Turtle Bunbury

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2. THE FORMATIVE YEARS (1800-1815)

William's Childhood

It was thus a strange new world into which William IV was born on Monday 8th September 1800. He may well have spent his childhood in County Louth at Drumcar House, the house built by his maternal grandfather, Bumper Jack, in the 1770s. He must have also spent some of his infancy at his mother's family home at Lisnavagh, which was then managed by his great-uncle Benjamin Bunbury on behalf of his uncle Thomas Bunbury who lived in Bath. I am unsure what sort of a house existed at Lisnavagh at this time though it was most likely a modest Georgian farmhouse.

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Above: Jane Bunbury, daughter of William Bunbury III of
Lisnavagh, and mother of the 1st Baron Rathdonnell and
Captain William McClintock Bunbury. Her death in a horse
accident in 1801 uncannily mirrored that of her father
23 years earlie.

Below: Jane's tomb at St Swithun's Church near Bath, where her
mother Katharine Bunbury and brother Thomas Bunbury also lie.
(Photo: David Howells, 2018)

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Death of Jane Bunbury

Jane Bunbury married John McClintock on 11th July 1797. I do not know whether the wedding took place in Rathvilly, Dunleer or somewhere quite else. I presume the young couple then embarked on some form of a honeymoon before settling down somewhere near Drumcar where Janes father-in-law, Bumper Jack, was entering the final years of his life. On 26th August 1798 Jane gave birth to a boy, John McClintock, later Baron Rathdonnell.

In February 1799, Bumper Jack passed away aged 57 and Jane's husband John succeeded to Drumcar House. A second son, William, of whom we treat, followed in September 1800.

A daughter, Catherine, was born early in 1801 but the baby can hardly have been off the bosom when her mother was tragically killed on Tuesday 28th April 1801. The most graphic account of her death was published in the Hampshire Chronicle as follows:

"Tuesday morning the following melancholy accident took place on the London road, near Bath:—As the lady of P. M'Clintock, Esq. was riding with her husband and Mr. Barrington, her horse set off at speed up Box Hill; her companions, not increasing their pace, for fear of accelerating that of Mrs. M were, on coming to the turn of the road at Ashley, made miserable spectators of that lady extended speechless on the road, and the horse grazing by her side. The best medical assistance was immediately procured from Bath, but we are sorry to say that at present their endeavours are not likely to prove successful. Mrs. M.'s skull being fractured, she was trepanned that night; and on Wednesday morning it was discovered that her shoulder was dislocated.—Mr. Barrington, who returned to Bath, for medical assistance, had nearly experienced a similar fate, his horse falling with him in Gay-street, though materially injured, we are happy to state that he is in a way to do well." [1]

The article inadvertently referred to John McClintock as "P M'Clintock". I like to think that Mr. Barrington was Sir Jonah Barrington, ancestor of my pals Hugo Jellett and Minnie Preston. Sir Jonah wrote about McClintock's opposition to the Union the previous year and was knighted in 1807. However, the connection between the two families may also be linked to this death notice from the Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette of Thursday 16 July: "Sunday [12th], died at his house in Salford, near this city [ie: Bath], the Right Hon. William Lord Viscount Barrington, aged 41. His Lordship was nephew to the present Bishop of Durham." He was 3rd Viscount Barrington. That said, the newspaper would surely have mentioned him by title if he was involved.

News of Jane's accident also appeared in jorunals such as the Edinburgh magazine: or literary miscellany, Volume 17, p. 330 (J. Sibbald, 1801). However, her death notice appeared in the Bath Chronicle on 30th April 1801. ‘Yesterday morning at five o’clock died, at the village of Box, near this city, in consequence of a fall from her horse, Mrs M’Clintock, wife of John M’Clintock, esq; of Drumcar, county of Louth, Ireland --- thus snatched in a moment, at the age of twenty-three, in the full bloom of youth and beauty, from the society of her husband, children, parents, family and friends; attached to her by those virtues which will ever endear her memory to them, but which cannot fail to ensure to herself a happier life in a happier state'.

Jane's death mirrored that of her father's so closely one can't help but think of the consecutive deaths of Gerald O'Hara and his granddaughter Bonnie Butler in 'Gone With the Wind'. Her body was laid to rest beneath an urn-topped tomb in the graveyard of St Swithun's Church, Bathford, a village 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Bath, where she would be joined in due course by her mother Katharine and her brother Thomas Bunbury. See John 'Old Turnip' McClintock for more on Jane's death and burial.


[1] It was once thought she was kiled out hunting but the report makes no such suggestion. Ashley falls within the boundaries of the present day Avon Vale Hunt but its secretary, John Adderley, pointed out that the Avon Vale Hunt came into existence long after 1800. She may have beeb hunting with the Spye Park Foxhounds near Bromham village, Wiltshire, which pack belonged to the Spicer family. Jane was just 23 years old.

[2] The village of Box is on the A4 road travelling east from the city of Bath. It is just across the county border in Wiltshire. Bath was in Somerset. Just before Box there is the hamlet of Ashley. (Thanks to Hilary Cox, Senior Library Assistant, Local Studies, Bath Central Library, www.bathnes.gov.uk).

[3] Ashley is where the Lefroy family lived; Jane's eldest son John McClintock, 1st Baron Rathdonnell, would, perhaps coincidentally, marry one of these Lefroys three decades later.

Click here for further details on the Lefroy family connection and links to Jane Austen.

1801 Events

· Nelson destroys Danish fleet at Copenhagen, an event that coincides with the assassination of Tsar Paul I of Russia.
· The Union of Great Britain and Ireland comes into force. William Pitt’s Act of Union was supposed to be twofold. The stick was the political union; the carrot was supposed to be a measure of Catholic Emancipation, which, rejected by George III, took 30 years to implement. What if emancipation had been introduced as intended?! Once again British politicians differing over the Irish question, creating long-term disasters for British rule that would still plague the world in 2019.
· 'Thursday night last, the Cork mail coach, on its way to Dublin, was attacked about two miles on this side of Carlow, by a band of nearly forty robbers, well armed; the efcort of dragoons and the guard attending the mail, returned feveral rounds of piftols and musketry; but at length, the cavalry having exhaufted their ammunition witihout effect, the greater number of the robbers firing from behind the walls of Mr. Bruen's demesne, they were obliged to retreat to Carlow, and the coach and paffengers were left at the mercy of the robbers, who contented themfelves with plundering every thing they could lay their hands upon, and made off.' (The Times of London, March 12th, 1801, p. 3.)
Sept 7: Death by suicide of Arthur Hill, 2nd Marquis of Downshire, former MP for Co. Down, one of the wealthiest landowners in Ireland. His descendants were closely allied to the McClintocks of Hillsborough and Kilwarlin.

General Election of 1802

The sitting MPs for Carlow, Sir Richard Butler and W.H. Burton, are defeated by a coalition of David La Touche and Walter Bagenal when Walter Kavanagh brought his freehold interest in to support the newcomers. The differences between the candidates are obscure as all four opposed the Union, yet none showed any determination to oppose the ministers. Kavanagh may have been won over by the firm support which both La Touche and Bagenal gave to Catholic emancipation (26th July).

1802 Events

January 29: A French expeditionary force (40,000 troops) led by General Charles Leclerc (Bonaparte's brother-in-law) lands in Saint-Domingue (Haiti, the Saudi Arabia of the sugar industry) to restore colonial rule, where Toussaint L'Ouverture (a black former slave) has proclaimed himself Governor-General for Life, and established control over Hispaniola. The brutal reconquest involves deceiving L’Ouverture and poison gas … Napoleon needed the money from the same sugar plantations that had financed Louis XIV’s military campaigns in the 1690s and 1700s, just as they did his successors wars in North America.

May 20: Napoleon reinstates slavery throughout the French Empire, thus ending the dream that the French Revolution would bring racial equality to the world.


1803 Events

1804 Events

1805 Events

Lady Elizabeth Clancarty

The passing of Jane Bunbury must have made as little sense to her 17-month-old son William as any other event whirling before his blurry eyes - the failed insurrection of Robert Emmett in 1803, for instance, or perhaps the news from France in 1804 when Napoleon declared himself Emperor. On 15 April 1805, William's father married again and he did rather well. John McClintock's new bride was Lady Elizabeth Le Poer Trench, daughter of William Power Keating Trench, a wealthy Galway landowner and Whig politician who had been raised to the peerage in February 1803 as the Earl of Clancarty. (11) I don't know how well John McClintock knew Clancarty but he didn't get to share too many glasses of port with his father-in-law for the 64-year-old Earl died on 27th April, just twelve days after the wedding. The Clancartys were a curious family and I have dealt with them elsewhere. Their forbears, Huguenots from France, fought alongside William of Orange during the Jacobite Wars of 1689 - 1691 and at the conclusive battle of Aughrim near their home in Ballinasloe, County Galway. For more, see Turtle's Short History of the Clancartys.


(11) William Power Keating, 1st Earl of Clancarty, was the eldest son of Richard Trench of Garbally House, Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, and . d Frances Le Poer (or Power), an heiress twice over. Through her father, she inherited the Power family estate at Coorheen, County Galway, while she also scooped a large estate from her mother, Elizabeth Keating. WPK was an energetic Whig (ie: 18th century Liberal) who represented the locality as a Member in the Irish House of Commons for many years. He was raised to the Irish House of Lords as Baron Kilconnell of Garbally, before being advanced to Viscount Dunlo of Dunlo and Ballinasloe in 1800. In 1802, he was elevated to the peerage as Earl of Clancarty. This title had previously been bestowed upon a Munster clan but they lost it along the way, I can't remember why. At any rate, the 1st Earl of Clancarty was clearly determined to keep his new blue blood flowing for his good, broad-hipped wife bore him no less than 10 sons and 9 daughters.

(12) The Trench family were responsible for setting up the Ballinasloe Horse Fair. In the beginning, the Fair was more versatile, supplying both livestock and labourers to local landowners, but the power of the horse rapidly came to the fore. Indeed there is a remarkable account of how agents from the Great Powers of Europe, especially Russia and France, would come to Ballinasloe to seek out cavalry horses, draught horses and ponies for the baggage trains of these great armies. Some say that anything up to 6000 horses would change hands in a single day, which sounds like exceptional business but I guess a lot of horses must have copped it during battles such as Fontenroy and Waterloo. In fact, local legend has it that even Napoleon's horse Marengo was purchased at Ballinasloe. If there's any truth behind this, it must have produced many a fine chat around the Clancarty dinner table while John McClintock was present.

The Aunts of William Bunbury

William had four aunts. The eldest, Mary Anne McClintock, married Mathew Fortescue. The second, Elizabeth McClintock, married Henry Le Blanc. The third, Rebecca McClintock, married Edward Hardman in 1799. The youngest, Fanny McClintock, was married (as his second wife) on 6th June 1798 to Theophilus Clive, grandson of Benjamin Clive, Vicar of Duffield, Co. Derby, and a cousin of the celebrated Clive of India (1725 - 1774). See Earl Powis. For more, see McClintock of Drumcar.

The Half-Brothers William Bunbury

John and Lady Elizabeth McClintock had at least five sons:

The eldest, Frederick William Pitt McClintock, was born in 1806, became a barrister but was destined to drown, aged 28, in 1834.

The second son, Charles Alexander McClintock, was born in 1807 but died unmarried aged 26 on 9th December 1833.

The third son, Robert Le Poer McClintock was born on 10th August 1810 and became Rector of Castle Bellingham, Co. Louth, where James and Joanna Fennell were married in June 2005. On 29th July 1856, he married Maria Susan Heyland. He died on 30th June 1879.

The fourth son was (Henry) Stanley McClintock of Kilwarlin.

The fifth and youngest son was George Augustus Jocelyn McClintock of Rathvinden, who married one of the Stronges, and also of whom more anon.

The Half-Sisters of William Bunbury

William's eldest half-sister, Anne Florence McClintock, married Hugh Usher Tighe, Dean of Derry, on 21 Apr 1828.

The next sister, Harriette Elizabeth McClintock married Richard Longfield in 1832 but died on 27th April 1834.

His youngest sister, Emily Selina Frances McClintock married John Wandesforde on 16th November 1841 and died on 29th January 1909.


William's uncle Major Henry Le Blanc, 71st Foot, loses a leg in a fight at the village of Reduccion during General Beresford's ill-fated attack on Buenos Aires in 1806. Henry's wife Elizabeth was a sister of John McClintock of Drumcar. Henry was made Lieutenant-Colonel of the 5th Royal Veteran Battalion on 5 February 1807.

General Election of 1806

In the General Election of 13th November, La Touche and Bagenal maintain seats for County Carlow.


William Straham of the town of Carlow, Cabinet Maker on the 22nd Day of February in the 46th Year of The Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so-forth at Carlow did assault Pierce Brerton, a Sub-Constable, by order of James Butler, Esquire, Sovereign of the town of Carlow pursuant to Act of Parliament, , in due Execution of his duty and forcibly unlawfully did take and rescue one pig which he seized and had in his custody as being a Publick Nuisance.

1806 events

Feb 26: Death of General Alex Dumas, the black Haiti-born Hercules of the French army, commander of the Army of the Alps and father to Alexandre Dumas, the author. He was in part motivated by the Revolution’s goal of ending slavery. Hailed for his courageous exploits in Egypt, the general was the highest-ranking man of African descent ever in a European army only to be disowned as the emperor pursued a more racist, slave-promoting agenda.

Rollo Gillespie victorious in Vellore Mutiny, regarded as the first instance of the Indian War of Independence.

1807 Events

· William's step-uncle, the 2nd Earl of Clancarty, is sworn onto British Privy Council and named Postmaster General in Ireland (13th May).
· William's cousin, Hugh Gough is married, aged 28, on 3rd June 1807, at Plymouth, Devon, to Frances Maria Stephens, daughter of General Edward Stephens, R.A.
· Thomas Butler of Ballintemple, Sir Richard's heir, canvassed with government support for the elections of 20th May, but retreated from a poll at the last moment, leaving La Touche and Bagenal still sitting.
· British Government abolishes British slave trade trade although 750,000 people remain enslaved in British colonies across the Carribean.


Young William McClintock was educated at the Royal Academy in Gosport, near Portsmouth, in Hampshire. The school was founded in 1791 by Dr William Burney, and carried on by his two sons and a grandson, and later by the Rev F.G. Johnson, operating until 1904. Once considered the best-known naval school in Europe, it was under royal patronage and attracted boys from British and foreign royal houses. Many senior navy and army officers and administrators were amongst the school's "old boys". In 1815, Caldell & Davies of London published Dr. Burney’s revised edition of William Falconer's noted Marine Dictionary, first issued in 1769. From 1797 to 1803, spurred on by the threat of a French invasion, a major renovation of Gosport's fortifications was undertaken, while Forton barracks was built on the site of Fortune hospital in 1807 and a new market house built near the site of the ferry, so it must have all looked quite fresh and new when he arrived.

1808 Events

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William's uncle, Colonel Kane
Bunbury of Moyle who would
live on into his 92nd year.

1809 Events

At the Battle of Talavera on the 28th July the Faugha Ballaghs suffer grave losses. William's cousin Hugh Gough is severely injured in the battle when his horse is shot from underneath him. At Wellington's request, Gough`s commission as Lieutenant-Colonel is ante-dated to the battle. Thus he becomes the first British officer to ever received brevet promotion for service in action at the head of a regiment. The battalion was soon after sent to Lisbon.

William's uncle Kane Bunbury appointed Major on 25th October.

In Britain, William's distant cousin Sir Henry Bunbury, the 7th Bart, is appointed under-secretary of state for war, a position which he held until 1816.

William's uncle Henry McClintock marries Elizabeth Melesina Fleury, a daughter of the Venerable George Fleury, DD, Archdeacon of Waterford.

Purchase of commissions made illegal, except where regulated by Royal warrant.

1810 Events

· William's great-aunt Margaret Bunbury (neé Gowan), the wife of Benjamin Bunbury of Moyle, passes away in her 60th year and is buried at St. Mary's in Rathvilly.
· Hugh Gough's battalion joins Graham at Cadiz, forming part of the force that debarked at Algerciras.
· Speaking before the House of Lords (June 6) Richard Clancarty severely criticises the attitude adopted by the Irish Catholic hierarchy since 1808.
· Economic panic sends agricultural prices tumbling across Ireland.
· Goya begins Los Desastres da la Guerra.

1811 Events

· In a closely reasoned speech, Clancarty defends the resolutions restricting the powers of the regent, George III, who is by now mad. (Jan 4th).
· Along with the 87th and three companies 1st Guards, Hugh Gough makes a famous charge on the French 8th Light Infantry at the Battle of Barossa (5th March). An "eagle" - the first taken in the Peninsular War - was captured by Sergeant Patrick Masterson of the 87th, and an eagle with collar of gold and the figure of 8 has ever since been worn as a badge of honour by the Royal Irish Fusiliers. At the Siege of Tarifa (31st Oct), his battalion manage to fight off an assault by Laval and 10,000 French grenadiers - Laval himself fell and, dying against the portcullis which closed the breach, yielded up his sword to Gough through the bars. An open breach between two turrets, with the British colours flying and the word "Tarifa" are among the honourable augmentations to the Gough family arms.
· Box 106/109 at Lisnavagh contains a document concerning the grant of a bargain and sale of a fee farm rent at £105.5.4 pa, issuing out of Lisnavagh, to George Bunbury of Rathmore, Co. Carlow, by Walter, Earl of Ormonde and Ossory. The deeds were entered into the Registrar's Office in Dublin on the 25th July 1811.
· Catholic Board established in Ireland to press the emancipation issue.

In 1811 HMS Hero, was tasked with escorting a large convoy from the Swedish port of Gothenburg to London, that included other ships of the Baltic Fleet. Returning in late 1811, the convoy was struck by a terrible storm which wrecked over 30 merchant ships and, on 24 December, claimed the flagship HMS St George and HMS Defence along the coast of Jutland. Hundreds died, including Admiral Robert Carthew Reynolds. The following day, Christmas Day 1811, Hero herself was driven ashore on the Haak Sands at the mouth of the Texel in the Frisian Islands of north Holland. The weather was so appalling that no rescue boats could be launched and the ship went down, with the loss of all but 12 of her 530 crew, bringing the total loss of life from the storm to over 2,000. Captain James Newman-Newman of Hero was among the dead.

1812 Events

1813 Events

1814 Events


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The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819.

William Bunbury's step-uncle, Richard, Earl of Clancarty, was
one of the principle negotiators at the Congress of Vienna which
met in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars. He is the short and stout
fellow pictured above standing five from the right.

Richard Clancarty & the Congress of Vienna


William IV's stepmother, Lady Elizabeth McClintock was one of the nine daughters and ten sons sired by the prolific 1st Earl. Her eldest brother Richard le Poer Trench had succeeded as 2nd Earl of Clancarty just two weeks after she married William's father. Contemporaries considered Richard Clancarty to be a brilliant politician. He served for many years as a diplomat for the Crown in the capital cities of Europe. In 1807 he was appointed to the Privy Council, a group entrusted with Britain's foreign and domestic policies. With him in the council were men such as Arthur Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington), the 4th Duke of Richmond, Spenser Perceval and Lord Palmerston.

From 1812 - 1814, Richard Clancarty occupied the post of Master of the Mint, the highest officer in the royal mint and a position that entitled him to sit in on cabinet meetings. From September 29th 1812 - January 24th 1818 he was President of the Board of Trade, another cabinet level position, that put him in charge of developing Britain's international trade. This coincided with a European recession that followed the end of the Napoleonic Wars. In Carlow, a series of bad winters had caused the potato crops to fail, or at least partially fail, prompting an exodus to the New World.

In March 1815, Wellington left the Congress of Vienna to tackle Napoleon in Belgium. The Earl of Clancarty was dispatched to the Congress to represent Britain in his place. In this capacity, Clancarty helped reshape the map of the world. Amongst other things, the Congress of Berlin invented Belgium and the Netherlands, awarded Capetown to the English and substantially changed the frontiers of Europe. They also had to delimit the Polish frontier and to adjust the affairs of Saxony (October 1814), to mediate between Sardinia and Genoa; to regulate the affairs of Tuscany and Parma, and to draw up a preliminary convention (8th Feb). On 11th March (the day Napoleon resumed power in Paris and commenced his Hundred Day rule) Clancarty wrote to Castlereagh describing the consternation of the royal personages at the news of Napoleon's escape from Elba, but thought it desirable to encourage their fears with the view to bringing to an end the business of the Congress.

On Sunday 18 June 1815, Wellington defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. It’s arguable that Alexander the Great's Macedonian army could have beaten Wellington’s army at Waterloo. But that’s where it ends. Thereafter, it’s the guy with the latest army and the latest technology who is going to win hands down almost every time. A World War II army would beat a World War I army, who would beat an American Civil War army, who would beat a Napoleonic army. London bankrolled the Russians, the Prussians and the Austrians to help Britain defeat Napoleon. It paid off because the trade initially secured by Trafalgar came good after Waterloo.

After his defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon returned to Paris where he was given an ultimatum to either abdicate or be deposed. He abdicated (June 22nd) in favour of his son, the Infant King of Italy. (13)


(13) At the Louvre in Paris, the Sculpture Gallery is full of soothing marbles of flute-playing shepherds, utterly distraught pilgrims, the noble and well-hung, the senile and the randy. These pieces become the more interesting when one considers that each has it's own unique history. They were constantly shuffled around the grand palaces of Europe, claimed as prize booty, injured in revolutions, kidnapped in wars, swapped in peacetime. Lord Clancarty, was one of those entrusted with seeing that all those collections Napoleon had robbed during his conquest of Italy were returned to their rightful homes. I presume some pieces were distributed elsewhere to those considered "more deserving" There's a particularly good collection assembled by one Gian Pietro Campana who was once very popular but then had to go into exile.

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A large number of trees were planted at Lisnavagh during
the early 19th century. In cold winters, the prospect of timber
sometimes proved too tempting for the Bunburys' neighbours.

1815 Events

1816 Events

· Clancarty officially appointed ambassador to the new kingdom of the Netherlands. His main tasks were encouraging the king to expel the French refugees and suppressing the slave trade.
· Death of David La Touche, MP for Carlow. In the subsequent by-election on 18th April, his seat is filled by Robert Anthony La Touche.
· Ha'Penny Bridge opened in Dublin with a toll of half a penny for users.
· Famine and typhus in Ireland.

Meanwhile at Lisnavagh

On 16th December 1814 'a great number of full grown Ash trees, the property of Thomas Bunbury Esquire' were 'blown down by the Storm on the Lands of Lisnevagh'. According to a court case sometime later, a useful man called Michael Bryan of Lisnevagh 'who has the care of the said trees' had discovered that some of these windblown trees had been 'feloniously taken'. Bryan duly tracked down same to house of John Donohoe of Little Ballyoliver 'where he found a large piece of one Ash tree to the value of 5 shillings sterling'. Bryan then called to house of Hugh Cleary of Little Ballyoliver where he found 'concealed underground two pieces of such trees of the value of two shillings sterling'. Both Donohue and Cleary acknowledged that the trees were 'part of such trees' and offered to return same. Bryan then called to James Jackson of Lisnevagh who he found 'with a Saw in his hand and said Jackson violently threatened that he would abuse and beat him and Bryan verily believes said Jackson from his behaviour would have done but for the interference of persons present and saith the Father of said Jackson acknowledged that a piece of said Timber Trees was in his place'. This matter came before the Rev. John Whitty, Clerk, one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for Carlow, the following day. (Thanks to Michael Purcell).

In 1818, a similar robbery took place and inspired a reward notice that ran as follows:

Twenty Guineas Reward,
Whereas some Evil-minded Person or Persons lately cut and carried away TWO ASH TREES from the Avenue of KNOCKBEG, the property of William Pleasants, Esq. Twenty Guineas Reward, will be given for the Discovery and Conviction of the Persons concerned in Stealing said Tiber on application to John Warren, Tullow Street, Carlow. Feb. 1818.


1st December 1817 (newspaper cutting).
"FAIG A BEALACH" (Irish) - MATHEW REDMOND, Begs leave to inform his Friends and the Public, that he has commenced BREWING, at his Little Brewery, on Cornwall Quay, Carlow, and has now ready for delivery, fine CARLOW ALE, *as it used to be* and very Superior TABLE BEER, both of which are made from the best Materials ; and he can assure his Friends, (though the System is not sanctioned by Modern Practice), that he uses Malt and Hops.


Could 17-year-old William have attended this ball, details of which came from a newspaper cutting transcribed by Jean Casey.

Carlow 11th December , 1817.
Mr GARBOIS, BEGS leave most respectfully to inform the Nobility, and Gentry of Carlow, and its Vicinity, that his ANNUAL BALL is fixed for FRIDAY, 19th Instant, at the Assembly-Rooms, UNDER the PATRONAGE of the Hon. Mrs BROWNE, Lady BUTLER, and Lady BURTON, when previous to the Country Dances, and Quadrills, will be presented a Ballet, by his Pupils, consisting of various Fancy Dances, particularly the Spanish Bolero, and Pas Seul, by Miss GARBOIS. Admittance, Ladies 3s 4d. Gentlemen 4s 2d. Supper, with bottled Porter 2s 2d; Wine, a separate charge. Tickets to be had of Mr Garbois, at Goodall's Inn.
N.B. Those Ladies and Gentlemen who wish to Dance Quadrilles, will be so good as to send in their Names, when Mr Garbois will appoint a Morning for practice at the Rooms. Ballet Dance to commence at half-past eight o'Clock. It will be a Moonlight Night.

Mr. Henry Garbois was described as ‘the most famous teacher of theatrical dancing and gesture then in Dublin’ One of his students was the famous Miss O’Neill, one of the finest dancers of the early 19th century, perhaps best associated with the Adelphi.[i] In her early days, she performed at the private theatricals hosted as part of the Kilkenny Season by the Earls of Ormonde, which were inaugurated in 1802, when the theatre was opened 'with a prologue written by Mr. Tighe, who also took part in the performance'. In those ‘balmy days’, Kilkenny was ‘thronged by the leaders of the Irish aristocracy, and lodgings were at a premium. At the Castle, the Butlers dispensed splendid Irish hospitality, the grand suppers after the theatricals being one of the chief attractions of the season. Rank, wit, beauty, and literature were well represented there.’ The "season" lasted for six weeks in winter and two in summer. The first week was devoted to the theatre, and the second to hunting, racing, and balls. The price for the theatre was the same to pit and boxes — viz., six shillings and eleven pence for each ticket, and the proceeds were always given to charity.' Maria Edgeworth was one delighted guest, while Thomas Moore was a frequent visitor and, in 1809, wrote and spoke an epilogue at the opening of the season. In 1812,
just as Miss O'Neill was beginning to show promise of her great talents, she acted Belinda at the Kilkenny Theatre. ‘The first night she appeared, the audience — ladies included — received her standing, to mark not merely their admiration for her genius, but their respect for her character. A magnificent ball was given at the theatre upon this night. It commenced with a country dance, in which Mr. Gervase Power led off Miss Kavanagh, and Miss O'Neill was led down the dance by Richard Power of Kilfane. The play selected was "Richard the Third," Wrixon-Beecher playing Richard, and Miss O'Neill, Lady Anne.’ Miss O’Neill married Mr Wrixon-Beecher. The last Kilkenny Theatre took place on 28 October 1819.[ii]



[i] Her principal characters were (10) in Amour (4 Dec 1820 - 17 Mar 1821); principal characters (1) in Enchanted Prince (20 Mar 1821); Cecilia (7) in Generous Farmer (31 Jan 1821 - 7 Feb 1821); Maria (5) in Love in the Cupboard (27 Feb 1821 - 3 Mar 1821); Selima (18) in Mahomet (2 Nov 1820 - 14 Apr 1821); Minina (15) in Molinaro Burlato (1 Jan 1821 - 17 Jan 1821); Rosa (28) in Opposition (9 Oct 1820 - 10 Mar 1821)

[ii] Illustrious Irishwomen: Memories of some of the most noted Irishwomen from the earliest ages to the present century, E. Owens Blackburne (Tinsley Brothers, 1877).


8th day of May 1818.
William Shepard Copnagh, Carlow swears before William Carter that Robert Shepard, late of Tobinstown, Carlow , has left for America and left William with the Lands and Dwelling House at Tobinstown and Knocknigan and movable property consisting of a quantity of Potatoes, Pigs, Timber and other articles. William requests of Magistrate William Carter that he provide protection by the Barony Constables to assist him as he believes that "his life is in danger as John Moore of Paulville, Gentleman, well armed and in a most menacing and threatening manner, has removed upwards of twenty barrels of Potatoes, a door and door case torn out of the Dwelling House and a Gate taken off the Hinges" and is claiming the remainder.