Turtle Bunbury

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of Lisnavagh, Co. Carlow


William Bunbury II is assumed to have been the eldest surviving son of William and Elizabeth Bunbury. Christened in Tullow in June 1704, he inherited Lisnavagh at the age of six, following the premature death of both his parents.

His siblings included Sarah Bunbury (born 21.11.1700), Benjamin Bunbury (born 28.6.1702), Joseph Bunbury (born 1705), Thomas Bunbury of Kill (born March 1706, father of William Bunbury III of Lisnavagh), and Mary Bunbury (born 26.3.1705, who married the Rev. Gibson Raymond). (6) There was also a daughter Elizabeth Bunbury who, it seems likely, married Richard Lockwood.

It also seems probable that he was the ‘William Bunbury’ who entered Kilkenny School on 8th March 1714 at the age of eight. Whether his brothers Benjamin, Joseph and Thomas also attended Kilkenny is unclear but the school has no record of them. The boys who attended Kilkenny School were chiefly the sons of local clergymen and farmers but it was fast becoming the Eton of Ireland. The school was founded in 1538 by the Earl of Ormonde and was much extended by the Duke of Ormonde after 1667. The Ormondes were effectively the Bunburys landlords at this time. The school's alumni included writer Jonathan Swift, playwright George Farquhar and poet William Congreve (all household names by 1714), George Berkeley (the philosopher for whom Berkeley College, California, was named) and Hugh Drysdale, Governor of Virginia (who entered in 1685). Later students included Henry Flood, Barry Yelverton, Viscount Avonmore and Sir Thomas Butler of Ballintemple, who entered in 1743. (1)

It also seems likely that he was then educated at John Garnet’s Latin School in Athy in 1717-1718. In the Autobiography of Pole Cosby of Stradbally, Queens County, Mr Cosby names ‘Billy and Tom Bunbury of y County Carlow and Harry Bunbury who married Miss Pinsent’ as being ‘the chief of my schoolfellows’, albeit alongside almost fifty other names. Billy is assumed to have been William Bunbury of Lisnavagh, while Harry Bunbury succeeded to Johnstown. [Thomas U. Sadleir, 'Loveday's tour in Kildare in 1732', Kildare Archaeological Society Journal 7 (1912–14) 168–177.]

[28 May 1713 – William Molyneux, the fourteen-year old son of Sir Thomas Molyneux, a former MP, is killed when a leaden image falls on him in a garden near Dublin]

[It sounds like a few Presbyterian churches were nailed up in 1714, one at Summer Hill in Meath for instance, and also apparently at Antrim, Downpatrick and Rathfriland. The biggest event of 1714 I can see in this regard is the Schism Act, by which teachers were required to declare their conformity to the Established Church but that was aimed at restricting the dissenting academies and not about nailing up doors.]

I assume that William's hold on Lisnavagh was impacted by the Coronation of George IV on 19 July 1721, on which day the 18th Earl of Ormond was made Baron Ormonde of Llanthony, in the county of Monmouth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. John Kirwan advises: 'A £50,000 fine had to be paid for the benefit of getting the Irish estates allocated to him during the lifetime of his brother, who lived on until 1745. Had he not paid, it would have come to him due to his entailed life interest in 1745 - the forfeiture of the Ormonde entailed estate was only for the life time of the life tenant and that was the 2nd duke. 1822 was the state visit to Ireland of Geo IV.'

Little is known of William Bunbury II's later life except that he died unmarried aged 51 on 26th February 1755. It has been suggested that he was a Member of Parliament for Carlow but his name does not appear on the representative lists for the county, the borough or Old Leiglin.

In 1741 Edward Mercer of Knockballystine used his 242 acres as security when he borrowed £236 from William Bunbury of Lisnevagh (Registry of Deeds: 104-351-73317). Edward Mercer's daughter Elizabeth was the second wife of Captain Thomas Vigors (born c.1685), of “The Black Horse”, Justice of the Peace for Queen’s County (Laois) and High Sheriff in 1714. They had three children Richard, the Rev. Edward and Elizabeth. (1a) Thanks to Oliver Whelan.

On 12th April 1748, Rathvilly Vestry ordered that the parish church be immediately pulled down in order to be rebuilt ... Money expended by William and Thomas Bunbury, Esqrs., in building the new church, AD 1750-1751, £234-3-1 1/2.' This relates to the construction of St. Mary's Church in Rathvilly where William was later buried, becoming presumably one of the first souls whose funeral was held in the new church.

Deeds Allen & Hull to Bunbury
B. Rathvilly C. Carlow
An Indenture, made 2 June 1750, whereby Margaret, Lady Viscountess Dowager Allen, her daughters Elizabeth & Francis Allen, and Richard Hull Esq, for the sum of £4800, paid to her Ladyship, and £10 [?] a piece to the rest, sold to William Bunbury of Lisnevagh, & Thomas Bunbury of Kill, County Carlow Esquire, the Town & Lands of Rathmore, cont by including 15? of Ballyhackett - 490.
Inrolled 9 June 1750
John Lodge, Records of the Rolls, vol. 14.

Upon his death in 1755, William Bunbury II 'devised all his real and personal estate to his brother the said Thomas Bunbury [who duly] became seized and possessed of a considerable real and personal estate and, among the rest, of the lands of Lisnavagh and his said brother's moiety of the said lands of Tobinstown in fee and from this extract it appears that Mr Bunbury is seized in fee simple of the whole lands of Lisnavagh and Ballybitt and of one moiety of Tobinstown and is seized for life only with remainder to William Bunbury, his son and heir apparent, of the other moiety of the said lands of Tobinstown and of all the impropriate tythes and glebes of the rectory of Graney and of the one sixth part undivided of the lands of Mortarstown.'

Elizabeth Bunbury, the Lockwoods, the minchins & the cardens

In 1716, a marraige took place between Richard Lockwood II of Castlelake and Cashel in Co. Tipperary, and a Miss Elizabeth Bunbury (d. 1787). (2) It is assumed she was the sister of William Bunbury II and Thomas Bunbury of Kill, although she must have been very young at the time of this wedding.

Richard was the son of Richard Lockwood (c. 1665-1735) by his marriage to Lucy Buckworth, nee Wansbrough, who was herself one of eleven children born to Robert Wansbrough (1630-1690) and Sara Hayter. According to a letter written from Lucy's brother James to her sister Ann (by now Mrs. Thomas Sheppard and living in the USA), Richaard was a very rich men who had been both steward and clerk to Mrs Buckworth. She appears to have been previously married, circa 1683, to Cornel Buckworth who died circa 1690, possibly during the Jacobite Wars. Lucy died in childbirth in 1698 while Richard Lockwood Senior was buried in Cashel on 16 March 1735. Given that Mary Bunbury, wife of Benjamin Bunbury of Killerig, was previously married to a Matthew Sheppard, this suggests a close and ongoing link with the Sheppard / Shepherd family. They may have been related to Thomas Shepherd (d. 1671), a devout Baptist and a Captain in Cromwell's New Model Army, who settled at Castle John in County Tipperary in the 1650s.

Richard Lockwood junior (1693-1777) who married Elizabeth Bunbury was a wealthy farmer and brewer, and lived at Indaville, Cashel. There is a old distillery at Castle Lake today, although Roger Carden-Depper could not find trace of any owners prior to the Matthews family who ran it during the 1800s. With such proximity to Cashel, it comes as little surprise that the land was formerly owned by the Dukes of Ormonde. Roger subsequently unearthed a document in the Registry of Deeds in Dublin, dated 2nd May 1751, which referred to the lease of 240 acres and a house at Archerstown by Samuel Hughes for the lifetimes of Richard Lockwood, Elizabeth (wife) and Richard (son). The document referred to an earlier indented deed of lease from 1746 between Samuel Hughes and Richard Lockwood - 'To hold Simon Hughes for the lives of Richard Lockwood, Elizabeth Lockwood (wife to Richard Lockwood), and William Bunbury of Lisnevagh (brother to Elizabeth), pay yearly rent'. (3)

Richard Lockwood II and his wife Elizabeth (nee Bunbury) appear to have had at least two sons:

(1) William ‘Billy’ Lockwood (1722-1792), who was married in 1761 to Mary Lowe, daughter of Hamilton Lowe of Rose Green, County Tipperary. Billy seems to have 'failed' in Dublin, being recalled to his father's home in Tipperary in 1787.

(2) Richard Lockwood III (1725-1775), who was married in 1756 to Elizabeth Carden, daughter of John Carden and Rebecca Minchin, and sister of Minchin Carden of Fishmoyne. The newlyweds later lived at Kilbrack or Woodhouse, Magorban. Among those who signed the marriage settlement were Richard Lockwood (the elder, of Archerstown, Kiliglorah, Shanaclown, Ballstown and Killeragh), John Carden (of Templemore), Richard Lockwood (the younger), Elizabeth Carden (of Fishmoyle, spinster), Minchin Carden of Fishmoyle (Elizabeth's father), Thomas Bunbury (of Kill, Co. Catherlogh), Henry Bunbury (of Johnstown (1st cousin to Elizabeth Lockwood) and William Bunbury. (8) It is unclear who the latter 'William Bunbury' was. Elizabeth Lockwood's brother, William Bunbury of Lisnavagh, died in October 1754, but may have signed the settlement beforehand. Perhaps it was her nephew, the future MP and resident of Lisnavagh, William Bunbury III, (1744-1778), but he was just 12 at this time. There is also the possibility that he was William Bunbury of the Kilfeacle branch. Minchin Carden (1722-1785) was the second son of John Carden (d. 1747) by his marriage to Rebecca Minchin, second daughter of Humphrey Minchin (d. 1732) of Ballinakill, Co. Tipperary. Minchin Carden’s eldest brother John was ancestor of the Baronets Carden of Templemore. And just to keep things nice and complicated, Minchin's mother Rebecca was a sister of Paul Minchin (d. 1764) of Bogh (or Bough), Co. Carlow, who married Henrietta Bunbury (1708-1761) of the Johnstown branch. As for Minchin himself, he married Richard and Elizabeth Lockwoods´s daughter Lucy. In 1781, Minchin Carden contested the will of his late father-in-law but the case was thrown out of court. (2)

Richard Lockwood II and his wife Elizabeth (nee Bunbury) were also the parents of Elizabeth Lockwood (b. c. 1731-25 Jan 1786) who was married on 9 December 1750 in Cashel, County Tipperary, to Nicholas Mansergh (1702-6 Aug 1768) of Grenane. He was a son of Col. Daniel Mansergh, of Macrony Castle, by his wife Mary (nee Southcote). The Mansergh had six sons - (1) Nicholas Southcote Mansergh (1751-March 1818) of Grenane, J.P., who was married in 1770 to Elizabeth Carden (and had other spouses); (2) Daniel Mansergh (1752-10 Jun 1823) who was married in 1788 to Katherine Pennefather; (3) Maj. James Mansergh (1754-3 April 1808); (4) Bryan Mansergh, who married Elizabeth Gabbett; (5) Mathew Wenworth Mansergh (1758 -1803) and (6) Capt. George Mansergh (b. 1759), who was married in 1779 to Jane Dacre (and had other spouses). Nicholas and Elizabeth Mansergh also had a daughter Jane Elizabeth Mansergh (1763 - 6 Mar 1795). [Captain George Mansergh and his wife Jane were parents of another Jane Elizabeth Mansergh, who married James Blacker, and were parents to the historian George Dacre Blacker, influential in Maynooth.] [With thanks to Denis Bergin.]



Roger Carden-Depper's studies suggest that the children and grandchildren of Benjamin Bunbury of Killerig - ie: the Bunburys of Lisnavagh, Johnstown, Kill, Kilfeacle and Cloghna - maintained close contact through into the 1750s. The Lockwoods and Minchins played a key role in keeping them together. In 1750, for instance, William Lockwood (Billy?) leased land in Co. Dublin from Henry Bunbury (1706 - 1771) of Johnstown, eldest son of Joseph and Hannah Bunbury. (5) (Henry's sister Henrietta married Paul Minchin and was grandmother to the Minchin Carden mentioned above). The 1731 marriage of Matthew Bunbury of Kilfeacle's fourth son Thomas Bunbury of Shornell (1705-1772) to Grace Chadwick was echoed two years later when Mary Lockwood, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (nee Carden) married William Chadwick (1730-1799) and again in the next generation when Thomas Chadwick (1752-1812) married Sarah Lockwood (1756-1826). (6)

When Thomas Lockwood, son of Richard Lockwood (the elder), married Priscilla Darby in 1756, the witnesses were Minchin Carden, Patrick Keilly of Keilly and Matthew Bunbury of the Kilfeacle branch. (7) When Thomas and Grace Bunbury's estranged son Matthew Bunbury (husband of Deborah Prittie) died in Southhampton in 1808, his will appointed a Paul Minchin of Dublin and a Henry Minchin of Southhampton as his executors. (8) When Richard Lockwood (the elder) died in 1777, he left farms at Ballyoliver, near Rathvilly, Co. Carlow, to his son Benjamin Lockwood. (9) Richard's will also referred to Patrick Keilly as a cousin of the family, educated and provided for by the deceased. I previously interpreted a reference to a "cousin germaine" as a potential link to the Germaine family who were prominent at Lisnavagh in the 18th and 19th centuries. However, in July 2017, I was kindly alerted by John Stack that a "cousin germain" is a first cousin!!

Richard Lockwood and his wife Elizabeth (nee Carden) had a son, also Richard Lockwood (1757-1810) who succeeded to Indaville, served as a Trooper and was married in 1775 Clarinda Carden, a sister of Sir John Carden. On 23 January 1849, their son, the Rev. Robert Carden Lockwood (1781-1853), a 68-year-old widower, was married at the Cathedral Church of Old Leighlin, Co. Carlow, to Ellen O'Callaghan, a 25-year-old spinster and third daughter of the late Charles Cornelius O'Callaghan of Drangan Lodge, County Tipperary. (Limerick & Clare Examiner, 27 January 1849). Robert was the great grandson of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Bunbury. He sold the family's Regency mansion at Indaville in Boherclough, near Cashel. (10) The Reverend Robert Carden Lockwood, who married for the second time when he was 68, was insolvent. He died at Pleasant Street, Dublin aged 73 in 1853. In June 1865 houses, premises and land belonging to Richard Lockwood where advertised for sale and sold.

They were also kinsmen of Captain Purefoy (Bombproof) Lockwood, a famous survivor of Waterloo. His father was the Rev Thomas Lockwood, a son of Richard Lockwood junior and Elizabeth Carden, who was christened at Cashel in 1754, married Sophia Hunt in Dublin in 1784 and died in Littleton, Tipperary, in 1823. (Richard Lockwood jun. was a son of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Bunbury). In 1835 he was involved in an affair of honour with a Colonel Newton, in which a William Minchin and 'a highly respectable and aimiable lady' were also much involved; the Freeman's Journal of 31 October 1835 has more if of interest. On 21 March 1838, the Belfast Commercial Chronicle recorded 'Purefoy Lockwood, late of the Royal Hospital [Kilmainham], county Dublin. Captain of the said Royal Hospital, and Lieutenant on half-pay in her Majesty’s 30th Regiment' in a list of 'IRISH INSOLVENT DEBTORS'. On 17 March 1848, his daughter Maria was married at Limerick to John C. Harnett, Esq.,of Listowel. (Dublin Evening Post, 21 March 1848). On 27 July 1868, the Cork Constitution announced the death 'On the 20th inst., Augustus Purefoy Lockwood, K.L.H.. late Surgeon-Major Royal Scots Greys, aged 49, served all through the Crimean War in the 7th Fusiliers and 8th Hussars, and afterwards in the latter during the Mutiny inIndia. He had served previously in the 30th Regt., and on the Staff in China.' As of July 2017, the sole representative of this line is thought to be Bomproof Lockwood's great-great-great granddaughter Amanda Townsend, daughter of Michael Lockwood 0'Flynn, who is thought to live in Sussex. [With thanks to John Stack and Roger Depper]



(1) The Register of Kilkenny School (1685-1800), T. U. Sadleir (The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland), Sixth Series, Vol. 14, No. 1, p.60.

(1a) Their second son, the Rev. Edward Vigors, was born in 1747 and became Perpetual Curate of Old Leighlin, Co. Carlow from 1774 to 1783, during which time he built Burgage House. Prior to this he lived at the Lodge (Eastwood House), Bagenalstown, but in April 1770, he signed a renewable lease (at the yearly rent of £106) for all the lands of Lodge and the Demesne of Bagenalstown to his kinsman Captain Richard Mercer who built a substantial, multi-storey mill on the southern bank of the Barrow, along with a stretch of canal from the new ‘Lodge Mill’ to the old Rudkin’s Mill. Arthur Young visited Mercer’s mills at Bagenalstown in 1776, describing it as ‘one of the most considerable mills in Ireland.’ It has capacity to grind more than 15,000 barrels a year. In 1781 the Rev. Edward Vigors became Rector of Shankill, Co. Kilkenny. He died aged 51 in 1797 and was buried in Old Leighlin; his widow Mary (nee Low of Westmeath) died in 1827 and was also buried in Old Leighlin.

(2) 1716 R.P. State of declared official anouncement of marriage settlement of R. Lockwod and Miss. E Bunbury.

(2a) Ref. 71-502-52-425. 726 Deed Stephen Moore of New Barn, Tipperary sold to Richard Lockwood Junior of City of Cashel, 116 acres for the lives of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Lockwood his wife and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh. Registered 1738.
* 1731 Richard Lockwood and Minchin Carden, Freemen of Cashel
* 1733 Stephen Moore of New Barn let farm, lands of Shanacloon and Ramspark in the Barony of Elligarty for the lives of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Lockwood his wife and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh. I suspect this Stephen Moore was Stephen Moore of Kilworth, forbear of the Earls Mount Cashell.
Samuel Hughesof Archerstown house and land 400 acres for the lives of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Lockwood and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh. HER BROTHER.

(3) Ref. 178-430-119502.

(4) Like the Bunburys, the Cardens (originally Cawarden) were long established in Cheshire. In the late 17th century, the brothers John and William Carden, and their sister Mary, settled in Tipperary. The younger brother William (d. 1723) acquired property at Dromineer in the Barony of Upper Ormonde, married Elizabeth Minnitt and had eight children. His sister Mary married James Willington of Killskehane Castle who died in 1750 at the fantastic age of 104. The elder brother John Carden (1623 – 1728) purchased some 3000 acres at Templemore, Co. Tipperary, which, like Killerig, had formerly belonged to the Knights Templar. Indeed, like Benjamin of Killerig, John Carden had leased these lands for some time before the purchase. Moreover, he purchased them from the same Earl of Arran who sold the Bunburys their Carlow estates. The land included ‘a Mill, and the profits of a fair, all being parcels of the Lordship of Templemore’. He married Priscilla Kent in 1673 and allegedly died in 1728 at the age of 105. John’s eldest son Jonathan Carden (1674 – 1703) was disinherited by his father for marrying without his consent. He went on to purchase the Barnane estate in Co Tipperary from Stephen Moore of Kilworth, where Valerie Beamish runs an acclaimed guesthouse to this day.

The Templemore estate thus passed to John’s younger son and namesake, John Carden (d. 1747), who was married in 1717 to Rebecca Minchin, eldest daughter of Humphrey Minchin of Ballinakill, Co. Tipperary. John and Rebecca’s eldest son John was ancestor of the Baronets Carden of Templemore. Their second son Minchin Carden (1722 – 1785) of Fishmoyne, Co. Tipperary, is the man referred to in the above lease. On 23rd February 1749, he married Lucy, daughter of Richard Lockwood. They had two sons - John Carden (1760 – 1794), who succeeded to Fishmoyne, married twice and died without issue; and Richard Carden (1760 – 1812), an officer in the 12th Draoons who married Jane, daughter of Very Rev Dixie Blundell, Dean of Kildare, and was ancestor of the Cardens of Fishmoyne.

Anyone interested in the Carden family history should visit Arthur Carden's pages at http://www.one-name.org/profiles/carden.html and http://cardenhistory.blogspot.com/

(5) Ref. 144-398-98003.

(6) Grace Chadwick was a daughter of William Chadwick and Jane Greene who were married in October 1713. It is also worth noting that Thomas and Grace's daughter Jane Bunbury (not mentioned in Thomas's will of 1772) married a Michael Greene in 1755.

(7) Ref. 317-146-211717.

(8) Paul married Henrietta Bunbury, sister of Henry and daughter of Joseph of the Johnstown Bunburys.

(9) A dispute over this inheritence is recorded in Lockwood v Lockwood at Film P-4648 at Dublin Library.

(10) In 2014 Indaville seemed destined to be felled and converted into an Aldi supermarket. However, Roger Carden Depper visited in 2016 and reported that the house had not been knocked down and the Aldi supermarket had built in the grounds to the rear of the property. "A new road and car park had also been built. To access the supermarket you drive along the new road over the old city wall and into what is the old historical city of Cashel." The house was subsequently bought by Cian O’Carroll, solicitor, who kindly emailed me in January 2020 to say: 'I am happy to report that the complete set of quite magnificent fireplaces is intact and well presented. ' Click here to see images of Indaville's interior.


With thanks to Peter Bunbury, Roger Carden-Depper, Gill Miller, Susie Warren, Arthur Carden, George Thompson, Jane Paterson, Michael Brennan, William Minchin, Michael Purcell, Roger Nowlan, John Stack, Ray Egan, Cian O’Carroll and the Carlow Rootsweb.