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The Paget Family & the Marquess of Anglesey

H.M.S. Samarang At Chatham, January 1847, by Thomas Goldsworthy Dutton

During the 1820s, William McClintock Bunbury sailed around the coast of South America as 1st Lieutenant on board HMS Samarang to Captain Charlie Paget (1806-1845), nephew of the 1st Marquess of Anglessy. Also on board was young Leopold McClintock, the future explorer, whose sister was to become Captain Paget’s second wife. Any further information about this branch of the Paget family would be greatly appreciated.

BARONS PAGET & EARLS OF UXBRIDGE

The Pagets were a Staffordshire family knighted by Henry VIII in 1543 when Sir William Paget became Secretary of State and one of the executors to the corpulent King’s will. Sir William’s grandson Thomas, 3rd Baron Paget, was attainted by Queen Elizabeth’s Parliament and stripped of his titles and property when charged with favouring Mary, Queen of Scots. The title was restored by James I and, in 1714, the 9th Baron Paget was advanced to the Earldom of Uxbridge. The Earldom became extinct on the death, without children, of the 2nd Earl in 1769. However, the barony of Paget, being a barony in fee, had then devolved upon the late Earl’s cousin, Henry Bayly, 9th Baron Paget (1744-1812), grandfather to Captain Charles Paget of the Samarang. On 19th April 1784, the 9th Baron was advanced to the earldom of Uxbridge (in the second creation). By his marriage to Jane Champagne, daughter of Very Rev. Arthur Champagne, Dean of Clonmacnoise, he had five sons.

1ST MARQUESS OF ANGLESSY

Earl Anglesey bust at the Royal Dublin Society.

The eldest of these, Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglessy, served in the army against Napoleon, commanded a cavalry regiment during Sir John Moore’s campaign. At Waterloo, he commanded the British Hanoverian and Belgian Horse – he was sitting on his horse talking to Wellington when struck by a blast that obliged him to have his right leg amputated below the knee. On 4th July 1815 he was created 1st Marquess of Anglessy. The Marques was twice Lord Lieutenant of Ireland – from 1828 – 1829 and from 1830 – 1833, when his nephew Charles was sailing the coast of South America on HMS Samarang with William Bunbury.

CAPTAIN PAGET’S UNCLES

The second, Captain William Paget served with the Royal Navy and died unmarried in 1795. The third son, Sir Arthur Paget (1771 – 26 July 1840) served on the Privy Council and married a daughter of the 10th Earl of Westmoreland and was father to, amongst others, Stewart Paget (Police Magistrate at Gibraltar) and Sir Augustus Berkley Paget (sometime Ambassador to Italy and Austria). The fourth son, General Sir Edward Paget, became Governor of Chelsea Hospital and was father to Frances, Countess of Ormond, wife of the 2nd Marquess and 20th Earl. A sixth son Berkeley Paget (1780 – 1842) married into the Bucknall family (and was father-in-law to Florinda Mason, granddaughter of Thomas Burgh of Oldtown) while the seventh and youngest son, Brownlow, died young in 1797. These were the paternal uncles of Captain Paget.

CAPTAIN PAGET’S AUNTS

As to his five aunts, Caroline (d. 9 July 1847), the eldest, married the Hon. John Thomas Capell, eldest son of the 4th Earl of Essex by his second marriage. The second daughter Jane (d. 30 June 1842) married the 8th Earl of Galloway. The third, Louise (d. 28 Jan 1842), married Lt Gen Sir James Erskine of Torriehouse, Fife, and then married Lt. Hon. Sir George Murray. The fourth Charlotte (d. 1817) married the 2nd Earl of Enniskillen, KP (d. 1840). Mary, the fifth and youngest, married the 2nd Baron Graves and died in 1835.

VICE-ADMIRAL SIR CHARLES PAGET (1778-1839)

Portrait of the Hon. Sir Charles Paget, G.C.H. (1778-1839), father of Captain Charles Paget of the Samarang.

Captain Paget’s father, Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Paget, was the Earl of Uxbridge’s fifth and youngest son. Born on 7 October 1778, he entered the Royal Navy in 1790 and commanded the sloop Martin at Camperdown in 1797. In command of the frigate Brilliant, he accompanied Warren in the expedition to Ferrol in 1800, and in the frigate Endymion captured a good number of enemy vessels. On 7th March 1805 he married Elizabeth Araminta, daughter and co-heir of Henry Monck. In the Superb, 74 guns, he blockaded New London during the War of 1812 and was knighted in 1819.

On 27 January 1839, Sir Charles succumbed to yellow fever at the age of 61 while on board the steamer Tartarus from Port Royal to Bermuda. At the time of his death he held supreme direction of Naval affairs in North America and the West Indies, running operations from the flagship Cornwallis. Ten days earlier, his fleet experienced a tragedy when the 46-gun HMS Madagascar under Captain William Parry Wallis was lost while lying off Sacrificios off the coast of Mexico. On 19 January 1839 her pinnace broke adrift in a northerly gale. The Gunner and seventeen men set out in a cutter to recover it but both boats were swamped and eleven men drowned. Could this have prompted Admiral Paget’s premature death?

An illustrated memoir, with family portraits, was published in Canada in 1911: “A Memoir of the Honourable Sir Charles Paget, G.C.H., (1778-1839), Vice-Admiral of the White, and Commander-in-Chief of the North American and West Indian station”. His wife Elizabeth died aged 56 at Fair Oak on 17th August 1843. They had three sons and six daughters. Sir Charles and his family are recalled in a marble wall tablet at St Bartholomew’s Church, Rogate, West Sussex, England.

CAPTAIN CHARLES HENRY PAGET (1806-1845)

Captain Charles Henry Paget of HMS Samarang was the Admiral’s eldest son. Born on 15 July 1806, Charlie – as he was called – married his first wife Elizabeth Annals in January 1836. She died on 27th January 1839, the same day as his father so what tragedy was that? He married secondly on 24th January 1840 (ie: not a year later) Emily Caroline, daughter of Henry McClintock.

Nicky McClintock owned a set of six volumes of the “Lives of the Admirals” each of which carries the same inscription on the fly-leaf: “From Charlie Paget, late Captain of the old Samarang to his friend and ship-mate Francis Leopold McClintock, May 19th 1842 at 5 hrs 10 m a.m.” I have yet to discover the significance of that particular moment.

Charlie Paget was clearly a humorous man; Darwin certainly found him good company. He was probably – like FitzRoy, Darwin and indeed William Bunbury – a believer in the high-Tory, Christian ethic by which paternalism was the leading motive for providing direct economic and practical aid to primitive societies. His views on slavery (below) certainly compound these thoughts. Indeed, Paget and Darwin seem to have been united by a mutual respect for the aboriginal peoples they met. This was an age when the high-minded ideals and optimism of the Victorian age had not yet been annihilated by colonial glory-hunters, fanatical missionaries and commercial exploitation. Paget’s humour must have been extremely important for his crew, living together in such close proximity. These men would share considerable journeys, discussions, enthusiasms and disappointments over the course of their adventure.

Paget died aged 39 on 26 May 1845. He had been sick since February but died ‘fully in his senses & in peace & hope, with his head on his wife’s arm – she bore the blow fimrly at first, Rosa being with her was a great comfort to her, he was buried in Portsmouth in a week after‘ (H McClintock Diary).

His widow was married secondly on 19th July 1848 to Captain John Ballard Gardiner.

Charles Henry Monck Paget, the eldest of their two sons, was born on 19 May 1842 and became a Captain in the 29th Foot. On 30 September 1873 he married Anna Matilda Margaret, youngest daughter of Rev. Jonathan Chase Matchett, Vicar of St Mary’s by whom he had a son, Charles Henry Fitzclarence Paget (1874 – 1920), and two daughters, Louisa Caroline (who married Rev. Gilbert Adolphus Rideout, Rector of Rusper, Horsham, Surrey, and died on 1st May 1947) and Dorothy (who died unmarried on 14th July 1957).

The second son, Alfred Fitzclarence Paget was born on 2 September 1844 and died on 29 September 1916.

CAPTAIN PAGET’S BROTHERS

Charles’s brother the Rev. Edward James Paget was born on 26 July 1811. In October 1841, he married a daughter of General Thewles. She died 24th May 1866. He died 30th August 1859. They had two sons – Lt. Horatio Edward Paget, 27th Regt (22 Dec 1842 – 9 May 1869) and Charles Berkley Paget (4 June 1849 – 8 Jan 1920, who married firstly Frances, daughter of Captain T. Sibbald, and secondly, Annie, daughter of William Sibbald). Charles’s younger brother Horatio Henry Paget died at sea while serving as a Midshipman on board HMS Talbot on 28 April 1828 aged 15. Charles’s youngest brother Lieutenant Henry Brownlow Paget, RN, was born on 8 May 1819 but died unmarried at sea on board HMS Dublin on 18 February 1843 at the age of 24.

CAPTAIN PAGET’S SISTERS

  1. Elizabeth Jane was married on 25 March 1845 to Major William Berners, RHA, and died 13 June 1866, leaving issue.
  2. Caroline, was married on 10 December 1832 to Captain the Hon. Algernon Capell, RN, brother of the 6th Earl of Essex, and died in June 1880, leaving issue.
  3. Louisa Augusta was married on 2 August 1828 to Captain William Augustus Broadhead, 7th Hussars. He died 12 July 1860.
  4. Georgiana, was married on 8 April 1841 to Captain W.H. Kennedy, RN, who died 13 October 1864. She died November 1901 leaving issue.
  5. Frederica Georgiana Augusta died young and unmarried at Fair Oak on 12 September 1835.
  6. Jane Frances Elizabeth Paget was married twice, firstly on 19 August 1845 to John Horne, nephew of Sir William Horne. He dsp on 9 January 1850. She married secondly in 1851 Lt-Col Philip Sambrooke Crawley, Coldstream Guards, who died in 1905.