Turtle Bunbury

Writer and Historian

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(1848 - 1929)



1. THE FORMATIVE YEARS (1848-1866)
4. BILLY'S DEATH & THE EVE OF WAR (1900-1913)
5. WORLD WAR ONE (1914-1918)

7. THE IRISH CIVIL WAR (1922-1923)
8. TWILIGHT & EPILOGUE (1924-1960)

These pages will be consistently updated.
Comments, updates and corrections are much appreciated

Above: The 2nd Baron Rathdonnell, aka Tom Bunbury, and his wife Kate (nee Bruen) are standing by the portico (the old
luggage entrance) at Lisnavagh with the Half-Moon lawn visible, and a possible badminton net on it; the Reservoir Wood
is nowhere to be seen. I’m assuming this photos was taken in early Edwardian era, circa 1905.




4. BILLY'S DEATH & THE EVE OF WAR (1900-1913)


January 19: Jack Eustace of Newtown, County Carlow, killed in South African War. Robin Harvey has written an account of the finding of his Elgin watch. In Feb 1900, The Carlow Sentinel carried the following story under the heading 'WAR NEWS':
Death of Mr John Eustace, South African Light Horse.
We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr John Spottiswoode Eustace, second son of James Eustace, Esquire, of Newtown, Carlow.
When war broke out in South Africa, Mr Eustace did not wait his country's call, but immediately on commencement of hostilities he joined the South African Light Horse Volunteers, in which splendid corps of irregulars, his fine horsemanship, soldierly and manly bearing and behaviour was soon conspicuous, and he was promoted to the rank of Sergeant, no slight honour where all are so good.
Those of his friends at home who watched the doings of his regiment must have noticed how frequently he was in action, and on January 19th, he was killed at his post doing his duty.
How noble a death is this!

(Thanks to Michael Purcell & the Pat Purcell Papers. Michael Purcell subsequently received some feedback about "Jack Eustace" which ran as follows: "He died on the Tugela River, Natal, South Africa leaving behind a wife, but no children. His brother Cecil found Jack's body after it had been rifled by the Boers." His pocket watch was recovered and was still working in 2020.)

January: Mounting Tensions at War Concert in Carlow.
[Note added by Michael Purcell in 2013 to following extract from Pat Purcell Papers - "Michael Hanrahan (executed by the British in 1916) organised some of the "boys" throughout Carlow to break up fundraisers being held for the relief of distress during the Boer War. The incident described below was also described in attachment to the minutes of the Workman's Club, where it was recorded that Michael and his brother were the chief hecklers at the meetings referred to.]
Nationalist and Leinster Times.
January 1900.
War Concert in Carlow.
Head Constable McCoy, whose talent for organising public entertainment has long being recognised, has been devoting his efforts to the aid of the various funds for the relief of the sufferers by the war. He has got up three grand concerts, varied by limelight views of the scenes from South Africa.
The first concerts were on Monday (mid-day ) and night, they were well attended. The seeds of future disorder were sown when some ultra Britishers hissed President Kruger's effigy as shown on the screen. Later further irritation was caused by the singing of "God Save The Queen", a tune which has unfortunately has been made a party one in Ireland.
On Tuesday night every picture of the Boers was cheered whilst the British generals and in fact every scene favourable to the British was hissed vigorously. The picture of the disaster to a British armoured train was loudly cheered
At the end the "Boys of Wexford" was sung by the vast majority of the audience, the strains of the Royal anthem being completely drowned. Any reference of a pro-British tendency called for marked disapproval. A voice from the back was heard " Well done, young blood of Carlow".....the Head Constable engaged in a wordy contest with the "voice" at the back and offered to bet £10 that the "voice" would not name a freer country than Ireland.
On Thursday night suspected Boer sympathisers were excluded, but the"Boers" invaded and turned out the gas and left the whole place in darkness. The entertainments raised over £40. The Hall was decorated by Misses Duggan, Burke, Langran, Hearns. The Union Jack we may say was the prevailing ornament.

Jan 29: Boers under Joubert beat English at Spion Kop, Natal, 2,000 killed

Feb 6: John Redmond elected leader of the Irish Party. Redmond was a conciliatory politician who achieved the two main objectives of his political life: party unity and, in September 1914, the passing of the Irish Home Rule Act.

Feb 10: The following list of Carlow men serving as officers in the Anglo-Boer War was published in the Carlow Sentinel on 10th February 1900 and transcribed by Michael Purcell in April 2013.
The undermentioned officers, most of whom are followers of the Carlow and Island Hounds, are now in active service in South Africa, or are on their
way :-
Col. Alex Rochfort, R.H.A.
Major B. Lecky, R.H.A.
Major B. Burton, R.H.A., already mentioned with dispatches with General French.
Mr T. Archdale, R.H.A.
Captain Robert Browne-Clayton, 5th Lancers, Ladysmith.
Captain D.O. Eustace, 5th Dragoon Guards, Ladysmith.
Mr John Eustace, South African Light Horse, killed while on patrol.
Mr C. R. Eustace, Bethune's Mounted Infantry.
Mr R, Rawson, Gloucester Regiment, Ladysmith.
Mr Jno Duckett, 9th Lancers, Modder River
Honourable William Bunbury, Scots' Greys, Natal.
Capt. Fishbourne, 5th Fusiliers, wounded (invalided home to Carlow ).
Mr G. Brooke, Connaught Rangers, wounded, Natal.
Capt. A. Beresford, R.F.A. (commanding a squadron of the South African
Light Horse ).
Capt. U. Vigors, Devons, wounded Natal.
Mr Percy Vigors, Connaught Rangers.
Mr Urban Vigors, 18th Royal Irish.
Capt. F. Henley, Oxfordshire Light Infantry.
Mr G. Bayley, Oxfordshire Light Infantry.
Mr G M'Clintock, 5th Lancers, Natal.
Mr J. M'Clintock, 18th Hussars, Natal.

Major Sir Anthony A. Weldon, Railway Staff Officer, Pietermaritzburg.
Mr Bertram Weldon, 1st Leinsters (wounded ).
Mr Walter Alexander, special service.
Dr W. Crosthwait, A.M.D.
In addition to the foregoing, the following volunteers are about to proceed
to the front :-
Mr D.J. Ross, C. Bagenal, H. Butler, G. Turner, and Mr Robert O' Callaghan,
F.R.C.S., late Surgeon of the County Carlow Infirmary, as Surgeon-in-charge of a field hospital Corps.
Mr W. Duckett-Steuart sailed on the 31st January as a volunteer in the Loyal Suffolk Hussars.

Feb 14 General Roberts invades South Africa's Orange Free State with 20,000 British troops.

February 17: During 'Black February', Tom and Kate Rathdonnell's eldest son and heir 2nd Lieutenant Billy Bunbury dies aged 21, following wounds received in action near Kimberley, South Africa, during the Boer War. The full details of Billy's tragic death, together with letters he posted home from the war in the months beforehand, can be found by clicking here.

February 17: (Transcribed by Michael Purcell from the Carlow Sentinel)
The Late Hon. William McClintock Bunbury, 2nd Lieutenant 2nd Dragoons (Scots' Greys).
A meeting of the Select Vestry of Rathvilly Parish was held on 17th February 1900, at which the following members attended :- Rev. Jas O'Callaghan, Peter Slater, William Salter, Harold Philip Earl, Chas Butler, Wm Burgess, J.P. Churchwarden ; Benjamin Allshire, Dr Thomas Kidd, William Corrigan, Hon Secretary ; Mr Wilson, J.P., sent an apology for his unavoidable absence.
The following resolution was unanimously adopted :-
"We the Select Vestry of Rathvilly Parish, having heard with regret of the death of the Hon. William McClintock Bunbury from wounds received on the march to the relief of Kimberly, beg to tender to Lord and Lady Rathdonnell and family our most sincere and respectful sympathy in the grievous loss they have sustained in the death of their son.
The melancholy news has cast a gloom over this his native parish, and the painful occurrence is deeply felt by all classes and creeds, without distinction.
We feel it must be some consolation to the afflicted parents to know that their gallant son met a soldier's death while taking part in a deed that must ever rank amongst the most brilliant in the annals of the British Army."

February 1900
Much regret has been caused in Carlow by the news that the Hon. W. M'Clintock-Bunbury, eldest son of Lord Rathdonnell and grandson of the Right Hon. Henry Bruen, P.C., Oak Park, Carlow, has been killed in South Africa. The young officer was a Lieutenant in the Scots Greys, and lost his life in the engagement at Rensburgh. He was a young man of much promise and idolised by his relatives. In consequence of the death of the Hon W. M'Clintock Bunbury the Carlow Hounds did not hunt this week. (Nationalist and Leinster Times, via the Pat Purcell Papers).

Feb 18: Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured.

Feb 22: Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army).

February 23: Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army). The Irish Brigade suffer heavy casualties at Tugela Heights during the advance to relieve Ladysmith; the Pall Mall Gazette reports: 'The Carlow Hounds have suspended hunting for the present as a tribute to the memory of Mr. McClintock-Bunbury, Lord Rathdonnell’s eldest son, killed in South Africa.'

February 24: The Carlow Sentinel carries the following story under the heading of 'LATEST WAR NEWS.'
Friday's Telegrams.
Received Carlow, 10.56 a.m.
Relief of Kimberly.
Message from Lord Roberts.
"General French, with horse artillery, cavalry, and mounted infantry, reached Kimberly this evening, Thursday."
Received Carlow, 5.45 p.m.
Great jubilation in London over General French's brilliant exploit"
The sad news from the seat of war of the death from wounds of Second-Lieut. Hon. W. M'Clintock Bunbury, eldest son of Lord Rathdonnell, was received with profound regret by all classes in Carlow, his native county, on Tuesday last.
As a mark of respect to his memory Mr Robert Watson, Master Fox Hounds, who was hunting when the intelligence reached him, drew the pack off, and at once intimated that the Carlow and Island Hounds would not meet this week.

(Thanks to Michael Purcell & Pat Purcell Papers)

The following obituary published in the Carlow Sentinel on 24th February 1900 was transcribed by Michael Purcell in May 2013:

Death of the Hon. William McClintock Bunbury.

The news flashed by wire on Tuesday of the relief of Kimberley was saddened by a wire that followed soon after announcing that a gallant young officer, the Hon William McClintock Bunbury, had died from wounds received in the engagement, when in the forefront of the battle with his renowned Regiment, the Scots' Greys, in which he held the rank of Second Lieutenant.
With profound sorrow the mournful intelligence was received throughout the length and breadth of this his native county, with which his family have been intimately and honourably associated for centuries, and in which his early boyhood days were spent.
He was eldest son of the Right Hon. Lord Rathdonnell, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum [ie: Keeper of the Rolls] of County Carlow, and grandson of the Right Hon. Henry Bruen P.C.
He was born at Lisnevagh on the 15th September, 1878, and consequently was only in his twenty second year -- full of health and life and promise, when he fell at the post of duty, bravely fighting for Queen and country, and leaving behind an unsullied and imperishable name and fame.
In this their great hour of trial his bereaved parents and relatives will find some consolation in the knowledge that, with many other brave comrades in arms, he shared a soldier's fate and fell gallantly leading on his men to victory.
If deep and widespread sympathy can do aught to assuage their grief it is sincerely offered by very many who share their sorrow and deplore their loss.
One who knew him from boyhood, and mourns his death, writes :- He trod in the footsteps of his father all through his short life.
At an early age he went to Eton, where in a short time he showed his love for the river and became a "Wet Bob," and soon after was recognised as a very fine oar.
He won many cups and sweepstakes ( as his father did before him ) on the river, and ended up his Eton career by rowing "stroke" in the Eton eight when they won the Ladies' Cup at Henley regatta, in 1898, thereby gaining the highest summit of ambition that can be attained by an Eton "Wet Bob".
From the Eton "Army Class" he passed almost direct for the Army, which shows that he did not devote all his time to the "river".
He was gazetted to a commission in the Scots' Greys (the Regiment in which his father and his late uncle, "Jack Bunbury," served for many years), on January 4th, 1899.
During the short time that "Billy" Bunbury served with his Regiment none amongst the subalterns of this crack corps was more universally popular.
He was a keen sportsman, alike in the saddle as in the Eton "eight, " and showed his prowess in the former by steering his own horse second in the Regimental Cup at the "Greys" race last October.
*"Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori* ."
The Hon. Thomas Leopold McClintock Bunbury, born 1881, now becomes heir to the peerage - which is an Irish one -- Lord Rathdonnell sitting in the House of Lords as a representative Peer.

** "How sweet and right it is to die for one's country."


Death of Richard Ebenezer Shackleton, Esquire. We deeply regret to announce the death, after a short illness, of Richard Ebenezer Shackleton, Esquire, at Belan Lodge, County Kildare, which occurred on Thursday last. He was a Science Scholar and Gold Medallist, T.C.D., and also had the honour of being one of the Vice Presidents of the British and Irish Millers' Association. His family were closely associated with the Barrow Mills in Carlow. Interment in family burial ground, at Timolin.

Feb 27: Battle at Pietershoogte; Boer General Cronjé surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South-Africa.

Feb 28: After a 119-day siege by the Boers, the British troops in Ladysmith, South Africa, are relieved.

March 3: This letter from Henry Bruen was published in the Carlow Sentinel on 3 March 1900 and transcribed by Michael Purcell.
Letter from the Right Hon. Henry Bruen of Oak Park, to the Carlow Board of Guardians thanking them for passing a resolution on the death of his grandson, Hon. William McClintock Bunbury.
Oak Park House, Carlow.
Dear Sir - I beg that you will offer on behalf of my family and myself our sincere thanks to the Board of Guardians for the kind resolution of condolence passed by them at their last meeting ; such an expression of sympathy of our friends is most soothing in the grief which we feel under this bereavement, -- I remain yours gratefully, Henry Bruen.

March 10: THE LATE HON. LIEUT. McCLINTOCK- BUNBURY. Great gloom has been thrown over Eton by news of the death of the Hon. Lieutenant McClintock- Bunbury, 2nd Dragoons. He stroked Eton to victory in the Ladies' Plate at Henley in 1895. Photo Hill and Saunders. (Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, Saturday 10 March 1900).

April 1: Queen Victoria creates the Irish Guards as a nod to Irish heroism and to commemorate Irish troops who fought in the Second Boer War under the British flag.

April 4: Queen Victoria arrives in Kingstown (Dun Laogahire) at the start of a three week Royal Visit in Dublin. Duirng this time she presents the stunning Queen Victoria Challenge Cup to the RDS; in 2018, Chis Andrews of Weir & Sons hailed it as the finest silverwork he has seen.

April 5: Imperial Yeomanry's 17th battalion, commanded by Dick Moore and T.J. de Burgh of the Kildare Hunt sets off from Southampton for Rhodesia.

April 11: Hugo de Burgh of Oldtown, Co. Kildare, killed near Jammersburgh Drift on 11th April 1900.

April 16: Lord Rathdonnell and Henry Bruen present the magistrates of Carlow to Queen Victoria at the Viceregal Lodge. Sir Arthur Vicars in attendance throughout. [Kerry Evening Post, Saturday 21 April 1900] One assumes she expressed her condolences at Billy's death two months earlier.

April 20: Tom Rathdonnell meets the Queen [again?], probably at the Vice-Regal Lodge in Phoneix Park.

May 31: Disaster strikes Imperial Yeomanry outside the town of Lindley when a breakdown in communications leads to 21 killed (including Sir John Power and Private A Marshall Porter, son of the Master of Rolls), 60 wounded (including Lord Longford, Lieut H.C. Villiers Stuart and the Hon. Victor Gibson, son of Lord Ashbourne) and over 400 captured (the future Lord Craigavon

June 9:The Sphere homes in on the Colvin brothers in an article entitled 'Another Group of Kinsmen in Khaki at the Front' that reads: "It would be difficult indeed to exhaust this subject, which has already been dealt with in these pages under the title of "Brothers in Battle." A notable case of kinship is that of the three brothers Colvin. Colonel R. Beale Colvin, who commands the Roughriders in the Imperial Yeomanry, has been assisting at the headquarters of the Yeomanry as D.A.A.G. all the winter. He married Lady Gwen Colin Rous, fifth daughter of the late Earl of Stradbroke. His brother, Captain Cecil Colvin, 4th Battalion Essex Regiment, who has seen service in Egypt, is going with him in command of a company of the Roughriders. He is married to a daughter of Colonel Craigie Halkett of Cramond, whose nephew, Lieu tenant C. P. M. Craigie Halkett of the Highland Light Infantry, was killed at Paardeberg. Still another brother, Major Forrester Farnell Colvin, 9th Lancers, has been serving with Lord Methuen, and is now with Lord Roberts. He is married to the Hon. Isobel McClintock Bunbury, eldest daughter of Lord Rathdonnell, who lost his son and heir, of the Scots Greys, near Kimberley.'

July 7:The crowbar gang is operating in the historic barony of Truagh, the home of the great clan McKenna. The evictor is Lord Rathdonnell. The tenants evicted were Felix Smyth and his sister, of Gerfin; James Cush, of Mullinderg, and John Meehan, of Mullinderg. The evictors also visited the house of Owen McKenna, eighty-six years old, but as he was confined to bed they were reluctantly forced to abandon the “sentence of death”. (Kentucky Irish American, July 7th 1900).

July 11: Lieutenant Thomas Conolly, Scots Greys, of Castletown, a first cousin of Kate Rathdonnell, is killed in action at Nitral's Nek, South Africa, aged 30. His father was the colourful Thomas Conolly (1823-1876) who ran the Charleston Blockade during the American Civil War, while his mother was Sarah Elizabeth Shaw of Temple House, Celbridge, Co. Kildare. The elder Thomas and Kate's mother Mary Margaret Bruen were brother and sister.

July 29: Death of Louisa Tipping, daughter of Henry McClintock, aged 86. She is buried at Holy Trinity Church, Christchurch, New Zealand. She had 11 children 35 grandchildren and 14 great-grandchildren.

Autumn: The Royal Dublin Society proposes a statue of Queen Victoria for Dublin which they emphasize will be a personal tribute to her rather than a glorification of the crown. It was unveiled on Leinster Lawn in 1908 beside John Henry Foley but was later sold to Sydney.

Oct 2: Birth of Hubert Butler at Maiden Hall, Bennetsbridge, County Kilkenny.

Nov 7: George Wyndham becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland.

Nov 16: The Irish Land Commission notes that Lord Rathdonnell is landlord of Searkin in County Monaghan, with tenants named as Thomas McMahon, Edward Owens, Hugh Smith, Pat Finnegan & another. Searkin is a townland between Hilton Park and Newbliss, right behind Killevan Church where - as serendipity would have it - I married Ally Moore.

Nov 27: Winston Churchill gives lecture on his Boer War experience at the Rotunda in Dublin, chaired by Lord Ashbourne, father of Violet and Victor Gibson. Violet later tried to kill Mussolini.

Nov 29: 'Lord Rathdonnell was fifty-two on Thursday. Since his last birthday Lord Rathdonnell has had the great grief of losing his eldest son and heir, Lieutenant the Hon. W. McClintock Bunbury, who died from wounds received at the relief of Kimberley in February last. His only surviving son, Thomas Leopold, is now in his nineteenth year. Lord Rathdonnell, like his son after him, was stroke of the Eton eight, and is still a bold rider across country. Familiarly known as Tom Bunbury, he succeeded his uncle in the title, and is himself the son of the late Captain William Bunbury McClintock, M.P. [Bournemouth Daily Echo - Friday 30 November 1900]

Dec 22: Disaster strikes 17th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry, when 44 are captured and 7 wounded, including T.J. de Burgh.


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The Hon. William Bunbury, known to the
family as Billy, was heir to the Lisnavagh
estate and the Rathdonnell peerage. In
1900, he was killed when a stray bullet
struck him during a skirmish with Boer
guerillas near Kimberley, South Africa.

January 16 & June 4: – Irish Builder Vols. 43 (p. 601) and 45 (p. 1810) detail work by Anthony Scott on a new Agent's house at Lisnavagh, recently completed, for Lord Rathdonnell. (1) ‘Faced with ashlar granite; design in harmony with other buildings on estate. Principally carried out by estate workers.’ (illus. in supplement).

(1) Born in Easkey, Co. Sligo, circa 1844, Anthony Scott became clerk of works to Thomas Newenham Deane when the latter was appointed Superintendent of National Monuments by the Board of Works in 1875. According to his granddaughter Byrne Costigan, he was the first person to 'cap' an Irish round tower. He subsequently set up a practice in Navan but by the time he began work on the Agent’s House at Lisnavagh, he had relocated to Drogheda and Dublin. He did much work for the Catholic church and to improved housing schemes. According to his obituary in the Irish Builder, he 'probably designed and superintended the building of far more houses for the working classes than any other architect in Ireland'. He was an early member of the Society of Architects and in 1901 was appointed the Society's Honorary Secretary for Ireland. Byrne Costigan remembered her grandfather - a widower by the time she knew him - as an austere and rather distant figure, who corrected his grandchildren's grammar and pronunciation and sometimes told them stories from Irish history. 'Never a jolly, joking sort of man, it seemed to me that he wore solitude like a cloak, that his face was shuttered and remote, though the shutters could fly open, the eyes flash, the rare smile gleam.' He was a frequent visitor to Rome, where a connection of his wife's owned and ran the Pensione Hayden in the Piazza Poli, assisted by one of his daughters. Nationalist in his sympathies, he does not appear to have been actively involved in politics, although he is recorded as designing the platforms for the Home Rule demonstration of the spring of 1912. Scott died on 17 February 1919, aged seventy-four.’ Abridged from his profile in Irish Architectural Archive – Dictionary of Irish Architects, 1720-1940.

January 22: Death of Queen Victoria, aged 81, at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. Spanning 63 years, her reign, was the longest in British history.

Jan 24: Proclamation of Edward VII as King in Dublin Castle.

January 31: Boer General John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal in South Africa. In Ireland, Tom Rathdonnell convenes meeting of Carlow gentry to express their sorrow at the Queen's passing. The following was published in the Carlow Sentinel, January 1901:

On Thursday last a meeting of Magistrates of the County of Carlow was held in the Grand Jury room.
It was convened by circular by Right Hon. Lord Rathdonnell, His Majesty's Lieutenant, "to pass a resolution expressing deep sorrow at the death of Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria and sympathy with His Most Gracious Majesty King Edward the V11, and members of the Royal Family".
The meeting was fixed for 12.30 o'clock, among those present were: Right Hon. Lord Rathdonnell, Chairman. Right Hon. Henry Bruen, P.C., Sir Thomas Pierce Butler, Bart., William Browne-Clayton, D.L., Colonel P. D. Vigors, Major Alexander, Robert Lecky Pike, Captain Thomas, B.F. Bagenal, Gordon Fishbourne, Arthur Fitzmaurice, Standish O'Grady Roche, Doctor Colgan, Sidney Vessy, J.O. Adair, N.F.Coppinger etc. etc.
Letters or telegrams explaining unavoidable absence were read from the following Magistrates: Sir C. Burton, Bart. Arthur McClintock, William Duckett, Col. E.J. Eustace, Walter McMurrogh Kavanagh, C.J. Engledow, R.W.Hall-Dare, etc.etc.
Addressing the meeting Lord Rathdonnell said: Gentlemen I felt it my duty to call you together to express our feelings of deep sorrow at the death of her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen. We have lost a Sovereign who has reigned the longest and has been the most constitutional Monarch that ever sat on the throne ----a Monarch who lived daily, even hourly, for the welfare of her subjects ---a Monarch who was not only a great Queen Empress, but was at the same time a good woman, always
setting an example to everyone both in public and in private life, and always sharing, and more than sharing, in the happiness and sorrows of those over whom she ruled. It is therefore, I think right, that we should tender our respectful sympathy to his Most Gracious Majesty the King, to the Queen, and to the Royal Family in this hour of their sad distress and sorrow, and it is for this reason, gentlemen, that I called you here today. If you will allow me , I would call on the Right Honourable Henry Bruen to
move a resolution.
Responding, Right Hon. Henry Bruen said --- I heartily thank you, Lord Rathdonnell, for having given me the privilege of moving a resolution expressing our sorrow, a privilege which I prize deeply, and tendering our sympathy to the King, and the Royal Family etc.etc.
(Note intervened in 2011 by Michael Purcell - 'There follows a very long account of Henry Bruen's speech, unfortunately life is not long enough for me to transcribe and type same but the gist of it is "The Queen is dead , God save the King"').

Carlow Sentinel, January 1901. (From PPP)
RESOLUTION OF CONDOLENCE FROM CARLOW ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER. At a meeting of the members of the above Chapter, held on Thursday, the following resolution of condolence with the King and Royal Family, on the death of Queen Victoria was passed, and placed on the records:----------That we the Most Excellent King and Companions of Carlow Royal Arch Chapter 116, beg respectfully to tender to your Most Gracious Majesty and the members of the Royal Family, our deep sympathy in the loss they and the Empire have sustained in the death of our revered and beloved Queen; and we beg your Majesty to accept this expression of loyalty and devotion to your throne and person, with the hope that you may long be spared to occupy your present exalted position.
We beg to call attention to the fact that a Special Service will be held in Carlow Church on to-day (Saturday) the day of the Queen's funeral.
Addressing the Petty Sessions at Carlow Court house the Right Hon. H. Bruen, P.C.D.L. said -- This is the first occasion that this Court has met since the great loss --the heavy sorrow that has fallen on the country by the death of Her Majesty the Queen ; Her Majesty, Queen Victoria, excelled during her long reign excelled as a wise ruler, and a pattern of domestic virtues, and she endeared herself to her subjects by a wise and tender sympathy in all their joys and sorrows. Such was the Sovereign we have lost.
Dr. McDonald, Medical Officer of Health, reported that Margaret Hoare's house in Chapel Street was in an unsanitary condition on account of a pig being kept in the house.
Mr Molloy asked : - Is this the same pig that was reported last July.
The Clerk replied: - no that was removed.
The Chairman, Mr. Michael Governey, stated -- it is to be hoped that strong measures will be taken to put a stop to this practice of keeping pigs in dwelling houses. Keeping a pig in a dwelling house is not alone a danger to the house itself but to the whole neighbourhood.

Feb. 1901. Died, Mrs Ellen Bloomfield, wife of Major G. Bloomfield, Thornville, Palatine, Carlow. Buried in Killeshin.

Feb 17: 1st anniversary of Billy's death.

Feb 25. Death of 75-year-old Major Godfrey Colpoys Bloomfield, an Indian office, who at his residence, Thornville, Palatine. He entered the army at the age of 16 years and at once proceeded to India, where he had a distinguished military career, having served through many engagements. He was honourably mentioned in dispatches and rendered important service by raising a native regiment during the Mutiny 1857-1858. It was the first native regiment that ever lived in barracks. The regiment, the 31st Punjab Native Infantry, is still known as "Bloomfield's Sikhs". The funeral took place on Thursday , his remains were carried to the entrance gates of his residence and burial took place in Killeshin. The chief mourner was Mr Edward S. Maffet (son-in-law). (From PPP)

March 31: A census shows the population of Ireland to be 4,458,775; this is the last census to be taken on the basis of baronies.

April: Lieut Col Everard of Randalstown, Navan, wins Queen Victorian Challenge Cup at Spring Show in Dublin.

July 31: Having held a meeting in the Town Hall in April 1901, Katherine Bunbury sent the following letter, signing herself K. A. Rathdonnell to the editor of the Carlow Sentinel. With thanks to Michael Purcell for transcribing.
Rathvilly, County Carlow.
July 31st 1901.
Sir -- I should be very much obliged if you could find space in your columns to make it known to those who have kindly taken collection cards for the Women's Memorial to Queen Victoria, that I should be grateful if they would return the cards and the money collected to me, or to Miss O'Meara, on or before Saturday August 24 ; also if intending subscribers would forward their contributions.
I enclose a list of the principal subscriptions which I have received up to the present date, and would like to remind your readers that all the money collected will go to the "Jubilee" Fund for providing Trained Nurses for the Sick Poor in their own houses.
Ireland has been most generously treated in the matter by the Central London Committee, having in the year 1900, received considerably more than double the sum to which her own contribution in the two Jubilee years would have entitled her.
Yours faithfully, K. A. Rathdonnell.
Lady Burton £5-- Mrs Dawson Borrer £5-- Mrs Duckett £5-- Mrs Henry Bruen £2- 2 shillings.--Mrs Pack-Beresford £2-- Mrs Pike £2--Mrs Alexander £1--Mrs Bagenal £1-- Mrs Cornwall-Brady £1-- Hon Mrs Coppinger £1--Mrs Browne-Clayton £1-- Mrs Fitzmaurice £1-- Mrs Hore £1-- "A Friend" per Mrs Pike £1-- Mrs Kavanagh, Borris Lodge, £1-- Mrs Kavanagh, Borris House,£1--Mrs Standish Roche £1-- Mrs Eustace 5 shillings, Miss Cave 5 shillings, Lady Rathdonnell £5-5 shillings.
Collecting cards - Mrs Pike, No 1403 £1-5 shillings Mrs Herring-Cooper,£3-5 shillings Mrs Walter Persse, £2-- Mrs McCrean, 15 shillings Miss Randall, £1-10 shillings Mrs Pagan, £2-6 shillings Mrs Sparrow, £1-9 shillings.

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Meeting of Three Great Explorers: Shackleton, Scott ... and McClintock!!

The officers were standing on the deck of the ship Discovery on 5 August 1901, before Captain Robert Falcon Scott (centre) set off on
his first polar command. The others include Sir Leopold McClintock (top hat), Reginald Skelton? (left, hand on hip) and Ernest Shackleton
(behind Scott). I presume that’s Mrs Scott grinning proudly behind Sir Leopold’s topper!! The ship was at Cowes to recieve a vist from
King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. Sir Leopold seems to be casting an eager eye on the Royal Victorian Order on Scott's breast;
the king has just presented it to him moments before this photo was taken. Sir Clements Markham was also present.

5. August: Meeting of Three Great Explorers: Shackleton, Scott and McClintock!! 'THE DISCOVERY. INSPECTION BY THE KING AND QUEEN. The King and Queen with Princess Victoria, and attended by their suites, inspected the Antarctic exploration ship Discovery in Cowes Roads on Monday. The vessel crossed over from Stokes Bay earlier in the morning, and was moored at one of his Majesty's yacht's buoys abreast of the Osborne. Their Majesties left the Osborne at half-past eleven, and were received at the gangway by Sir Clements Markham, who presented Commander Scott, who in turn presented the officers of the ship and the scientific staff. The King then inspected the crew, who, with the officers and scientific staff, make up a complement of 46 persons, and then walked round the upper deck, examining all the laboratories and taking great interest in the special features of the vessel. There were present Sir Allen Young, Sir Leopold McClintock, Admiral Markham, Mr. Longstaff, whose generosity rendered the fitting out of the expedition practicable, and Mrs. Scott, mother of the captain, whom the King cordially greeted off his arrival. [Ernest Shackleton was also present]

August 31: Reading Mercury reports in its 'WHAT THE WORLD SAYS' column that 'Lord and Lady Rathdonnell are at Lisnavagh, their place in Carlow; Drumcar, their home in Louth, having been let for the last year. Mr. McClintock Bunbury their only surviving son, has lately started for South Africa with his sister, Mrs. Colvin ...'. See British News Archives for rest of this.

Sept: Christian de Wett, enemy No. 1, rallies Boers through until March 1902.

Oct 21: Douglas Hyde’s Casadh an tSúgán (The Twisting of the Rope) premieres at the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin and becomes the first staged Irish-language play.

Commencing at Twelve o’clock noon, at BALLYOLIVER HOUSE, Half a mile from Rathvilly Station (G. S. and W.R.), near Lisnavagh, County Carlow. Particulars as follows:-
189 Head of One-and-a-half and Two-and-a-half-year-old Bullocks, good quality and forward condition, in suitable lots.
40 Fat Ewes.
94 Cross-bred Lambs (mixed genders).
35 Black-faced Wethers (Scotch), Two years old.
A Train leaves Dublin at 8.20 a.m., arriving at Rathvilly at 10.33 a.m.; Return Train leaves Rathvilly 4.20 p.m.
N.R.—Wednesday, 28th October, being Fair Eve of Tullow, County Carlow, buyers can attend the Sale, and also the Fair the next day.
Term — Cash. Purchasers to 2 1/2 per cent, Auction Fee.
(Leinster Leader - Saturday 17 October 1891)

November 21: Fatal accident at Tullow Station - 'Shortly after leaving that station the fireman noticed that there was no driver. Having stopped the train he walked back along the track where he found the driver. It would appear the driver had got out onto the footplate to make adjustments while the engine was moving out of the station and he slipped and fell under the train. He died the following morning.'

November 26: 'Friendship's Kiss?' Strange incident takes place in what may have been the Sawmill at Lisnavagh but was, in any event, the home of Thomas Henry Parker, described as Lord Rathdonnell’s forrester. Joseph Byrne, a 60-year-old farmer with 24 acres at Knockevagh, held at a yearly rent of £36, called by the Parker’s house during the rain-drenched afternoon, apparently seeking a pair of timber shafts. Parker was away but his wife Rachel was home so she invited Byrne to warm himself by the fire while he waited. Parker duly returned with a gentleman called Morgan, who was also buying timber. They sat down to eat. Byrne declined the food but after they had dined, he set off for Thomas Maher’s home in Williamstown with both Morgan and Parker. However, Byrne then bade the two men farewell and broke back to the Parker’s house where, depending on whose side of the story you believe, he either attempted to rape Mrs Parker or he did no such thing. He claimed that it was a misunderstanding born of a moment when he was initially taking his leave of her before his walk with Morgan and Parker. ‘I made a bow of my head towards her when shaking hands, and she also bowed too – putting her face against mine – whether accidentally or intentionally I cannot say for certain.’ He also claimed he had only returned to the Parker home to confirm a suitable time to meet Mr Parker again. Fat lot of good it did him as Mr Parker – whom Byrne described as ‘only a hedge-layer’ - came home earlier than expected, caught Byrne and beat seven shades out of him. Bizarrely, the Wicklow People (19 January 1901) thought this was all hysterically funny, as did those in court listening to the proceedings, not least Byrne’s claim that this was all a case of ‘Friendship’s Kiss.’ Perhaps if one knew the characters involved there would be humour there somewhere but my reading of the facts – Rachel being pushed to the ground, her dress torn etc - was that it was pretty sinister stuff. Of note, Parker’s annual salary was £150.

November 30: Carlow Sentinel reports: "Lord Rathdonnell has taken Westbury Cottage, Sherbourne, for six months, and intends to hunt during this season with the Blackmore Vale Foxhounds." (PPP)

Kate Rathdonnell's brother, Arthur Thomas Bruen starts 23 year long career as land agent in Ireland.

Tom Rathdonnell's former Eton school mate Sir Joseph Dimsdale (1849–1912) becomes Lord Mayor of London (1901–1902).

The Lord Rathdonnell Challenge Cup for Junior Fours presented to Carlow Rowing Club in 1901. Tom Rathdonnell, a fine oarsman himself, had rowed with his brother Jack. While at Eton, Jack won the coveted Ladies Plate at Henley. At Oxford, Jack was stroke for the Oxford Crew during the Three Universities Boat-Race of 1871. Tom took a keen interest in the carlow Club, attending the regattas with his wife, who presented the prizes. In 1902 he donated the silver cup which bears his name, now competed for by junior fours. The oars which Tom and Jack used were all proudly displayed in the stairwell of old Lisnavagh, the only room long enough to accommodate them, with the names painted on the blade. Some are now in the cellar while more are on loan to the Carlow Rowing Club. (Thanks to Greg Deniefe)


Jan 20: Birth of Kevin Barry.

Feb 20: Death at Wentworth Wodehouse of William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 6th Earl Fitzwilliam. As his son predeceased him, the inheritance passed to his grandson Billy, who was at Coolattin when he heard the news of his grandfather's death. There are immediate questions among Billy’s aunts and uncles as to the truth of his parentage. Billy’s favourite cousin was Kathleen Doyne (1870-1938). There was clearly a huge question mark over his real identity and, with hundreds of millions of pounds at stake, perhaps it is small wonder there was such subterfuge among his aunts and uncles.

Mar 10 : The Boers of South Africa score their last victory over the British, capturing British General Methuen and 200 men.

March: 'DEATH OF MAJOR A.W. PACK-BERESFORD. With profound regret we announce the death of Major Arthur William Pack-Beresford, R.A. the sad intimation of which was received by his brother Denis Robert Pack-Beresford, Esq. D.L. of Fenagh House, Carlow by telegram on Thursday last. This gallant young officer, who was second son of the late Captain Denis W. Pack-Beresford and nephew of William Browne-Clayton, Esq. D.L. of Brownes Hill, Carlow, had only attained his 33rd year, when that fell disease, enteric fever, ended an already distinguished military career. In the early stages and throughout the war in South Africa his battery of Royal Artillery took a prominent part, and for distinguished services he obtained his brevet majority, and was given a command in the South African Constabulary, with which he was serving up to the time of his death, on the 4th March at Bloemfontein. In the battle of Sanna's Post he was dangerously wounded, having been shot through the body, but had quite recovered from the effects when attacked by the illness which terminated fatally. Within a short period he was twice mentioned in Lord Kitchener's dispatches for gallant and successful services. The great grief to his family and friends occasioned by the announcement is intensified by the fact that favourable telegrams were received up to the day previous to his death.' (Carlow Sentinel) (From PPP)

March: 'THE LATE DOCTOR BOLTON. We announce the death of Dr. Richard Ebenezer Nun Bolton, Medical Officer of the Ballickmoyler and Newtown dispensary district. which occurred on the 28th February. In his 56th year and for the past couple of years suffered from the effects of an accident by which he was thrown from a horse when riding home after attendance on a dispensary patient. The people of Ballickmoyler and district have lost in him a skillful physician and a kind and generous friend, he held the office of Medical Officer for a period of about 30 years and the onerous duties of which he discharged faithfully and well was testified by the gratitude and good wishes of the sick poor entrusted to his care. He was an ardent sportsman and a follower of the Carlow and Island Hunt. On Saturday his remains arrived in Carlow by the afternoon train, and were followed by a very large assemblage of people from town and country to his residence at Providence House, Ballickmoyler. Deceased was the younger son of the late Dr Ebenezer. N. Bolton who was also for many years medical officer at Ballickmoyler.' (Carlow Sentinel). (From PPP)

March 14: The Irish Association of Women Graduates and Candidate-Graduates, an organisation open to those interested in promoting women’s education, is launched. I think this was the year the first women were admitted to Trinity College Dublin ...

April: 'MAJOR CHARLES T. MacMURROGH KAVANAGH. Amongst the best and bravest of officers now engaged in the South African war, Carlow can claim many who have nobly fought and bled - some to death - for King and country. From time to time we have with pride referred to deeds of daring performed by our county men, and it gives us pleasure to add another to the illustrious role. We find in recent dispatches that Major MacMurrogh Kavanagh, 10th Hussars, has been mentioned for distinguished services. The gallant young officer - son of the late Arthur MacMurrogh Kavanagh, H.M.L. for County Carlow - on the 9th April captured six prisoners at Van Rhynsdorp, and on the 14th followed up his success by surprising Bowers langer (?). The 10th Hussars charged wounding three Boers with their swords. Eleven prisoners, 33 horses and 10 mules had already been captured.' (Carlow Sentinel). (From PPP)

April 2: Premiere of W.B. Yeats’ Cathleen ni Houlihan starring Maud Gonne, about the failed rebellion of 1798, with a woman representing the ideal of an independent Irish republic.

Apr 11: Hendrik Potgieter, South African Boer General, dies during a curious mass charge by the Boer cavalry at the Battle at Rooiwal, which transpires to be the last battle of the Anglo-Boer War.

April 15: Spring Show begins in Dublin and Tom Rathdonnell in attendance, taking first and third prize for the Pedigree Shorthorn Dairy Cow, as well as 2nd place with Begonia Blossom in the 'Shorthorn Cow of Any Age' and 2nd with Vain Lady in the 'Shorthorn Cow Calved in 1901 or After'. He also won a Governmet Premium for his bull, Royal Buck. (Weekly Irish Times, 19 April 1902).

May: Prince Henry of Prussia, a younger brother of Kaiser Wilhelm II, spends a night at Adare Manor while the German squadron lay at peace in Dublin Bay. The 4th Earl of Dunraven had sailed with the prince at Cowes and at Kiel, and played golf with him too. He had even sold him a wooden cruising ship by name of L’Esperance. [Londonderry Sentinel, 22 May 1902, p. 8.] The prince was, he felt, both ‘a charming companion and a good sportsman.’ However, Lady Limerick, another guest that night, claimed Prince Henry had loudly banged the table with a first, remarking, ‘It would take me and my Germans to discipline the Irish!’ [A Clubman’s Notebook, Pall Mall Gazette, 10 February 1917, p. 3.] Lord Dunraven was reluctant to believe rumours that the German prince was secretly fishing for information on behalf of his brother. ‘If Prince Henry abused his high rank for that purpose, he certainly did it astutely.’

May 19: Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria.

May 31: Boer War Ends; Treaty of Vereeniging signed, Britain annexes Transvaal. The human cost has been the destruction of two promising independent Boer states and the death of thousands of people, black, white, man, woman, child.

June: 'Major and Brevet Lieut Col Colvin, 9th Lancers, has been appointed to the command of the Scots Greys. Col Colvin rendered distinguished service in Africa during the late war, and was given his Brevet rank in recognition of his services. He was well known in Meath and Louth when he was quartered at Dundalk, and married Lord Rathdonnell's eldest daughter.’ (Drogheda Argus and Leinster Journal, 13 June 1903, p. 4.)

June 26: Schedule date for Coronation of Edward VII and Alexandra, postponed until August because of illness. Lafayette busy photographing all the nobility and gentry in their finery.

July 12: Tom's former school pal Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, his uncle as Prime Minister, resigning three years later. The Irish question continued to plague Balfour; his hope that Constructive Unionism would derail the Home Rule train floundered and, in the end, he supported Lloyd-George’s abortive attempt to introduce Home Rule in 1916.

July: Newspapers report that Tho Hon. Violet Gibson, daughter of the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, has joined the Roman Catholic Church.

August 9: Coronation of Edward VII and Alexandra at Westminster Abbey.

September: The exhibition of Irish industries attracted considerable attention on the third day at the show, which was the most enjoyable of all, possibly because of the interest centred in the jumping competitions. Lady Grosvenor made extensive purchases at the various stalls, which were inspected by a large number of visitors who seemed to take a special interest in the disabled soldiers and sailors stall, presided over by Mrs. McNeill, wife of the Duke of Connaught's military secretary, and who was wearing a blue and white muslin gown. It is possible to mention only a few of the most notable people at the show, among whom were Lady Ashtown, who was there all three days, and Lady Barrington, very charmingly gowned on Wednesday in a light grey voile trimmed with black lace and choux of vieux rose velvet on the bodice. Lady Clonbrock. brought her daughters, who were in white, and Lady Francis Doyne's young daughters wore pretty mauve and white floral-patterned muslins whilst Lady Castleross, Lady Louisa Howard, Lady Drogheda who was chaperoning a daughter Lady Clarina in black and white, the Dowager Lady Donoughmore and her two pretty daughters, Lady Limerick, Lady May Brabazon, in white, Lady Powerscourt, Lady Rathdonnell, Lady Granard, and Lord and Lady Bandon were on the grand stand or walking about. (The Sphere, Saturday 6 September 1902).

October 2: Death of Sir Charles Burton, 5th Bart, of an illness related to a fall in the garden. He was born in 1823 and educated at Eton. He served as a lieutenant in the 18th Dragoons until his retirement aged 23 in 1849. In 1861, he wed an American heiress, Georgina May, only daughter of David Halliburton of Texas. They had no children. He lived at Pollardstown (Pollacton) House outside Carlow and was a keen supporter of the Carlow & Island Hounds until he fractured a leg while riding to meet hounds with his good friend Robert Watson one frosty morning. Lady Burton survived him by two years. The executors of his will were Lord Rathdonnell (TKMB) and William Rotchford of Cahir Abbey, Cahir. Both men were bequeathed £100 for administrative purposes while the bulk of the Burton family fortune was left to his niece.

October 5: ''Lord and Lady Rathdonnell are going to the Cape to visit their son's grave. One of their married daughters Mrs. Colvin has been in South Africa for some months so as to be near her husband, Captain Colvin, 9th Lancers'. (Society and Personal Notes of the Weekly Irish Times).

Tom Rathdonnell elected Vice President of the Royal Dublin Society.

Tom Rathdonnell's former Eton school mate Arthur Balfour becomes Prime Minister until 1905.

JM Barrie writes 'The Admirable Crichton'.

image title

This ‘Wilkinson-Webley’ revolver (model 1905) has a silver panel
inset into the grip with the initials ‘T.K.R.’. Roy Shadbolt, an English
collector and amateur historian of Wilkinson arms who lives in
Texas, aquired the revolver in 2010. He conducted considerable
research into its ownership and concluded that it must
have belonged to ‘Thomas Kane Rathdonnell'.


There are papers suggesting that parts of Lisnavagh House were rebuilt at this time.

Death of Adelaide Duguid, mother of Constance.

January 1: 'Lord Rathdonnell had a narrow escape while hunting with the Blackmore Vale Hounds [Dorset/Somerset] at Worbridge on Thursday. His mount, on approaching a gateway, shied, reared, and fell backward. Lord Rathdonnell escaped with a severe shock and a few bruises.' (The Globe, Saturday 3 January 1903, p. 8). Presumably the fate of his grandmother and great-grandfather was high on his mind afterwards ...

Feb 9: Death of the first editor and proprietor of The Nation newspaper, Charles Gavan Duffy, in Nice, France.

February 28: Although he no longer owned Thauma - she was a trading vessell by 1899 - Tom must have been saddened by the news that she was lost at 'Vigso' on the 28th February while sailing from Bergen to Copenhagen with a cargo of fish on board. According to a friend of Robert Harbord, "Norway was desperately poor at that time, under the yoke of Swedish domination, and in dire straits, so even 'exporting' just a small cargo of fish would have made a difference.This seems to be on the south side of the entrance to the Skagerrak".

May 7: ACAUN BRIDGE. RE-OPENING OF ROADWAY. NOTICE is hereby given that the Roadway over the above bridge on the road from Carlow to Hacketstown is open for traffic. E. T. QUILTON, County Surveyor, Carlow, 7th May, 1903 (Carlow Sentinel - Saturday 16 May 1903)

March 26: A severe storm causes havoc through the region, felling 1400 trees on the La Touche property at Harristown, 1500 at the O’Connor Henchy estate at Stonebrook and 500 on the More O’Farrell estate of Moyvalley. At Naas, almost every building in the town suffered while Lord Mayo’s greenhouse at Palmerstown was also damaged. It is not yet known how badly Lisnavagh was affected.

June 3: Steuart Duckett of Duckett's Grove reqrites his will, bequeathing the residue of his property to his only daughter Amy (later Philpotts). It is hard not to see this as a slight to his only son Lt Col John Steuart Duckett, D.S.O., Res. of Officers, late 9th Lancers, b. 1876. In 1903, JSD married Laura Penrose Wilson (her third husband after Edward Wilfred Marshall and Capt. Edwin Bryce Wilson), 5th child and third daughter of the late Col. Charles George Hayter, C.B. Her sister Wilhelmina Hayter married Philip Cecil Harcourt Gordon (1864-1920), a surgeon in the Burma war who died in Jersey. Another sister Gertrude was married Frederic Charles Newsam (div. 1901) … There is no obvious record of the marriage in the press. I sense that JSD was somehow disgraced for this marriage and that his lead his father to rewrite his will ...

June 4: The Irish Builder of 4 June 1903 published a picture of Germaine's at Lisnavagh with this caption: 'This house has recently been completed for Lord Rathdonnell, and is intended as a residence for Charles Butler, Esq., the agent for his lordship. The house was built by direct labour, most of the workmen being employees on the estate. The house is faced with hewn ashlar of the fine Carlow granite, and its design is in harmony with the general character of the other buildings on the estate. The work has been carried out from the designs of Messrs Anthony Scott and Sons, architects, of Dublin. Owing to the fact that the work was carried out principally by his own men, Lord Rathdonnell took the keenest personal interest in the progress of the works, visiting them almost daily.' WIth thanks to Mairtin D'Alton.

July 2: The Gordon Bennett Cup, the first international motor race, takes place in Athy - Castledermo - Carlow - Kildare area.

July 11: The Royal Cork Yacht Club stages the worlds first power boat race.

August 14: Wyndham's Land Act introduced by the Chief Secretary, offering inducements to landlords to sell their properties. The government provided loans to tenants at reduced interest for the purchase of land and gave bonuses to landlords who sold. The loan was repayable over 68 years … which was in effect the year I was born so one wonders what happened to all the money in arrears! The Wyndham Act allowed landlords to sell to their tenants but, in addition to the agreed price financed by the government, landlords received an extra 12% payment. This bonus would cost the Treasury £12 million. Lord Dunraven, a liberal, considered “this generous settlement which at one leap solved [the] age old contentious ownership of Irish land was only to be welcomed… A lasting monument to what the spirit can accomplish for Ireland. It changed the face of the country; improvement was almost miraculous. In five years it enabled 228,938 occupying tenants to buy their holding."

October: Nationalist and Leinster Times (31st Oct. 1903).
Lord Rathdonnell's Estate.
The deputation (Messrs W. Murphy, J.P., J. Lyons, County Council, J.Ellis D.C., and W. Pollard) appointed at a recent meeting of the tenants of the above County Carlow estate, met the agent, Mr J O Adair, at Lisnevagh [sic] on Friday, and Mr Adair informed them that he should have to refuse the tenants offer of 25% reduction, with the back half-year forgiven, and the half-year now due added to the purchase money.
He stated that Lord Rathdonnell's terms were 20% reduction on first term, and 10% on second term rents and all rents to be paid up to the time of purchase.
So far it would seem negotiations are at an end.
(Information courtesy of Michael Purcell and the Pat Purcell Papers).

December: The Royal Dublin Society's hosted its great Winter Show, or Christmas exhibition of cattle, poultry, cereals and farming implements in Ballsbirdge. The Rathdonnells triumph again with a 'phenomenal' haul, of eight prizes and I possess a framed photograph of the Lisnavagh winners on parade. The prizes which were presented by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (aka William Humble Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley, a Boer War veteran). Among Rathdonnell's winning beasts were Black But Comely (an Aberdeen Angus in Kate Rathdonnell's name), Bluebeard (shorthorn and Angus cross), Redcoat (reserved) and Pink Domino. (See Weekly Irish Times, 12 December 1903). According to the Illustrated Sporting & Dramatic News (19 December 1903), which includes an excellent photo, 'Lord Rathdonnell’s success as an exhibitor was something phenomenal. He took eight prizes with eight exhibits, besides securing the Lord Lieutenant’s Champions Cups in two important sections. Critics gathered curiously Around his splendid shorthorn cross-bed ox, Bluebeard, a magnificently solid beast, marked scantily with white behind the shoulders and on the legs, and another of the same owner’s exhibits, viz., Black but Comely, was regarded as a model of in-fed perfectness and finish. For black polled cattle Colonel Pepper held supremacy, and he showed also a superb grey polled ox, which in point of weight bear all compeers, scaling close upon two hundredweight.' Rathdonnell's success also made the Australian papers the following month as this report from The Queenslander (Saturday 23 January 1904, p.46) reveals: "Our Irish Letter. DUBLIN, December 10. IERNE. Although dull, cold, dreary weather has been our portion since I last wrote, Dublin has been full of visitors to the Royal Dublin Society's Winter Show, which was opened on Tuesday last at the Agricultural Hall, Ball's Bridge, and was attended on the first day by the Lord Lieutenant. The Winter Show does not appeal to women as do the Spring and Summer Shows, but still there was a goodly sprinkling of them dotted about the building. The great events were the championship competitions for two cups, presented by Lord Dudley, for the best infed and outfed animal respectively, both of which were awarded to Lord Rathdonnell, or rather to Lord and Lady Rathdonnell, as she gained the first cup for her infed Aberdeen- Angus, and her husband carried off the second cup for his outfed Shorthorn and Angus cross, Bluebeard."

Opening of Milltown Wing at the National Gallery to house the Leeson Collection bequeathed by the Countess of Milltown of Russborough House. The corridor between the Milltown and Dargan Wings is now a space dominated by self-taught Joseph Walsh’s ‘Magnus Modus’ … the roof above is covered in seagull poop, while the floor is terrazzo. Mr Walsh, a grandson of a wood craftsman, is based in Riverstock, Co Cork, and mastered the art of laminating and steam-bending ash to make his works look like they are a single piece of timber when really he has just added more and more layers, glazing the final result with white oil. In the 2017 NGI makeover, they used a deep dining room green to highlight the 18th century gilt frames.


Bill Burgess, who was born in 1902, recalled Tom Rathdonnell as a 'big and stout' man who rode a 14 hand dock-tailed cobbe around the farm. All the gates at that time had latches that he could open them up without getting down from the horse. Bill was born just after Billy Bunbury died. As a young man he once hunted a grey horse for Lord Rathdonnell.

January 15 (Fri): THE LAND ACT. RATHDONNELL'S FERMANAGH ESTATE SOLD. The tenants on the Rathdonnell estate, County Fermanagh, some time ago opened negotiations with their landlord, Lord Rathdonnell, and as a result they received a letter in which it was stated that Lord Rathdonnell would sell his property at 25% reduction on first, and 12% on second term rents, reserving sporting and turbary rights. All rent due up to the 1st November last must be paid. On Friday the tenants agreed to accept the foregoing terms. [From Carlow Sentinel, 16 January 1904, with thanks to Pat Purcell Papers].
[Note added by Michael Purcell - The Irish Land Act better known as Wyndham's Act was passed in 1903, the act was the result of agreement between the landlords and the tenants, once agreement was reached the transaction was approved by the Land Commission. In 2004 Michael Purcell kindly gave me a pile of Land Act "agreement forms" relating to transactions to tenants for the Rathdonnell estates in Carlow].

January 24: "Lord and Lady Rathdonnell returned to their Irish home from London a few days ago. Lord Rathdonnell is an enthusiastic farmer and was last year elected president of the Royal Dublin Society for the third time." (The Tatler - Wednesday 27 January 1904).

April 5: Death of writer, social reformer, anti-vivisection activist, and leading women’s suffrage campaigner, Frances Power Cobbe.

April: The Carlow & Island Hunt had its last meet at Knocklow in April 1904. On Monday 6th June 1904, a Tasmanian newspaper called The Examiner carried the following story on page 5: 'Word has been received from Ireland that Mr. Robert Watson, who is 84 years of age, and is the brother of Mr. Geo. Watson, and uncle of Mr. Godfrey Watson, the well-known starter and master of the Melbournoe Hounds, has resigned his position as master of the Carlow and Island Foxhounds, and has been succeeded by Lord Rathdonnell. Mr. Watson has been appointed life president of the hounds. Despite that last season in Ireland was most unfavourable for hunting, the hounds put up a rather remarkable record. No fewer than 144 meets took place, 107 foxes were killed, 108 were "marked to earth" and not one serious accident was reported.'
      Baily's Magazine of Sports and Pastimes
(1904), Volume 82, p. 77, likewise reported: 'Changes follow the resignation of Mr. Robert Watson, who, since 1845, has been at the head of affairs in the Carlow and Island country. The “ Island" country has been given up, and will be hunted by Earl Fitzwilliam, who gives a handsome subscription and lends two of his coverts to the Carlow Hunt Club, which has been founded, with Mr. Robert Watson as president, to hunt the Carlow country two days a week. Mr. W. E. Grogan is the new master, and will carry the horn himself, with F. Haynes, from the Galtee, as first whipper-in, F.K.H., and Mr. Fitzpatrick, of the defunct Carlow and Island, as second whipper-in. Lord Rathdonnell is building new kennels for the Carlow Hunt Club at Moyle, a very central position.'
    The end of the Carlow & Island was confirmed by The Bystander of 26 October 1904 which noted that 'the Carlow (late Carlow and Island) open the Season on November 1, when the Meet will take place at Ballydarton, the seat of Mr Robert Watson, the late Master, who for close on sixty years held command of the Carlow and Island. Mr. W. H. Grogan who succeeds Mr Watson, has has a busy time of it with the cubs since September 15. He has exchanged the coverts of Donishall and some others in the “Island” country for Knocklow and Rath in Lord Fitzwilliam’s country.'
          Although he did not, we believe, become Master, Tom Rathdonnell did build new kennels at Moyle for a pack formed on those purchased from Mr Watson and which consisted of just over 30 couples. That same year William E Grogan of Moyle became Master of the Carlows. The first kennel huntsman was T. Taylor and second whip was M. Fitzpatrick. Mr. Taylor gave way in 1906 to S. Dickens, and in 1907 N. Gorman took Fitzpatricks’ place.
          'When they met last at Tullow they did not do much from Ballymurphy, but had a good forty minutes from Fenton's gorse, through Butler's Grange, Rathlyon and Paulville to Lisnevagh, where hounds were stopped.' [Baily's Magazine of Sports & Pastimes, 1904, Volume 81].

April 20: 'SALES OF IRISH SHORTHORNS. Messrs. John Thornton and Co’s sales of shorthorns during the Spring Show week at Ball's Bridge have been already referred to in these columns, and the next important fixture will be at Drumcar, where the first of the sales will be conducted on Wednesday, 20th April, comprising over 30 head from the old-established herd kept at Drumcar, Dunleer, by the Right Hon. Lord Rathdonnell. The herd at Drumcar is one of the best known in Ireland, bring established many yearn ago at Lisnavagh, CountyCarlow. This herd has for a long period been successfully represented at the Royal Dublin and other shows, where they have been awarded numerous prizes. They include a fine lot of young heifers and young bulls, which will be exhibited atthe coming Royal Dublin Show. By permission of the Committee they will be brought out for sale on Wednesday morning, and afterwards returned to the Show, where they will remain until the close, when they will be delivered to the purchasers. On the day following the sale of the Drumcar shorthorns the herds kept at Dunleckney, Bagenalstown, by Mr. Sidney Vesey and at Tinahely, County Wicklow, by Mr. Wentworth Taylor, will be brought under the hammer. Prizes have been won with stock bred Tinahely at the Royal Dublin Society’s and Bray Shows for many years. (Irish Times - Saturday 26 March 1904)

At about this time Drumcar was sold. It is referred to in legal papers as the 'Resettlement of 1902'

April 26: Edward VII and Queen Alexandra arrive on a State visit to Ireland and travel by rail to Naas and onwards to Punchestown.

June 16: James Joyce has his first date with Nora Barnacle; ultimately, it became the date on which everything takes place in his masterpiece, Ulysses.

August 23: The 4th Baron de Robeck died at Gowran Grange, aged 81, on the opening day of the Dublin Horse Show with which he was 'keenly associated for many long years'. Indeed he was vice-President of the Royal Dublin Society for a period and was regarded as one of the most prominent figures at the Horse Show. In their obituary, Baily’s stated that ‘though foreign by lineage, [the 4th Baron] was in proclivities as Irish as the Irish, and probably the most popular man that ever lived in Kildare.’ The Irish Times concurred that he was ‘ one of the most urbane, off-handed, kindly and outspoken of men, and was never happier than when in the saddle.’ He was succeeded by his 45-year-old son Colonel Harry de Robeck, then Master of the Kildare Hounds.

August: Captain Harry de Courcy-Wheeler wins the high stone wall championship at the Dublin Horse Show.

Aug 26: Lord Dunraven forms the Irish Reform Association to campaign for some devolution; the following December, unionists form a United Unionist Council to resist Dunraven’s plan.

Nov 1: ''HUNTING. CARLOW HOUNDS. THE OPENING MEET The newly constituted Carlow Hunt Club had its opening day on Tuesday, when a very big field mustered at Ballydarton to give a hearty and cordial greeting to the new Master, Mr. W. E. Grogan. It will be in the recollection of our readers that Mr. Grogan was elected by acclamation to carry the horn and the new mastershipsynchronised with a change in the constitutionof the club, and the withdrawal from the island or Wexford County, with which the old club had been so long associated. Marking the card for Ballydarton, the residence of Mr. Robert Watson, was intended by Mr. Grogan as a compliment to his predecessor, who for five and fifty years had presided over the sport of kings in the county Carlow and adjoining territories.' (Irish Independent, Thursday 03 November 1904). It is to be noted that the Rathdonnells were not pesent although plenty of Bruen and McClintocks were.

December 6-9: The Royal Dublin Society’s Winter Cattle Show took place in Ballsbridge. "Lord and Lady Rathdonnell might almost be said to have swept the decks in classes in which they competed, and the fact occurring every year, together with the capturing of both the valuable cups presented by the Lord Lieutenant at this recent show, gave rise to some discontent among less exalted exhibitors. The opinion seemed to be - but I do not at all quote it as my own - that if noblemen, whose wealth and facilities afford special advantages, would either step down for awhile, so as to give others a chance of levelling up, or have a distinctive class of their own for the purpose of exhibiting cattle, results would be fairer and more generally encouraging than under the existing regime. I merely repeat what was said unreservedly in the show-yard but, of course, one hears the same kind of thing about all competitional efforts notably literature.” (Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, Saturday 17 December 1904).

December: Smithfield Club Show, Lord Rathdonnell secures a highly commended and reserve in Class 10 for a shorthorn heifer. (Weekly Irish Times, 7th December 1904). I'm by no means certain the following refers to the same event but in 1904, the Mark Lane Express, Agricultural Journal &c (Vol. 91, p 723) stated of an unspecified eventt: 'Of the heifers in this section the Lady Rathdonnell owned the best, an extraordinarily well-fed bluegrey just over 15cwt., very symmetrical, full of roasting beef, and of fine quality. This was the champion of this section.'

Roger Casement's shocking report on the Belgain rubber plantations is published.



January 30: Bizarre "suicide" in Melbourne of Thomas Bunbury Gough, the oldest son of Rev Benjamin Bloomfield Gough and Letitia Frend, nephew of Tom Rathdonnell's former Scots Greys commander (& grandson of Rev Thomas Bunbury Gough & Charlotte Bloomfield). He appears to have poisoned himself but was found suspended by a rope around his waist from the stairwell of their family home dressed as a woman. His suicide was entirely out of character. Thomas was the author of "Boyish reminiscences of His Majesty the King's visit to Canada in 1860" which has been reprinted as an historical reproduction. He moved to Australia in about 1873 where he married Evelyn Anna Walker Rigg at St. Peter and St. Paul’s Catholic Church, Emerald Hill on 4th. June 1873. He was also Captain of HMVS Cerberus in Victoria, Australia. And his 6th child Doris Boyd was the mother of Arthur Merric Bloomfield Boyd, the most famous member of the Boyd dynasty of Australian artists and "Australian of the Year in 1995". He was buried in the St. Kilda Cemetery. Another daughter Mary married Sir Sidney Nolan, known to the family as Sid, internationally famed in the art world for his Ned Kelly series of paintings. (Some of this information was kindly provided to me in September 2012 by TBG's great-granddaughter Alice Perceval, whose mother was the youngest daughter of Merric and Doris Boyd. Thanks also to Jeremy Beck, great-grandson of Doris Lucy Eleanor Bloomfield Boyd (née Gough) and William Merric Boyd).

At about this time, it is believed that Tom acquired a Wilkinson-Webley revolver (model 1905), a version which was sold to gentleman and officers through Wilkinson Swords showroom at 27 Pall Mall London. The initials ‘T.K.R.’ were placed on a Silver panel inset into the grip. This information and the accompanying images came via Roy Shadbolt, an English collector and amateur historian of Wilkinson arms based in the USA. He found the gun at a show in Idaho in July 2010. Apparently a comprehensive search of the military lists for that period produced only ‘one’ name as a match for the TKR initials and that was ‘Thomas Kane Rathdonnell’.

February 23: Death of Kate Rathdonnell's youngest brother Charles Bruen, unmarried, aged 30.

March 5: Wyndham resigned as Chief Secretary and was replaced by a very British Walter Long, a kinsman of the Hume family, who set about undoing Wyndham's work.

June 27: Tragic death in cycling accident of Wilmbeldon star Harold Mahoney of Dromore Castle, Co. Kerry, whose land steward and gardener were the Bloomer brothers, formerly of Lisnavagh.

July: Memorial to 1798 hero Father John Murphy unveiled in Tullow.

July 6: Augusta Bellingham, a first cousin of the Butlers of Ballintemple, was married at Castle Bellingham to John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute. The groom chartered the steamer Princess Maud to take his guests and the Isle of Bute pipe band across to Castle Bellingham for the wedding. Remarkably, the wedding – the society event of the year - is believed to have been the first such event ever captured on film, as per https://scotlandonscreen.org.uk/browse-films/007-000-002-519-c

July 8: ACAUN Mr Quilton, County Surveyor, brought under the notice of the Council the condition of Acaun bridge, at present undergoing repairs. He said he found it necessary to get the centre arch stripped and examined. He found it would not be safe to allow traffic to go over it in its present condition and consequently it would have to be stopped for three or four weeks. He would have notices to that effect put up. (Carlow Sentinel - Saturday 8 July 1905)

Sept 19: Death of Dr Thomas Barnardo, founder of the homes for destitute boys.

Oct 21: Centenary of Trafalgar.

Nov 6: 'The Marquess of Lansdowne is to be entertained at the Junior Constitutional Club at dinner in celebration of the conclusion of the Anglo-Japanese Treaty, on Monday, Nov. 6. Lord Ashbourne will preside.' (Homeward Mail from India, China and the East, 28 October 1905, p. 17)

Nov 18: Tim sails for Ceylon as private secretary to Sir Henry Blake, the Governor of Ceylon.

Nov 28: Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Fein.


The 1911 census suggests that Ellen Somers was born in Co. Wicklow in about 1821 and married for 50 years, with 3 children. Her husband was already dead when the 1901 census was taken and her occupation was given as cook, quite possibly for the Big House at Lisnavagh. Ellen was about 44 years old when her daughter Elizabeth was born in Co. Carlow circa 1865, shortly before the death of Captain McClintock Bunbury of Lisnavagh. As such, Elizabeth was probably the youngest of her three children.

The 1901 census states that Elizabeth Dowling (her first husband's name was probably James Dowling) was by then a widow and living with her seven-year-old daughter Ellen, as well as her elderly mother. The 1911 Census indicates that Elizabeth was married in 1909 to Mr. Doolan, but her husband's first name or occupation is unknown. She was described as General Servant. The younger Ellen appears to have become a Servant at Castlecomer House, Co Kilkenny, and went on to marry Edward Nolan, son of Laurence and Maryann Nolan of House No. 35, Graigue Rural, Queen's County (as per the 1901 Censu)s. By 1911, 22-year-old Edward Nolan was living with his Parents and siblings live at House No. 4, Graigue Rural. Edward and Ellen later settled at 75 Sleaty Road, Graiguecullen, Carlow, which (much extended) is now owned by Ellen's last surviving child Mrs Breda (Bridget) Loughman (b1938) and her husband Mr Tom Loughman (b1930); the Loughmans have 12 children. Anna Nolan Gough is a member of this family.



February 21: Pauline Dalgety's picture published in The Sketch with the following caption: "The Hon. Mrs Dalgety of Lockerley Hall, near Romsey, is the youngest of Lord Rathdonnell's three charming daughters, who all married soldiers, and cavalrymen to boot. It is hard to believe that over eight years have sped since Miss Pauline Caroline McClintock Bunbury married Captain Frederick John Dalgety, 15th Hussars, on a glorious June day. A year afterwards her elder sister, Miss Mary Emily, wedded Captain Bramwell, a brother officer of Captain Dalgety's in the Fighting Fifteenth. The name of Dalgety suggests Scotland, and a certain famous character of Sir Walter Scott’s. The family undoubtedly derive from Forfarshire, but they have been "seated” at Lockerley, which was formerly known as Oaklands, for generations. Mrs Dalgety is the proud mother of two little boys and a little girl."

April 5: Vesuvius erupts, killing 100 and devastating Naples. Rome bows out of hosting 1908 Olympics and London steps forward.

June 7: Cunard's liner the Lusitania launched in Glasgow - the largest and fastest in the world.

Summer: The new Enniskillen Yacht Club sought a sturdy keel-boat suitable to handle the rough waters of the Erne's Broad Lough. They opted for the Fairy class boats, designed by Linton Hope, the foremost small boat designer, and built by John Hilditch of Carrickfergus. These small racing keelboats provided “excellent sport in 'one-design' racing, where success depends only on crew skills, not the boat, since all the boats are the 'one design' in hull shape, rig and sail area.”

November 3 (Saturday): Bad news from Princess Street, Edinburgh, where, in the words of The Times (November 5), ‘an unfortunate accident’ befell the statue which was designed in memory of the fallen men of the Royal Scot’s Greys. As the bronze figure of horse and rider was being hoisted by crane onto the stone pedestal, the chain snapped and the statue crashed to the ground, damaging both horse and plinth. As the statue was built in sections, they were able to complete the erection ahead of Lord Roseberry’s unveiling ceremony on November 16th. Sculpted by Mr. Birnie Rhind, the model was Sergeant Major Anthony James Hinnigan from Jedburgh and his horse 'Polly'.

November 16: Tom and Kate Rathdonnell attend unveiling of Memorial to the Fallen Heroes of the Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) on Princess Street in Edinburgh by the Earl of Roseberry.

November 26: The following letter was written to the Carlow Sentinel by Kate Rathdonnell (nee Bruen) in relation to the South Africa Graves Fund. Thanks to Michael Purcell and the Pat Purcell Papers:
To the Editor of the Carlow Sentinel.
Lisnavagh, Rathvilly, County Carlow.
26th November 1906.
Sir -- As I am one of those appointed to receive contributions to the "South African Graves' Fund, " may I ask you to be so good as to publish in your paper the accompanying letter from Her Royal Highness Princess Christian and the other members of the Committee -- Yours faithfully, K.A. Rathdonnell.
To the Editor of the Carlow Sentinel.
Sir - The times has come when the Guild of Loyal Women of South Africa - the Association which laid upon itself the duty of caring for the graves of those who fell in the late war - is no longer able to carry out and complete this work without more assistance from home. etc etc [ the letter concludes by requesting readers to send contributions to Lady Rathdonnell at Lisnavagh.]

[Note added by Michael Purcell, 2013 - the South African Graves Fund was established in 1903 to raise funds for the maintenance of the British War
Graves of the soldiers who died in the Anglo-Boer War. In Carlow town Ned Nolan of Tullow Street was appointed collector, it is recorded in his "Graves' Book" that he collected £212 in two years. Ned was a brother to Nannie Nolan of the shop. He served along with many Carlow men in the British Army during the conflict.]

Hopit, a bay colt, is foaled at Scarrough House, John J Maxwell’s stud near Dundrum, County Tipperary, in 1906. His sire was Popoff who had formerly stood at the Coolmore Stud near Fethard and whose offspring included Shanballymore, winner of the 1911 Irish Derby. Popoff’s career had nearly come to and end when he injured himself jumping a gate as a two-year-old and fetched up as an unwanted raffle prize. However, Mr Maxwell had stepped in and saved the young stallion, matching her up with an unnamed but well bred mare. Having spent his formative year on the lush green pastures of Tipperary, Hopit was carried to England where he joined the stables of John Upton of Ingmire Hall, Westmoreland.


January 26: A riot breaks out in the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, on the first night of J.M. Synge’s Playboy of the Western World, when the audience take offence at the ‘foul language’. The riots continue for a week, but the show goes on, heavily guarded by police.

January: The Rathdonnells embark upon a cruise to the 'East', where they spent the winter. Also on board the ship was the composer Sir Edward Elgar (1857–1934) who was already a household name at this time and was presumably dreaming up his five Pomp and Circumstance Marches, even as their ship sailed. On 1 January 1907, Elgar wrote: 'Fair weather, not rough in Bay but rather a curious swell. Not very lively people on board The Captn. at whose table we were very nice & Rathdonnells & a speakable Mr. Harland next E. & a nice Mrs. Neson (Ceylon) just beyond - God grant a happy year for E. & C. & us all'. The following day they passed by the Rock of Gibraltar and the snow-capped Sierra Nevada. On 3 January, Elgar remarked: "Nice morning but colder & soon got into a real gale - Sea fine to see & such wind Continued all the Evening & night Difficult to walk about Tremendous waves hurling against ship. Knocked officer & seaman over in course of it. Became quite friends with Lord & Lady Rathdonnel - Bored by old Lord Ellenborough'. They arrived in Marseilles the following day in very rough weather and could not dock. It is not clear whether the Rathdonnells stayed on board as the ship carried on to Naples and Capri. To see more on Elgar's diary, visit Elgar in 1907. The Rathdonnells were also listed in The Bystander (An Illustrated Weekly, Devoted to Travel, Literature, Art, the Drama, Progress, Locomotion, Volume 12) as among the "visitors to Cairo this autumn” (1907), along with the Earl and Countess of Halsbury, Mr. and Lady Evelyn Giffard, the Earl of Kingston, Sir Gilbert Parker, and Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Lechmere.

Mid-Feb: Michael Governey fractures his leg out riding with the Carlow Hounds at Duckett's Grove. He was looked after by Dr J.V. Ryan, his doctor and drinking comrade. (NLT, 19 February 1907. Thanks to Eugene Carbery)

April 26: The Belfast lockout begins (until 28 August 1907) when dockers, Protestant and Catholic alike, went on strike after their demand for union recognition was refused. The strike was called by Liverpool-born trade union leader James Larkin who had successfully organised the dock workers to join the National Union of Dock Labourers (NUDL).

May 20: Irish Builder 49 (p. 334) details a new 'Water tower & cast-iron tank & ram' made for Lord Rathdonnell by William Patrick Hade, Civil engineer, of Carlow. The Covered Yard and Steel Tank at Lisnavagh were erected in 1907 by Thomas Thompson of Hanover Works in Carlow. The concept was the same as the design they used at the Main Hall of the RDS and Simmonscourt Hall, erected by the Collen Brothers, forebears of Anthony and Shane Jackson. The company continues to run under Peter and Joyce Thompson and they had something to say to the Millenium Bridge and the East-Link Bridge. My father added the floors to Covered Yard in 1965.

(1) William Patrick Hade was the son of James or John Hade, also a civil engineer of Carlow, and was born in Carlow in 1858 or 1859. From the age of 19 to 22 he was a pupil of his much older brother Arthur Hade, and for the next few years was engaged on drainage work. By the time he was twenty-eight, according to his own account, he had 'a considerable private practice'. He is described as 'engineer to Carlow County Council' in 1901. By the time of the 1911 census he was a widower, living with Arthur at 28 Dublin Street, Carlow. He died on 9 September 1940. Abridged from his profile in Irish Architectural Archive – Dictionary of Irish Architects, 1720-1940.

June: "Lord and Lady Rathdonnell, who spent the winter travelling in the East, arrived in England last month. Lord Rathdonnell crossed to Ireland on Saturday." (Irish Times - Monday 01 July 1907)

June 15: Called by Roosevelt, the Second Hague Conference opens, hoping to expand on the 1899 conference, especially in relation to naval armaments. The treaties, declarations, and final act of the Second Conference were signed on 18 October 1907; they entered into force on 26 January 1910.

July 6: Theft of Irish Crown Jewels in which the Rathdonnell's neighbour Peirce Gun O'Mahony is implicated.

Sept 7: Cunard RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.

October 17: At 11:30am, Marconi got his inaugural radio message through from Connemara to Lord Avebury at the New York Times and so began a new age of communication between North America and Europe. ‘Have I done the world good, or have I added a menace?’, Marconi would later wonder.

November 6: Charles Frederick D'Arcy, later Archbishop of Armagh, is translated to the see Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin. In his memoirs, ‘The Adventures of a Bishop', he recalled how he arrived in the Diocese of Leighlin having been Bishop of Cloger since 1903, where he had lived at my wife’s family home of Bishopscourt, outside Clones, Co. Monaghan. [1] The Diocese of Leighlin, observed the Bishop, ‘includes County Carlow and a large portion of Queen’s County, with a fragment of Wicklow. It is a rich and beautiful territory, containing many resident gentry, and a large population of thriving farmers, and is freer from poverty, I think, than any part of southern Ireland. There has always been less political unrest in this fertile and well-to-do area than in other parts. Among the leaders in the work of the Church in this part of the united diocese might be counted nearly all the prominent men in the social life of the counties. It is very noteworthy of the history of the Church of Ireland since her disestablishment that she has been able to attract and to hold the hearts of her laity, and to secure their devoted services. This while united diocese might be taken as an illustration of this, and to no part does it apply more fully than to the Diocese of Leighlin’.

‘When I first came to know [the Diocese of Leighlin],', continues Archbishop D'Arcy, Mr. [Henry] Bruen of Oak Park, Carlow, occupied the leading position. Universally respected for his lofty character, he was almost a dictator as regards the financial administration of the Church. In the Diocesan Council, his word was law. And he was a wise man, of great experience. The financial scheme of Leighlin, framed after 1870, was largely his creation. It had worked most successfully, and Leighlin was, in consequence, one of the best endowed dioceses in Ireland. As I often heard, Leighlin had been, at the start, blessed with the active assistance of three men of outstanding ability and devotion, Mr. Bruen, Sir Thomas Butler of Ballintemple, and that very wonderful man, Mr. [Arthur] MacMurrough Kavanagh of Borris, who, in spite of physical disabilities which would have utterly confounded most men, was able to hold his own in public affairs, and even in feats of endurance, with the best of his day. Of these three, Mr. Bruen alone survived, when I took over the reins of office in the united diocese. I felt, when first it was my duty to preside at the Diocesan Council of Leighlin, that Mr. Bruen's voice spoke with the weight of a great authority. [p. 156] Amongst those whom D’Arcy mingled were Lord Rathdonnell, Walter Kavanagh (son of Arthur and ‘one of the most impressive speakers in the General Synod – a man of very fine character’), Sir Algernon Coote of Ballyfin (‘premier baronet of Ireland, one of the kindest and most generous of men’) and Sir Hutchinson Poë of Heywood.

[1] Charles Frederick D'Arcy, ‘The adventures of a bishop: a phase of Irish life: a personal and historical narrative’(Hodder & Stoughton, 1934), p. 156-158.

November 17: Death of Admiral Sir Leopold McClintock. An obituary published in The Graphic on Saturday 23 November 1907 reads: "The late Admiral Sir Francis Leopold McClintock, F.R.S., D.C.L, and L.L.D, was born in 1819, and entered the Navy in 1831. It was about a year after Dr. Rae had brought London the frst intelligible news of Franklin’s fate that Captain McClintock (as he then was) set out in the Fox yacht, fitted out by Lady Franklin, on his most famous voyage. He returned in 1859 to tell of Franklin’s tragic fate. Most people have read his book, ‘'The Voyage of the Fox in the Arctic Seas: A Narrative of the Fate of Sir John Franklin and his Companions,” perhaps the most interesting book of the kind ever written. The explorer was knighted, received the Freedom of the City of London, the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society, was made a Fellow of the Royal Society, D.C.L. of Oxford, and LL.D. of Cambridge and Dublin."

November 27: Readers of the Sydney Morning Herald learn that Land League activists had stopped the Ormond Hunt and that ‘poison was also told over the country where the Kildare fox-hounds hunt. Several hounds were poisoned at the last meet near Tullow, and two died.’

December: Opening of the Cottage Hospital at Scarlet Street in Drogheda as a result of the efforts of two sisters known locally as the 'Misses Smiths' of Greenhills, aka Miss Sidney Smith and Miss Rosa Smith, who raised the money for its erection and maintenance. Lady Rathdonnell and Viscountess Gormanston are the initial patronesses of the hospital while the President of this new establishment was Lady Bellew. Brendan Matthews charts the history of the hospital in an article for the Drogheda Independent.

Evicted Tenants Act provides for compulsory sale of land needed for evicted tenants.

Vere St Leger Goold, former Wimbledon finalist, convicted of murder.

image title

In November 1906, Tom and Katherine Anne attended the unveiling of the
Memorial to the officers and men of the Royal Scots Greys killed
during the Boer War. The name of the Hon. William McClintock
Bunbury was etched upon this. Approximately 85 years later, Tom's
great-great-grandson found himself asleep beneath this
same monument after a hefty night on the batter.


Hollywood Motion Picture industry begins, including the Moore brothers of Fordestown, County Meath, Mary Pickford (whose mother's family were from Tralee) and Carlow-born William Desmond Taylor.

February: Monument to the late Queen Victoria erected within grounds of the Royal Dublin Society at Leinster House. Lord Lieutenant unveils monument while 1,000 troops on parade.

Easter: The Catholic Church’s ne temere decree goes into effect. This declaration of matrimonial law issued by Pope Pius X propsoed that in mixed marriages, children should be brought up Catholic and the Catholic partner should endeavour to convert the other partner to Catholicism. I would have thought this did as much to harden Unionist resolve as anything.

April 21: The annual general meeting of the Irish Shorthorn Breeders’ Association was held in the Boardroom of the Royal Dublin Society, Ballsbridge, with the Right Hon. Frederick Wrench in the chair. "A resolution of sympathy with Lord Rathdonnell, the outgoing President, in his recent serious indisposition, and expressing fervent hopes for his complete recovery to health, was unanimously adopted.” (Irish Times, Wednesday 22 April 1908).

April 27-31 Oct: London Olympics. (The dreaded kazoo was also there!)

June 22: Death of 86-year-old William Dawson Duckett, DL, at Duckett's Grove. He is buried in the square walled graveyard on the left side of the steep incline on the road approaching Castledermot from Tullow. There is a scroll dedicated to him in Urglin Church. (Thanks to James Doyle).

July 14: Kate Rathdonnell's brother, Arthur Thomas Bruen, marries Lily, youngest daughter of Francis Ruttledge, JP, of Coolbawn Cottage, Co. Wexford.

August: 'Mr. Robert Watson, who for more than fifty years was Master of Carlow and Island Foxhounds, has died after a comparatively brief illness at Ballydarton, County Carlow, aged eighty-six.' (Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 08 August 1908)

August 19: STATE COMMISSIONERS COMPULSORY ACQUIREMENT OF LAND - The Estates Commissioners give notice that they propose to acquire compulsorily under the Evicted Tenants Act certain lands in the Barony of Ardee, County Louth. and they call upon tiie Right Hon. Thomas Kane McClintock Bunbury. Baron Rathdonnell, of Lisnavagh, Rathviliy, County Carlow, and all other persons, if any, interested in the lands, who may object to the acquisition of the lands under the Act, to lodge in the office of the Irish Land Commission, within one month from the date of the publication in the Dublin Gazette of this notice, a statement of the grounds of their objection. All the lands are shown on the maps, copies of which are filed in the office of the Irish Land Commission [i.e.: the present day Merrion Hotel], and may be inspected by all persons interested, during office hours. (Dublin Daily Express, 19 August 1908, p. 5).

Sept 26: Tom's cousin Frank McClintock (aka Francis George Le Poer McClintock, M.A., M.R.S.A.I.), former Rector of Drumcar, becomes Dean of Armagh. He was ordained Deacon in 1878 and became a Priest in 1879. He was third son of Major Henry Stanley M'Clintock who was also a brother of the first Lord Rathdonnell. Frank was Curate of Kilsaran parish from 1878 until his appointment to Drumcar Parish in 1886. In 1894 he was appointed Prebendary of Ballymore, and in 1896 Precentor of Armagh. He was later Domestic Chaplain to the Lord Primate and to the Lord Lieutenant. When Bishop D’Arcy took office as Archbishop of Armagh in 1920, he described Dean McClintock, as ‘a man of wide cultivation and a musician of high attainments [who] was a member of a family long seated in County Louth of whom Lord Rathdonnell is the head. No more warming personality than the dean could be imagined. He was a pianist of extraordinary gifts. He seemed to lose himself in the sheer joy of the performance. Perhaps too sensitive for the rough and tumble of ordinary life, he kept aloof from many of the things which interest the multitudes. Yet he was always most kindly and sympathetic’. [1]

[1] Charles Frederick D'Arcy, ‘The adventures of a bishop: a phase of Irish life: a personal and historical narrative’(Hodder & Stoughton, 1934), p. 297.

Dec 18: 'The Earl and Countess of Rothes embark at Marseilles on Friday next for passage to Egypt by the Peninsular and Oriental steamship Marmera, as will also Lord and Lady Rathdonnell, Sir Arthur and Lady Paget, and Prince D'Arenburg. By the earns vessel the Marchioness of Lansdowne, Sir Henry and Lady Tichborne, General Sir Bindon Blood, Lord Frederick Hamilton, and Sir Hill Child are travelling to India.’ (Daily Telegraph & Courier (London) - Monday 14 December 1908)

c. 1908 - Corrigan family aquire Rathmore House, former home of Colonel Kane Bunbury.

'The Wind in the Willows' by Kenneth Grahame was published in 1908. The inspiration for Toad of Toad Hall was Colonel F.C. Ricardo (1852-1924), a neighbour of Grahame, who, like Toad, drove round in a yellow Rolls-Royce and would offer lifts to any residents he saw. In 1924, Colonel Ricardo collapsed and died suddenly while walking with his niece in the garden of his house, Lullebrook Manor on Odney Island at Cookham in Berkshire. He was in the Eton crews that won the Ladies’ Challenge Plate at Henley in 1869 and 1870. He was Captain of the Boats and Keeper of the Field in 1870 and 1871, which is why he also appears in the photograph of the Eton Captains taken just before Billy Bunbury’s death.

Death of Thomas Barry, father of Kevin Barry. Family running prosperous dairy that included an eighty-six acre holding at Tombeagh, Hacketstown, Co Carlow and a retail outlet below the family home in Fleet Street. For more on Kevin Barry's sistr Kathleen, see here.



Tim McClintock Bunbury is elected High Sheriff of County Carlow. His uncle Henry Bruen of Oak Park - KA's eldest brother - is elected High Sheriff of Co. Wexford.

Sir Richard Butler, "an archetypal Victorian gentleman… magistrate and member of the hunt committee", succeeds to Ballintemple on the death of his father, Sir Thomas.

January: Perhaps the most unlikely beneficiaries of the Night of the Big Wind of 1839 were those old enough to remember it when the Old Age Pensions Act was enacted in January 1909, 70 years after the event and 100 years ago this month. The Act offered the first ever weekly pension to those over 70. It was likened to the opening of a new factory on the outskirts of every town and village in Britain and Ireland. By March 1909, over 80,000 pensioners were registered of whom 70,000 were Irish! When a committee was sent to investigate this imbalance, it transpired that few births in Ireland were ever registered before 1865. As such, the pensions committees had decreed that if someone’s age had 'gone astray' on them, they would be eligible for a pension if they could state that they were ‘fine and hardy’ on the Night of the Big Wind 70 years earlier. One such applicant was Tim Joyce of County Limerick. 'I always thought I was 60', he explained. 'But my friends came to me and told me they were certain sure I was 70 and as there were three or four of them against me, the evidence was too strong for me. I put in for the pension and got it'.

February 1: (Monday) T. L. Bunbury of Lisnavagh and Robert Thorp of Kilgreany House, Bagelsalstown, made their respective declarations as High Sheriff and Sub-Sheriff of Co. Carlow, before Mr. Charles J. Johnson, Commissioner of Oaths. (Kildare Observer, Saturday February 6th 1909, p. 2).

March 31: Construction of the RMS Titanic began when designer James Andrews laid the first keel plate in the Harland & Wolff Shipyard, Belfast.

May: A month for sunshine.

June: A month for dullness, coldness and in places for its wetness. It was an absolute shocker. Northerly winds were frequent during the month.

In 1909, representation’s were made by a Mr R. J. Mecredy, a renowned motoring historian, to the British Automobile Association, with a view to setting up in Ireland. Following a visit in 1910 by Colonel Bosworth and Stenson Cooke, AA Secretary, offices were opened in Dublin and Belfast, with a sub-office being opened in Cork c1912-13. The AA Irish Secretary was a Mr. Arthur Allen.

October 6: Marriage in Urglin of Amy Duckett and Major Louis Murray Phillpotts, DSO (1870-1916), second son of the Reverend H J and Mrs Phillpotts, of Shadwell, Speldhurst, Kent. (Grace Bruen and Maud Butler were among the bridesmaids) She may have been an old flame of Billy Bunbury who was killed in South Africa nine years earlier. Philpotts was a veteran of the Anglo-Boer War who also took part in the advance on Kimberley and fought at Modder River, as well as operations in the Orange River Colony, February to May 1900 (including operations at Paardeberg from 17 to 26 February, during which time Billy died), and actions near Johannesburg. He was with the Royal Horse and Royal Field Artillery at the time. With the outbreak of the European War, he was gazetted Lieutenant Colonel in October 1914 and later promoted to Brigadier General with the First Field Artillery but he was killed in action on 8 September 1916. Their son Lt.-Col. Henry Steuart Phillpotts was born in 1910 and married Mary Finola FitzGerald, daughter of Sir Arthur Henry BrinsleyFitzGerald, 4th Bt; their daughter Rebecca married Maurice Michael Hardress Goodbody. After her husband’s death in the war, Amy Philpotts was married secondly on 21 February 1921 to Lt.-Col. Frederick Makgill Maitland but she died May 20th 1927. These details come from a grave plaque in the Duckett burial ground at Russelstown Park (near the M9 motorway) where she was buried. The plaque is only partially legible and was transcribed by James Doyle in August 2017. Russelstown Park House was demolished by the Land Commission in the 1950's. The remaining stables are now renovated as a private residence.

Oct 24: The Engineering and Scientific Association of Ireland assures its members that flying machines will never be of any practical use.

October 28: The New Zealand Tablet's Irish News section reports: 'LOUTH - LONG-PENDING NEGOTIATIONS: After four years' negotiations, the tenants of Lord Rathdonnell at Drumcor, County Louth, have signed agreements for the purchase of their holdings'.

Faced with huge financial crisis, Lloyd-George's budget surprised most commentators by ignoring cutbacks, increasing spending on everything and putting a huge tax on rich.

November: Tim Bunbury elected a Grand Knight of the College of Philosophical Masons in Ireland.

November 13: The Times announce that Miss Watson, Bob Watson's daughter - and Jack Bunbury's sister-in-law - is to become hunt secretary to the Wentworths, 'Although the only subscriptions expected from Lord Fitzwilliam's (Wentworth) followers are those to the Wire and Poultry Fund, the secretarial work is by no means light, and it was therefore with regret that the Hunt learned of Mr. G. A. Wilson's request to be relieved of the post which he had honorarily held for a great many years. In his plaee, however, the committee have taken the unusual course of electing a lady, and when it is added that the new hon. secretary is a daughter of the late Mr. Robert Watson, who hunted the Carlow and Island country for nearly 60 years, and a sister of the late Mr. John Watson, Master of the Meath, every one connected with the sport both in England and Ireland will agree that the choice is a very happy one. There have been few families with such a long, close, and interesting association with hunting as the Watsons. The grandfather of the newly-appointed secretary, Miss Watson, of Hooton Roberts, also hunted the Carlow, or, as it was formerly called, the Tullow country, before the memorable rule of his son, and even before that era his ancestors had kept hounds, hunting hare, stag, fox, and wolf; as a matter of fact the last wolf in Ireland is said to have been killed in county Carlow by their pack. Then Miss Watson's uncle, the late Mr. George Watson, founded the Melbourne Hunt, and was Master for more than half a century, first hunting the dingo and kangaroo, but soon introducing the British fox, which has multiplied there with almost the same rapidity as the imported rabbit. His son, Mr. Godfrey Watson, was still Joint Master of the Melbourne a few seasons ago. Another of Miss Watson's uncles, the late Mr. William Watson, was during his lifetime a most active srupporter of the Cotswold Hunt; and her sister, Baroness Max de Tuyll, has had the well-deserved reputation of being one of the best riders to houmds in the English Midlands. Miss Watson herself is an accomplished horsewoman, and takes. a keen interest in hunting affairs, so that the followers of Lord Fitzwillam's Wentworth pack are in every way to be congratulated upon the appointment of Mr. Wilson's successor.'

Dec 20: The Volta, Irelands first cinema opens in Dublin.

Above: Grace Bruen by Bassano, taken in 1925 when she was
55 years old. In 1904, she married General Sir Hunt Johnson-Walsh,
who had served in expeditions to Manipur, India, and Chin Hills,
Burma, in the early 1890s.


March 10: Death of the Rathdonnell's grandson, 13-year-old, George Colvin, while he is at Eton. The second son of Lt. Col. Forrester and Isabel Colvin, George had contracted measles some days earlier but then collapsed and died of heart failure, just as Rathdonnell's brother Jack had done. His young siblings did not attend the funeal at Shermansbury Church, Cowfold, the next day.

July 15: Tom and Kate Rathdonnell in attendance at the Japan-British Exhibition in London over which Prince Arthur of Connaught presided. (Telegraph). Louis Brennan demonstrates his latest version of the monorail system with such success that, at Churchill's behest, the Prime Minister Herbert Asquith went for a much publicized ride on board, and Brennan picked up the Grand Prize.

August 4: Marriage of Kate Rathdonnell's youngest sister Grace Bruen to Sir Hunt Henry Allen Johnson-Walsh, 5th Bart, of Ballykilcavan, Offaly.

Sept 15: (Thursday) Irish Independent reports on p. 4 that ‘Lord and Lady Rathdonnell are spending the autumn at Lisnavagh, Co. Carlow. Their son Mr. T. Bunbury has just returned home from spending two years abroad’.

Sept 18: Sir Richard Butler returns to his 7000 acre estate at Ballin Temple in time for his American wife, Alice Leigh, to deliver their first-born son and heir, Thomas Pierce Butler, on 18 September. Like Rathdonnell, Sir Richard was a keen farmer and "began by breeding herds of black Aberdeen Angus cattle, later turning to the cultivation of Clydesdale shire-horses". Crops, sheep and pigs were also farmed. Hope and Francis Morris worked at Ballintemple when the estate consisted of about 1000 acres. In a charming article entitled "Days of Yore at Ballintemple" they recalled the employees gathering in the farmyard at 8 o'clock in the morning to the fading chimes of the yardbell. Here they would receive their instructions from for the day ahead. "The bell was rung again at 1 o'clock for lunch break, 2 o'clock to return to work and finally at 6 o'clock to gladly end another day on the farm." Full-time employees numbered 8 - 10 with seasonal labourers brought in "at peak times such as hay-making, harvesting and potato picking". Children were often given a week off school in October to help with these chores. Harvesting took a particularly long time, starting with "the cutting of the corn with a binder followed by the stoking of sheaves … [which were then] left perhaps a week before being put into hand stacks. When the corn seemed mature enough the stacks were then drawn by horse and cart to the haggard and put into large ricks". Threshing took place over 5 or 6 days later in the autumn and was something of a social event as men from neighbouring farms came in to help out. Another few days of threshing took place at the end of February in order to have fresh seed ready for sowing the Spring crops.

Oct 7: Premiere of Percy French’s play, The Immigrant’s Letter.

Oct 8 (Sat): Tom and Kate Rathdonnell amongst the leading guests who gather at St David’s Church in Naas for the wedding of the 5th Baron de Robeck’s eldest daughter Dorothy Zoe to Mr. Digby Robert Peel, third son of the late William Felten Peel, of Alexandria, Egypt, and Mrs. Peel, of The White House, Hartfleld, Sussex. The Archdeacon of Kildare officiated. The bride, who wore white satin charmeuse trimmed with silver embroidery, was given away by her father. She was followed by Master Michael de Robeck (her brother) and Miss Joan de Robeck (her cousin), the former wearing a Court costume of white satin and the latter a white muslin frock and lace cap. The bridesmaids were the Misses Olave and Muuriel de Robeck (sisters), Miss Zoe de Burgh, and Miss Iris Reiss, who wore frocks of white satin and ninon, with old rose-coloured sashes, and hats of the same shade. Small bouquets of carnations were fastened to the Empire staves which they carried. Captain E. M. Conolly, (aka Ted Conolly), late Royal Artillery, was best man. As well as the Rathdonnells, the guests included Lady Albreda Bourke, the Earl and Countess of Mayo, Sir John and Lady Kennedy, Mr. and Lady Annette La Touche, Sir Kildare and Lady Borrowes, and Sir William and Lady Goulding. After the reception the bride and bridegroom left for London. (The Times, October 10, 1910, p. 13).

Oct 20: The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.

Dec 10: Birth of John Martin Bruen (DSO), only son of Arthur and Lily Bruen, and nephew to the Rathdonnells.

Dec 31: Birth of Peter Fitzwilliam (later 8th Earl Fitzwilliam) at Wentworth Wodehouse in Yorkshire.

At about this time, the Leinster Estates were sold to the tenants under the Wyndham Land Purchase Act for over £1,000,000. Maurice, the sixth Duke of Leinster, was born in 1887 and regarded as a talented young man at Eton. However, ‘he suffered from a nervous malady almost from his boyhood, and was destined to lead the life of an invalid’. (Nationalist). He died in 1922 after a prolonged illness. His father ‘was very popular and was a man of a very attractive personality. He was held in the highest esteem by the tenants on the extensive estates in Kildare, and died in December 1893, at a comparatively early age. His mother Lady Hermione Duncombe was the eldest daughter of the Earl of Faversham. She died in March 1895.’

image title


Can anyone identify this Double Phaeton motorcar from circa 1904 which was photographed outside the old front entrance
of Lisnavagh House? Unfortuantely the man (Captain Brush!!?) is blocking out all ID features. The digits "44" on the number
plate suggest that it was IY44, owned by Captain Brush of Brohatna [Broughattin], Ballymascanlon, Dundalk, Co Louth.

I suspect this was Dublin-born John Eastwood Ramsay Brush who, at the time of the 1911 census, was
44 years old, living at Brohatna, and serving as a Justice of the Peace and Major in the Special Reserve of
officers. Also living with him was his Louth-born sister Edwina Brush, aged 40, while 1911 was also the
year in which John Brush married Gwyneth Mary Prinsep. She was presumably a relation of London-born
Anthony Prinsep (1888 – 1942), the owner or manager of several London theatres whose first wife was
actress Marie Lohr (1890 – 1975) who starred in plays by Bernard Shaw and acted alongside Sir Gerald du
Maurier as Lady Ware in ‘The Ware Case’ (1924).

According to Burke’s Irish Family Records (1976), Brohatna House was bought by John's father Henry Brush
(1824 -1900). John served as a Major with the 3 Inniskilling Fusiliers during the Great War but was invalided
from Salonika in late 1916, suffering from malaria. The Irish Independent of 24 November 1916 noted that
Major Brush was 'of an Ulster family and is well known in Derry.'He died in February 1922. His son Auriol
Henry Brush
served in World War 2 and lived in Ravensdale until 1958, when he moved to London.

Lord Rathdonnell had IC36 and IC49 registered to him in 1911 but sadly makes and models weren't recorded.
See the 1911 Motor Directories online.

The decorative mantel above the front door at Lisnavagh is now over the fire in the Library.

The car might be a French Mors (due to long front wheel hubs) or a French Gardner Serpollet
(given its short bonnet; this would be a ‘steamer’ with the engine underside/rear.

With thanks to Dominic Lee, Ian S. Elliott ( Corravahan House), Brendan McCoy and Bozi Mohacek (Surrey Vintage Vehicle Society).


The following lists represents the names of those recorded at Lisnavagh at the time of the 1911 Census, followed by their age, place of birth, profession, religion, literacy, marital status and other details where known. There were almost certainly many more people employed at Lisnavagh who lived in the adjacent townlands of Ballybit, Haroldstown and Tobinstown, which I hope to attend to before long. My father proposes regarding the houses below: " In reality 2,3,10.1, 11,13, 14 and 15 exchange between Groom's Cottage, the two farm Cottages and maybe the Lodge, Green Lane and two Ballybit cottages." There are also the same results for the 1901 census yet to be explored.

HOUSE 1, LISNAVAGH - THE PARKERS of The Sawmill, Lisnavagh

Fredrick Joseph Parker, 51, England, Forester, Church of Ireland, Read and write
Sarah Jane Parker, 51, England, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Wife, Married.
Harry Parker, 24, England, House Carpenter, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Single.
Albert Parker, 21, England, Engine Driver Saw Mill, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Son, Single.
Lily Parker, 19, England, Dress Maker, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Daughter, Single
Annie Ellen Parker, 16, Co Louth, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Daughter, Single
Frank Parker, 14, Co Louth, Scholar, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Single.
Edith Emily Parker, 12, Co Louth, Scholar, Church of Ireland, read and write, daughter.
Gertrude Parker, 10, Co Louth, Scholar, Church of Ireland, Read and write.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: The record fits my memory that they came from England via Drumcar. By the ages of the children it appears the family moved to the Sawmill Cottage between 1892 and 1895, the father could of course have come earlier. ( Frank and Harry I remember.)]


The house appears to have been owned or rented by Rose F Weekes, not sure who she was, but on the night of the census it was occupied by the people below. Further details of this unidentified house here:

Rosabelle Walker, 64, Co Tyrone, Irish Church, Read and write, Head of Family, Widow. Also known as 'Rose', Rosabelle Frances Walker was born a Lendrum and was a sister (possibly a twin) of George Lendrum, who also lived here. She was a widow of Charles Reginald Walker, whom she married in 1872 and who died in 1879. According to Rosemary Raughter, she was also involved in the Wicklow women’s anti-Home Rule agitation. By 1912 she was renting a house in Greystones, Co. Wicklow, by 1912. She died in Portarlington in January 1921, three months after her nephew's murder. G B Butler was present at her death. Rosabelle and her husband are buried in Kilskeery Church graveyard. Another sister Mary Waller Lendrum married a Mr Carlton; their son Charles, or Charlie, was a military man, never married and may have lived near Fintona.
George Lendrum, 64, Co Tyrone, Irish Church, Read and write, Visitor, Married.
Netta Lendrum, 54, Roscommon, Irish Church, Read and write, Visitor.
Bridget Kehoe, 27, Co Carlow, P Maid / Domestic Servant, R Catholic, Read and write, Single.
Mary Daly, 28, Co Limerick, Cook Domestic Servant, R Catholic, Read and write, Servant, Single
William Carr, 33, Co Dublin, Gardener, R Catholic, Read and write, Servant, Single.
[P. Maid" is probably Parlour Maid and the Irish Church is Church of Ireland.]

George Cosby Lendrum (1846-1933) was High Sheriff of County Fermanagh (1875) and Tyrone (1882), as well as a Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for both counties. In the 1880s, they lived at Jamestown, Magheracross, half-way between the villages of Kilskeery and Ballinanamallard on the Tyrone/Fermanagh border. In about 1899, they moved to Corkil (or Corkhill), just two or three miles up the river in the village of Kilskeery, to the north of Enniskillen. They were also associated with Derryvullan, Irvinestown.

In 1878, he married Netta [Frances Antoinetta] Butler, a daughter of Captain Antoine Sloët Butler, CB (1823-1901), third son of Sir Thomas, 8th Bt., of Ballintemple, and his wife Mary Beresford. Captain A.S. Butler was born in October 1823 and was ‘commonly called Baron’ in a nod to a Baron Sloët who had helped his father recuperate from a weighty ailment earlier that year. Through his mother, the captain was a first cousin of the Victorian poet, Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

George and Netta had five children, four sons anda daughter ... All four brothers were briefly involved with rubber planting in Malaya where over 250,000 were working on the crop by 1911. The children were:
(1) Anne Lendrum (aka Nancy Dalgety, who married Sandy Dalgety, a brother-in-law of Pauline McClintock-Bunbury; they had no children and lived at Ryevale, Nancy dying in 1967);
(2) James Butler Lendrum (1880–1924), known as Jim, who managed a rubber plantation in Malaya; he died under extraordinary circumstances on 12 May 1924, aged 42, at the Wilton Hotel in London Westminster, which stood near The Apollo Theatre and very close to Victoria Station. An inquest found that the apalling convulsions he died of were triggered by a fractured skull which he suffered two years previously when his motorbike collided with a bullock cart.
(3) [George] Waller Lendrum (1882-191*) who joined the Cape Police in South Africa, changed his surname to Vesey and was killed in the Great War while serving with the North Irish Horse;
(4) Marcus Beresford Lendrum, DL (1883-1969), who fought on the Somme and later in North Russia during the Great War, and later worked with the Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank. He was father of June and grandfather of Geoff Simmons; and
(5) Alan Cane Lendrum (1885-1920) sailed round the world with Lord Brassey and served with the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers in the Great War, winning an MC & Bar. Alan was Resident Magistrate in Co. Clare when, aged 34, he was kidnapped and executed by the IRA on 27 October 1920. He was buried in the Church of Ireland graveyard in Kilskerry. For more on this, see under October 1920 and also Eoin Shanahan, 'The Hand that held the Gun; Untold stories of the War of Independence in West Clare’ (ClareBooks, 2019)

['At the meeting of the Monaghan Town Commissioners on Tuesday, Mr O. Macnally presented to Mr. P. Mr Corrie Rafferty, son of Mr P Rafferty, JP, a testimonial on vellum from the Royal Humane Society, for saving the life of James Butler Lendrum, at Bundoran, in August last. Master Lendrum was in a boat which capsized, and he would have been drowned but for the bravery young Mr Rafferty in leaping into the water and rescuing him.' (Warder and Dublin Weekly Mail, 11 Jan 1890)

With thanks to Geoff Fitzsimons.


Lewis Smith Kaye, 37, Yorkshire, Butler, Domestic Servant, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Head of Family. He and Margaret had been married for 6 years and 2 of their 3 children were still living.
Margaret Kaye, 33, Co Sligo, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Wife.
Beatrice Margaret Kaye, 4, Co Carlow, Church of Ireland.
Doris Mary Kaye, 2, Co Carlow, Church of Ireland.
Mabel Millan, 21, Co Carlow, House maid / Domestic Servant, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Single. She was living with the Kayes as a servant.
Ida Catherine Rowe, 20, Co Meath, House maid / Domestic Servant, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Servant, Single.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: Maybe the Groom's, handy for the butler. I think the servants were more likely part of the main household than his. Hilda must not yet be born, which is probable if she died in 2003.]


Elizabeth Griffin, 25, Co Wicklow, National Teacher, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Head of Family, Single.
Isabella Griffin, 37, Co Wicklow, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Sister, Single.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: Looks like the Schoolhouse, so the may still have been lessons going on there a hundred years ago.]


James Mary, 36, Louth?, Coachman, Roman Catholic, Read and write, Single.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: Was in all likelehood in the Stables, to where there was a pull bell. Basically in all outbuildings where there is plaster and a fireplace, it was someone's home.]


Richard Turner, 18, Wicklow, Gardener, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Single.
George Willis, 18, Carlow, Gardener, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Servant, Single. (Perhaps a nephew of the Giffs?)

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: This seems more like the Bothy?]


William Foulds, 43, Scotland, Gardener, Scottish Presbyterian, Read and write, Head of Family, Married.
Mary Ann Foulds, 43, Scotland, Scottish Presbyterian, Read and write, Wife, Married. They had been married for fourteen years and had five children, four of whom were still living:
John Foulds, 12, Co Tipperary, Scholar, Scottish Presbyterian, Read and write, Single.
Margaret Foulds, 9, Co Tipperary, Scholar, Scottish Presbyterian, Read and write, Daughter, Single.
Mary Foulds, 4, Co Carlow, Scottish Presbyterian, Cannot read, Daughter, Single.
Lily Foulds, 0, Co Carlow, Scottish Presbyterian, Cannot read, Daughter.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: New to me but fit with being the gardener in Oddfellows Hall; again the implication is that they came from Tipperary between 1902 and 1907.]


Charles Nicholl, 34, Co Sligo, Game Keeper, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Head of Family, Married.
Grace Nicholl, 36, Co Wicklow, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Wife. They had been married for 8 years and had 3 children:
Matthew Nicholl, 6, Co Carlow, Scholar, Church of Ireland,
William Nicholl, 5, Co Carlow, Scholar, Church of Ireland, Cannot read, Single
Charles Alexander Nicholl, 1, Co Carlow, Church of Ireland.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: I hardly knew Charles of the Keeper's Cottage who died about 1945. I knew Charlie and Bill.]


Ernest Perry, 20, Dublin, Painter, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Single.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: This could be on the farm lofts, or anywhere. There is no obvious sequence to the numbered houses unless other censuses (maybe they are so elite to be censae) throw up a pattern.]


Henry Giff, 25, Carlow, Hand Steward, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Head of Family, Married. [Presumably Land Steward, not Han Steward!?]
Elizabeth Giff, 26, Carlow, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Wife, Married.
Francis Giff, 28, Carlow, Shop Assistant, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Brother, Single.
Annie Willis, 46, Carlow, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Sister in Law, Married.


Christopher Ryder, 70, Wicklow, Workman, Roman Catholic, Head of Family, Widower.
Annie Brady, 41, Dublin City, Cook / Domestic Servant, Roman Catholic, Read and write, Single.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: Might be Farm Cottage].


Arthur Thomas Bruen, 38, Dublin, Land Agent, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Head of Family, Married.
Lily Bruen, 38, Wexford, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Wife, Married
John Martin Bruen, 0, Dublin, Church of Ireland, Son, Single.
Christina Eubank, 38, Kilkenny, Nurse / Domestic Servant, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Servant, Widow.
Jean Stewart, 24, Scotland, General Servant, United Free Presbyterian, Read and write, Servant, Single.

[Rathdonnell Comments, 8 Jan 2012: Seems like Germaines with 2 servants. The sequence is strange with no precedence, and what about the House?]


Thomas Young, 31, Scotland, Blacksmith, Presbyterian, Read and write, Head of Family, Single.


Samuel Davison, 41, Co Louth, Farm Servant, Church of Ireland, Read and write, Head of Family, Single.


Joshua Scott, 44, Carlow, Farm Labourer, Irish Church, Can read and write, Head of Family.
Thomas Price, 48, Queens Co, Groom, R Catholic, Cannot read or write, Boarder, Single.


The house in Ballybit where Bob Murphy lived prior to his death in 2002 was formerly home to John Harte and his mother Anne. According to the 1911 census, John was a 28-year-old who worked as a ‘chaffer'. Born circa 1851, Anne Harte was a Catholic from the Queen's County who worked as a housekeeper, perhaps at Lisnavagh. She had been a widow since at least the 1901 census. John's older sister Mary and older brother James were recorded as a domestic servant and agricultural labourer in 1901, probably at Lisnavagh. John converted the Harte's old pigsty into a greenhouse with a coal-fired pipe.


The 1901 and 1911 census also highlights the Maher family of Williamstown who appear to have been much involved with the Lisnavagh Sawmill - that the widowed Thomas Maher Snr and his two sons Gerald and Thomas were all described as carpenters on the 1901 census. (John, the youngest son, described as a farmer's son in 1901, is described as a carpenter in 1911His daughter Maggie was described as a house-keeper, perhaps of Lisnavagh? I remember seeing the sawmill in operation in the early 1980s and it was all cogs, whistles and belts, amazing to watch in motion. Some of the old furnaces and steam engines were presumably stoked by Scottish fireman John Bisset (named on the 1901 census as a boarder with the Mahers) while another Scotsman William Smyth was a straight up 'saw miller'. Interestingly, as Brendan O’Donoghue relays, Elizabeth Bridget Maher, presumably a sister of the carpenters, left Williamstown for Australia in about 1900, married an Aussie called William Gorman and had a son, Tom Gorman (1901-1978) who played rugby for the Australian rugby team (then called the Kangaroos, now the Wallabies) and was the first Queenslander to captain a Kangaroo Tour (1929-30).

image title

Above: By 1911, Rathdonnell was driving - or, presumably being driven in - a dark blue Wolseley Siddley open touring car (16Cwt 3
Qrs) which was registered as 'Private' on 31st. July 1911. The family chauffeur at this time was Dublin-born Walter Wood who would
remain at Lisnavagh through until his death in circa 1955. The accompanying image shows a Wolseley Siddley with Lady Maurice
Fitzgerald of Johnstown Castle seated up front with her cousin and estate manager Colonel Ronald Forbes. Her daughter Kathleen
and chauffeur Billy Breslin are in th back seat. As to the details on Rathdonnell's Siddley, classic car enthusiast Peter Miller
observed in 2015 that a side page attached to his registration stated: "Registration cancelled through change of ownership and non
application of new owner to have car re-registered. R.J.K. 11/09/1911". As Peter remarks, 'it would appear that the car was sold a
few months after being taxed in July 1911.'


January 26: The Rathdonnells may have attended the wedding of Eustace Mansfield and Mabel Paget at St Mary’s of Cadogan Street. See the story of Lisnavagh the war-horse in the next chapter.

April 1: The Thompson Graving Dock opened, located on the west-side of Queen's Island in Belfast, within sight of the Harland and Wolff shipyard. The dock was constructed by the Belfast Harbour Commissioners. It was designed to accommodate the new mammoth White Star liners Olympic and Titanic.

April 2: Census recorded for Ireland and England (Sunday night) but curiously no record of any Rathdonnells, Bunburys or McClintocks at Drumcar or Lisnavagh that night. The census records a population of 4,390,219 in Ireland.

On the 1911 census, the 8 (primarily Ulster) Protestant servants living with 82-year-old Henry Bruen at Oak Park include a 30-year-old Dublin-born chauffeur called Walter Percy Wood who later works at Lisnavagh from circa 1920 until circa 1960. It seems quite plausible that he was already working for Lisnavagh but was visiting Oak Park, given that a motorcyle with the registration number IC 49 was registered to Walter at Lisnavagh in 1911. (This registration cancelled by direction of the owner on 30th. December 1912.) Thanks to Peter Miller for car details.

June: Ricudo and Omarino, two Amazonians, arrive in London as part of Sir Roger Casement's campaign to highlight atrocities in the Putumayo on the Colombia-Peru border. It transpires to be an exceptionally hot summer.

June 22: George V and Mary of Teck are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

August 1: Dr J. H. Bernard succeeds Charles D’Arcy to be enthroned as Bishop at St. Canice’s, and in Leighlin and Ferns on the two following days. As Robert MacCarthy put it in ‘The Church of Ireland in Carlow, 1549-2000’, ‘the new bishop displayed what would now be regarded as a very restful approach to his episcopal duties’. He heads off on a tour of familiarity with the gentry and, in his first two months he stays with the Rathdonells at Lisnavagh, the Cosbys at Stardbally, the Robertsons at Huntington Castle, the Desarts of Desart Court and ‘Old Lord Courtown’. I think his only son Robert Bernard was killed at Gallipoli in 1915.

October 1: Charles Stewart Parnell statue unveiled on Sackville (aka O’Connell) Street, Dublin, by John Redmond, 30 years after O’Connell’s statue was placed on the street. Was Nelson's Pillar starting to feel the heat? Augustus Saint Gardens was the sculptor and a souvenir booklet, with black and white photographs, was published by Sealy, Bryers and Walker, 1911.

October 25: (Wednesday) Irish Independent reports on p. 4 that ‘Lord and Lady Rathdonnell are leaving Lisnavagh, Co. Carlow, and will spend the winter with their daughter of Oxfordshire’.

November 7: Death of the Baron de Tuyll, second husband to Myra Watson, the widow of Jack Bunbury.

December 11: Death of Henry de La Poer Beresford, 6th Marquess of Waterford, KP (1875-1911) who drowned in the Clodagh by Curraghmore.


January 17: Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole, only to find that the Norwegian Roald Amundsen had beaten him by one month.

March 8: Death of Kate Rathdonnell's father, Rt. Hon. Henry Bruen, aged 84.

April 2: James Mallin, a respectable, well-to-do farmer from Haroldstown was found drowned in the River Dereen on 2nd April. ‘It appears the deceased partook of dinner as usual with his family at about 1:30 on that day. After dinner he left home to inspect cattle that were grazing near his dwelling on the bank of the river. He was absent longer than was his wont and his family grew uneasy. A search was made through the fields and ditches, partly in daylight, and later with the assistance of lanterns. At length, a farmer called Patrick Carroll spotted him from the Lisnavagh side of the river, caught in the river between two stones. The body was immediately removed to the bank and messenger was sent to the police of Rathvilly who were soon on the spot. The body was then quite cold.

April 3: At 4pm on the 3rd inst, Dr. JJ Nolan, coroner for Co. Carlow held an inquest on the remain of James Mallin. Sergeant McGovern, Sergeant Murphy and Constable O’Grady were all present. James’s son Patrick Mallin explained that James ‘duffered from lightness of the head and would occasionally imagine he was dying and send for the police’. Dr. Thomas Kidd deposed that James had been in ‘a very bad state of health’ when he examined him shortly before his death, and that he had difficulty breathing and walking. A verdict of accidental death was returned. [Kildare Observer, Saturday, April 13, 1912, p. 6].

April 10: The Belfast built luxury liner Titanic set sail on its maiden voyage from Berth 44, White Star Line dock, Southampton towards New York, with Edward Colley (my grandmother's uncle) amongst those on board.

April 11: Liberal Prime Minister Herbert Asquith introduced the Third Home Rule Bill which would have provided self-government for Ireland, an apparent triumph for Nationalist leader John Redmond. On the same day, Titanic stopped off at Queenstown (now Cobh), Co Cork, where 79 people boarded the vessel. A lucky seven disembarked, including Father Browne.

April 15: At 2.20 am the White Star liner Titanic sinks. Edward Colley is amongst those who drowns; it was his 37th birthday.

April 22: Denys Corbett Wilson, a pioneering Irish aviator, completes his 100-minute flight from Goodwick in Pembrokeshire to Crane near Enniscorthy in Co Wexford – from Great Britain to Ireland. The journey time was 1 hour 40 minutes.

Colonel Forrester Colvin buys Hopit for £162.15.

June 30: First serious outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease since 1884. Identified by backward tracing, it was confirmed on a farm in Swords, Co. Dublin on 30 June. It had earlier been diagnosed in animals in a slaughter plant in Liverpool. The disease infected 382 animals on 68 herds in seven counties and persisted until 17 November. A Royal Commission of inquiry investigated the handling of the disease. One of the side issues was the diagnosis of Armagh disease, which causes peeling of the superficial epithelium of the tongues of cattle and is caused by an undetermined infectious agent. Experiments demonstrated that it could be transmitted to susceptible animals when challenged with homogenized epithelium. No signs occurred when the challenge dose was first passed through a Berkfeld filter. This disease has no clinical significance except that it can be confused with FMD. [Foot and Mouth Disease in Ireland; History, Diagnosis, Eradication and Serosurveillance, by Patrick J O’Reilly; Michael.O’Connor; Anne Harrington; Sally Gaynor & Dianne Clery].

August 8: Sir Roger Casement's Putumayo Report published.

August: Lisnavagh, a gelding bred by the Rathdonnells, wins the Class XIV for hunters 14 stone and upwards for Mrs Eustace Mansfield at the County Kildare Hunt horse Show.

September 14: Marriage of Kate's brother Edward Francis Bruen to Constance Dora Drummond, younger daughter of Admiral Edmund Charles Drummond of Highfield, Halesworth, Suffolk.

Sept 13: In a speech at Dundee, Winston Churchill announces his support of a policy of devolution for Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Sept 23: Ulster Unionist Council vote in favour of a resolution pledging itself to the Covenant.

September 28: Inspired by Edward Carson, nealy half a million Ulster Protestant Unionists signed the Solemn League and Covenant, pledging resistance to the Home Rule Bill for Ireland. The Covenant itself is signed by 237,368 men while 234,046 women sign the accompanying Declaration. The event is immoratlised in Rudyard Kipling's poem "Ulster 1912".

October: Lord Charles Beresford unveiled a statue of Captain Cook at Whitby. (Thanks to Victoria House)

November 26: (Tuesday) Marriage of Tom and Kate Rathdonnell's second son and heir, Captain T.L. Mclintock Bunbury, to Ethel Ievers Synge. The wedding takes place at St. Mary Abbot's Church, Kensington, with Tim's cousin the Very Rev. Frank McClintock, Dean of Armagh, officiating, assisted by the Rev. G.H.B. Coleridge, BA. See the Ievers family. The Irish Independent reported on the ‘Fashionable Marriage’ on Wednesday, November 27, 1912, adding that Tim and Ethel had four bridesmaids and 'Mr. R. Pochin' [aka Victor Pochin] standing as best man. The bride was given away by Sir Everard Ion Thurn who hosted the subsequent reception with his wife which was ‘attended by a distinguished company’.


May 22 : Lord Ashbourne, the still politically active former Lord Chancellor, suffers a seizure while walking with his wife in Hyde Park. and dies at St George's Hospital, London. In his will, he leaves just £800 of his £92,000 fortune to his eldest son Willie, 2nd Lord Ashbourne.

June 4: Aboyeur, a colt sired in Adare by Lord Dunraven’s stallion Desmond, won the Epson Derby at 100-1. However, the event was completely overshadowed by the apparent suicide of a suffragette in the middle of the race.

June 12: Lord Edward FitzGerald, future Duke of Leinster, married Miss May Etheridge, the actress and Pink Pajama Girl. Both the bride and the bridegroom were 21 years old.

June 13: Marriage of the Rathdonnell's 26-year-old nephew Henry Bruen to Gladys McClintock, only daughter of Arthur George Florence McClintock of Rathvinden, Leighlinbridge, Co. Carlow.

Kate Rathdonnell's brother (Admiral) Edward Francis Bruen commanding HMS Bellephron. Kate's brother Henry becomes President of Carlow Golf Club (until 1927).

July 7: Home Rule bill passes in House of Commons for the second time.

August 26: Dublin Strike and Lockout begins when workers of the Dublin United Tramways Company officially go on strike. Jim Larkin timed the strike to take place in the middle of the Dublin Horse Show held by the Royal Dublin Society, of which Lord Rathdonnell was then President. This was in order to maximize inconvenience and thereby do the greatest damage to tram boss William Martin Murphy.

Sept 7: A large rally in Sackville Street asserts right of free speech, trade union representation and demands an enquiry into police conduct.

Sept 22: 12,000 Ulster Volunteers parade at the Royal Ulster Agricultural Society’s show grounds at Balmoral (Belfast) in protest at the Home Rule Bill. In Dublin the food ship, The Hare, arrives bringing forty tons of food raised by British trade unionists.

Mrs Bridget Lawlor opens up her catering business in Naas. She quickly comes to dominate the trade, particularly at the Royal Dublin Society and Punchestown where, by 1923, the society event is the Jockey's Ball. When the races came to Punchestown, both Naas and Ballymore Eustace went into party mode for the occasion right down to old fellows playing melodians and young gals dancing by every crossroads in the county.

December 4: Royal Dublin Society. At yesterday’s meeting for the election of officers, Lord Rathdonnell was announced the new president. (Northern Whig, Friday 5 December 1913). His election was a unanimous vote. He was to remain president until his death in 1929.

December 6: Carlow Foxhounds meet at Lisnavagh.