Turtle Bunbury

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Mary Earl Birmingham Rathvilly

Mary Earl, founder of Rathvilly School.



Rathvilly School, Birmingham, was founded in 1895 by Mary Earl, widow of James Earl, son of farmer Newton Earl. In 1865, James Earl succeeded Mr Kennedy as Master of Disraeli School, Bough, outside Rathvilly, Co. Carlow.

Born in Donegal in 1824, Mary was a daughter of James Mustard, ‘scripture reader’ (died 21st September 1851) and his wife Jean Mustard (born in 1796, buried 25th November 1886), both of whom were buried in St. Mary’s Church, Rathvilly. Mary’s brother, Thomas James Mustard (1826-1902), lived in one of the gate lodges on the Powerscourt estate in Wicklow.

James and Mary Earl were married in St Mark’s Church in the parish of Lakenham, Norwich, on 14th July 1854. After James’s appointment to Bough, they lived and farmed at Broughillstown House, the old Pendred house on the Rathvilly-Baltinglass Road (later home to Carlow historian J. Ryan and now farmed by Willy Hopkins). I belive they extended the house during this time to accomodate boarders. James Earl died in 1890 and there is a tablet to his memory in Rathvilly.

After her husband’s death, Mary Earl (nee Mustard) moved to join some of her children in Birmingham. There is a photograph of her taken in Birmingham six months after James’s death. In 1895, she founded Rathvilly School in a then rural farmland outside the city, today known as Northfield. The school comprised a row of old houses and accommodated both day pupils and boarders.

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Rathvilly School, Birmingham, in October 2010. (Photo: Steve Cullen).

Rhoda Earl and Margaret Earl, two of her daughters, also taught at the school, while two more daughters, Lucy Earl and Ada Earl, taught elsewhere. Taught at Bough by their father, the Earl daughters were said to have been very highly educated and were fluent in Latin and Greek. There were also some sons in the family, including the Rev. James Newton Earl who died unexpectedly in Yorkshire circa 1895, leaving two sons and a daughter. The Rev. Earl’s daughter Kathleen Earl recalled playing with the Cadbury children in her youth and rowing on their big lake. She and her brothers spent several years at Rathvilly School until their mother Kate (Campion Storry) married another clergyman in 1900 and moved back to Yorkshire with them.

Lord Rathdonnell was a trustee of Rathvilly School and one assumes it was no coincidence that the road on which the school is located was later named ‘Bunbury Road’. The Carlow historian Dick Corrigan played a key role in the private school’s centenary celebrations in 1995, which was attended by many members of the Earl family. The school closed in September 2008 but was reopened as a nursery run by First Steps.

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A boater from Rathvilly School (Photo: Steve Cullen).

Thanks to Dick Corrigan, Steve Cullen, Allen Mustard, Kathleen Earl, Michael Purcell, the Rev. Canon Mervyn McCullagh, Michael Brennan, Kasper de Graaf and William Bunbury.


Carloviana 1951 - Book Notice - D'lsraeli School, Rathvilly by Walsh. T.P. p. 160. Vol. 1 No. 4