbury, aka Queenie. After Constance left him, Richard Simon Bunbury moved to Mozambique with his two children, in search of work. His son Richard Bunbury had two boys, Richard Bunbury (who emigrated from Johannesburg to Canada) and Graham Bunbury (until recently still based in Natal, South Africa).

Queenie was Nuno’s great-grandmother. She was very young when she moved with her father and brother to Mozambique. She was present in Lourenço Marques at the time of the 1894 siege of the city by King Gugunyana, and kept in a place of safety in the fort of Nossa Senhora da Conceição in Lourenço Marques, while the city was besieged.

She later met and married Lucinio Pestana Velloza, a Portuguese man from Madeira,who had made his way to Mozambique in a bid to escape the seminary, the only avenue open to him at home. They had six children (Emilia, Mary, Alice, Eduardo, Roberto and Ricardo), the youngest of whom, Ricardo Dawson Velloza, was Nuno’s grandfather. (Nuno's father was also Ricardo Dawson Velloza while Nuno's mother Elizabeth is the aunt of Gisele Almeida Velloza Kildaire, who contacted me about the family connection in December 2016).

Queenie and Lucinio’s eldest daughter Emilia / Amelia Marion Bello (née Velloza) visited Ireland in the 1970s and traced her descent in order to obtain an Irish passport. To secure this, she obtained a certification of descent from two Irish citizens, also great grandchildren of Richard Thomas Bunbury-Isaac. These were Edith Cusson of Argideen, Black Rock, Cork and Martin Cantillon of Bravor Lodge, Carrigaline, Cork, attesting to the fact that Amelia Bello (née Velloza) was also a great grandchild of the Richard Thomas Bunbury. It was a copy of this document that Nuno found among his grandfather’s affairs. Amelia’s son, Julio Bello, lived in Lisbon up untl his passing in 2014 and had long wanted the story told. Amelia's daughter is Yvonne Mario Illman (nee Bello).

By a rather bizarre coincidence, Nuno once shared a birthday party in Johannesburg with James Fennell, my good friend and regular co-author.

Queenie and Lucinio’s youngest daughter Alice married Raúl Costa; they had no children.

In April 2012, I was contacted by Jorge de Sousa, a grandson of Gertrude and Lucino's second daughter Mary Veloza. She married Lino de Sousa and had three children, Isabel, Lino and Ricardo. Her grandson Jorge, aged six when she passed away, recalls Mary as ‘a true Matriarch and a very string disciplinarian. I was raised by her up to the age of 6 as my cousins the McGregors lived in Scotland and she left me many lessons that I only understood later on in life. She was a tough cookie and just had to open her eyes and everybody knew she meant business.’ As to her three children:

1) Isabel (or Bella), now deceased, married Duncan McGregor of Scotland and had two children, Duncan and Marion. Duncan married Fátima de Sousa and has three children - Kelley, Dean, Kimberley. Kelley married Ivo Rocha and has a daughter Maria

2) Lino married the late Cremilda Portugal and had four boys – Jorge (born 1950), José (died 2010), Lino and Paulo. [4] Jorge says he was born and bred in Mozambique but later moved to Portugal. 'My family all remain in Africa,' he wrote, 'and my daughter Tânia went back to Mozambique four years ago, so our side of the family have Africa in their blood and it will always be home to us.'

3) Ricardo (deceased) married Helena Banco and had one son António, presently unmarried.

There is a very rare blood clotting disorder, a Factor 10, called Stewart Power, which may be genetic.


[1] Walford's County Families, 1884

[2] The Times, Thursday 6th December 1883.

[3] The Times, Monday, Oct 19, 1891; pg. 1; Issue 33459; col A

[4] Jorge de Sousa married Dulce Martins and has a daughter Tânia De Sousa, born 1974.

José (deceased) married Vanessa Thompson and had 2 children, Lisa and Gino.

Lino married Anabela Cordeiro and has 2 children Rossana and Pedro.

Paulo married Patrizzia Bonandini and has 2 children Sabrina and Fabio.


The Times, 05.10.1853: 'On the 1st inst., at St Saviour's Jersey, by special licence, by the Very Rev. the Dean of Jersey, Thomas Robert Bunbury Isaac, M.D., second son of the late Hon. Mrs. Isaac and cousin of Lord Gough, to Eliza, third daughter of Philip Labey Esq., of Longueville'.

Simon and Eliza Bunbury-Isaac's second son, Dr. Thomas Robert Bunbury Isaac was baptised at the Anglican parish church of Ematris, County Monaghan, on 9th June 1816. The Dawson family home of Dartry, or Dawson's Grove, the home of his mother's family, was located in the same parish, some 2 miles north of Cootehill, so his parents, Simon and Eliza, may have been living at Dartry when Thomas was born. Thomas was admitted as a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1848, when he was serving with the East India Company. He was studying at Aberdeen in 1849, and may have been at his mother's side at the time of her death at Canterbury in June 1850. Shortly afterwards, Thomas moved to Jersey where, at the time of the 1851 Census, he was living at lodgings at Victoria Street in the island's capital, St Helier. It seems very likely that this further move south may have been undertaken to stem the progress of a terminal illness. Unfortunately he had contracted tuberculosis and died only 10 months after his marriage to Eliza Labey at St Saviour's Church on 10th August 1854. He died at No 4 Salvandy Terrace, the address which appears to have formed his second known, and principal, home in the island. It too was located in the parish of St Saviour at the foot of the hill where his wedding took place.

Born in 1830, Eliza (or 'Liza' as she seems to have been known by her contemporaries) was the daughter of Philippe Labey of Longueville Farm, St Saviour, by his wife Jane du Parcq. The clergyman officiating at her marriage to Thomas Bunbury Isaac was the Rev William Corbet Le Breton, then Rector of St Saviour and Dean of Jersey, who is perhaps better known as Lillie Langtry's father. In May 1857, less than three years after the death of the doctor, Liza married secondly Julius Sulivan de Visme, a man of Huguenot descent. He was the son of Lt. Col. Francis de Visme and Harriet Sullivan his wife, daughter of Sir Benjamin Sullivan, son of Benjamin of Dromeragh, Co: Cork. In the 1820s, Julius's great-uncle Élisée William de Vismes (1758-1840) initiated unproven claims that he was the Sovereign, or Hereditary, Count de Vismes and Prince de Ponthieu in France.[Élisée was a grandfather of the Monaghan-based naturalist and Black Pig's Dyke enthusiast, William Francis Devismes Kane). Julian likewise began calling himself prince in the 1860s and was styled in the 1871 British census "SAR le Prince Julius S V ch de Ponthieu" with rank of "noble of the Empire of France"; all his children are listed in "SAR Prince/ss". In 1858, a year after their marriage, Liza de Visme was painted by the French artist, Jean-Baptise-Louis Guy; the portrait currently hangs at the Jersey Museum. Julius went bankrupt in Bridgwater where he lived, moved to Wales and later to Romsey where he died in 1873. Liza Labey died in the parish of St Lawrence, Jersey, on 9th December 1906, being survived by her children, Julius Philip de Visme and Lillian Jane de Visme, wife of Dr Edwin Godfray. The Godfrays had two sons and two daughters; one daughter Geraldine Irene Godfray married John Martin, and their younger son James Arnold Godfray Martin also assumed the title of prince


Simon and Eliza Bunbury-Isaac's third son, Charles Thomas Vesey Bunbury Isaac was born in France on 28th July 1818. He became a commissioned officer in the 82nd Regiment of Foot in 1838, rising from the rank of Ensign to Major in 1857. He was posted to Canada in 1843 where he must have met his first wife, Harriet Cartwright. They were married at Quebec on 20th July 1844. Major Bunbury died 27th January 1871 at Portsea, Hampshire (GRO cert 2b 318). There is a fascinating account of this chap at http://www.britishmedals.net/collections/TB/brit/bunbury.html He lost his right arm in the Indian Mutiny on 28th November 1857, when he was a Major with the 82nd Regiment at Cawnpore. The London Gazette of September 24, 1858 published the following notice:

Whitehall, September 15, 1858

The Queen has been pleased to give and grant unto Charles Thomas Vesey Bunbury Isaac, Esquire, Major in the 82nd Regiment of Foot, and Vesey Thomas Bunbury Isaac, Esquire, sometime an Officer in the 82nd Regiment, younger sons of Simon Isaac, late of Dunkirk, in the Kingdom of France, and formerly of Dromore Cottage, in the county of Monaghan, deceased, and grandsons of Thomas Bunbury Isaac (formerly Thomas Bunbury), of Bloomfield and Hollywood, in the county of Down, Esquire, also deceased, Her royal license and authority that they may henceforth resume their paternal family surname of Bunbury only, and be called and known by the names of Charles Thomas Vesey Bunbury, and Vesey Thomas Bunbury, respectively.


Simon and Eliza Bunbury-Isaac's fourth and youngest son, Vesey Thomas Bunbury Isaac was born in 1822 at Compiègne in the Departement d'Oise, France. He entered Trinity College Dublin on 5th November 1839, aged 17, and finally secured his BA in 1850. He subsequently served with his brother Charles in the 82nd regiment and is mentioned above as resuming his family name of Bunbury by Royal License in 1858.

On 27 June 1872, he was married at Weston in Somerset to Katherine Holder, daughter of John Holder of Hereford by Philippa de Visme, sister of Lt. Col. Francis de Visme and daughter of James de Visme of New Court, Newent, Gloucester by Elizabeth Bearcroft his wife, daughter of Edward Bearcroft, MP, KC, Chief Justice of Chester. (See Belfast News Letter, 6 July 1872).

Katherine was a widow, having first married Fleming Malcolm Martin, a Lieutenant in the 32nd Regiment of the BNI (presumably British Northern Indian, as he received an Indian pension) on 6 January 1847 at Ross-on-Wye in Herefordshire. (Further confirmation @ Gloucester Journal of 9 January 1847, via British Library Newspapers). Lt. F. M. Martin died at Bath on 3 November 1863. (See also GRO cert: 5c 1118).

In 1885 Katherine, styled as 'Mrs Vesey Bunbury', was living in Bath. A letter from her to Henry Wagner of the Huguenot Society in London, dated 1885, written when living at Ashton Villa, Park Gardens, Bath is held at Wagner Pedigrees, Huguenot Library, University College, London; under de Visme. Appears in the 1881 Census under Bunbury at Weston. Wife corresponded with, 1885.

Vesey died in October 1893 in Bath, aged 70 (GRO ref 5c 449). Katherine died in November 1899, in Bath, aged 81 (GRO ref 5c 433).



1. The Armagh Guardian for April 14th 1845 estates that "On the 2d inst., at St. Peter's church, Dublin, by the Rev. Elias Handcock, the Rev. Benedict Arthure, rector of St. Laurence, Isle of Wight, to Bessie Maria, daughter of the late B. Dillon of Ballyquin house, county of Kilkenny, Esq." The same Benedict (or another) is listed as leasing a house and garden at Ballymadrough in Swords from a John Day in Griffiths.

1a. Jane Bunbury Arthure, daughter of Rev. Benedict Arthure and Jane Bunbury, subsequently married Samuel Tomkins, who was Major of the City of Limerick militia and lived at Richmond Villa in Limerick. Samuel’s great-grandfather Alderman George Tomkins of Mobuoy, Co Derry, was married in 1702 to Anne Norman, 19-year-old daughter of Alderman Samuel Norman of Londonderry by his second marriage to Elizabeth Gage. George and Anne were married in St Columbs with Archdeacon Hamilton presiding. The couple lived in the Templemore district.

Jane's brother John Arthure was a close friend of Richard Manders of Brackenstown House, near Swords.

2. By the time of Lewis (1837), Hollywood House in Hillsborough was the property of J. Macartney, Esq.

3. Burke's Peerage, 1855. Richard's younger brother Thomas Vesey Dawson, Dean of Clonmacnoise, was born in 1768 and married Anna Maria Townley, daughter of Blayney Townley.

4. The Times - 04.07.1850.

With thanks to Audrey and John Arthure, Thomas M Cully, Terry O'Neill, John & Sharon Oddie Brown, Peter R Bunbury, Trevor Labey, Michael Purcell, Jack Storey, Bill Rowley, Roger Nowlan, Nuno Cordeiro, Jorge de Sousa, Graham Eckley, Duncan McGregor, Judith Morris, Anna Baggalay, Adam Markham, Sal Shuel, Anne Illman, Hamish Allan and Brendan Morrissey.