Turtle Bunbury

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Above: A gathering at Dalmonach on the shores of Loch Lomond. The impressively bearded Alexander Drew was ancestor to
the McClintock Bunbury family through his second son Daniel, grandfather of the artist Pamela Drew, Lady Rathdonnell.




My grandmother Pamela Rathdonnell was the eldest daughter of John Malcolm Drew by his marriage to Sylvia Peart Robinson. The Drew family made a substantial fortune in calico and textile printing in Scotland and at Lowerhouse, Burnley, in northern England during the 19th and 20th centuries.

The following is based on the Drew Family Tree now at Lisnavagh, as compiled by SV Ocleston, with additional material collated by JMD, as well as subsequent correspondence since this page began in 2011. There is no date on the tree.


John Drew and Bethia Hamilton

The earliest named ancestor is John Drew who was married In 1687 to Bethia Hamilton. Bethia may have been a sister of Charles Hamilton of Wetherley in Scotland. Born on 17th December 1678, he was a son of William Hamilton, 3rd of Wishaw (son of William Hamilton, 1st of Wishaw) and Mary Erskine (daughter of Hon. Sir Charles Erskine of Alva). In 1699, Charles married Euphemia Hamilton, daughter of Sir Archibald Hamilton of Rosehall, 1st Bt. and Anne Murray. They had at least two sons, one called Archibald, and two daughters, Charlotte and Bethia. The latter was born on 31st January 1702, married her cousin William Hamilton of Wishaw and lived until 2nd October 1785. It may be that she was named for an aunt who married John Drew?

John and Bethia Drew had six sons and a daughter. Their first two sons James (b. 1688) and Walter (b. 1690) died in infancy. Another Walter was born in 1692 but we know no more. Nor do we know more of the fourth son James (b. 1694), fifth son Lawrence (b. 1697) or daughter Margaret (b. 1699). Our Drew family descend from the sixth and youngest son Joseph.

Joseph Drew & Christian Boyce

Joseph Drew was born in 1702 and chirstened on 21 April 1702. He lived in Glasgow until at least 1746. In 1730 he married Christian Boyce [Bryce] who bore him at least seven sons and a daughter. She was probably the Christian Boyce, daughter of Alexander Bryce and wife Margaret Findlay, who was christened on 20 May 1705. (Alexander and Margaret were married on 21 July 1703). Again, infant mortality took care of the first three sons, Joseph (b. 1731), James (christened 7 June 1733) and Alexander (ch. 25 Aug 1734). Nor do we know the fate of three of the younger sons - Alexander (ch. 25 Aug 1739), James (ch. 19 Feb 1744) and Christian (b. 1746), or their daughter Margaret (christened 25 Mar 1736).

However, we do know that another son Joseph Drew (ch. 1 August 1742), was christened on 1 Aug 1742 and went from Scotland to Georgia and then to South Carolina. He fled from SC during the American Revolution and moved north to New Brunswick, Canada, with his wife Mary (Her surname unknown, searches in Georgia and SC have not revealed a marriage so he may have married prior to coming to America) and his children - two sons, John and James, and three daughters Mary, Christian/na and Elizabeth (who married another Loyalist, Luke Keirstead). Joseph died in Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1808. For more on Joseph Drew, follow this link.

Our story sticks with Jospeh and Christian's eldest surviving son, John Drew.

JOHN DREW (1737-c.1797)

John Drew was born in 1737 and christened on New Year's Day 1738. He lived until at least 1797. In 1775 he married Janet Shirrat. She bore him four daughters and five sons. Three of these died in infancy, namely Janet (b. 1779), another Janet (b. 1781) and James (b. 1786). The firstborn daughter Elizabeth (b. 1776) married Mr Brown. The second daughter Mary (b. 1778) married Mr Carruthers of Dumfries. No more is yet known of the three younger sons – James (b. 1791), Joseph (b. 1793) or William (b. 1797). Our story sticks with the firstborn son, John Drew.

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Above: Photographed in 1867, Ann Lindsay, daughter of Mr Alexander Lindsay,
baker, was married to Glaswegian merchant John Drew in 1814. She died on
30th December 1869 and was buried alongside her husband at Glasgow Cathedral.
Their eldest son Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899) was born in 1815
and lived at Creggandarroch, Blairmore, on the shores of Loch Lomond. His
son Daniel Drew was my great-great-grandfather.

JOHN DREW (1783-1865)

John Drew was born in 1783 and was a merchant in Glasgow. On 25th April 1814, he was married in Glasgow to Ann Lindsay, daughter of Mr Alexander Lindsay, baker. We very fortunately have a number of photographs taken of her in 1867. There isalso a copy of their wedding certificate in the cockloft at Lisnavagh. Ann gave him four sons (Alexander, John, James and William) and four daughters. John died on 9th May 1865 and was buried in Glasgow Cathedral. Ann survived him four years, passing away on 30th December 1869. Their eldest daughter Janet was born in 1816, never married and lived until November 1909, when she was buried in Glasgow Cathedral. The second daughter Eliza died unmarried in 1849 and was also interred in Glasgow Cathedral. The third daughter Margaret was married in 1846 to William McNaught and is dealt with anon. The youngest daughter Mary Ann married Isaac Andrews and is also dealt with anon.


John and Ann Drew’s eldest son Alexander, ancestor of the McClintock Bunburys, was born in Glasgow on 18th February 1815 and lived at Creggandarroch, Blairmore, on the shores of Loch Long, not far from Luss where, incidentally, the McClintock family hailed from. We have various photographs of him from the 1860s and 1870s when he sported a particularly impressive beard. Creggandaroch comes across as being a large house, even before he extended it.

By 1866, Alexander Drew had his business offices at 72 Gordon Street, Glasgow. In that year, he began a five year term as a partner in a calico printing firm on the banks of the River Leven at Dalmonach, near Bonhill, in present day West Dumbartonshire. At this time, the River Leven was “one of the world's leading producers of bleached, dyed and printed cloth, rivalled only by Lancashire in the British Isles. It concentrated on the finishing processes and would buy in ready-woven flax or cotton."

The Dalmonach Works, as it was originally known, was opened in 1785 by John & James Kibble & Co but burned down in 1812. A Review of James Black & Co., Dalmonach Printers, found in the Cockloft at Lisnavagh, adds that these works, ‘for many years the most important in the Vale’, were established in about 1786. From that year until 1835, when James Black & Co. took over the works, ‘one or more Kibbles with varying combinations seem to have been at the head of affairs. On one wall by the entrance was painted on a small wooden board the legend: ‘James and John Kibble & Co., licensed calico printers’. During the Napoleonic Wars, the government squeezed a tax on every yard of printed calico. In 1814 the first two colours wrought by cylinder at Dalmonach were printed. After the fire, the works were rebuilt to the designs of Henry Bell, the Dalmonach Works passed into the hands of James Black & Co in 1835. In 1857 the firm changed its name to the Dalmonach Printing Company, but it later reverted to James Black & Co. At this time, Mr John Miller and Mr Appleton were town partners and Mr E.J. Jones was managing partner at the works. In 1866 Alexander Drew & Sons became co-partners in the firm, which then became known as James Black, Drew & Co.

[One of his fellow partners was Mr E.J. Jones who was born at Rhodes, near Manchester, in 1831. Mr Jones served his apprenticeship at the printing works of Messrs. Salis, Schwabe & Co. of Rhodes. In 1863, he became sub-manager of the Dalmonach Printing Works, rising to manager-in-chief the following year. In 1866, he was assumed as a partner, the firm then being James Black, Drew & Co. Mr. Jones also found time to make himself an authority on shorthand writing, inventing a system of his own which was published and ‘met with such a hearty reception at the hands of the public that four editions of the work have been run off with great rapidity’.]

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Above: Close up of Dalmonach from 1896 Ordnance Survey map. Below: An undated aerial picture of Dalmonach.

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In 1871 Alexander Drew retired, and the name reverted once more to James Black & Co., before finally becoming the Dalmonach Printing Company again! Jo Sherington, the Local History & Reference Librarian in the Heritage Centre at Dumbarton Library writes: ‘As early as the 1870s, the printworks’ large engraving department held an apparatus for taking photographic copies of certain patterns. In that period also, blockprinting was revived. At its height, Dalmonach had 28 printing machines, some capable of printing 60 inch widths, and the only machines in Scotland capable of printing sixteen colours simultaneously.' That must have made the Leven rather colourful and smelly. A series of fires, possibly deliberate, hit the works in 1876 but it rallied and welcomes a branch railway line deom the Howgate just south of Renton in 1885. I guess they were printing for curtains, flags … what else? The 'Review of James Black & Co.' at Lisnavagh states that in 1879 there were twenty five printing machines in position, capable of printing 25 million yards of goods yearly. In 1899, Dalmonach became one of 46 British textile companies to join the Manchester-based Calico Printers Association; It finally closed in 1929. In 1942 the works were taken over as Dalmonach Barracks for a Royal Artillery Depot and training establishment, but they later returned to civilian usage. See images here.

In April 2019, my two older brothers and I found ourselves in Loch Lomond with an hour to spare and hunted down the Alexandria or Dalmonach Printworks by Bonhill, or rather the site where it once stood on a bend of the River Leven. An aerial photograph indicates how massive it must have been in its heyday. We found the riverside site on Google Maps and noted, with some dismay, that it had vanished, replaced by an extensive housing estate, possibly called Willowbank. The estate was built between 2005 and 2010 and was quite well maintained with pretty flowers and bird feeders. An English couple who moved there in 2010 told us this was indeed the location of our ancestor’s print works but no traces of its red sandstone walls remained, save for an old, rundown building and some Victorian gate pillars where Andrew privately staked his claim. There was also a slightly ominous landscaped mound lay just north of the housing estate - what secrets does it contain!? Beyond that was a torpedo factory (Lomond Galleries), and a place where they built the first mass-produced motor car, Argyll Motors. The Englishman told us of a fountain in the village that was erected by a benefactor, while Renton Football Club also notched up some record. One can but imagine how much dye poured into the river, and then out to sea, on a daily basis. There's more information to digest at this link on the Vale of Leven's Industry but it struck me that this printworks arguably paid for my limited brainpower because some of Alexander Drew’s fortune passed to his great-granddaughter, my great-aunt Golly, who, in turn, paid for my sister and I to be educated.

In February 2021, Bryan D Weir of the Vale of Leven History Project (www.facebook.com/ValeHistory ; www.valeofleven.org.uk) advised that Dalmonach House was demolished many years ago, and no trace remains. However, the lodge survives and is still occupied. It is surrounded by the Willowbank houses. Although unremarkable, the lodge is a category C listed building so they were probably refused permission to knock it. Some of the ground has not been developed, possibly due to contamination. Bryan, 72 in 2021, had a ‘vague recollection of a paint factory or something in that area of the old Dalmonach works when I was a lad, maybe 60 years ago.’

An album of photos from 1867 includes many fine images of the Dalmonach Works and other places around Loch Lomond, including the island of Inchmurrin, the southernmost island on the loch, which was owned by the Duke of Montrose until he sold it in 1930. Dumbarton Library acquired photocopies of some of these photos in 1992 from a museum in Burnley who had the originals. The album also includes many fine photos of Alexander and his family, as well as Ardentinny, Loch Long, Glen Lean, Inchtavannach and Inchmurrin (both on Loch Lomond) and Blairmore in Argyll, plus Blairbeg and Blair Atholl.

Further details of this can be found at this link.

From at least 1878 until at least 1893, Alexander lived at Craigendarroch, Blairmore, Argyll, Scotland. (That said, the photo album shows a house at Blairmore from 1868). Formerly called Oakleigh, this Italianate villa was built in 1863 for A H MacLellan at the western entrance to Loch Long or, more specifially, Shore Road, Blairmore. The Victorian village of Blairmore lies on the Cowal peninsula in Argyll and Bute. Craigendarroch was described by Historic Environment Scotland (2006) as 'without a doubt the premier villa along the Blairmore shore’ and also boasted an impressive garden. I assume he enjoyed sailing out from Blairmore pier, or catch a steamer bound for Glasgow? Alexander Drew was recorded at Craigendarroch as early as 13 August 1878 when the Glasgow Herald listed him as a member of a committee for promoting the successful election campaign of the Liberal candidate Lord Colin Campbell.* In 1880, Blackwood's Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society, Volume 5, also gave Alexander Drew’s address as Creggandarroch. He was still living there when the Post-Office Directory for Greenock was published in 1892-1893; at the time he was on the Board of Directors of the Alliance Assurance Company.

* Lord Colin Campbell was the 25-year-old fifth son of the 8th Duke of Argyll. His older brother, the future 9th Duke, was married to Princess Louise, Queen Victoria's fourth daughter. Campbell served as MP for Argyllshire from 1878 until Gladstone’s government collapsed in 1885. Lord Colin's wife, a Blood from County Clare, was rather foxy looking. The Campbells went through a very public divorce in 1884 and Lord Colin died from syphilis in 1895. He was not a popular politician, or at least his reign as MP apparently prompted a ditty about his family that ran:
"But their aim, and their claim, which are one and the same,
Are founded in falsehoods of sand, you know.
The Campbells are cunning, oho, oho…”.
(Quoted by Lucinda Hawksley (2013) The Mystery of Princess Louise: Queen Victoria's Rebellious Daughter)




Meanwhile, as Brian Hall relates in his book ‘Lowerhouse and the Dugdales', Alexander Drew relocated to Lowerhouse where a factory for cotton-spinning was built by Peel, Yates & Co. in about 1795. It was taken over by the Dugdale family in around 1813 and they converted it to calico-printing soon afterwards. 'The Dugdales also built a new cotton mill to the east and were largely responsible for developing Lowerhouse as a mill village.

"In the 1870s he [Alexander] wanted to take his three sons, Alexander junior, Daniel (Dan) and Thomas (Tom) into the firm, but his partner refused. So Alexander decided to set up a new works on his own, and as Lancashire was the centre of the cotton manufacturing industry, Alexander Junior was sent there to look for suitable premises. He met Mr. Grafton of Accrington, who leased the old mill at Lowerhouse from the Dugdales, and who was about to give up the lease of the premises. Alexander sent for his father, who came down and decided to take over the Lowerhouse works. The lease of 1872 was originally for fourteen years, at an annual rent of £2,120, but it was extended in 1879 and again in 1886."

Michael Townend, Senior Curator at Towneley Hall Art Gallery & Museums, wrote about the family in his book ‘Images of England: Burnley’ (Tempus, 1999). He noted how the running of the Lowerhouse Printworks was left to Alexander's three sons. Daniel became works manager and oversaw production at the print works while his brothers looked after the commercial side, with offices in Glasgow and Manchester. Daniel lived with his wife and family in a house located in the centre of the works. This was extended in 1886 and included large gardens and a tennis court (near the gas holder). It remained in a semi-rural setting with a farm beside it, as well as open land and footpaths at Jacky Wood, Knotts and Molly Wood. He had wide interests in addition to running the factory. Like the Dugdales, he took great interest in All Saints' Church Habergham. He was a noted Rugby player, and played for Scotland in the first international match in 1871. In the early days of the bicycle, he was a keen cyclist, and once built himself a wooden machine to a design he purchased at the Paris Exhibition. His favourite hobby, however, was yachting, at the family home in Scotland. Daniel was also an enthusiastic amateur photographer and was one of the founders of the Burnley Photographic Society. Towneley Hall Art Gallery & Museums will be exhibiting some of Daniel Drew’s photographs, reproduced from his glass plates, commencing in Octobrt 2017.

Business was tricky in the first few years after the Drew’s took on the lease in 1872. Old Alexander, Daniel’s father, advised him that ‘our production is much too small and should be double. I wish all your machinery and apparatus or whatever stands in the way of quantity put right.’ (Townend, p. 83). A new printing shed was built in 1876 and production increased from 1876-1889. ‘Engraving the patterned rollers and colour mixing was carried out in a operate part of the factory. The Drew’s also tried to improve dyeing and printing methods but were unsuccessful at this time.’ Ten new trademarks were registered between 1885 and 1889. ‘Cloth was exported worldwide with markets in Africa, India, the Far East and South America. Finished goods were packed with labels, some of which had the Drew’s now trademark. Others had merchants’ marks. The design sometimes contained a cultural reference to the country of destination. ‘ (Townend, p. 84).

'The 1880s saw the start of a period of great prosperity for the firm,’ wrote Mr Townend. ‘Daniel visited European printworks on three separate trips in the 1880s and close relations were formed with Schlieper & Baum of Wuppertal / Elberfeld, Germany. Visits were continued by his son John (Jack) who was encouraged by Daniel to learn as much as possible: ‘there is a style we have never done here, called manganese bronze, Schliepers used to do a lot of it. I would like you to become acquainted with it.’ In 1885 the firm installed a new circular chimney, as well as new boilers into an extended boiler house. By 1888 many of the old dilapidated buildings had been restored and modern machinery introduced. Electric light in the old mill was introduced in the late nineteenth century and full electric drive in 1927. Silk screen printing was developed in the 1950s.

[See Adolf Schlieper, 'Hundert Jahre Wuppertaler Stoffdruckerei' [100 years of Wuppertal textile printing] (Braunlage 1927); '150 Jahre Schlieper, Wülfing & Söhne' [150 years of Schlieper, Wülfing & Sons Silk-weaving] (Seidenweberei, Hochdahl bei Düsseldorf, 1957). The company was also known as Schlieper und Hecker, Schlieper and Englander; Schlieper, Bockmuhl and Hecker

‘Water from several lodges was used in large amounts in the printworks for various processes. The last and largest lodge to be built was the ‘top’ lodge in 1878. Daniel noted that ‘the new reservoir began to fill from a heavy thunder shower on Saturday 18 may 1878. Water came over on Sunday at 5:30pm.’ The top lodge was also used by Burnley swimming club for practice races, skating for weekend picnics and by workers who had a swim during their lunch breaks.

Sales presumably boomed when Burnley won the Lancashire Football Cup in 1890 and again when the club defeated Liverpool 1-0 to win the FA Cup in April 1914. According to one account, the goalscorer Bert Freeman ‘darted in like a flash of lightning and taking the ball before it touched the ground hooked it with his instep into the left hand corner of the net.' At least ten Burnley players, or former Burnley players, died in the war. All this explains why I became increasingly excited as I watched Burnley soar up the Premier League in 2017-18, reaching No. 4 in December, and finishing the season at No. 7. I may also have halucinated but I think they were briefly at No. 6 in August 2019.

The Drew family continued in ownership of the works until the 1960s although my branch appear to have left the show in the 1940s, if not earlier ....

There are photographs a-plenty in the Drew albums at Lisnavagh showing Lower House, as well as a place in Lancashire called Read Hall, circa 1890s.

As to the dyeing of the waters, the Victorians weren’t about to throw a blind eye to it as per the record below I found from 1894, which, basically, says yes, the water was completely dodgy.

On Wednesday morning, in All Saint's Schoolroom, Cheapside, Burnley, Colonel J. Ord Hasted, R.E., one of the inspectors of the Local Government Board, sat to hear an application from the Joint Committee of the River Ribble. for consent to take proceedings under part III of the Rivers Pollution Prevention Act 1876. against Messrs. Alexander Drew and Sons, of Lowerhouse Printworks.
Mr Sutton, barrister-at-law, appeared onbehalf of the Joint Committee, and Mr. Cobbett (Messrs. Cobbett, Wheeler and Cobbett, Manchester) represented Messrs.Drew and Sons.
Mr. Sutton said that Messrs. Drew and Sons' works, a large quantity of water was used, and sometimes the effluent was of a poisonous and noxious character, but there were well-known means by which this effluent could be purified. Samples had therefore been taken by theinspector and analysed, and these analyses would be given. Mr. Sutton read correspondence which had passed between the Joint Committee and Messrs. Drew and Sons, and inone letter the latter stated that, being large ratepayers of the borough, they had written to the Town Clerk to take their effluent, but the CORPORATION DECLINED TO DO SO. The fact that the polluting matter was mixed at times with a very large quantity of pure water did not affect the question, asthey were committing an offence against the Act, unless they could show that they were taking the best available means to purify the effluent.
Thomas Wright Waddington, sub-inspector for the Ribble Watershed Joint Committee, said that Lodge-brook was atributary of the Green-brook which ran into the Calder and so on into the Ribble. Hehad taken samples of the effluent both before and after the treatment by Messrs. Drew and these were given to Mr. Naylor, the chief lnspector. He had not made any calculation to the total volume of the effluent sent out from the works.
George Rowbotham, assistant to the chief inspector gave similar evidence, and Wm. Naylor, chief inspector of the Joint Ribble Committee, a Fellow of the Chemical Society and an Associate of the Institute of Civil Engineers, spoke to the samples taken and gave the analyses of the different liquids. He considered the NOXIOUS POLLUTING CHARACTER, and it might be so treated as to get rid of the suspended matter and a portion of that which was dissolved.
Frank Scudder a Fellow of the Chemical Society and chief chemical assistant to Sir Henry Roscoe, also gave evidence to having visited the works along with the others and to taking samples. The analyses of the water above the works and below, when compared showed that the stream was certainly polluted. He had suggested filtration to Messrs. Drew in addition to what was already done.
Mr. Cobbett then addressed the Inspector on behalf of Messrs. Drew, pointing out that the Joint Committee might not only have given suggestions,without prejudice, but have notified the firm as traders were notified when emitting smoke. He did not say, technically speaking, that there might not be a pollution of the' brook, but the manner in which the samples had been taken was no guide, as the quantity of effluent should have been calculated to the flow of the stream. Some of the water which flowed in was coloured, but it was NOT NECESSARILY POLLUTION for all that, and besides that the liquid might only flow in for perhaps five minutes on the day the samples were taken.
Daniel Drew, a member of the firm of Alexander Drew & Sons, calico printers at the Lowerhouse printworks, said they were advised that it would require an initial expense of about £10,000, besides a yearly sum for maintenance, in order to fit up the necessary plant for purification of the effluent on the lines suggested. That would not be practicable if the firm were to continue where they were. They were doing what they could to purify the effluent now and were prepared to take steps to compel the Corporation to receive the effluent into their sewer.
Mr. Sutton then addressed the Inspector and contended that the charge of polluting the stream had been made out. He also asked that the cost of the inquiry should be paid by Messrs. Drew.—This terminated the proceedings.

Burnley Express - Saturday 07 April 1894


Alexander Drew's friends included the Antrim-born geologist Professor Edward Hull.

On 14th April 1841, he married his first wife, Isabella Robertson. (She was born on 8th April 1821).They had eight children before Isabella’s death on 4th February 1853, to whom we will turn to shortly.

In 1858, Alexander married secondly 26-year-old Aline Sutherland Campbell. They had no children and Aline died in 1888. Alexander survived until 27th July 1899. An obituary at Lisnavagh from an unnamed newspaper described him as 'a native of Glasgow [who] for many years occupied a prominent position amongst its most useful and enlightened citizens. He was a man of wide culture and refined tastes. His reading was extensive and careful, especially in historical subjects and certain branches of science. He was a shrewd businessman, and in his commercial relations practiced principles of probity which, unfortunately, are now to some extent old-fashioned. Neither his gifts nor his inclinations were such as to make for him a figure in public life, but in a quiet and most helpful manner he did good work in the interests of many public institutions of his native city. He was for some years a director of Haldane's Academy of Art. He was also a useful member of the Chamber of Commerce and of the Clyde Trust, and was connected with several of the Societies of the West of Scotland. He came to reside in Blairmore about twenty years ago, and, though living there a life of considerable retirement, contrived to take a leading part in the affairs of the district. He represented the Kilmun part of the parish on the Dunoon and Kilmun School Board. He was the first district representative at the County Council, of which his large knowledge of business principles made him a useful member. He was mainly instrumental in promoting the district water supply which has proved an inestimable boon. Mr. Drew attained a ripe old age and most of the generation to which he belonged have passed away'. His remains were laid to rest, 'in the presence of many friends', in the Northern Necropolis of Glasgow.

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Above: I believe this finely whiskered soul is Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899),
pictured in 1867. That is assumed to be one of his daughters standing on the steps of


John and Ann Drew’s second son John Drew was born in 1819 and moved to Australia where he settled at Bet Bet, Victoria, a shire about 180 kilometres (112 mi) northwest of Melbourne. He was married and died on 13th August 1913, leaving a daughter Margaret. She married Mr Davidson of Sydney. They had two sons, John Drew Davidson and William Davidson, and a daughter Nellie. John was married and became father to Mavis (b. May 1909). William never married. Nellie married a Mr Hannam and seems to have been mother to another Mavis (b. Feb 1908). It's possible he is the chap who appears in one of the Drew photo albums as 'Uncle Jack'.

JAMES DREW (d. 1870)

John and Ann Drew’s third son James also moved to Australia and died in 1870. He married a Miss Lawson and had two sons. The eldest son John had descendents but trace was lost by the time the tree was connected. The younger son James died on 19th June 1919 leaving a daughter Annie who was based in Australia. This branch could be connected to Robert Drew, born in Ipswich, Queensland in 1889, and who actually took the surname of his mother's family (ie Drew). His great-great-grandson Alasdair Drew contacted me with this information in December 2009.


John and Ann Drew’s youngest son William was born in February 1828 and died on 11th January 1912. His wife Elizabeth Campbell Brown was born on 14th January 1833 and died on 22nd September 1921. The date of their marriage is unknown. They had four sons and four daughters.

The eldest child Mary Ann Drew was born on 30th July 1859 and died unmarried on 22nd December 1908.

The second child John and third child Elizabeth died in their infancy.

The fourth child William Drew was born on 22nd April 1862, married in 1893 to Leonora Guild SP and died on 31st December 1932.

The fifth child Augustus James Drew was born on 13th May 1866 and died in October 1903.

The sixth child Janet was born on 1st April 1869 and married on 22nd September 1898 to Cecil Godfrey Hay. Cecil died on 20th March 1919, a twin boy and girl Cecil George Jackson Hay and Ceilia Elizabeth Campbell Hay, born 14th August 1899.

The seventh child (Lady) Alexandrina Sutherland Campbell was born on 1st January 1871 and married on 4th September 1910 to Sir Philip James MacDonell, M.A. Oxon, B.C.L. (1873-1940), sometime Chief Justice of Trinidad & Tobago (1927-30). In 2009, I was contacted by a gentleman who had come into posession of various photos / papers belonging to Lady Alexandrina so if there is a family historian / archivist out there who would have some interest in them, let me know and I shall endeavour to track down same.

The eight and youngest child Charles Hugh Drew was born on 24th February 1875. He as married in 1910 to Florence Grace McNeill. They were divorced in 1929. He married secondly on 15th July 1929 Alison McKenzie Lindsay.

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Above: Isabel Drew (who married Sloan), Alexander Drew and their cousin John Linsdsay McNaught.


John and Ann Drew’s third daughter Margaret was married on 24th September 1846 to William McNaught. They had five sons and a daughter.

The eldest son John Lindsay McNaught, pictured above in the top hat, lived from 24th April 1848 to April 1896 and was married to Emma Wilding (d. August 1874).

Nothing is known of the younger sons bar their names and dates – William (15/4/1852 – 4/1902); Robert (8 / 12 / 1853 – Oct 1933); Duncan (3/5/1856 – 9/1912) and Lindsay Frederick (13/6/1858 – 7/1910).

The only daughter Anne Margaret McNaught was born on 31st July 1850. At the age of 20, she was married on 20th April 1870 to William Henry McKerrow (d. 1888-9). They had a son Duncan (b. 3 / 1872, married, 2 children) and three daughters, Edith (b. 12/1870, New York), Muriel Mary and Maud Annie. Anne Margaret died in 1935.


John and Ann drew’s youngest daughter Mary Ann was married in 1844 to Isaac Andrews. They had two sons and two daughters.

The eldest child Anne Andrews, was born on 30th April 1845 and married on 5th May 1868 to (her cousin?) John Andrews. They had issue – Mary Ann (b. 29/7/1869; d. 25/2/1885); Eva (b. 28 / 8 / 1872), John Drennan (b. 18 / 8 / 1873); Ethel (b. 16 / 2 / 1876) and William Isaac Lennox (b. 14 / 3 / 1878). Of these we have record of Ethel marrying Norman de Wind by whom she had two sons, Norman John Stone (b. 9 / 3 / 1912) and Adrien William Andrews (b. 1 /12 / 1913).

The second child Thomas James Andrews was born on 8th August 1847 and died on 23rd March 1908. He was married on 15th September 1881 to Helen Ardill (b. 1864).

The third child John Andrews was born on 10th July 1849 and died on 25th October 1920. On 27th September 1872 he married Mary Jeffery, by whom he had three sons – Ernest Wood (b. 13 August 1873, d. 1937), Oscar (b. 24 / 7 / 1876) and Sydney (b . 19 / 12 / 1877) - and a daughter, Agnes (b. 13 / 3 / 1879). Oscar was married on 25th July 1904 to Amy Lyttle and had two daughters, Mary Winifred (b. 11 / 9 / 1905) and Betty Marianne (b. 29 / 1 / 1911). Sydney was married to Mary Lyttle (Amy’s sister?) and had a son David (b. 13 / 3 / 1907) and two daughters, Kathleen (b. 14 / 8 / 1908) and Marjorie (b. 6 / 5 / 1912).

The fourth child Frances was born on 28th February 1851; we know no more.


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Above: The Sons of Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899) by his first wife Isabella Robertson, namely (l-r), Alexander Drew jun., Daniel Drew (ancestor of the McClintock Bunbury family) and Thomas Auchterlonie Drew.

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Above: Alexander Drew & Sons' calico printing factory in
Dalmonoah as it looked in 1868. It looks as though Alexander
himself (bearded) is pictured in the middle photograph.

It is time now to return to the children of Alexander Drew of Blairmore (1815–1899) by his first wife Isabella Robertson. Their eldest son John was born in 1842 but died aged six in 1848. Their eldest daughter Elizabeth died aged three in 1847. Another son Alexander died in 1846.


As mentioned, Daniel's brothers also played an important part in the running of the family firm. Among these was Alexander who lived at Holme Lodg e- formerly the home of Richard Shaw - which he rented, and he used to walk from home to the printworks every day....

With all three of their first infants dead by the year 1847, Alexander and Isabella Drew’s hopes cannot have been high for another boy born on 2nd May 1847. They also christened him Alexander Drew. As it happened this child survived until 1936. Looking through family albums in September 2017, I now believe he was known to his family as Sandy. On 26th September 1878, Alexander Drew Junior of Lowerhoushe was married at the Unitarian Chapel, Newchurch (by the Rev. J. E. Odgers, MA, assisted by the Rev A Lazonby) to Alice Ashworth (b. 26 Aug 1857), daughter of Edward Ashworth, Esq, JP, Staghills, Rossendale. Lancashire. (Burnley Gazette, 28 September 1878). His brother Daniel was married to Rhoda Appleby three months later.

Alexander established the textile company that would become one of the major players in Rochdale, Lancashire, with an address at Rainshore Mill in Norden. On 22nd February 1929, The Times carried a heading in its business section of ‘NEW ISSUE SUCCESSES’. The lead story read: ‘Owing to oversubscription, the list for the issue by Alexander Drew & Sons of 200,000 Seven per cent Cumulative Preference shares were closed at 10:30am yesterday. It will not be possible to consider any applications received after the time of the closing of the list’. Seven months later, on 28th September, the same newspaper explained that ‘letter of allotment and regret for the issue of Preference share sin Alexander Drew & Sons have been posted’. On 18th June 1936, The Times reported that Alexander Drew & Sons, calico printers and merchants, had incurred a loss of £17,115 for the year to March 31st (against a profit of £1,629 for 1934-35). ‘This increases the debt balance to £29, 588’. A meeting was scheduled for June 24th. Things had improved somewhat by 28th June 1937 when The Times noted that the accounts for Alexander Drew & Sons, with address at Manchester, had ‘after allowing £5,836 for depreciation, shown loss of £1,444 for 1936, against £17,115. The debit balance is thus increased to £31,033. It is stated in the report that no payment of any dividend can be made, but that there has been an improvement of turnover, chiefly owing to the demand for the Coronation’. A meeting was scheduled for July 5th. The double Coronation must have helped but by 1938, the company seems to have been struggling desperately. On 28th June 1938, the same paper reported that ‘after allowing £5,811 (against £5,836) for depreciation, the loss for the year ended March 31st is £28, 757 (against a loss of £1,444). This increases the debit balance carried forward to £59, 790’.

Roger Bingham suggested that Alexander Drew, the dyers, also operated at Horwich, near Bolton, as well as in Scotland.

On 7th September 1951, The Times noted that business had become ‘much brisker … and the improvement continues’ for Alexander Drew & Sons, by then a subsidiary of Holcombe Holdings (formerly Holcombe Investments) During the 1990s, Alexander Drew of Rochdale was still one of England’s foremost and innovative textile companies, specializing in dyeing, finishing and printing, with some 350 workers. In August 2005 the company announced it was to close down production with the loss of 60 jobs. [1]

Sandy and Alice Drew had a son and four daughters, whi were raised at Holme Lodge, which Sandy bought from Richard Shaw. Edward Drew took his sons there many years later, when it was a working man's club before most of it had been knocked down. The old Dining Room was by then the main bar, the top garden a car park and the M65 motorway now cuts through the grounds.

The eldest child Dorothy was born on 15th August 1879 and died on 3rd November 1911. She was married on 11th December 1901 to Dr Thomas, MD (14/6/ 1867 – 29/9/1929). They had a son John (b. 25/10 / 1904; married Nov 1936 Hazel Eva) and daughter Margaret (b. 14/2/1906; m. 7/11/1931 Charles Wortley, parents of Ann Wortley, b. 15/8/1935).

The second child and only son Edward Drew was born on 19th July 1880 and married on 19th November 1913 to Margaret Kay Baron (b.20/7/1891). Edward passed away in 1972, while living at Simonstone Hall. They had two sons Alexander Drew (b. 17/2/1915, died 1983) and Gordon Arthur Drew (b. 26/7/1916) and a daughter Margaret (b. 18/4/1920). Alexander's middle son Nick Drew (Edward Nicholas Drew) recounted an anecdote about 'returning from a family holiday in Eire when and Father decided it would be nice to stop at one of Dublin's top hotels for lunch. Towards the end of the meal Father was asked if he would come to the Managers office and after quite a time he re-appeared somewhat red faced having been presented with a whacking bill run up by A. Drew (Anthony) in earlier times. Father had fortunately been able to prove that he was not that A. Drew (although the Manager did then ask if he was inclined to pay off the bill !). All in all not the most relaxed of lunches.' Nick's elder brother Alexander Simon Drew also died in 1983 and he also had a younger brother, Jonathan.

The third child Shiela was born on 24th June 1882 and married on 29th October 1918 to George Sutcliffe (b. 11/2/1864).

The fourth child Alice Ashworth was born on 13th October 1883 and married on 12th February 1913 to William Birtwistle (b. 1/7/1884). They had two sons William Gerald Peter (b. 22/2/1914) and John Norman Drew (b. 25 / 2 1920) and three daughters - Thelma Alice Ashworth (b. 23/8/1921), Dorothy Cynthia Monica (b. 18/9/1924), Olga Allison Madge (b. 7/1/1927).

The fifth and youngest child Helen Oliver was born on 23rd June 1888 and married on 1st June 1911 to Harry Hargreaves Bolton (b. 9/2/1886). They had a son George Henry Hargreaves (b. 14/2/1914) and daughter Rhona Helen Allen (b. 2/4/1915). Harry died of wounds on 24th May 1915.

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Above: Charles Tennant Sloan and his wife Isabel Drew, sister of Daniel Drew.

ISABELLA SLOAN (1848-1922)

Alexander and Isabella Drew’s eldest surviving daughter Isabella was born on 11th September 1848. On 12th November 1874 she married Charles Tennant Sloan (24/11/1849 – 23/10/1929). They had surviving a daughter Ethel and two sons, Alexander and Douglas. (Their firstborn children, twin daughters, died in infancy shortly after their birth in 1876). See here for more on Sloanes.

Their only daughter Ethel Caroline Tennant Sloan was born on 16th March 1878 and married on 6th April 1904 to Leonard Southerden Wood (b. 9/4/1878). They had two daughters, Angela Isabel Mary Tenant (b. 31/7/1908; m. 24.6/1931 Reginald Fisher Woodhouse) and Ethel Caroline Tennant (b. 14/11/1916; d. 7/6/1919).

The eldest son Alexander Drew Sloan was born on 23rd February 1883 and married on 12th June 1923 to Muriel Parker (b. 26/1/1882). Their son Peter Sloan was born on 22nd July 1911.

The younger son Douglas Tennant Sloan was born on 23rd March 1892 and married on 12th June 1923 Elizabeth Grace Odlam (b. 1892). They had a daughter, Maureen Isobel Tennant, born 2/2/1932.

DAN DREW (1850–1914)

Alexander and Isabella Drew’s second surviving son Daniel, my great-great-grandfather, was a very sporty guy who played rugby for Scotland, as well as being calico printer who employed 500 people. He lived at Lower House, Burnley, which is why I heartily applauded Burnley FC’s excellent ranking at No. 4 in the Premier League in December 2017. Go Clarets! Looking through family albums in September 2017, I believe he was known to his family as Dan.

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Above: Dan Drew performing a handstand in 1883, alongside our daughter Bay (his great-great-great-granddaughter)
doing the same in 2017. One never knows which of ones' worldly skills one is going to pass down the line. Also pictured
is Dan Drew's First Prize gymnastics medal from the 1865-1866 session at Glasgow Academy, from a private collection.

Born on 13th October 1850, Dan studied at Glasgow Academy. Like my own daughters, and those of my brother William, Daniel was evidently a gymnastically inclined child. Not only do we have photographs of him doing a headstand in 1884 but, in 2019, I was kindly emailed three medals celebrating his gymnastics and rowing prowess (thank you Peter Wray) in 1865 and 1866, viz.

1. Blairmore and Strone Regatta / Juvenile Prize / 20-foot boats / 1865. D. Drew, W. McBride, A. Hart, M. Muir, W. Bald (coxswain) Silversmith mark MH.
2. Mr Long’s Assault of Arms, Townhall, Greenock, 23rd June 1866. Silver Medal for Gymnastics. Gained by Daniel Drew. Session 1865-66. In James Muirhead & Son, Glasgow case. Hallmark Glasgow 1864. Maker's mark JM (James Murhead)
3. Glasgow Academy, Instituted 1846. Henry Dunlop Esq. President. J.S Fleming Esq. Secretary and Treasurer. D. Morrison, A. M. Rector. Gymnastics, First prize. Mr Long, Master. DUX. Daniel Drew. Session 1865-66. In James Muirhead & Son, Glasgow case. Hallmark Glasgow but no date letter. Makers mark DCR (David Crichton Rait)

NB (1) The Blairmore Regatta of 22 July 1865 was run under the patronage of the Duke of Argyll, Commodore James Patrick (Kilmun) and Vice-Commodore Adam Morrison. This may have been the Jolly Boat race but contemporary newspapers do not seem to record the juvenile victory. W. Bald was probably William Bald as there are photograohs of him and his younger brother Frederick, aka Freddie, in rhe Drew albums. They were the sons of James Bald, a “Corn Factor” in Glasgow, .

NB (2) Assault of arms. A novel entertainment came off in the Town Hall on Saturday, being an assault of arms by the pupils in Greenock, Glasgow, Helensbuurgh, and other places, of Mr Long, teacher of fencing and gymnastics in the Greenock Academy and Kilblain Academy. There was a fashionable attendance in the boxes and area, and the proceedings were agreeably accompanied by the music of the band of the Greenock Rifles, led by Mr Denney, and whose services were kindly granted by Major Latham. The display consisted of fencing and the usual gymnastic exercises, including vaulting, exercises on the horizontal bar and the parallel bars, and club exercise, all gone through in a most graceful and admirable manner, reflecting the highest credit on the skill and activity of the young gentlemen, and on the tuition of Mr Long. Bailie Grey, in the absence of Provost Grieve in London, presided ... Notwithstanding the excellence displayed by the gymnasts, the chief interest of the spectators was centered in the fencing ... The silver medal for gymnastics was awarded to Mr James [sic] Drew, Glasgow ... After awarding the prizes with appropriate remarks, Bailie Grey complimented the competitors on the proficiency displayed, and passed a high eulogy on the excellent instruction of Mr Long in exercises which contributed so much to health and muscular development ... We understand that the tasteful attire of most of the Greenock young gentlemen was furnished by Mr Nicoll, West Blackhall Street. [Greenock Advertiser, 26 June 1866]

At the age of 21, he was selected as a forward for the first ever international rugby team when Scotland took on England on 27th March 1871. 4000 people wacthed the match at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh. Scotland won by a goal. This was the match in which Dan’s fellow forward Angus Buchanan (1847-1927) scored the first try in international rugby when the Scottish pack pushed the English over their try-line and Buchanan fell on the ball. According to Wikipedia’s entry on Mr. Buchanan, this try ‘was converted by William Cross, which created the score (crucially because it was goals that counted, not tries). The English argued that the try shold not stand, but it was awarded by the umpire Dr Hely Hutchinson Almond [who, also Scottish], made a questionable justification of his decision: ‘Let me make a confession: I do not know whether the decision which gave Scotland the try from which the winning goal was kicked was correct in fact. When an umpire is in doubt, I think he is justified in deciding against the side which makes the most noise. They are probably in the wrong.’ According to one of the English players: "after a maul, just outside the English goal-line the umpires ordered the ball to be put down in the scrummage five yards outside the line. It was taken was out accordingly, but, instead of putting it down, the Scottish forwards drove the entire scrummage into goal, and then then grounded the ball and claimed a try. This, though illegal according to English laws, was allowed by the umpires and the goal was kicked by Cross.’ (With thanks to Andy Mitchell). In 2021, plans were afoot for a crowd-funded 1-hour documentary film to tell 'the incredible true story of the world’s first international game of sport – the rugby game between Scotland and England.' The Raeburn Place Foundation, the charity that holds the lease over the grounds where this match took place, are behind the film, The Great Game, about which you'll find full details by clicking link here. (Thanks to Robert Balfour).

Dan earned his second cap for Scotland against England in a match played at The Oval in London on 6th March 1876; this time England won by a goal.

On 19th December 1878 Daniel Drew of Lower House, near Burnley, was married at All Saints' Church, Clayton-le-Moors (by the Rev. F. E. Broderick, M.A., incumbent) to 26-year-old Rhoda Appleby (b. 23/1/1851), younger daughter of the late Joseph Appleby of Enfield Mills, Lancashire, a wealthy flour miller, by his wife Mary Ann Riley. (London Evening Standard , 25 December 1878).

Dan and Rhoda had a daughter, Margery and two sons, John Malcolm Drew and Alan Appleby Drew.

Dan Drew died aged 64 on 2 February 1914, thus being spared the news of his second son’s death on the Western Front just over a year later. He left a fortune of £68,479 2s to his wife Rhoda, John Malcolm (aka Jack) and Alan. According to Moneysorter.co.uk, that appears to be in excess of £5.5 million by present day rates. (Thanks to Wendy Howard). (Could Alan be the same as Allan in the Drew photo albums?)

Rhoda died on 3 June 1919.

Dan's obituary appeared in the Burnley Gazette of 4 February 1914, as follows. (It wasn’t entirely legible!)

We regret to announce the death of Mr Daniel Drew. J.P,, of Lowerhouse which occurred about four oclock on Monday afternoon.
Mr Drew who was 64 years of age, was taken ill a day or two after Christmas day, but few people were aware that there was anything seriously amiss and the news of his death caused something like a shock in Burnley and district yesterday. Mr Drew had suffered from internal complaints and had been attended by Dr Crump.
The second son of the late Mr Alexander Drew, of Blairmore Argylshire, who founded the well known firm of Alexander Drew and sons, Lowehouse printworks, Mr Daniel Drew was born at Dunoon and educated at Glasgow Academy and later at Glasgow University. He served his time at Dalmonack printworks in the Vale of Leven. In order to start his three sons - Thomas, Daniel, and Alexander - in business, the late Mr Alexander Drew took over the Lowerhouse printworks, which then belonged to the Dugdales of Ivy Bank. Daniel and Alexander settled in Burnley and Thomas took charge of the office in Manchester.
It was in 1872 that Mr Daniel Drew came to Lowerhouse and he has since been the works manager of the concern. His brother Mr Alexander Drew, J.P. has been charge of the office, while Mr Daniel superintended the works, and Mr Thomas Drew has been in charge of the Manchester end. Messrs Dugdale has a lease on the printworks until about twenty five years ago , when the lease ran out and the property has since been entirely in the posession of the firm of Messrs Alexander Drew and sons. Under their management the works have been modernised and greatly extended.
Mr Daniel Drew was a great athlete in his younger days. While at Glasgow Academy he was one the founders of the famous Rugby club known the Glasgow Academicals. He was a noted player while at Glasgow University and was a member of the first international Rugby team that Scotland placed in the field.That was about 1871 He also took part in the last Rugby international that was played on the Kensington Oval ground in 1876. Having *****Manchester ... and also for Lancaster ... he was one of the earliest cyclists in the district, riding an old-fashioned v*** or bone-shaker as they were called before the modern bicycle was [invented?]
Photography and yachting were his hobbies in later life. He was a keen photographer, and an active supporter of Burnley Photographic Club when it wasformed. Last year he bought a new yacht which he was cruising nearly the whole of the summer. He is survived by his two sons who are in the business at Lowerhouse [illegible *****]
Mr Drew was a sound Liberal [of the old?] school, and was a generous subscriber to the party funds, though he took no active part in political work. On the Home Rule split in 1886, he became a Liberal Unionist and since Mr Chamberlain launched his [protectionist] crusade a little over ten years ago, he has been an ardent Tariff Reformer. He was made a County Magistrate about twenty five years ago and attended the Padiham and Reedley Police courts of the Burnley County Division.
A member of the Scottish church before coming to Lancashire, he and his family have since attended Habergham Church. Mr Drew took a generous interest in the scheme which resulted in the erection of a new vicarage there a few years ago.
In 1878 he married Miss Rhoda Appleby, daughter of the late Mr Joseph Appleby, the well-known corn miller, of Enfield and Blackburn, and they have since lived at Lower House, which adjoins the printworks of which has been the chief controlling force and in which he took the keenest interest. He leaves a widow , two sons - Mr John and Mr Alan Drew - and one daughter - Mrs Sillem, who lives in London. Mr John Drew married a daughter of Mr Peart Robinson J.P late of Reedley Hall.
The funeral will take place tomorrow (Thursday) at the Burnley Cemetery at twelve o'clock. The procession will leave Lowerhouse at 11:15. Mr Sam Hudson of Burnley has charge of all the arrangements


MARGERY SILLEM (1880-1923)

Margery Rhoda was born on 8th June 1880 and died aged 43 on 2nd March 1923. On 20th January 1912, she married John Oscar Sillem (b. 12/1878).



Daniel and Rhoda Drew's eldest son, my great-grandfather, John Malcolm Drew, or Jack Drew, was born on 8th November 1881 and died aged 54 on 2nd May 1933. He went to Charterhouse circa 1894 where he was in Gownboys and where, rather coincidentally, he was presumably in the same class as my other great-grandfather, T.L. McClintock Bunbury, later 3rd Baron Rathdonnell, whose son William married his daughter Pamela in 1937. Although TLMcCB, known as Tim, left Charterhouse in 1896, I assume the two boys met from time to time while they were knocking around the classrooms and chapel at Charterhouse. Little did they know that they would one day have the same grandchildren! Jack left Charterhouse in 1900.

In January 2015, I plucked a random photogarph album from the Lisavagh library. It covered the years 1901 to 1903 and, as well as some photos of Burnley and Lower House, it shows that Jack Drew embarked on a trip to Germany, ostensibly to visit the textile factory Schlieper und Baum, well-known calico printers at Elberfeld (a city now incorporated in the city of Wuppertal, FRG). Adolf Schlieper (1865-1945) of that company had trained in Scotland and England before joining Schlieper und Baum in 1889 so perhaps he and Jack knew each other from younger years. He had also studied chemistry and natural science at the Dresden School of Technology. (Perhaps he was connected to the von Polenzes in Dresden; Jacks future wife Sylvia Robinson is thought to have stayed with them a good deal). There would have been much to discuss. According to one report, Schlieper and Baum were hailed for inventing a process (known variously as 'Schlieper and Baum's process' or "the glucose. 7 process") for the direct printing of indigo upon cotton piece goods which completely displaced all other methods. By this process, cloth was first prepared in glucose and then printed with a colour containing finely ground indigo, caustic soda and dextrine thickening (made with caustic soda). After printing, the cloth is "aged", that is, passed through damp steam for a few minutes to effects the reduction and solution of the indigo and is then hung up in a cool chamber for a day or two, in order to re-oxidise the indigo-white to indigo by the action of the oxygen in the air. A wash in cold water finally completes the fixation of the indigo and the cloth may then be soaped and finished as usual. [p. 700, Textile Printing] They printed cloths in large amounts. Raw materials of fabric cloth rolls were bleached, dyed and color printed on large machines. They would later have a printing roller with an engraved Nazi flag on it.
In 1885, Adolf Schlieper also proposed to add lactic acid to induline printing paste, instead of the acetic acid recommended by the manufacturer. However, in 1902, Schlieper noted: "that substance [lactic acid] always produces ahomogeneous print of excellent beauty and deep intensity which can not beachieved with acetic acid. The high price of lactic acid will, however, certainly prevent its use in the industry". ['A History of Lactic Acid Making: A Chapter in the History of Biotechnology' by H. Benninga (Springer Science & Business Media, 30 Jun 1990, p. 117). Schlieper und Baum's premises were destroyed in 1943. They were subsequently reconstructed but the company went bankrupt in 1962. ['Plett - Schmidseder' by K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company (Walter De Gruyter Incorporated, 2005), p. 718.

The album includes photos of Oscar Schlieper playing tennis with Werner Baum and F. Ruffel [sic]. Also Pat Mayer and Hans Noctzhni [sic], Rudolf Baum, Herr & Frau Wilhelm Boddighaus (of Elberfeld)

There are a number of images of the Elberfeld area including the Zoological Gardens, the Tennis Club, the Villa Boltenberg (which was connected to Wilhelm Boddighaus but I can't read German! and the Schwebebahn Wuppertal Suspension Railway (the oldest electric elevated railway with hanging cars in the world, built between 1897 and 1903) built over the canal in order to keep the streets unobstructed and the train station at Döppersberg

They also went boating on the Rhine and visited Königswinter, a city and summer resort in the Rhein-Sieg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia; Coblenz, the third largest city in Rhineland-Palatinate; Deutsches Eck ("German Corner"), a headland in Koblenz where the Moselle joins the Rhine; Boppard, a town in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate which became a substantial tourism centre and spa town in the 19th century; Sankt Goar, a town on the west bank of the Middle Rhine in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis and the city of Bonn on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. They crossed into Switzerland and visited Rheineck in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.

Another album shows that the family were very skilled on the slopes of St Moritz , with both Kack and AA Drew participating on teams circa 1906-1909 that enjoyed bombing down the Cresta Run on toboggans.

Nick Drew has a photo of Jack Drew playing bagpipes.

Aubyn Peart Robinson, Jack's brother-in-law, gave Richard Ellis some hand tools, including a thin steel ruler, beautifully engineered in Sheffield probably in the Edwardian era, and machined with ‘J M Drew. Lower House’. In May 2020, my father remarked: 'I still have, and use, a number of Johnny Drew’s tools which I think my mother swiped. Several are embossed “J.L.Drew”.'

On 5th August 1909, Jack married Edith Sylvia Peart Robinson (1887-1978). Born on 13 November 1887 and known as Sylvia, she would be referred to in my family as ‘The Woman in Black’. A few weeks before her untimely death in December 2016, my aunt Rosebud told Ally that Sylvia Drew (her grandmother) started her mornings with a bottle of Guinness at 11:00 AM. She would drink half of it, with some milk, and then she would finish the rest at lunchtime. Full details of Sylvia's family wll be found here. Jack had jewellery made for Sylvia including an Ankh brooch, which she always wore. She was a twinset lady, recalls Mary Ellis. The Ankh brooch was pinned to the sweater roughly over her heart so hidden by the cardigan and not obvious. Mary thinks it was a wedding or engagement present. Sylvia’s collection, which Mary’s mother bought, included a handsome diamond ring and a brooch with six diamonds. I think, but do not know, that Sylvia was probably the polar opposite of her Manchester-born namesake Sylvia Pankhurst, five years her senior.

"Mr. John Malcolm Drew, J.P., who now resides at Ighten Grange, Padiham-road, Burnley, but who will in October take up residence at Simonstone Hall, takes the place of his late father, Mr. D. Drew, J.P., who was on the County Commission of the Peace from 1890 till his death early in 1914. Mr J. M. Drew is the elder son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Drew, and nephew of Mr. A. Drew, J.P. His only brother, Lieut. Alan Appleby Drew, was killed in action at Neuve Chapelle in March, 1915, whilst serving with the Scottish Rifles. Mr. J. M. Drew is 35 years of age, and a director of the firm of Messrs. A. Drew and Sons, calico printers, Lowerhouse, and he married Miss Sylvia, daughter Mr. W. Peart Robinson, J .P., and Mrs. Peart Robinson, formerly of Reedley, and now of Dallam Tower, Beetham, near Carnforth. He was first Presdent of the Burnley Junior Unionist Association, from 1906 to 1908, and was an active worker in its foundation. He attends All Saints' Church, Habergham, and has been Vicar's Warden there about four years. Mr. Drew was educated at Charterhouse andat Leeds University."
Burnley Express - Wednesday 9 August 1916.

Jack and Sylvia had three daughters and two sons:
1. Pamela (my grandmother) (b. 11/9/1910)
2. Diana (born at at Ighten Grange on 17/8/1912, died at High Leasghyll on 26 March 1979, aged 66; buried in Heversham)
3. Hermoine ('Golly') (b. 16/2/1916, died 11 October 1991, buried Heversham)
4. John Lindsay Drew (9/6/1914 – 19/12/1935)
5. Anthony Radley (b. 21/8/1918, died 7 March 1993).
Diana, Hermione and Johnny never married and Pamela was the only one to have children, namely my father Ben, aka Lord Rathdonnell, 82 in 2021, and his sisters Alexandra, Jane and Rosebud. Pamela's ashes were scattered in the Irish Sea but the otehr children are buried alongside Jack and Sylvia up towards the top of the Lower graveyard, near to a little gate that led towards High Leasghyll.

More details of Jack and Sylvia's five children follow below.

On 12 November 1917, Jack was one of ten new temporary captains appointed to the Lancashire Motor Volunteers Corps. (London Gazette, 29 November 1917). It did not last long, resigning his commission 'on account of ill-health' on 9 December 1917. (London Gazette, 1918). I am unsure what his ailment was but he was often overseas on account of his delicate health. The family spent a lot of time travelling back and forth to Marseilles and elsewhere aboard various steam ships of the period – mostly P&O. They rarely stayed long, so perhaps they just enjoyed life aboard the liners, although the trips may also have been related to Jack’s business. The family lived for a time on the South Coat - Golly told Roger Bingham it was at Poole but Jack’s obituary in the Burnley Express suggested Bournemouth.

Jack died in Paris on 3 May 1933, while visiting Golly with Sylvia, as per this obituary published in the Burnley Express on Saturday 6 May 1933:

We regret to record the death of Mr. John Malcolm Drew, a director of the Manchester firm of Alex S Drew and Sons Limited, calico printers, of Nicholas-street, Manchester, which occurred in an hotel in the Avenue Montaigne, Paris, on Tuesday afternoon following a brief illness. Mr Drew went to Paris a fortnight ago with his wife to visit their 17-year-old daughter, who is at school there.
Mr John Malcolm Drew, who was 51 years of age, was a native of Burnley, being the second son of the late Mr Daniel Drew, JP, and Mrs Drew, of Lowerhouse, and a nephew of Mr A Drew, JP. He was educated at Charterhouse and Leeds University, and later became associated with the family concern of Messrs A Drew and Sons, calico printers, at Lowerhouse . His elder and only brother Lieut. Alan Drew was killed in action at Neuve Chapelle in March 1915 while serving with the Scottish Rifles. In 1909 Mr Jack Drew, as he was most familiarly known, married Miss Sylvia, daughter of Mr W Peart Robinson, JP, formerly of Reedley , and later of Dallam Tower, Beetham, and he leaves his widow and two sons and three daughters.
As a young man he interested himself keenly in local politics, and was the first president, from 1906 to 1908, of the Burnley Junior Unionist Association, which was the outcome of the activities of the late Mr Gerald A Arbuthnot, MP. In 1916 he was a pointed a county magistrate, virtually taking the place of his late father. Whilst in Burnley, he was associated with All Saints Church, Habergham, where for many years he acted as Vicar’s warden Unfortunately Mr JM Drew did not enjoy good health, and about 1918 he left this district to reside at Bournemouth, later, however, returning North to reside at Eversleigh [sic], near Carnforth. He retained his business interests, however being, as has been stated, a director of Messrs Alex S Drew and Sons. Of a charming disposition, he was extremely popular in Burnley, and a large circle of old friends here will deeply deplore his death.
The funeral takes place today at Heversham Parish Church burial ground

The hotel on Avenue Montaigne was close to the Eiffel Tower and they had arrived in Paris just as Hitler was beginning to ramp things up in Germany. My attention was caught by an ad in the paper for a concert to be performed nearby a few weeks after Jack’s death. It’s the sort of event Jack and Sylvia might have attended in happier times: ‘Jack Payne, with his band, will play for the first time here, giving a couple of concerts organised at the Theatre Champs Elysees, the big opera house on the Avenue Montaigne, to-night and to-morrow.' (The Era, 24 May 1933)

The Scotsman (18 August 1933) revealed that John Malcolm Drew of Eversley, near Milnthorpe, Westmorland, a director of Alexander Drew & Son (Ltd. ), calico printers, Lowerhouse, and Manchester had net personalty, £57,935; gross, £67,749. The late Earl of Harrington was clocked in the same newspaper with an 'estate in his own disposition (net personalty £6176, gross £326,051)', revoked, and 'a grant issued in respect of unsettled property now valued at,net personalty, £6113; gross £16,516.'



In the mid-1920s, the Drews moved to the beautiful house at Eversley, near Milnthorpe. As the crow flies, the house is probably only 300 yards from the Levens Hall estate, which it gazes down upon. It was built in the 1850s by Frank Atkinson Argles (1816–1885), a cotton merchant, who was recorded as living at Eversley in 1859. Frank was a younger brother of the Very Rev Marsham Argles (1814–1891), who became the (short-lived) Dean of Peterborough in 1891, and who was born in County Limerick. See also here.

Following Frank’s death, Eversley passed to his son Major Thomas Atkinson Argles (1859-1923), an alderman of the Westmorland County Council who served as a Deputy Lieutenant and as High Sheriff of Westmorland in 1891.[i] Major Tom Argles was chairman of the Governors of Heversham School and a prominent member of the Westmorland County Education Committee. As well as being chairman of the Westmorland Conservative and Unionist Association, he was Worshipful Master of the Windermere Lodge (No. 22178) from 1889–1890 and its Deputy Provincial Grandmaster from 1907-1922. Tom Argles was also Founder and Master of the Eversley Lodge (No. 4228) from 1921-1922. His portrait was presented by Worshipful Brother R. Pearson. He reputedly enlarged Eversley in 1904 and died in 1923, a few weeks after his ‘talented wife’ Agnes. They had no children. His obituary in the Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer (25 July 1923) said he was ‘widely known in the North of England for his public and philanthropic work.’ In his will, he left his lands and premises in Westmorland, Yorkshire, and Lancashire, to a trust, as well as the Haregate and Whitehough estates in Staffordshire upon trust to his cousin, Ronald Argles. [ii]


Not long after Major Argles death in 1923, Eversley was bought (or rented?) by John Malcolm Drew, aka Jack Drew, and his wife Sylvia. One reason they moved to the area was because Sylvia’s family, the Peart Robinsons, has rented Dallam Tower at Milnthorpe from Sir Maurice Bromley-Wilson, Bart, after he went bankrupt; he stayed away for over 20 years until his debts were discharged. The Drews were attracted by the mild climate – as Roger Bingham puts it, there’s no snow in winter, no sun in summer. Following the deaths of Tom and Agnes Argles, they rented - and later purchased – Eversley, complete with Argles furnishings. The first record I’ve found of their being there is an advertisement on the The Scotsman of Saturday 14 June 1924:

COOK (experienced) wanted for country house; seven in family; nine in household; wages £75.
Apply Mrs John Drew, Eversley, nr. Milnthorpe, Westmorland.

Evidently, they were sticking to their roots seeking a Scottish cook. Eversley remained the family home for them and their five children Pamela, Diana, Hermione (Golly), Johnny and Anthony through until the late 1930s. They brought a milestone [millstone?] with them, engraved with Lancashire names; this subsequently went from Eversley to High Leasghyll and was last seen hidden in a shrubbery a number of years ago.

An undated sales brochure for Eversley from when the Drew’s were selling, circa 1941, includes photographs of the original Drawing Room and Dining Room.[iii] The sales brochure noted that the property was 1½ miles from Milnthorpe, 5½ miles from Kendal, 15 miles from Windermere, and 247 miles from London. “This outstanding country residence occupies a wonderful position overlooking the Kent estuary and the sea, with the grandeur of the Lakeland Mountains forming a background. It is well elevated and setback from the road, secluded and sheltered by its own picturesque woodlands. This particular part of the country is not only renowned for its beauty, but for the mildness of its climate.’ As to the house itself, it was billed as a ‘medium-size country house … extremely soundly built, of dressed limestone with Westmorland slate roof. It can be quite safely stated that the repair, both externally and internally, is good. It is approached from the main road by a wide, recently tarmaced, entrance drive which has an easy gradient.’

The ground floor of Eversley comprised of an imposing entrance guarded by two Ionic pillars, hall, cloakroom, separate toilet, lounge (with attractive fireplace, large square bay window and French windows to the garden), dining room (with large bay windows), morning room, study, Billiard’s Room, and first class domestic quarters, including modern kitchen fitted with Esse cooker and very useful workshop.

The first floor was ‘approached by a wide and attractive staircase’ and featured nine bedrooms, two dressing rooms, three spacious bathrooms and five toilets, with a separate linen room. Above that was a second floor with four staff bedrooms, one with a lavatory, as well as a box room, a bathroom and a toilet.

There was also excellent dry cellars including wine cellar, central heating plant and fuel stores, while outbuildings include a cool place, store sheds, garages for five cars and five stalls stables, loft, loose box. The property was serviced with mains electricity (with power plugs throughout), mains water supply, drainage to efficient septic tank and central heating.

As to the landscape, the grounds ‘conform with the beauty and dignity of the residents and extend to 11 acres or thereabouts. They comprise carefully laid out lawns, shrubberies and flower borders, walled kitchen garden and woodland. Part of the woodland is a young larch plantation, extending to 1½ acres or thereabouts. In the kitchen garden there are well-built timber greenhouses, potting sheds, potato and apple stores, range of cold frames etc all in good repair.

The lodge was described as ‘a picturesque small house pleasantly situated amidst rural surroundings at the entrance to Eversley. It enjoys unobstructed views over undulating country. It is well built of stone with a slate roof and contains a hall, lounge, dining room, kitchenette (with cooker and porcelain sink), pantry, four ‘nice’ bedrooms, modern bathroom and toilet, box-room. It also had main electricity, main water and drainage to a septic tank.

In February 2021 my father wrote: "Early in World War Two my widowed grandmother Sylvia Drew, with her daughters Diana and Hermione, moved out of Eversley to the Lodge, which is where I stayed. I do not know when the family (there was also my mother Pamela and two brothers) moved to Eversley, they were sometime at Dallam in Milnthorpe; their business was calico printing in Burnley. Again I do not know whether they owned or leased the houses but think they did own Eversley and the Lodge with a small amount of land. The house may have been unoccupied when I went there in 1946 as there were occasional visits to fetch something or other presumably stored there. I have little memory of rooms but they were probably shuttered up and I was very young! There was a billiard room and I later learned it must have had an elevated stage, or other, at one end up probably two steps. They were a very practical and mechanical family and owned (which I inherited) a vast “O” gauge train set, that is the one with 3” tracks, which ran around the room; whether it was possible to play snooker when the track was there I know not. Most of the track was laid out on long boards and many of these were elevated on 15” stilts for the portion of the layout at the lower level. They had constructed stations and signal boxes; a mock power station housed the electrical controls. Apart from 3 or 4 electric locomotives there were two driven by steam and a few clockwork; there were magnificent LMS passenger coaches and most complicated goods wagons. So there is a tale, even if I have no photographs and few other memories. There is a photo somewhere of the trains laid out in the Oriel Room of old Lisnavagh, which had been my bedroom when it had been cleared for demolition.
I think I did meet a Mr. Argles; he was certainly talked of and could William Wakefield have lived there?
There was not much mention of farming at Eversley but the grounds were quite extensive; maybe it was all let. Early in the war my aunts either bought or took on what they already owned, Bank Farm; this was on the (then new) Princes Way, the Heversham by pass (A6). Some 45 acres in all they hand milked about a dozen Kerry cows and had some pigs and chickens. Tony Walker mentioned someone who worked on the estate; I do not think it was as big as that. Jimmy Freer was Di and Golly (Hermione)’s full time man on Bank Farm; his wife, Isobel? Was always very kind to me.
They then sold Eversley (or quit renting it) and The Lodge and moved to the former rectory up the hill which they named High Leasghyll.
[Dad suggested 1948, but then wondered if the main house might have been quitted earlier and the Lodge in 1948.]


Eversley may have been home to Jacob Wakefield (1860-1948), a former High Sheriff of Westmorland, whose family were well known in Kendal for their banking, gunpowder and railway interests. His son Johnny Wakefield (aka Lt. John Peter Wakefield, R.N.F.A.A) was a racing car driver who won the Naples Grand Prix, among other races, in 1939. When Johnny Wakefield was killed in a flying accident in April 1942, Eversley was the stated address of his brother Harold Brougham Wakefield (1892-1986). Harold went on to be one of the biggest sponsors of the South Lakes scrambles, and lived relatively close to the track at Sedgwick House, Kendal. [iv]

Jacob Wakefield died at Eversley in November 1948.[v] I think this is when Eversley went on the market again via Procter & Birkbeck, Auctioneers (of 32 Market Square, Lancaster, and Lake Road, Windermere). They billed it as a ‘charming Georgian residence in magnificent surroundings with entrance lodge’, while the property was described as freehold with vacant possession to be given on completion of sale. The main residence at Eversley was split into four separate properties in 1954, the work falling to Haigh's architects. There is a bizarre story told about a man lighting a mattress beneath the Wellingtonia at Eversley, the burn marks apparent to this day. As my father observes, 'the species has endemic protection from fire, one of the hazards of longevity in the forest. The bark is flame resistant but the seeds only germinate after they have been roasted, nature’s way of survival of forest fires.'

CAPTION: A recent photo of Eversley, with its distinctive windows and the Wellingtonia peeping over the roof. Levens is at the bottom or just hidden to the right.


Sylvia Drew continued to live at Eversley after Jack’s death in 1935 but the Drews seem to have either rented out or sold the property during the early years of the Second World War. During the war as Land Girls, Di and her sister Hermione (Golly) took on and worked the 45-acre Bank Farm at Milnthorpe, Cumbria, with a dozen or more Kerry cows that they hand milked; this continued some 20 years after the war. The farm may have connected to a part of the estate of Percy Fawcett as per a record in the Lancaster Guardian of 22 June 1951 to “two plots of freehold land called Marsh Fields, situate on Heversham Marsh below Heversham Hall. 1 1/2 acres now occupied by Miss Drew, on a yearly tenancy at annual rent of £2 10s.’ Was this Percy Fawcett the same man as the archaeologist who went missing while hunting for The Lost City of Z in Brazil?

Roger Bingham can just remember High Leasghyll as the Vicarage (to Heversham?) before Mrs Drew moved in, as well as Diana and Hermione working as land girls on their home farm. I am unsure if it is the same house referred to in these three extracts:

I suspect it connects to an advertisement in the Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer of 10 February 1951 for the 'Sale of Leasgill House.'

In February 2021 my father wrote: 'As a child I went to Leasgill on my way from here in Ireland to prep school in Yorkshire.' When the young Bunbury’s went to stay at High Leasghyll, Roger Bingham, whose ancestors connect to Viscount Claremorris, recalls being invited over ‘to play’ a couple of times, including the time of the Coronation in 1953.

The last of the family, Anthony Drew, remained at Leasghyll until the 1990’s when that was sold, ending a happy association with the village. In 1992, Louis Johnson, auctioneer, oversaw 'The extensive and valuable contents of HIGH LEASGHYLL, HEVERSHAM, CUMBRIA. on instructions from the executors of the estate of the late Miss Hermione Drew.’ (Newcastle Journal - Saturday 30 May 1992)



On the weekend of January 21st – 22nd 1923, The Times reported that both John and Pamela Drew had been in attendance for a coming out house party thrown by Lord and Lady Baden Powell for their daughter, the Hon, Heather Baden-Powell. It took place after the Hambledon Hunt Ball at the B-P’s house, Pax Hill, Bentley. Also present were John Powell, Charles Herbert, Betty Strover, Derek Adkins, Victor Rickford-Howells and Miss Priscilla Thomson. (The Times, Court Circular, 23rd January 1933).

Pamela was among those artists represented at the fifth annual Spring Exhibition of the Kendal Art Society at the Public Library. She attended the opening on Saturday Ma 16th 1936 by Lady Maureen Stanley, wife of the President of the Board of Education. The president of the Society was James Bateman, ARA, and it had a membership of 38. The other artists represented included Lady Henry Bentinck, Dick Yeadon, Robin Wallace, Derek E Willink, Wilfrid M Harris, G Mortram Moorhouse, Arthur Bracken and Blanche Moorhouse. The exhibition remained open for a fortnight. (The Times, 18th May 1936).

On Tuesday November 2nd 1937, The Times announced that ‘the marriage between Lord Rathdonnell and Miss Pamela Drew will take place at Heversham Parish Church, Westmorland, on Thursday November 25th at 2:30pm. Owing to mourning in the bridegroom’s family there will be no reception, but all friends will be welcome at the church’. The Times reported on the wedding the day after it took place. The Bishop of Ossory, the Archdeacon of Furness, Canon Royds, and the Rev E.R. Ellis were the officiating clergy. Pamela was given away by her brother Anthony. She wore ‘a gown of parchment-tinted velvet with long, tight-fitting sleeves and a train in one with the skirt. Her tulle veil was edged with antique Brussels lace, lent by her grandmother, and held in place by a small wreath of orange blossom’ She carried a bouquet of Christmas roses, freesia, and myrtle, and wore an antique necklace of mother-of-pearl and seed pearls in vine-leaf design’. Her sister Diana was the only bridesmaid and wore a redingote dress of maize-coloured velveteen piped with red with a small red cap. Mr . H. C. Massy, 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards, was best man. On account of the 3rd Baron's recent death, there was no reception afterwards. The couple went to Manchester on their honeymoon where they managed to catch the November Handicap. Pamela traveled in "a greenish-grey check tailor-made suit with a felt hat and jumper to tone". (The Times, Weddings, Friday November 26th 1937).


DIANA DREW (1912-1979)

Diana Drew was my grandmother's middle sister, a talented artist who never married. She was born at Ighten Grange in Burnley on 17th August 1912. My first record of her art is two works at the Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, namely (1)‘The Man and the Tiger’ (1925), a linocut printed in brown ink, which depicts a figure in a white turban and loincloth grabbing the head of a tiger with foot extended over the stomach of the tiger. The figure’s of man and tiger face one another, forming a circle, and (2) ‘The Negro, 1925’, depicting a “Crouching, stylized figure wearing white skirt and holding a flexed bow and arrow inscribed within a circular border, printed in brick red ink.” However, given that she was only 13 or 14 at the time, could this really be so? The Spectator of July 1929 (below) does suggest she was a child prodigy.

In 1927 she produced 'The Charleston' (wood cut, pencil signed in the margin, 6 1/2" x 4 1/2") and An African Ploughman, 4 1/4" x 5 1/4" (sold for £75 by Mallam’s Auctioneers on 17 December, 2008), as well as ‘The Water Plough’ … she was only 15 then!

From at least 1929, she attended the Grosvenor School of Modern Art in London under Iain MacNab (as did her elder sister Pamela, my grandmother) and Claude Flight. McNab was a Scots American wood-engraver and painter and founded the school in 1925 at his house at 33 Warwick Square in Pimlico, London. A number of young artists from Australia went to work with Flight and MacNab.

Diana participated in the landmark 'First Exhibition of British Lino-cuts' (4-27 July 1929) which was organised by Claude Flight at the Redfern Gallery:
'BRITISH LINO-CUTS. THE REDFERN GALLERY. Those responsible for the first exhibition of British Lino-Cuts have made certain that we shall have plenty to look at, for they have got together nearly a hundred prints at the Redfern Gallery. Except that linoleum is used for the blocks, the prints do not appear to be, as claimed, a very new form of art, and some of them are so near to woodcuts as to be indistinguishable from them. Greater ease in working and cheap- ness should be the chief claims for this medium, and the limits of adaptability will always make for a broad simplicity. The lino users claim that better colour can be transferred from their material, but, beyond a slightly softer effect, the claim does not seem to be justified. The colour stands out rather thickly on some of the prints. The tricks of the trade, such as backing the print paper with silver paper, can be seen in Mr. Claude Flights' Brooklands. All Mr. Flights' work is good, his Swing-Boats especially giving the attributes, as well as ex- pressing all the sensations. Miss Sybil Andrews has got a warm sort of glow into her Oranges, and the swaying semi- circle of her Straphangers is an amusing design. Other good prints are The Trinity by Mr. McDowall, Mr. Peter Luling's Persephone, Mediterranean Pines by Mr. Edmonds, and The Archer by Miss Diana Drew, who, I understand, is still in her early 'teens. This exhibition offers a chance to anyone who wants a hit of original work at a modest price. G. G.’ (The Spectator, 12 July 1929, p. 12) There is an image of her round lioncut of The Archer here; it was sold on Ebay in October 2017 for £150.

July 24 1930: “British Lino Cuts The first exhibition of British lino-cuts which was held at the Gallery in July, 1929, was an unqualified success. The Exhibition was sent to America and another made a tour of England. If we may judge the quality of printing and technique in this exhibition, opened at the Redfern Gallery yesterday, a like success should await it. Mr. Claude Flight, who has himself some interesting work in the exhibition, tells us that all the proofs here exhibited have been printed by hand from blocks cut in the common linoleum of our floors. Such courage in experiment deserves to retain the success it has won. The characteristics of this exhibition are movement and life as well as pleasing colour. These lino cuts would make good decoration and they are cheap — very cheap; so that any visitor to London wishing to take back something at once modern and decorative might well consider the investment of a few pounds amongst them. The average maintained, as always at the Rcdfern, is consistently high. There is no indifferent work, but we might perhaps especially notice that of Mr. Iain MacNab, Miss McDowall, Mr. Cyril Power, Miss Diana Drew, and Mr. A. L. Falkner. A. E.” (Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer - Thursday 24 July 1930)

The Connoisseur, Volume 86, Issues 349-352 (Hearst Corporation, 1930), p. 197, notes ‘Miss Diana Drew's pleasantly toned Charleston’ at the exhibition. Diana also has a print (a linocut on rice paper), called Fox Trot from circa 1930 is now in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, New York, and may feasibly have been acquired during the 1930 US tour. A vesion of it was on sale for £350 in November 2017. Measuring 175 x 120 mm, it comprises an original colour linocut, printed from three blocks in two shades of crimson and grey, on pink-tinted tissue-thin japan. Elizabeth Harvey-Lee, an honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Painter-Printmakers, describes it as “an interesting combination of linocut and chiaroscuro woodcut techniques."

1931: ‘British Lino-Cuts. Remarkable success attended first and second exhibitions British Lino-cuts held in the Redfern Gallery, and as the third exhibition, now open at the same gallery, is even better technically than its predecessors, it should surpass their record. As Mr. Claude Flight explains for those who are unfamiliar with the technique of lion-cuts, all the prints shown in this exhibition have been printed by hand from blocks by the artists in the common linoleum of our floors. The method has the happy result of giving expression to varied technical powers and of making possible some remarkable colour effects. These lino-cuts are very cheap, many of them no more than one guinea, and afford a delightful method of pictorial decoration within the reach of all. This no doubt explains their growing popularity. Of those who exhibit in this year's exhibition we noticed, in addition to Mr. Claude Flight, the work of Mr. Boxsius. Miss Julia Mavrogordato. Miss G. Malet, Mr. Howey and Miss Diana Drew. The previous exhibitions made subsequent tours in the North-—the second one is still on view in Darlington—and the experiment should be worth repeating.’ (Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer - Thursday 16 July 1931).

Apart from looking after their mother and "good works", Di was very active in the Conservative Party whilst Golly ran a pack of Girl Guides and was, I believe, Westmorland Commissioner. Di was also a very passionate sailor. She is considered to have been the brains of the family, managing both the farm and the finances.

Dad thinks she was a director of Alexander Drew & Sons. My father recalls a visit to them in Burnley in the 1950’s. 'She always spoke despairingly of the firm who could not make a profit even in Coronation Year!'

Di died at High Leasghyll, Milnthorpe, Cumbria on 26 March 1979. Her cause of death was described as (a) Carcinomatosis and (b) Carcinoma of the right breast (excised). Family lore holds that she had organised and invested her finances so well that, when she passed, Golly had little to do but keep things the way she left them in order to be financially secure.


Hermione was born at Dallm in Milnthorpe on 16th February, 1916. She died on 11th October, 1991, in the Lancaster and Lakeland Nuffield Hospital, Lancaste, from a combination of Metatasic Carcinomatosis and Ascites.


JOHNNY DREW (1914-1935)

Johnny followed his father and uncle to Charterhouse where he was also in Gownboys, leaving in 1932. He died aged 21 at the Dorchester in London. I brush my hair with JLD's hairbrush (when I can't find Alan's!) which makes me feel especially connected to him but his is a sad tale, about which I hope to write more anon. A hint of this awful story follows in this article from the Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 20th December 1935.

Shock after a supper party
Mr John Lindsay Drew (21) of Eversley, Milnthorpe, Kendal, fell from a 7th floor window at the Dorchester Hotel, Park Lane, London, early yesterday. He crashed through a skylight, was picked up with severe injuries and died while being taken to hospital.
A few minutes before his fatal fall, Mr Drew had left a West End supper party which he attended with a girl and two men friends.
A friend said that, according to what he had been told by one of Mr Drew’s companions, Mr Drew left the party unknown to them. He called a taxi and asked to be driven to his hotel, leaving his own car in the parking place just outside.
About ¼ of an hour later the girl asked where Mr Drew had gone, and said she was going to take his car to the hotel garage for him. She did this and returned about 20 minutes later. She was deathly white and exclaimed, “My God he is in St George’s Hospital.”
Mr Drew was well known in Westmoreland. He often rode to hounds and was fond of shooting. He stayed at Eversley last weekend and afterwards returned to Burnley. His mother and her eldest daughter Miss Pamela left for London on hearing of the tragedy.
Mr Drew had been at the calico printing firm of Messrs Alexander Drew and Sons Limited, Burnley, for the past three months. He was educated at Charterhouse and spent three years at Cambridge, taking a course at the Manchester School of Technology before going to Burnley. His father, Mr John Malcolm Drew, who died three years ago, was a member of Messrs A. Drew and Sons Limited.
Mr Drew was a keen motorist and had been the owner of several powerful sports cars. He had been staying at the hotel at intervals for eight or nine months.
Recent visit to Yorkshire.
Mr Riley Smith, Mr Drew’s friend, and Mr Paddy Leatham, who was with him at the party, said that Frew had been friendly with an American girl who left England two days ago.
Mr Riley Smith said that Drew was “a bright and jolly boy”. They had recently been to Yorkshire together and Drew had intended to spend Christmas with him in the North.
“I am absolutely mystified about the whole thing,” he added.


ANTHONY DREW (1918-1993)

Anthony Radley Drew was born in Padiham, Lancashire, on 21st August, 1918. He followed his father, uncle and brother Johnny into Charterhouse where he was also in Gownboys, leaving in 1935. He died on 7th March, 1993, in Westmorland General Hospital, Kendal, from a combination of Cerebrovascular Disease and Psioriasis (Chronic Obstructive Airways Disease).

Golly and Anthony were cremated at the Lancaster & Morecambe Crematorium and, along with Di and Johnny, they were buried beside their parents in the graveyard at St. Peter's Church, Heversham, where my grandparents were married in 1937. My parents last visited the grave in April 2017.



See 2017 Facebook article on Alan here.

My 2014 book 'The Glorious Madness - Tales of the Irish & the Great War' is dedicated to Alan Appleby Drew, second and youngest son of Daniel and Rhoda Drew. Alan was born on 26th June 1884 and educated at Mostyn House, Parkgate, Cheshire, until August 1895. Algernon George Grenfell was headmaster of the school in AA Drew’s day, both when he was a boy and when he later returned to teach. According to an article by Stuart Dye in the Daily Post (Liverpool) of 5th January 2002: “Mostyn House began life as a small school in Tarvin in 1854 with the Rev Edward Price as headmaster. When Lord Mostyn decided to sell his family's land in Parkgate, Rev Price bought it for bigger premises and moved the school to its current site in 1855. His nephew, the Rev Algernon Sidney Grenfell, took over the school seven years later and held the post for 20 years before leaving former pupil William Barrett in charge for a temporary period. (Two of Algernon Sidney's sons were to lead extraordinary lives. Wilfred Thomason Grenfell became a world-famous missionary doctor and was knighted for his work in Labrador, Canada.)

Meanwhile, Algernon George Grenfell, or AG as he was known, became one of the foremost educationalists of his time. He became head at Mostyn House in 1890 and spent more than 40 years transforming the school. He introduced educational innovations which are still used today and built the chapel, dining room, the old swimming pool, covered playground, changing room block, tearoom and four-storey block on Parkgate front. He extended the cottage and gave parts of the school their now famous black and white exterior.” In 2002, Suzi Grenfell became the sixth generation of the Grenfell family to lead the school when she took over from her father Julian, a grandson of AG.

Like his brother Jack, Alan Appleby Drew went to Charterhouse where he was in Gownboys. He was destined to be one of 687 Old Carthusians (as ex-Charterhouse boys are known) killed in the Great War. (He was probaly three or four years junior to T.L. McClintock Bunbury, later 3rd Baron Rathdonnell, whose son William married Alan's niece Pamela in 1937.) After Charterhouse, he actually returned to Mostyn House School to teach although at some point he became a partner in the family business of Lowerhouse Printing Works. He evidently went to Glasgow at some point because, according to his obituary in the Burnley Express (17 March 1915): 'Whilst in Glasgow, he was for three or four years a Lieut. in the Highland Light Infantry (Territorials), which commission he resigned on going out to Shanghai for business purposes. He had been returned about two years, and when war broke out he applied for a commission in the Highland Light Infantry, which was, however, full up, and he took one with the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).' During an August 2017 clean out of the Gate Lodge at Lisnavagh, home to his great-niece Rosebud McClintock Bunbury, we came across a cap badge which, posted on Wistorical's Facebook page for identification, transpired to be a cap badge for the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). [It is to be noted that a Major-General J. S. Drew was also affiliated with the HLI] He does not appear to have been listed on the 1911 census, in which case he was perhaps still in Shanghai. [One unidentified account says he went to Shanghai in 1907]

It's rather lovely to think that one of the pupils he might have taught was Rohan Boyle's grandfather Alec (Alexander Robert) Boyle, who was at Mostyn from about 1908-1912 and who, like Alan, later returned to teach (in the 1920s). [Grainne Dennison's grandfather was also at Mostyn] Rohan was with Andrew and I (and Mathew Forde) when we found Alan's grave in the Royal Irish Rifles graveyard at Laventie, 11km south-west of Armentieres. Among others buried here is 24-year-old 1st Lieut. Gerrard Ferrers Nixon (whose brother Ernest was ADC to Sir John Nixon in Mesopotamia). This was on my first trip to the Western Front in May 2010 and one day I shall write up the story of that entire experience. Suffice it to say, that our party of four spent Day One at Ypres, then retreated to Waterloo 1815 for some light relief on Day Two, before returning for Day Three at the Somme. It took us several weeks to recover fully from being so close to the holocaust that was World War One. So God only knows how long it took anyone who was there during the war. Eternity I suppose.

The details of Alan's demise are as follows. On 2 February 1914, his father Daniel Drew died. Upon the outbreak of the Great War six months later, Alan was appointed to a commission as 2nd lieutenant in the 4th (Extra Reserve) Battalion of the Cameronians. He was promoted lieutenant that November. It seems that many Burnley men enlisted in the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (sometimes referred to as the Burnley Rifles). Some hold that this is literally because it was the same regiment that Alan Drew, the boss’s son, had joined. However, Burnley historian Andrew Gill holds that the Cameronians had a very successful recruiting campaign in the town because so many of the Burnley families were of Scottish descent. One of our Ellis cousins inherited a brooch which transpired to be Alan’s Cameronian badge.

On 13 February 1915, Alan joined the Cameronians at the Western Front. He survived in the trenches for just a week before he was killed at Neuve Chapelle on 10 March 1915. Neuve Chapelle was a village in the Artois region that had been in German hands since October. The plan was to launch a massive assault that would rip the German line apart and allow the Allies to seize Aubers Ridge and maybe even push on to the German-occupied city of Lille. The battle of Neuve Chapelle began at 7:30 on the foggy morning of March 10th when over three hundred British guns began a gigantic bombardment of the village and its defences, confident that the artillery would decimate the huge swathes of barbed wire that marked the German lines. In conjunction with the bombardment, forty thousand British, Irish and Indian troops charged through the fog at the German lines, with the 1st Battalion of the Irish Guards amongst them. Just as their comrades would discover in Gallipoli that same month, the intense artillery bombardment had failed to destroy the enemy wire. As battalion after battalion tried to work out what to do, hidden nests of German machine guns and rifles opened fire. Running between the German trenches that day was a young dispatch rider called Adolf Hitler who bounded between shell holes delivering messages for his Bavarian comrades with an enthusiasm that was noted in his regimental diary. It took five days for Field Marshal Sir John French to concede that the offensive was not working and, by which time 22,000 Allied and German soldiers had been killed or disabled.

Alan Appleby Drew was among those killed on the first day, 10 March, and I subsequently dedicated 'The Glorious Madness' to his memory. His death was widely reported, including The Times’ List of Casualties on 18 March, the Burnley Express on 17 March, the Manchester Evening News on 29 March.

Probate was granted in London on 19 November to his brother Jack (aka John Malcolm Drew, calico printer) as well as his cousins Alexander Sutherland Drew, merchant, and Edward Drew, calico printer. Alan left his property, valued at £25,767 10s. 9d (the net personalty being £25,464) to his brother Jack Drew who was then resident of The Bluff, Canford Cliffs, Bournemouth. According to Moneysorter.co.uk, that appears to be in excess of £2 million by present day rates. (Thanks to Wendy Howard).

In 2015 my cousin Mary Ellis very kindly sent me Alan Drew’s regimental brooch. She believes the brooch either passed from Alan's mother Rhoda to Sylvia (assuming she inherited such stuff from her mother-in-law) or was given directly to Sylvia. It may have been a gift from Alan, or a present to his mother from hiss father, or even from Jack to Sylvia. All are perfectly credible; the ladies probably wanted to show their solidarity and family involvement in the war.

I have now inadvertently become the custodian of several of Alan’s possessions including his cap-badge, his hairbrush - I brush my hair with it nearly every morning - and his posthumous medal. It's extraordinary how he came to be in my life 100 years after the war and it feels most apt that I dedicated The Glorious Madness to him. I’m full of hope that he and I can sit and enjoy a jar together in the next life.

Alan’s hairbrush was made by Finnigans of Manchester who also, we think, made a suitcase with his name on it that my father has. The brush appears to be Maplewood and my father suspects it is bristled with badger hair. I also have a hairbrush of Alan's ill-fated nephew Johnny but that is another story.

In 2018 my cousin Jacqui Doyle became owner of a very fine silver-topped walking cane inscribed with the name 'Alan A Drew, Lower House, Burnley, Lancashire,' as well as 'Nantou, China, 24: 9: 10; the date is just thirteen days after the birth of his niece, Pamela, my grandmother. Just over a year later, on 10 October 1911, the army garrison in Wuhan mutinied, sparking a widespread revolt in the Yangtze river valley that ultimately led to the overthrow of the Qing dynasty that had ruled China since 1644 and the abdication of the Last Emperor on 12 February 1912. Nantou is probably the walled city west of Shenzen, which lay on the sea route in South China and was regarded as the gatekeeper of the Pearl River and Guangzhou. That said, Nantou is also the name of a mountainous region in central Taiwan, famed for its Sun Moon Lake and its tung-ting tea, one of the highest-quality oolong teas.

Alan's devastated mother Rhoda later installed a carillon of 31 bells in the chapel at Mostyn School in memory of Alan "& the other four-score old boys who fell in the Great War' which were unveiled with a dedication by the Bishop of Chester on 25th May 1922. In the event that Mostyn School should ever close down, or that 'the bells could no longer be heard by English boys', it was decreed they should go - or be 'translated' - to another public school, prefferably Charterhouse. Largely thanks to the work of Charterhouse bursar David Williams, that is what duly happened when Mostyn sadly closed its doors after 156 yers in 2010. The bells were wonderfully re-dedicated again on 10th May 2014 in a service attended by my father, my eldest brother, myself, our Ellis cousins and some eighty people all told. [Built in 1927 to a design by Giles Gilbert Scott, the nearby chapel at Charterhouse is the largest war memorial in the UK, recalling 687 dead - the highest percentage in England.] Suzanna Grenfell-Marten represented Mostyn. My father later declared: 'The rededication of the carillon in May 2014 was so fulfilling and beautiful that it takes pride of place in my remembrances for WWI.'

In October 2016 my father made contact with Ian Lyon, the first Old Mostonian we knew about, aside from Rohan Boyle’s grandfather. According to Ian: 'I went to Mostyn House in May 1939 and during that term, and before the bells were silenced for the duration if the War, some people were missing one night on the Sands of Dee and the bells played hymn tunes for virtually the whole night. The then Headmaster, Daryl Grenfell, was not only an excellent Headmaster but he had an excellent business brain. In 1938 he anticipated the onset if WW2 and sold the public swimming pool he owned in Parkgate and with the proceeds he built the Air Raid Shelter. Had the Shelter not existed it was highly likely the school would have been evacuated. Had it been evacuated it would not have been possible to replicate the many amenities the school had. Until the blitz virtually ended in 1942 we spent a lot of time there. I remember one term when we had to go to the Shelter virtually every night.'

On 26 February 2014, David Williams delivered an address on the bells to some 800 pupils and staff in the chapel at Charterhouse about the ‘Carillon Bells’. In explaining why they were now at the school, he spoke of AA Drew as follows:

"To find out I enlisted the help of Mrs Smith in Archives. We discovered that yes, A A Drew was an Old Carthusian and he was in Gownboys. Although his academic progress went spectacularly downwards during his time at the school, he was a “conspicuous” member of the First XI football team, he served on the Athletics Committee and in the Fire Brigade and, according to The Carthusian he was a talented singer and entertainer. He left the school in 1903 and went to work in Shanghai before returning to teach at Mostyn House.

At the onset of war he, like many of his generation, joined up, and due to family ties he enlisted in a Scottish Regiment, the Cameronians. He left England for France on 11 February 1915. A month later he was dead, killed in action at Neuve Chapelle, alongside most of his fellow young officers in the Cameronians. You will see his name on the memorial at the West end of this Chapel.

The offensive at Neuve Chapelle has been regarded as the battle where the loss of innocence occurred. More shells were fired on the first day than in the whole of the Boer War, and there still weren’t enough. The subsequent Munitions Crisis brought down Asquith’s Government and promoted Lloyd George to Minister of Munitions. It paved the way for greater female participation in the workforce and eventually towards female emancipation. It also regretfully led to restrictions on pub opening times as the blame for the shell shortage fell heavily upon the drunken factory workers.

The greatest concentration of Carillons is in Flanders. Throughout the First World War their evocative music must have formed a contrasting soundtrack to the gunfire of the trenches. Therefore it is not surprising that many of the Carillons now found outside Flanders were built as war memorials.

After the war, the families of the fallen began searching for appropriate memorials to their loved ones. A A Drew’s family made the inspired choice to install a Carillon at his prep school. His older brother John Drew, also a Carthusian, contributed the first 500 pounds of the 1,300 pound total cost of the bells. As there are four other Carthusians on the Carillon Roll of Honour, it is reasonable to assume that their families also contributed to the Carillon appeal."

Mr. Williams concluded his fine talk:

"Before he left for France, Alan Appleby Drew wrote in his sister-in-laws’ scrapbook ‘To every life that God hath given he hath allotted a work - the fulfilment of that work comes naturally, and its proper accomplishment should form the sole ambition of that life.’

This epigram summarises the guiding philosophy of a Carthusian whose allotted work was to make the ultimate sacrifice. The Carillon is his legacy. Now, one hundred years later, its dedication has been fulfilled and it has been installed at Charterhouse. Poignantly it is housed in the tower of the original Chapel, from where it will continue to “go on speaking” to us all.'


As an aside, I visited Cobh, County Cork, on 1st December 2014 where I heard the bells ring out from Cobh Cathedral. The story of these bells, installed 1916, is particularly interesting because, like Alan Drew’s bells, they were made by Taylors of Loughborough.

The story told to me by local historian Christy Keating.

Bishop Browne - uncle of the famous Fr. Browne of Titanic fame – was appointed Bishop of Cloyne in 1894 and entrusted with completing the cathedral in Cobh because he had done such a good job of finishing St. Patrick's Church in Maynooth (on time) while he was President of Maynooth College. Cobb Cathedral was the biggest project ever undertaken by the Catholic Church in Ireland.

When the Bishop initially ordered the bells from Taylor’sperfect amphitheatre with the town underneath the cathedral, the high ground behind it and the harbour in front of it.

The Bishop agreed to buy the bells whichAdmiral Lewis Bayly, the Admiral of the Queenstown Command.

It is said that during the war Admiralty House Bishop Browne gave permission to put these wires on church property in return for which Admiral Bayly provided an escort for the bells from Liverpool to Cobh. While the Royal Navy were meticulous in documenting most things, no documentation of the bells transit to Cobh has yet been found.

Bells such as these must be turned by a quarter of a turn every 100 years on account of the clapper hitting the same spot. After 400 years the bells will also have to be retuned.

You can hear 'The Bells of St. Colmans's Cathedral Cobh' on YouTube.


WAR DIARY Army Form C. 2118

The following extracts come from the 2nd Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) war diary for February and March 1915. The diaries give a daily account of the Battalions movements and actions leading up to and including the Battle of Neuve Chapelle. Lieutenant Alan Appleby Drew is shown as joining the Battalion on February 26th and is also listed among those killed during the Battle.

This information was sent to me in June 2010 by Barrie Duncan, Assistant Museums Officer, Community Resources, Museum Development, South Lanarkshire Council. Unfortunately they do not hold any records on individuals and so were unable to offer any personal information on Lieutenant Drew. For more information on the 2nd Battalion’s involvement in the Battle, Barrie recommended the book Morale: A Study of Men and Courage by John Baynes. This book was written by an officer of The Cameronians and the descriptions of the Battle are heavily based on the eye-witness accounts of several of the officers and men who survived.


1st Feb - LA FLINQUE: Draft of 1 Cpl. And 39 men joined from ROUEN. Relieved 2/ Devons in the trenches. One man Killed . LIEUT. W.J. Kerr and three men wounded.

2nd Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. One man Killed and one man wounded

3rd Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. One man Killed and one man wounded

4th Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. Relieved by 2/ Devons and went into billets in Divisional Reserve at PONT RIRCHON. One man killed and two wounded. One man reported missing. 2/LIEUTS. G.V.BOOKLESS and C.T. GRANT joined the Bn.

5th Feb - PONR RIRCHON. Nothing to report.

6th Feb - Nothing to report.

7th Feb - Relieved 2/ Devons in the Trenches. Three men wounded

8th Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. Killed CAPT. & ADJT CO I MAUNSELL & two men. Three men wounded

9th Feb - Nothing to report

10th Feb - Two killed & four men wounded. Relieved by 2/ Devonshire Regt. and went into Brigade Reserve at LA FLINQUE

11th Feb - LA FLINQUE: Nothing to report

12th Feb - Nothing to report

13th Feb - Relieved 2/ Devons in the trenches, casualties – nil.

14th Feb - Three men wounded

15th Feb - One man wounded

16th Feb - Relieved by 2/ Devons and went into billets in Divisional Reserve at PONT RIRCHON. Two men wounded. Draft of 50 men joined from Base.

17th February - PONT RIRCHON: Nothing to record

18th Feb - Nothing to report

19th Feb - Relieved 2/Devons in the Trenches. Two men wounded

20th February - Trenches near CHAPIGNY. One man killed, four wounded.

21st Feb - Two men killed, two wounded

22nd Feb - No casualties. 1 Sergeant, 1 Corporal and 28 men joined from Base. Relieved by 2/ Devons and went into Brigade reserve at LA FLINQUE

23rd February - LA FLINQUE: One man wounded.

24th Feb - 2/LIEUT. S. de T. WILLIAMSON 3rd Bn. Scottish Rifles joined from Base.

25th Feb - Relieved 2/ Devons in the Trenches. One man wounded

26th Feb - Trenches near CHAPIGNY: LIEUT A A DREW 4th Bn. Scottish Rifles joined from Base HAVRE. Two men killed & three wounded

27th Feb - One man killed & one wounded.

28th Feb - One man wounded. W.B. GRAY- BUCHANAN CAPT.

1st March - Relieved by 1st Bn. Sherwood Foresters. CAPT. A.C. STANLEY CLARKE wounded, 1 man killed and two wounded. Billeted for the night at PONT RIRCHON

2nd March - MERVILLE: Marched to MERVILLE and went into billets in vicinity.

3rd March - LIEUT R.H.H. ROBERTSON 4th Bn. Scottish Rifles, one lance Sergt. & 19 men joined from Base.

4th March - Nothing to record

5th March - Nothing to record

6th March - Nothing to record

7th March - LA GORGUE: Moved into close billets at LA GORGUE. Three men missing, absent without leave.

8th March - In billets at LA GORGUE. Nothing to record---

March 9th - Nothing doing in the morning. Paraded at 10.45 pm & marched to “ Cameron Lane “ ie PONT du HOM- hot meal was issued there at 1am 10th.

March 10th [being the day Alan Appleby Drew was killed - tb]- At 2am marched across country to sign post corner – Single file - formed up in trenches as in map "A" by 5.30 am - guns started finished at 7 am. Bombardment of enemy trenches (wire cutting) 7.30 to 7.45 am. 7.45 to 8 bombardment of first line enemys trench - 8.5

A & B Coys left trenches and advanced on enemy front line in quick time - A Coy MAJOR EDE L. HAYES - B Coy CAPT FERRERS - C & D Coys then occupying trenches vacated by A & B. B Coy reached the first German trench with very little opposition - not so A Coy who met with a heavy rifle & M.G. fire - the German wire too was not well cut in front of this Coy by the Guns. A Coy experienced a heavy enfillade fire as the Bn. on its left - the 2 / Middx - could not get forward altho' making three gallant attempts. About 70 prisoners gave themselves up in the first line trenches. By the time the first line had been reached. Lt Col. W.M. BLISS & the ADJT. CAPT GRAY-BUCHANAN were killed close together practically leading the first line.

C & D Coy followed A & B at a short interval and the whole regt went on taking the German 2nd line - the regt had now arrived at points 21 q 82 & the right flank advanced past 41 as far as 18. the line now held 18, 41, 82 q 21 9.30 am, our guns now shelled 18. Heavy German rifle & machine gun fire came from 22. The 2/ Middlx were now able to advance and our gunners had cleared 22 - the whole line was now able to advance - the Bn occupied 53 & 19 - The Bn reached this point before our scheduled time - the (our) gunners opened fire on this line but fortunately the Bn retired before any material damage was done - they occupied a position 18, 65. At 2.15 p.m. MAJOR CARTER-CAMPBELL who by this time was the only officer left except 2/Lt. SOMERVAIL - was hit in the head & the Bn reoccupied 19,5 3. Where the 5th Black Watch were digging trenches. Very heavy M.G. from direction of Pt 5 began & was finally silenced by our machine guns time about 4 pm. The night of the 10th/11th was spent in trench 19. 53 and defended house 19. A hot meal and tea & ample rations were brought up Lt & Qr Master GRAHAM About 8 pm. the Sherwood Forresters came through the Bn advancing to a night attack. The night of 10th/11th was spent in digging & improving defenses of house.

March 11th - At 5.30 am. C Coy occupied position 55. 19 The remainder of the Bn stayed where they were heavily shelled with high explosive "Blk Marias" & shrapnel - very few casualties not worse than 2 or 3 men hit with shrapnel bullets. The night of 11th/12th was spent in the same position. The Bn again had a hot meal from the cookers brought up with great difficulty as the road was blocked & being heavily shelled.

March 12th - On the morning of this day - the Bn was in and about Pts 19. 55. 53 The subjected to heavy shell fire during the day - but did not suffer much 4 or 5 casualties only About 4 pm MAJOR CARTER-CAMPBELL was wounded & 2Lt SOMERVAIL, assisted by REGTL SGT MAJOR CHALMERS assumed command of the Bn at the time MAJOR CARTER-CAMPBELL was wounded - he was on his way from the 2/ W. Yorks Regt. where he had been making arrangements for a night attack. He was to have commanded both Bns. This command then devolved on MAJ INGPELL 2/ W. Yorks. About 8 pm the Bn formed up in the road at about pt 65 facing South. The Bn formed the advance guard & moved by 29.50. 31.They moved across country & joining up with 2/ Devons & formed a preparatory formation for a night attack. The night attack however did not come off - about 4 am 13th the night operations were cancelled.

March 13th - and the Bn returned to its position 19. 53. 55. In the morning of the 13th the Bn occupied 54. About 8 pm., after spending the day under shell fire, the Bn retired to 22. 77 where they remained all night.

March 14th - Consolidated the above position and about 4 pm retired back by Coys. through the German trenches to orchard 15. 16. 13. this night the Bn was relieved by the 25th Bde. the Bn was in reserve that night i.e. 14th/15th


Alexander & Isabella Drew’s third and youngest son Thomas Auchterlonie Drew, known as Tom Drew, was born on 7th June 1852 and died on 14th September 1921. A calico printer, merchant and Justice of the Peace, he lived at Oak House, Fallowfield, in the City of Manchester,and had a townhouse at 15, Nicholas-street, Manchester. (The London Gazette, 12 September, 1922, p. 6616). On December 6th 1921, as London and Dublin honed the great Anglo-Irish Treaty, The Times reported that the gross value of Thomas’s will amounted to £56,189. He too was one of the directors of Alexander Drew & Sons, Lowerhouse Print Works. On 17th June 1873, he married Elizabeth Beatrice Jane Syme (b. 1/10/1851 – 27/12/1903), elder daughter of James Syme of Edinburgh, manager of the British Linen Banking Company in Scotland. They had six children – two boys and four girls.

The eldest child, Evelyn Isobel Elizabeth Drew was born on 6th February 1874 and married on 18th April 1899 to Sidney Vernon Occleston (b. 27/4/1869), a Radley-educated lieutenant in the 11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars. He was the youngest son of John James Occleston (b. 1824) of Bowdon, Cheshire. The Occlestons had run a silk warehouse in manchester since at least 1841. I 1860, they joined a 'smallware manufacture' business at Havelock Mill, 77 Great Bridgewater Street, Manchester. The new venture was called Greenough, Occlestone & Co., a nod to J.J. Occlestone's business partner Maria Greenough, whose family founded the company in 1817. From 16th April 1868, the business was carried on by J.J. Occlestone and Clifton Stanislaus West, under the old style. (Manchester Commercial List, Estell & Co., 1871, p. 22). During the First World War, Sidney served in the cavalry, as a Captain in the 11th Hussars. (With thanks to David Brown who is researching the Occlestone family)

The second child Nina Campbell Drew was born on 12th June 1876 and married on 20 April 1901 to James Macfie (b. 30/1/1869), eldest son of Dugald Macfie of Manchester. They had a daughter Elizabeth Sylvia (b. 27/7/ 1902) and son Duglad (b. 13/11/1908, d. 6/4/1982).

The third child Florence Percival Drew was born 7/9/1877 and married 9/5/1903 Donald Beith (b. 19/11/1878), fourth son of John Alexander Beith of Manchester. They had five children, three boys and two girls. Their firstborn son Alexander Gilbert Beith (b. 12/2/1904) married (15/6/1932) Hester Wilson Spencer and had two daughters, Sarah Fiona (b. 21/4/1934) and Kathleen Julia (b. 23/5/1937). Florence and Donald’s eldest daughter Evelyn Beatrice Janet was born on 17/7/1906 and married on 19/1/1935 to Roger Birley Melland. The Beith’s other children were Donald Malcolm (b. 22/10/1910, d. 14/2/1952), Norris Dunlop (b. 22/8/1914) and Julia Robson (b. 21/5/1919, d. 10/5/1973).

The fourth child Alexander Sutherland Drew was born on 29th January 1879 and married on 16th October 1905 to Mary Elizabeth Carver (b. 1/6/1875), eldest daughter of Fred William Carver of Knutsford, Cheshire. They lived at Norwood, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, and had a son and two daughters. Their only son Ian Sutherland Drew was born on 9/6/1909 and died on 30 November 1983. He was married at Christ Church, Dore, near Sheffield, on Saturday 15th September 1934 to Alison Helen Grant, second daughter of Mr and Mrs Allan J Grant of Dore Moor House. The Rev W.E. Humphreys officiated, assisted by the Rev. A.G. Saxelby-Kemp. The bride who was given away by her father, wore a down of deep cream dull satin trimmed with real lace at the neck. Her train of old Carrickmacross lace edged with satin fell from the shoulders, and the long veil was held in place by a halo wreath of orange-blossom. She carried a bouquet of white heather. Juliet and Stella Sandford, in Kate Greenaway frocks of cream satin with pale green sashes and shoes, carried the train. The eight grown-up bridesmaids – Miss Biddy and Miss Pamela Grant (sisters of the bride), Miss Peggy Drew (sister of the bridegroom), Miss Eileen Crawford, Miss Hope Todhunter, Miss Ella Pardoe, Miss Rosemary Nicholson, and Miss Cynthia Stephenson – wore dressesof pale green chiffon with Mary Stuart headdresses of old gold lace. The 1st Dore Girl Guides and Brownies formed a guard of honour at the bridge and bridegroom left the church. Mrs Grant afterwards held a reception at Dore Moor House. Among the many Drews to attend were Mr and Mrs Alexander Drew, Miss Barbara Drew, Colonel and Mrs JS Drew, Mr TS Drew, Miss L.A. Drew, Mr and Mrs Edward Drew, Mr Alexander Drew jun, Mr Gordon Drew, Miss M Drew, Mrs JL Drew and Miss Pamela Drew. The honeymoon was to be spent ‘motoring on the continent’. (The Times, 1934). Ian and Alison’s daughter Valerie Jean Drew was born on 31/3/1936, and married Count Nicholas Sollohub, son of the Russian Countess Edith Sollohub, author of 'The Russian Countess: Escaping Revolutionary Russia'. Valerie was followed by a son, Alastair Sutherland Grant Drew, born on 1 March 1939.

The elder daughter Barbara (Isabella Elizabeth) Drew was born on 29th 10 1906 and married on 7/9/1935 to John Edward Tew (b. 3/9/1905). The younger daughter Peggy (Margaret Carver Syme) was born on 28/6/1912.

The fifth child and youngest son was General Sir James Syme Drew (1883-1955), KBE, CB, DSO, MC, DL, Director General of the Home Guard and the Territorial Army. He was commissioned into the Cameron Highlanders from Sandhurst. For more details, see his Wikipedia page here. Born on 1st September 1883, he was married on 19th April 1918 to Victoria Maxwell (b. 27/10/1892, d. 1977), youngest daughter of William Jardine Herries Maxwell of Munches, Kirkcudbrght. They had issue - Thomas Syme (b. 3/3/1919), Dorathea (b. 10/4/1928), Elizabeth Jean (b. 4/11/1927) and Helen Victoria (b. 30/8/1929). His grandson Robert Balfour contatced me in April 2020, at which time Robert's mother and her sister Helen were the last of their generation of the Drews.

The sixth and youngest child Lorna Auchterlonie Drew was born on 17th June 1893.



[1] The Economic Intelligence Bulletin for North West England, Summer 2005 – Spring 2006.


With thanks to Ben Rathdonnell, Jacqui Doyle, the Redfern Gallery, Lora S. Urbanelli (now director of the Montclair Art Museum, NJ), Marcus Potts, Roger Bingham (St Peter's Church, Heversham), Sandra Keirstead Thorne (Hampton, New Brunswick, Canada), Alasdair Drew, Nick Drew, Mary Ellis, Robert Balfour, Richard Ellis, David Brown (Occlestone family history), Alistair Scott, Margaret Mardall (Old Carthusian Recorder in Archives), David Williams (Bursar at Charterhouse), Jo Sherington (Local History & Reference Librarian, Heritage Centre, Dumbarton Library),