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John ‘Old Turnip’ McClintock (1769-1855) of Drumcar, County Louth

John ‘Old Turnip’ McClintock, father of the 1st Lord Rathdonnell, Captain William McClintock Bunbury and Kate Gardiner, as well as eight children by his second wife, Lady Elizabeth McClintock, daughter of the Earl of Clancarty.

Known in the family as Old Turnip, John McClintock played a prominent role in Irish politics during the last years of the Parliament in Dublin. A kinship with John Foster, the last Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, helped secure him a post as Serjeant-at-Arms to the Parliament. They both opposed the Act of Union, the Brexit of its day. When the Irish Parliament on Dublin’s College Green closed after, he and Foster were the last to leave the building.

Following the tragic death of his first wife Jane (née Bunbury) in a horse accident near Bath in 1801, he was married secondly to Lady Elizabeth Le Poer Trench. Her brother, the 2nd Earl of Clancarty, was one of the power houses of European politics after Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo. Old Turnip, who served various terms as MP for Athlone (a short stint) and County Louth, was drawn to Protestant evangelism during the 1820s.  

John had three children by his first wife, including the 1st Baron Rathdonnell and William McClintock Bunbury of Lisnavagh House, and eight children by his second wife. 

The Early Years

John McClintock was born in Dublin on 12 August 1769, the eldest boy of four sons and four daughters born to John ‘Bumper Jack’ McClintock (1742-1799), MP, of Drumcar, by his marriage of 1766 to Patience Foster, daughter of William Foster, MP, of Rosy Park, Co. Louth, and first cousin of John Foster, Lord Oriel and Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. Considered a gentle and upright soul, the younger John McClintock was to become heavily embroiled in the Irish political scene in this Age of Revolution.

He was apparently known as ‘Old Turnip‘. One suggested origin for his nickname is that he used the expression “I don’t give an old turnip what he / she thinks / says” etc. It occurs to me that another, more practical reason may be connected to the Agricultural Revolution then underway across Britain and Ireland. Among those who had spear-headed it was Viscount Townshend, a brother-in-law of prime minister Robert Walpole, who was known as Turnip Townshend because of his strong interest in farming turnips. Townsend, who died in 1738, had promoted the adoption of the Norfolk four-course system, involving rotation of turnips, barley, clover, and wheat crops. He was also an enthusiastic advocate of growing turnips as a field crop, for livestock feed. Could Old Turnip McClintock have been similarly inclined?

The McClintock Crest as depicted in stained glass in a window at Drumcar Church, County Louth.

John was five years old when his father succeeded Alexander McClintock at Drumcar in 1775 and began building the new house outside Dunleer. John initially went to school in Drogheda. In 1787, while French Revolutionaries were polishing their bayonets, 17-year-old John McClintock entered the University of Dublin, aka Trinity College, as a fellow commoner. The Provost at this time was the Cork-born duelling lawyer John Hely (later Hely-Hutchinson) while the Chancellor was Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, a younger brother of George III.  John remained at Trinity for three years and a half, and took a degree of Bachelor of Arts. Intending to practice law, he entered Lincoln’s Inn in 1790. His son Stanley McClintock recalled this anecdote about one of his tenants:

“My father was in his early days very fond of theatricals, and one day in Dublin he recognised a countryman, named Shelburne, who lived near Drumcar, a lame man, who had been shot through the thigh by one Hughey Meleady, a tenant of my father’s, while stealing yarn which had been put out to bleach; he had also filled the proud position of a fifer to the ‘Defenders,’ during the rebellion of ’98. Of course he was hard up, so my father helped him, and, moreover, gave him money to get a ticket for the theatre, and an extra coin to buy oranges, which were always industriously sucked by the audience during the performance. As it so happened, Shelburne could not get oranges, having been rather late, so the next best thing would be lemons, which he sucked unceasingly till the curtain fell.” [1]

Stanley also recalled:

“My father, riding one day from Drumcar to Castle Bellingham, met a cart containing three men, and escorted by the two constables of that day, Dan Cunning and John Bedloe. The prisoners were seated on straw, and my father asked, ‘ What have you here?’ ‘Three men, your worship, arrested for sheep stealing.’ My father observed, ‘I fear they may escape if you are not very guarded, as I see their arms are quite free.’ ‘Not the least danger in life,’ replied the constables; sure we have them handcuffed by the legs.'”

 

A Dash Of Context: The French Revolution

On 21 July 1793, the execution of Louis XVI, king of arguably the most Royalist country in Europe, by radical leftist revolutionaries was the equivalent of Maoists murdering and taking over the government of the United States in the 1960s. It was unthinkable, and unacceptable, which is why all other Royal states in Europe joined forces and attacked this new Republic with their private mercenary armies. France was hit hard until the government persuaded the French people that this was total war, do or die, that their future survival depended on their ability to unite and arm and defeat the invaders. On 23 August 1793, the National Convention places France on a total war footing with a Levée en Masse that stated:

  1. Henceforth, until the enemies have been driven from the territory of the republic, the French people are in permanent requisition for army service. The young men shall go to battle; the married men shall forge arms and transport provision; the women shall make tents and clothes, and shall serve in the hospitals; the children shall turn old linen into lint; the old men shall repair to the public places, to stimulate the courage of the warriors and preach the unity of the Republic and hatred of kings
    2. National buildings shall be converted into barracks; public places into armament workshops; the soil of cellars shall be washed in lye to extract saltpeter therefrom.
    3. Arms of the caliber shall be turned over exclusively to those who march against the enemy; the service of the interior shall be carried on with fowling pieces and sabers.
    4. Saddle horses are called for to complete the cavalry corps; draught horses, other than those employed in agriculture, shall haul artillery and provisions.
    &c.

The Serjeant-At-Arms

The Irish House of Commons in 1780.

John’s legal ambitions were halted when a vacancy occurred in the office of Serjeant-at-Arms to the Irish House of Commons. [2] One wonders whether the vacancy was in any way connected to a fire at Parliament House in 1792. John McGrath, the inimitable Premises Manager of what is now the Bank of Ireland at 2 College Green related this tale to me in August 2017:

“The “gallery space [at Parliament House] was grievously curtailed in 1789, but it could still seat two hundred and eighty persons conveniently until the reconstruction of the Chamber after the fire of 1792. At this date a certain Nesbit, a smoke doctor, had been introduced to the Speaker, proposing himself as a fit person to warm the House with flues under the floor and around the corridor, ceiling and dome. One of his flues opened, through the vaults, at the head of the table where the mace lay and ‘here many a bashful young member coming to be sworn was ‘kept dancing on the hot grating at the mouth of the flue in the utmost ‘agony amongst sulphurous vapour and smells’. This was a slight inconvenience compared to the ensuing disaster. On the 27th February, 1792, a defect in one of the wall flues set fire to the splendid timber construction of Pearce’s roof. An eyewitness describes how between five and six o’clock, just as the Speaker had taken the Chair after prayers, smoke was seen issuing from the roof and soon filled the space between roof and gallery. ‘The fire ran round the base of the dome and appeared to raise it up and support it on a column of flame. For a short time it appeared to remain suspended, hovering in the air when the fiery columns appeared to give way and the vast dome sank within its walls. The massive walls protected the other part of the magnificent building and the damage of the fire was entirely confined to the seeming volcano in the centre’. So perished Pearce’s House of Commons.”

Young ‘Old Turnip’.

21-year-old John McClintock was appointed to this post in 1794, in conjunction with his younger brother, William Foster McClintock, who died in 1839. [3] He remained Serjeant-at-Arms for the next six years. As Serjeant one of his roles involved looking after the Speaker’s mace. On this subject, FB Hamilton advises: ‘When the mace lies on the table, it is a house. When under the table, it is a committee. When out of the house, no business can be done When from the table and on the Serjeant’s shoulders, no motion can be made’. This was still the golden age of Grattan’s Parliament.

It evidently paid well. On Wednesday 5 February 1794, Resolution No. 43 of the House of Commons in Dublin resolved ‘that it is the opinion of this committee, that a sum of £670 be given to John M’Clintock, Serjeant at Arms, as a reward for his attendance and service this session of Parliament’.[4]

Was John the Serjeant at arms during the Kingston Trial in which case it was a lucky escape for the United Irishmen were all set to storm Parliament and hold everyone therein hostage! [5]

As a Serjeant in Grattan’s Parliament, the Carlow Sentinel would later say, Mr McClintock was: ‘The contemporary of the most distinguished men at the time when the brilliancy of Irish genius was the theme of admiration throughout Europe. He was a patriot in the true sense of the term, being consistently opposed to the Union – when peerages honours and decorations were lavished on those who supported the measure.’

John McClintock of Drumcar (1742-1799), also known as Bumper Jack, father of Old Turnip.

He owed much of his political career to his neighbour and cousin by marriage, John Foster, later Baron Oriel. Born in 1740, Foster had risen steadily through the ranks of Irish politics since his election, aged 21, to the borough of Dunleer in 1761. In 1784, John Foster was elected Chancellor of the Exchequer for Ireland and duly oversaw the passage of the Corn Law, which, by granting large bounties on the export of corn and imposing heavy duties on its import, encouraged a significant shift in agricultural practice from farming to tillage. In 1785 Foster was unanimously elected Speaker of the Irish House of Commons and held that post until the passing of the Act of Union.

 

Some Global Context

 

In April 2021, my cousin Andrew McClintock alerted me to a valuable archive of 12 letters written by his forbear Mary-Anne Delap to her two sons James (17) and William (16) between the autumn of 1796 and the summer of 1797. The boys were studying at the Rev Weichmann’s academy at Zell/Celle near Hamburg in Hanover, North Germany. The letters offer interesting historical observations on social mores and about Dublin’s alarm in 1796-97 when threatened by Wolfe Tone and the French fleet. The Delap’s older brother Sam, a student at Trinity College at this time, joined the Lawyer’s Cavalry Corps. As to why the boys were in Hanover, Andrew postulates that it was to do with networking, trade and commerce – Mary Ann hoped the boys would find employment in a counting house (perhaps Messrs. Nesbitt), or with a Baltic shipping business that might connect to the families sugar plantations.

1-3 August 1798: Battle of the Nile – Nelson’s victory was not well received by the Whig opposition who were hoping to negotiate a compromise with the French. Gillaray depicted them all crying into their soup. Another knock-on effect of the destruction of Napoleon’s fleet is that it compelled him to stay in Egypt where he learned how to master absolute power and became a virtual dictator. During this time to light, he brought light to the streets of Cairo and established the first sewage system, amongst other things.

June 1799: Legend holds that Nelson went to Naples to see Lady Hamilton. In fact, he went because he needed to fix his fleet and the King of Naples, Britain’s only ally at this time, had the only decent dry-dock in the Mediterranean. He would later be castigated for helping the conservative King of Naples defeat the rebels in a civil war, but he was not really in a position to alienate the King.

 

Jane McClintock (née Bunbury) who was thrown from her horse and killed aged 22.

The coat of arms in Drumcar Church represents the marriage of Jane Bunbury and John McClintock and shows the arms of McClintock impaling those of Bunbury. However the Bunbury one is quartered with the Bunbury arms in the 1st and 4th quarters (three chess rooks etc). The other quarters have what looks like three dogs or stoats or weasels. It probably represents some heiress who married into the Bunbury family. Seamus Bellew tried such names as Stanney and Aldersey from the pedigree but none seems to fit.

The Marriage to Jane Bunbury

 

Jane Bunbury married John McClintock on 11 July 1797. She was the daughter of the late William Bunbury of Lisnavagh and Moyle, MP for County Carlow, and sister to Thomas Bunbury, who would also stand as MP for that county. I do not know whether the wedding took place in Rathvilly, Dunleer or somewhere quite else. I presume the young couple then embarked on some form of a honeymoon before settling down somewhere near Drumcar where Janes father-in-law, Bumper Jack, was entering the final years of his life.

When Bumper Jack first met his new daughter-in-law, he made the mistake of greeting her maidservant first. That evening he may well have ruminated on Daniel Defoe’s similar encounter which prompted the ‘Robinson Crusoe‘ author to write:

‘I remember I was put very much to the Blush, being at a Friends house and by him required to salute the ladies, and I kiss’d the Chamber Jade into the bargain, for she was as well dressed as the best. Things of this Nature would be easily avoided if servant maids were to wear Liveries’.

 

The 1798 Rebellion

 

John McClintock served the office of High Sheriff of County Louth in the eventful year 1798 and was present in that year at the battles of Arklow and Vinegar Hill. There had been many extraordinary developments in the world at large over the previous twenty years. The American colonies liberated themselves from British rule in the 1770s. The monarchy was overthrown in France, plunging Europe into the mayhem of the Napoleonic Wars until 1815. Britain was contending with an unparalleled crisis in its uppermost ranks with the increasing waywardness of its’ Hanoverian King, George III. Dissent amongst the lower and middle orders had not been so vocal since the age of Oliver Cromwell.

In Ireland, this dissent inspired a radical alliance of Catholic, Presbyterian and Protestant thinkers who believed the time had come for the Crown Forces to pull out of Ireland and, in extremis, for Ireland to be granted independence. Over the course of the 1790s, these thinkers combined forces with a more aggressive element. They came to see their solitary option as an armed insurrection against the Crown Forces in Ireland. The process came to a head in the early summer of 1798 with the outbreak of a major rebellion in Leinster. Several months later, more than 30,000 men, women and children lay dead across Ireland. The blood of British Redcoats, Scottish Fusiliers and Irish mercenaries mingled with that of Catholic priests, Anglo-Irish aristocrats and bystanders of every faith.

The Battle of New Ross, 1798, at which Lady Elizabeth McClintock’s uncle, Lord Mountjoy, was murdered by rebels.

Lord Mountjoy, the well-meaning uncle of the future Lady Elizabeth McClintock, was murdered trying to negotiate a peace settlement with the rebels at New Ross. Carlow witnessed a period of notable unrest in February. In May, rebels on their way into Hacketstown from the battle of Carlow (in which 500 died and another 200 were executed) were ambushed by a joint detachment of the Antrim militia and English yeomanry forces, leaving another 250 dead. A counter-attack by the rebels in June proved much more successful, forcing the 170 strong yeomen garrison to retreat to Tullow. In the churchyard, there is a monument to Captain Hardy with who died along with eight fellow loyalists while defending Tullow from the rebels. There was a further series of bloody confrontations in Carlow and Hacketstown that autumn in which a thousand rebels were allegedly slaughtered.

According to his obituary in The Carlow Sentinel‘, Jane McClintock’s brother Captain Kane Bunbury was  on active service with the Princess Royal’s Dragoon Guards but  ‘happily escaped the bloody scenes in which so many of his comrades in arms were necessarily engaged‘. However, a Captain McClintock is said to have been present at the trial of Father John Murphy (along with General Sir James Duff, Colonels Foster and Eden, the Earl of Roden and Major Hall). Father Murphy was hanged that same day – it is said that his body was burned and that his head was fixed on the markethouse in Tullow. The Rev. Edward Whitty ‘s house at Rathvilly was totally destroyed during the same rebellion although just how the original house at Lisnavagh fared is at present unknown. Another incident that must have had major repercussions on the family was the trail and execution of their neighbour, Sir Edward Crosbie.

The 1798 Rebellion was ultimately a colossal disaster for almost everyone concerned. But at day’s end, it left the Crown Forces in control of Ireland and now the British Government seized the opportunity to transfer the administration of the troublesome colony to London. Meanwhile, across the stormy seas, the French Army of Napoleon Bonaparte had crossed the Alp and conquered Italy. Admiral Nelson took the bull by the horns, advanced his fleet across the North Sea to Denmark and annihilated the French fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen. In 1800, Ireland’s population stood at approximately 5 million. Within forty years, that figure had nearly doubled. A hint of the tragedy that was to come arrived with a famine shortly after William’s birth. [6]

 

Drumcar House, near Dunleer, County Louth, was built for Bumper Jack’s great-uncle, Alexander McClintock.

Death and Birth, 1798-1799

On 26 August 1798 Jane gave birth to a son and heir, John McClintock, later Baron Rathdonnell. In February 1799, Bumper Jack passed away aged 57 and John succeeded to Drumcar House. [7]

A second son, or spare heir, William (later McClintock Bunbury of Lisnavagh), followed in September 1800.

A daughter, Catherine, was born early in 1801; she would marry the Rev George Gardiner, MA, of Bath and died in 1834.

 

The Irish Parliament, 1790

 

Opposition To The Act Of Union

 

According to Sir Jonah Barrington, John McClintock and Speaker Foster were the last persons to leave the House of Commons on the night the abolition measure was passed in March 1800.

Both seemed impressed with the solemnity of the occasion when at the door they turned around and took a last view of that house which had been, as Grattan observed, the glory, the guardian and the protection of the country’.

Sir Jonah was himself opposed to the Union and it seems plausible that he was the gentleman named as Mr Barrington who would be out riding with John and Jane McClintock when the latter was fatally thrown from her horse in the spring of 1801. (See below) When the Irish Parliament met for the last time on 5 August 1800, Speaker Foster famously refused to surrender the Mace. As John McGrath at Parliament House told me in April 2017:  ‘Foster hooked his chair under one arm, the Mace under the other, made the announcement about “these items being entrusted to him for the government of a free Parliament of Ireland and until such time as he was asked for them he would hold them in trust” (or some such phrase). He then harrumphed off to his home (Molesworth St I believe) and forgot about the Mace. When Antrim Castle burned the family sold the Mace at auction and we [Bank of Ireland] bought it for £3,100.’ The chair was destroyed in a fire.

Benjamin Bunbury, uncle of John McClintock’s first wife Jane.

To backtrack a little, McClintock and Foster had long opposed the Act of Union, as per this report. [8]

‘At a numerous and respectable meeting of the Freeholders of the county of Louth held at Dundalk, Monday January 14 1799, the following Resolutions were unanimously agreed to John M’Clintock jun, Esq, High Sheriff in the chair.

Resolved – That it is the duty, as well as the right, of the freeholders and burgesses of Ireland to express their sentiments on the subject of a Union – That our Representatives were not empowered at their election to surrender the constitutional privileges of their constituents – That the rapid improvement of this kingdom since the date of her legislative independence clearly evinces that an independent Irish Legislature is as necessary as British connexion to the prosperity of Ireland – That a Union would not only deprive us of many of our dearest rights but render the enjoyment of the remainder precarious and uncertain, and would for ever destroy the security that Ireland now possesses for their continuance – That it is impolitic and unwise to agitate at this time a question that may lead to a recurrence to first principles – That firmly attached as we are to British connexion, we do totally disapprove of the plan of a Legislative Union between Great Britain and Ireland – That these our sentiments be communicated to our Representatives, in whose attachment to the constitution and true interests of Ireland we have the most firm reliance.

John Foster, a McClintock kinsman, was Speaker of the Irish House of Commons.

When John’s cousin Speaker John Foster received this communication, he was much heartened. A die-hard adherent of the Protestant Ascendancy, he strongly opposed both the Act of Union and Catholic Emancipation (which would unleash the majority upon the electoral polls). [9] John McClintock was of a similar philosophy in terms of allegiance to the Tory elite. He may also have shared Foster’s devotion to the advancement of agricultural techniques. At any rate, Foster replied:

‘Gentlemen, I thank you for your sentiments and it is a great satisfaction to me to find my opinions strengthened by your explicit declaration that an Irish independent Legislature is as necessary as British connexion to the prosperity of Ireland. The House of Commons have said so, in strong language, when they stated to his Majesty in 1781 that the very essence of our liberties exists in the right of a sole Legislature, the Parliament of Ireland, a right which they then claimed on the part of all the people as their birthright, and which they declared to his Majesty they could not yield but with their lives. I joined in that statement and we were afterwards told from the Throne that both countries had pledged their good faith to each other; that their best security would be an inviolable adherence to that compact and we were desired to convince the people that the two kingdoms were then one indissolubly connected in unity of constitution and unity of interest. Nothing then remains to strengthen our Union; we have adhered to that compact; so has Great Britain and we have risen to prosperity with a rapidness beyond example since it was made.
I see no circumstance, either of imperial concern or local necessity, which can justify our attempting a change, much less such a change as would annihilate that birthright by the confirmation of which our trade, and manufactures, felt a security that immediately roused a happy spirit of exertion, the surrender of which would not only make the employment of those exertions precarious, but would equally take away all security of permanence, from every advantage, which any persons might be ignorantly deluded into a hope of from the projected measure of a Legislative Union. In truth, I see much danger and a probable decrease to our trade and manufactures from the measure, and I cannot conceive any one advantage to them from it. If the linen manufacture rests at all on any compact, that compact was made with the Irish Parliament, the extinction of which takes away a security we have found adequate, and leaves it without the protection of its natural guardians who, by their vigilance, their regulations and their bounties, have more than doubled its exports within a few years past.

John Foster, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons.

As an Irishman then I should oppose the measure, and as a member of the empire, I should not be less averse to it, for the innovation which it would make in the constitution of Great Britain, with whom we must stand or fall, may so endanger that constitution as in the end to overturn it, and with it the whole of the empire. Nor can I look on the circumstances of the times, without deprecating its being proposed, when the French proceedings teach us the danger of innovating on established constitutions, and when it must be peculiarly alarming to Ireland, scarcely rested from a cruel and unprovoked rebellion, to have the public mind again agitated by an unnecessary, unprovoked and unsolicited project. These are my sentiments. The entire confidence you repose in my attachment to the constitution, and the true interest of Ireland, call upon me to state them fully to you; you shall not find that confidence misplaced. I shall oppose the measure and I remain with the most perfect esteem and affection,
Your very obliged and faithful humble servant,
John Foster – Jan 15’.

Most people who supported the Act of Union did so in the belief that it would be very quickly followed by Catholic Emancipation. I assume that is one reason why McClintock and Foster opposed it!? The 4th Earl of Dunraven has a point when, observing that his earldom was a “Union Peerage”, he writes:

‘Among the many misstatements made about facts and motives in Ireland, few are more glaring than that the Union was consistently and universally detested in the country, and that the support given to it in Parliament was entirely venal. I am not defending the Union. It was scandalously brought about, more especially in that the Irish Parliament was not allowed to appeal to the people ; but the proposal met with considerable honest support, especially among the Roman Catholic clergy. The strongest opponents were to be found among the people of Dublin and the Northern Orangemen; otherwise, counties vacillated … The assumption that every man was venal who supported the Union is outrageous.’ [10]

In any event, it took nearly 30 years, a whole generation, before the dream of emancipation was realised.

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, usually known as Lord Castlereagh, architect of the Act of Union and the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. He was British Foreign Secretary from 1812 until he took his own life in August 1822.

On 2 July 1800, the Irish Parliament consented to vote itself out of existence and relinquish control of Ireland’s administrative affairs to Westminster. This decision, made effective by the Act of Union on 1 January 1801, would radically alter the state of Irish politics. Henceforth the country would send 100 MPs to Westminster, 28 peers and four Bishops to the House of Lords. This would also involve the union of the Churches of Ireland and England, whilst confirming the pre-eminence of the Protestant Episcopalians by securing the continuation of the British Test Act which virtually excluded all Non-Conformists (Catholics and Presbyterians) from Parliament and membership of municipal corporations.

Free trade between Britain and Ireland was established in the Act of Union so that Irish merchandise was to be admitted to the British colonies on the same terms as British, but the effects of this would prove disastrous because while the UK entered its industrial era, Irish agricultural produce and estate rentals declined in value and the population increased substantially. Hence, the impact of the Great Hunger in the 1840s. Indeed, there was a severe famine between 1800 and 1801.

One group who benefited from the Act of Union was Irish Presbyterians. With the relaxation of  the Penal Laws, they doubled down on industrializing Belfast and building water-powered mills across the north. Many Presbyterians, boosted by the Union, henceforth became ardent Unionists, viewing themselves as an enlightened generation. Thus, while many Presbyterians were prepared to go along with O’Connell’s campaign for emancipation, they drew the line at Repeal which would have undone much of the benefits they accrued in 1801.

As for Foster, his position was such that, along with Commissioner Beresford, he was one of the few anti-unionists to secure a seat in the united parliament. In July 1804 he was again appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer. He retired in 1811 and in 1821 was created Baron Oriel of Ferrard. He died at his home in Collon, County Louth, on 23 August 1828.

 

A scene from a screen at Lisnavagh House.

 

Death of Jane McClintock

The McClintocks and Bunburys both spent a good deal of time at Bath in the early 19th century. Indeed, it was here that Jane Bunbury met her untimely death, killed when thrown from her horse at the age of 23. This painting depicts Bath in 1828.

 

I do not yet know what brought Jane McClintock to Bath, but her mother, Katherine Bunbury, certainly had a fondness for a city whose roots go back to a Roman Spa based around the only naturally occurring hot springs in the United Kingdom. A popular resort for the well-to-do, it experienced a tremendous boom in the late 18th century with such buildings as the Theatre Royal, the Royal Crescent (where the Bunburys would live) and Pulteney Bridge. In the 1801 Census, the population of the city was recorded as 40,020, making it amongst the largest cities in Britain.

On the morning of Tuesday 28th April 1801, Jane went out riding with her husband and a Mr Barrington and made their way up Box Hill, some 6 miles north-east of Bath, a beautiful entry into Bath from the east.[12] Box Hill is one of the locations mentioned by Jane Austen in ‘Emma’, where Emma insults Miss Bates in front of Frank Churchill. I think the hill leads up from the Bybrook River to a ridge, from where there are famously excellent views of the Avonvale Valley below and nearby Solsbury Hill with its Iron Age fort.[13] Perhaps the view was their destination.

She had only recently given birth to her daughter Catherine so the outing was probably much anticipated. Mr. Barrington may well have been Sir Jonah Barrington, the writer, who was an anti-Union colleague of John McClintock and Speaker Foster at this time. [14] The trio were close to the Lefroy residence at Ashley when her horse began to canter up the hill. [15] John McClintock and Mr Barrington opted not to give chase, lest it spur Jane’s horse to go even faster. Jane was thrown from the horse and was already speechless by the two men caught up with her, the horse grazing by her side. Her skull was fractured, her shoulder dislocated and she was dying. Mr Barrington galloped to Bath for medical assistance and was fortunate not share her fate when he and his horse fell on Gay Street. Jane was trepanned that night; her dislocated shoulder was discovered the following morning. Alas, she slipped away. Her death notice appeared in the Bath Chronicle  two days later and mourned how she had been ‘thus snatched in a moment, at the age of twenty-three, in the full bloom of youth and beauty, from the society of her husband, children, parents, family and friends; attached to her by those virtues which will ever endear her memory to them, but which cannot fail to ensure to herself a happier life in a happier state’ [16]

Her death mirrored that of her father’s so closely that one can’t help but think of ‘Gone With the Wind‘. It is also notable that one of her uncles, Master Kane, was killed when his robes were caught in the spokes of a passing carriage. It’s certainly enough to have given me a lifelong fear of horse-riding, although I do enjoy the occasional flutter. Jane’s body was laid to rest beneath an urn-topped tomb in the graveyard of St Swithun’s Church, Bathford, a village 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Bath [on the A363, approx. 1km south of the A4]. Her mother’s memorial to her had a rather terrifying epitaph. [17]

Jane’s tomb at St Swithun’s Church near Bath, where her mother Katharine Bunbury and brother Thomas Bunbury also lie. (Photo: David Howells, 2018)

INSCRIPTION
On the Tomb of the much-lamented and accomplished
Mrs. M’CLINTOCK,
In the Burial-ground at Bathford.
Underneath is Interred the Body of
JANE M‘CLINTOCK,
WIFE OF JOHN M’CLINTOCK, ESQ. DRUMCAR,
IN THE COUNTY OF LOUTH, IRELAND
Who departed this Life on the 18th day of April, 1801,
In the 22nd Year of her Age,
BY A FALL FROM HER HORSE.
This is erected as a small, but affectionate Token of Regard, by her afflicted Mother.

“Oh, ye Sons of Men! In the of midst life, ye are In death!
No state, no circumstance, can ascertain your preservation a single moment:
so strong is the tyrant’s arm, that nothing can reject its force;
so true his aim, that nothing can elude the blow: –
Sometimes sudden as lightning is his arrow launched,
and wounds and kills
In the twinkling of an eye;
– Never promise yourselves safety in any expedient, but
CONSTANT PREPERATION,
The fatal shafts fly so promiscuously, that none can guess the next victim; therefore,
“Be ye always ready, for in such an hour as ye think not the final summons cometh.”

Katharine Bunbury (née Kane), Jane’s mother, Thomas Bunbury, Jane’s brother, would also be buried there, while her other brother Kane lies in Rathvilly.[18]

Underneath lies interred in the same grave with her daughter, Jane McCLINTOCK, the mortal remains of Katharine BUNBURY, relict of William BUNBURY B.A. of Lisnavagh, County Carlow, Ireland. She departed this life in the city of Bath August 9, 1834 in the 82nd year of her age.

Within this vault repose the mortal remains of Thomas BUNBURY Esq., M.P., for the County of Carlow of Moyne and Lisnavagh, in the same county, eldest son of William BUNBURY Esq. of Lisnavagh who also represented the Co. of Carlow and the above named Katharine BUNBURY. He departed this life in London on the 28th of May 1846 aged 71.

At this time of Jane’s death, the celebrated writer Jane Austen was also in Bath, where she became very friendly with the Rev Isaac Lefroy and his wife, ‘Madame Lefroy‘, a sister of Sir Egerton Brydges. Madame Lefroy, a grandmother to the first Lady Rathdonnell (the wife of Jane McClintock’s son) was herself killed by a fall from her horse in 1804. One wonders did the two Janes ever meet? Perhaps their petticoats rebounded as they sashayed down the streets. All these deaths from horsefalls! The inquest records for County Carlow indicate that 212 people were killed as a result of carriage / horse accidents between 1800 and 1871. If you bear in mind that Jane Bunbury’s father William and her uncle (‘Master Keane’) were also killed in horse accidents, it makes driving cars in the 21st century seem entirely safe.

 

This portrait of Lady Elizabeth McClintock (née Le Poer Trench) was drawn in about 1799 by Lady Caroline Stewart, who became Lady Caroline Wood in 1801. Lady Elizabeth married John ‘Old Turnip’ McClintock in 1805, following the tragic death of his first wife Jane Bunbury four years earlier. She gave him eight children, five sons and three daughters. Her niece, Lady Harriet Kavanagh was mother to the Incredible Arthur Kavanagh. (Image courtesy of Andrew McClintock.)

Marriage To Lady Elizabeth De La Poer Trench

 

The passing of Jane Bunbury was followed by the failed insurrection of Robert Emmett in 1803 and by the startling news from France in 1804 where Napoleon had declared himself Emperor.

On 15 April 1805, John was married, secondly, in St. George’s Chapel, Dublin. [19] His new bride was Lady Elizabeth Le Poer Trench, third daughter of William Poer, 1st Earl of Clancarty, a wealthy Galway landowner and Whig politician who had been raised to the peerage in February 1803. [20] The wedding ceremony was conducted by Elizabeth’s brother, the Hon. Power Le Poer TrenchBishop of Waterford and Lismore, who would go on to lead the evangelical revival which became known in Connaught as the Second Reformation.

I don’t know how well John McClintock knew Clancarty but he didn’t get to share too many glasses of port with his father-in-law for the 64 year old Earl died on 27 April, twelve days after the wedding.

The Clancartys were a curious family, with a zest for Protestant evangelicalism, and I have dealt with them briefly elsewhere. Their forbears, Huguenots from France, fought alongside William of Orange during the Jacobite Wars of 1689-1691 and at the conclusive battle of Aughrim near their home in Ballinasloe, County Galway. The Trench family were responsible for setting up the Ballinasloe Horse Fair, which initially supplied both livestock and labourers to local landowners, but the power of the horse rapidly came to the fore. Indeed there is a remarkable account of how agents from the Great Powers of Europe, especially Russia and France, would come to Ballinasloe to seek out cavalry horses, draught horses and ponies for the baggage trains of these great armies. Some say that anything up to 6000 horses would change hands in a single day, which sounds like exceptional business but I guess a lot of horses must have copped it during battles such as Fontenroy and Waterloo. In fact, local legend has it that even Napoleon’s horse Marengo was purchased at Ballinasloe. If there’s any truth behind this, it must have produced many a fine chat around the Clancarty dinner table while John McClintock was present. For more, see History of the Clancartys.

The Congress of Vienna, at which Lord Clancarty was one of the principals.

The 2nd Earl of Clancarty, McClintock’s new brother-in-law, became one of the most influential men in Europe after the victory over Napoleon. Lord Clancarty was one of the main British representatives at the Congress of Vienna (November 1814 – June 1815), a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, which sought to provide a long-term peace plan for Europe after the Napoleonic Wars.

As British Ambassador at the Dutch court, he is credited with resolving various border disputes in Holland, Germany and Italy at the Congress of Vienna. In the last weeks of the Congress, he took charge of the British delegation when Wellington left to face Napoleon during the Hundred Days. His daughter Lady Harriet Le Poer Trench (who later married Thomas Kavanagh of Borris) danced at the Duchess of Richmond’s famous ball the night before the battle of Waterloo.

 

Lady Elizabeth McClintock, née Le Poer Trench, daughter of the Earl of Clancarty and second wife of John McClintock.

 

The Children of John and Lady Elizabeth McClintock

Old Turnip’s daughter Harriette McClintock, wife of Richard Longfield of Longueville Co. Cork

 

By his marriage to Lady Elizabeth, John McClintock had further issue five sons and three daughters, who were thus the half-siblings of Captain William McClintock-Bunbury, the man who built Lisnavagh. Three of these siblings died within months of each other in 1833-34.

  1. Frederick (William Pitt) McClintock (1806-1834), a barrister at law, who was destined to drown, unmarried, aged 28, in 1834. He entered Trinity College Dublin from Eton in 1822 aged 16 years. He passed his B.A. at Easter 1826, had it conferred in 1829 and he became M.A. in 1832. He was admitted to the Bar at King’s Inn, London, in 1829. He lived near Portaferry on the Ars Peninsula of County Down and was quite probably a mathematical whizz known as Phi Mu, whose ‘passion or fondness for anonymity would preclude his giving his true home address.’ [21] He occasionally sparred with his neighbour Robert Mallet of Dublin, the geophysicist, civil engineer and father of seismology. He drowned in Strangford Lough. [22]
  2. Charles Alexander McClintock (1807-1833), a Captain in the 74th Foot. As the Belfast Newsletter reported on Friday 13 December 1833: “On the 9th inst. at Drumcar, county Louth, after a short illness of five days, of malignant scarlitina, Captain Charles McClintock, of the 74th Regiment, son of John McClintock, Esq. and Lady Elizabeth McClintock. Captain McClintock only arrived at Drumcar, on Wednesday last, on leave of absence from his Regiment, and was taken ill on the following day. He was in his 27th year.”
  3. Anne Florence McClintock, known as Nancy, was born on 17 June 1808. On 21 April 1828, she was married in Dunleer to the Very Rev Hugh Usher Tighe, MA, DD, Dean of the Chapel Royal, Dublin Castle, and Rector of Clonmore, Co. Louth. [23] Based at of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, at the time, he was the second son of Robert Sterne Tighe, Mitchelstown, County Westmeath. In May 1826, he was appointed one of the Domestic Chaplains to the Marquis of Clanricarde. On 21st October 1829, Hugh Tighe Usher was registered as a Freeholder of County Louth. His brother Robert Usher was living at 5 Harcourt Place, Dublin, in 1827. Dean Tighe is the author of a journal, dated 1827-1831, which was transcribed in 2021 by Audrey Arthure. It has lots of references to Dunleer, Beaulieu, Barmeath, Stabannan, Drumcar area. Hardmans, Smyth, etc. Hugh and Nancy’s first son Robert (Bobby) Usher was born on 2 February 1829 and baptised in Dunleer Church on 14 June 1829. Their first daughter Elizabeth Usher was born on 23 August 1830. Nancy Tighe died on 21 February 1893 at age 84.
  4. Rev. Robert McClintock, BA, MA, Rector of Castle Bellingham, who died in London on 30 June 1879, and was interred in Drumcar.

    Detail of a memorial window to Rev. Robert McClintock at Drumcar Church, County Louth.

    Rev. Robert le Poer McClintock (1810-1879), MA. (1836), B.A. (1832), Rector of Castle Bellingham, Co Louth, where my friends James and Joanna Fennell were married in June 2005. Born on 10 August 1810, he attended Trinity College Dublin, where he received a BA, in 1832 and an MA in 1835. Ordained in 1834, he was installed as Rector of Kilsaran on 26 May 1835 by John McClintock.[24] On Saturday 30 January 1847, the Drogheda Conservative Journal reported that ‘The Rev. Mr. M‘Clintock has established a Soup Kitchen at the Glebe House [in Castlebellingham], and distributes bread and soup daily. In cases of very large destitute families they receive tickets, on which meal at half-price is retailed to them.’ That same year, he wrote to Captain McClintock Bunbury, his half-brother, about ‘Henry’s threshing machine’ in operation somewhere near Drumcar.
    On 29 July 1856, he married Maria Susan Heyland, only daughter of Charles Alexander Heyland (late Indian Judge) and Maria Montgomery. He lived at Spencer Hill by Castle Bellingham. In 1874 he officiated at the marriage of Thomas Kane McClintock Bunbury (later 2nd Baron Rathdonnell) to Catherine Anne, eldest daughter of Henry Bruen Esq, MP, Oak Park. In 1877, he assisted the Bishop of Ossory at the wedding of his cousin Sarah Louisa Le Poer Trench to James Peddie Steele. [25] He died in London on 30 June 1879 aged 68, without issue. [26] He was buried in the family mausoleum at Drumcar, where he is commemorated by a memorial window in the Parish Church, and another in the Parish Church of  Castlebellingham.
    His widow Susan was married, secondly, on 1 February 1883 to Francis Burton Owen Cole, eldest son of Denbigh-based Owen Blayney Cole (1808-1886), Esq., D.L., and Lady Fanny Cole, a daughter of the Earl of Rathdown who grew up at Charleville, County Wicklow. Educated at Oxford, Owen Blayney Cole was a well-known poet in his day but suffered from mental illness. He was the son of the London brewer and 1798 veteran Henry Cole (1770-1815). As well as Francis, he and Lady Fanny had two daughters. In 1836 Owen’s older sister Eliza Ibbetson Cole married John Metge of Athlumney, near Navan, County Meath, while his younger sister Henrietta Isabella Cole was married on 1st June 1837 to the Rev. John William Finlay. The Finlay’s son Henry Thomas Finlay (born in 1847) was my great-great-grandfather. Susan died on 14 January 1925.

  5. Major Stanley McClintock (1812-1898), the ancestor of the McClintocks of Kilwarlin House, County Down, and Glendarragh, County Antrim. In 1839, he married his first cousin Gertrude La Touche, a niece of Lady Elizabeth McClintock (née de la Poer Trench). In the late 1840s Major McClintock was living at Newberry (formerly Carnalway House), outside Killcullen, Co Kildare, where he bred pigs, one of whom was named Lady Bunbury. He later became land agent to the Marquess of Downshire‘s estate at Hillsborough, County Down, which boasted one of the finest shoots in Ireland.

Drumcar Rectory, where Frank McClintock lived in 1886. (Courtesy of Kate Okuno)

i) Frederick Robert McClintock, who was married on 1 February 1877 to Lucy Antonia, youngest daughter of Sir Anthony Cleasby, Baron of the Exchequer. (See Glendarragh for more)

ii) Lt. Col. Charles Edward McClintock (1844-1921), aka Charley McClintock. (See Glendarragh for more)

iii) Very Francis George Le Poer McClintock, M.R.S.A.I. (1853-1924), Rector of Drumcar and Dean of Armagh. Frank McClintock, who spent the entire of his ministerial career in the Diocese of Armagh, was educated at Eton and Trinity College Cambridge. He graduated in 1875 and took an MA in 1879, a decade after the disestablishment of the church. He subsequently took bis B.A. degree in Trinity College, Dublin, and a BD at Dublin University (ie: Trinity) in 1903. He was ordained Deacon 1878, at which time he became a curate in Kilsaran, County Louth, and Priest in 1879. On 25 September 1879, he was elected Rector of Kilsaran (which, I think, includes Castle Bellingham). He remained at Kilsaran until 1886 when “promoted” to the rectorship of Drumcar. In 1894 he was appointed to the Prebendal Stall of Ballymore in Armagh Cathedra. In 1896 he was promoted to the Precentorship of St Patrick’s Cathedral, Armagh. He was Private Chaplain to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1896 until at least 1908. At the time of his father’s death in 1898, he was Rector of Drumcar, and chaplain-in-ordinary to his Grace the Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of All Ireland.  In 1908, the Lord Primate appointed Frank to the Deanery of Armagh, vacant by the death of the Very Rev. Dr. Shaw-Hamilton.

Memorial window to Rev. Frank McClintock, Drumcar

The salver given to Frank McClintock when he was ‘promoted to the rectory of Drumcar’ in 1886. With thanks to Andrew McClintock.

As the Ulster Gazette of 5 September 1908 noted: ‘The new Dean is possessed of high musical accomplishments, and his appointment to the Deanery will be regarded as a very suitable and popular one … He has been private Chaplain to the Lord Primate for the past twelve years. It is understood that the new Dean will reside in Armagh.’  An obituary to him appeared in the Gloucestershire Echo on 6 February 1924.
Colonel Bob McClintock recalled: “Frank [was] a most excellent man in every respect who combined the duties of Rector of Drumcar and Dean of Armagh. He bought Drumcar House from the 2nd Lord Rathdonnell and established his twin sisters there while he himself, being a bachelor, lived at the Rectory.” Charles Frederick D’Arcy, a former resident of Bishopscourt, who took office as Archbishop of Armagh in 1920, described Dean McClintock, as ‘… a man of wide cultivation and a musician of high attainments [who] was a member of a family long seated in County Louth of whom Lord Rathdonnell is the head. No more warming personality than the dean could be imagined. He was a pianist of extraordinary gifts. He seemed to lose himself in the sheer joy of the performance. Perhaps too sensitive for the rough and tumble of ordinary life, he kept aloof from many of the things which interest the multitudes. Yet he was always most kindly and sympathetic’. [27]
The Rev. Frank McClintock died at Drumcar on Sunday 3 February 1924.

Gert McClintock (left) and Emily McClintock (right), the twin daughters of Major Stanley McClintock and his wife, Gertrude. In later life, they were reputedly the oldest twins in Ireland. These photos are from the album of Lord George A. Hill of Ballyare, County Donegal. (Photo courtesy of Karen Ievers)

iv) Emily (1846-1930) who died unmarried on 21 September 1930. At the time of her father’s death in 1898, she and her twin sister Gert were living with him at Kilwarlin House.

v) Gertrude (1846-1940), known to some as Gert, who died unmarried. At the time of David McClintock’s visit to his aunts at Drumcar in the 1920s, they were reputedly the oldest twins in Ireland! Colonel Bob McClintock recalled them thus: ‘These two sisters, Emily and Gertrude, as I remember them, were elderly ladies of different but pronounced characters with no pretensions to good looks, and I can recount one story of their regime at Drumcar. On the walls of the dining room there still hung two full-length and life-size portraits of the first Lord Rathdonnell and his wife: they were probably the work of a fashionable portrait painter for I cannot believe that any couple could really have been so handsome as they were depicted. My brother was staying at Drumcar when the butler gazing at these portraits remarked “I do believe the family gets more beautiful each generation”. My brother realized that he was animated by the blind loyalty of the old Irish family servant.’
Gert’s obituary in the Belfast News-Letter of 12 November 1940, p. 4 observed:

Gertrude McClintock via Bernadette Slevin

‘While at Hillsborough she and her sister, the late Miss Emily M’Clintock, who died some ten years ago, taught regularly in the Sunday school, and she was a constant contributor to the parish magazine and also not infrequently to the “Church of Ireland Gazette.” Some thirty-six or thirty-seven years ago the sisters, after the death of their father, removed to the old home of their family in Co. Louth, where to the last they continued their interest in Church matters and, among other things, worked assiduously to collect for Belfast Cathedral.
Like many of her day brought up in a quiet country home, Miss M’Clintock cared little for society in the fashionable sense of the word or for fashionable amusements, but she had travelled on the Continent in her youth and was all her life a great reader and delighted in good literature. Being gifted with remarkable memory her mind was stored with a wide range of general knowledge on nearly every subject, and to the last she could recite by heart long passages of poetry by Shakespeare,Byron and other writers, as well as many old rhyming riddles and epigrams which she loved to quote for the amusement of her friends.
She had a great sense of humour and great courage in any difficulty, and in late years her patience and her cheerful happy spirit in spite of the usual afflictions of age. and latterly of almost complete deafness and blindness as well, were utterly beyond praise. For all these qualities, and most of all for her simple spontaneous goodness, her touching gratitude for the smallest acts of kindness, and her strong and constant affections, she will be always remembered by those who were happy enough to know her. She was one of an old generation and an old type that is fast passing away, and the loss of such is not easily to be replaced.’

  1. Harriette (Elizabeth) McClintock (1814-1834) married in 1832 to Richard Longfield, esq, of Longueville, Co Cork, MP for that county in 1835. Their son and heir was born in Dunleer on 27 November 1832. She died in Florence on 27 April 1834, aged 20.
  2. Col. George (Augustus Jocelyn) McClintock (1822-1873), an officer in the 37th Regiment, who married one of the Stronges and settled at Rathvinden, Co. Carlow. (See here for more).
  3. Emily (Selina Frances) McClintock was married in 1841 to John Butler Clarke Southwell Wandesford, esq, of Castlecomer, nephew to Walter Butler, 17th Marquess of Ormonde.

Grave of Very Rev. Francis Le Poer McClintock, Dean of Armagh, at Drumcar Church, County Louth, pictured in 2007.

 

Grave of the McClintock sisters Emily and Gertrude at Drumcar Church, County Louth, pictured in 2007.

 

The Great McClintock Pension, 1808

 

After the Act of Union, the names of John McClintock and his brother William Foster McClintock were put upon the pension list. £2545 was assigned to them in compensation for the loss of the office. According to his 1855 obituary in The Nation, John was in receipt of a pension of £2,000 a year for upwards of half a century. ‘The deceased had attained the patriarchal age of 85’, noted The Nation, heading their obituary ‘A RELIC OF THE IRISH PARLIAMENT’ and quoting the Carlow Sentinel’s passage about how he was ‘a patriot in the true sense of the term, being consistently opposed to the Union.’[11]

The following compensation act of 25 June 1808 relates to the brothers role as Patentee Officers of the Office of Serjeant at Arms at the Court of Exchequer. It was kindly sent to me by Tom Marnell in September 2022; I confess I have not yet had a chance to digest what it all means.

 

A New Column in Dublin

 

On 21 October 1809, four years after the battle of Trafalgar, a column known as Nelson’s Pillar was erected on Sackville Street (now O’Connell Street) in Dublin City. John McClintock’s second son William would follow Nelson’s lead and join the Royal Navy a couple of years later.

 

Thought to be Emily McClintock, with thanks to Bernadette Slevin.

Harvest Home at Drumcar

 

‘We are happy in having the pleasing task of making public the laudable practice, followed by John McClintock, Esq, of crowning the labours of the year at this season, with a convivial meeting for the amusement of the peasantry. On Wednesday, the 5th inst., nearly one hundred persons were assembled at two o’clock on the lawn opposite Drumcar House, and exhibited in grotesque figures, decked in the usual way on such occasions; after sporting some time in this manner, they were summoned to an excellent and plentiful dinner, with ale, punch, &c. after which the joyful sound of fiddles and pipes inspired the happy group to quit the pleasures of the table, and join in a round of merry dancing they continued some hours, and all appeared much delighted by the kindness of Mr. and Lady Elizabeth M’Clintock who, with many of the surrounding neighbourhood, beheld, with infinite satisfaction, the happy throng.’
Freemans Journal, Tuesday, October 11, 1814, p. 3.

 

Lawless Times

 

In 1815 John McClintock wrote twice to Peel, the Irish secretary, to recommend a man for a vacancy as a boatman ‘at the little port of Annagassan near my house’. On 27 January 1817 he warned William Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland, Dublin Castle, of the ‘alarming state of the country’:

‘If we do not partake of the benefit likely to result from an Insurrection Act, you may expect to hear of dreadful results … As government refused us the advantage of this law, the general observation among the people is that it will never be resorted to. We must have it, as every hour the lawless and diabolical spirit becomes worse.’ [28]

 

Murder At Wildgoose Lodge

 

Henry McClintock, who recorded the Wildgoose Lodge murders in his diary.

One night in October 1816, eight people were burned to death in a vengeance killing that took place in a house in a remote part of County Louth, known locally as Wildgoose Lodge, the property of William Filgate of Lisrenny. Among the dead were the Catholic flaxgrower Edward Lynch and a five-month old baby. Eighteen local men were subsequently rounded up and executed for the crime, as explained in Terence Dooley’s book: ‘The Murders at Wildgoose Lodge.’ As a local gentleman and member of the yeomanry, Henry McClintock attended the trials & recorded in his journal:

Wednesday 23rd July 1817 – Very fine day – I attended a yeomanry parade at eight O Clock in the morning and at ten we escorted a prisoner Patrick Devan to Wildgoose Lodge Reaghstown in this County where he was hanged inside the walls of Wild Goose lodge from a board that was placed on the two chimneys of the house-his crime was being the commander of a party of near a hundred men who on the night of October 31 had set fire to Wildgoose Lodge and burned eight people in it –men women and children –he fully confessed his guilt on the gallows-after he was hanged his body was put into iron chains and conveyed to Corcria and hung there on a gibbet – Corcria was his native place and a party of soldiers are stationed there which will prevent the gibbet being taken down. This Devan was a schoolmaster and clerk to the popish chapel at Stonetown very near Corcria –this chapel was the place where he and his associates met at night to plan their diabolical act-almost every gentleman in the county attended the execution.”

October 11th 1818 “Morning Fine , day wet ……..then Bessy and I rode to Hackballscross and saw three gibbets there of men executed for the burning of the Wildgoose Lodge. We got wet to the skin and rode there and home in under an hour and a half-Surgeon Noble and his son Wm Dined with us.”

A grand day out, I’m sure! Mr Filgate, owner of the lodge, lived to the ripe old age of 101.

 

A Reduction In Fees

 

The Registered Papers of the Chief Secretary’s Office include a page account, dated 22 Jun 1818, written by Donough O’Brien, Office of Public Accounts, Dublin, detailing a reduction in fees and emoluments paid to John McClintock and William Foster McClintock, Chief Sergeants at Arms in Ireland, over the period from Easter 1817 to May 1818. [29] His report incorporated a declaration by Commissioners of Public Accounts that the Chief Sergeants at Arms are entitled to a sum of £1,557.8.1, signed and sealed by three officers.

A second letter from the same Donough O’Brien, written in his capacity as secretary to commissioners for auditing public accounts was directed at Charles Grant, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle and dated 14 September 1819.  It enclosed an account of the reduction in the fees and emoluments of the McClintock brothers from the end of Easter term 1818 to 30 June 1819. [30]

I am none to sure what these reductions mean. Anyone else know? John was clearly cementing his credentials at this time as he filed the pedigree of the McClintock family with the Ulster King of Arms in 1815.

 

The term ‘velocipede’ was coined by the French inventor Nicéphore Niépce to describe his 1818 creation, as pictured here at the Jardin de Luxembourg, which lies close to the Centre Culturel Irlandais in Paris. Niépce’s invention was based on the ‘Laufmaschine’, the earliest known form of bicycle, which was invented by the Baron Karl Drais of Mannheim, Germany, in 1817.

The Velocipede

 

On Saturday 23 October, 1819, John’s brother Henry McClintock plucked up his quill and penned the following:

“Fine day – Geo Foster rode on a velocipede from the Barrack yard to the Market House in Dundalk in three seconds under eight minutes, winning his wager (that he had made with Colonel Teesdae of the 1st Dn.Gds.) by three seconds only – he started at about half past ten in the morning.”

Henry McClintock’s son, the Arctic explorer Sir Francis Leopold McClintock was born in Dundalk just a few months before George Foster’s speedy journey. Foster’s velocipede was probably one of 320 velocipedes made in 1819 by the London coachmaker Denis Johnson. These included a dropped-frame version for ladies to accommodate their long skirts. The term ‘velocipede’ was coined by the French inventor Nicéphore Niépce to describe his 1818 creation. His invention was based on the ‘Laufmaschine’, the earliest known form of bicycle, invented by a German baron in 1817.

Also known as a dandy-horse, the velocipede was all the rage for Regency bucks across England & Ireland in the summer / autumn of 1819. The craze died out when surgeons warned that it damaged health, while many local authorities prohibited the pastime as it caused too many accidents, either by collisions with pedestrians or by simple falls. The bicycle would not be invented until the 1860s.

 

1820 General Election

 

The death of George III in 1820 triggered a General Election in which John McClintock, on the side of Lord Liverpool’s victorious Conservatives, was returned to the Parliament of the United Kingdom as Member for the borough of Athlone, which seems to have been held by Lord Castlemaine, a kinsman of the Clanacartys. For reasons unknown, he vacated his seat on 16 May and was instead appointed to the Escheatorship of Munster, which he held until it was abolished in 1838. [31] David Ker filled the vacanct Athlone seat.

Henry McClintock, brother to Bumper Jack and father of the Arctic explorer.

McClintock’s interest was now that of Protestant proselytizer. Throughout the 1820s he and his brother Henry, collector of revenues at Dundalk, regularly attended the local Bible meetings of Robert Jocelyn, 3rd earl of Roden, with their kinsman John Leslie Foster. Henry McClintock was father of the Arctic explorer Sir Francis Leopold McClintock who was born in Dundalk in 1819. His day-to-day diary of life in early 19th century County Louth has been painstakingly transcribed by the historian Pat O’Neill in a book called ‘The Journal of Henry McClintock’.

John was a member of the Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor of Ireland (1827)

Box 3/3 of the Rathdonnell Papers includes a lease, for 21 years from February 1820, from Lord John George, Bishop of Clogher, to John McClintock of Drumcar of the lands of Galloon, Co. Fermanagh.

In October 1826 John McClintock Junior spoke at an aggregate meeting of the Roman Catholics of Co. Louth held in Dundalk.

On 11 August 1829, John McClintock Junior was married in Crondall, Hampshire, to 21-year-old Anne Lefroy (1808-1889). Born on 19 July 1808, she was the eldest daughter of the Rev John Henry George Lefroy, of Ewshot House, Hampshire, by his wife Sophia Cottrell, the youngest daughter of the Rev. Charles Jeffrey Cottrell of Hadley, Middlesex.

 

1830 & 1831 General Election & Richard Shiel

 

John McClintock’s mother Patience (née Foster) was a first cousin of John Foster, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons and one of the most influential men in Georgian Ireland.

On 18 June 1830, John and Lady Elizabeth McClintock bought a house in Dublin. John’s mother Patience McClintock, wife of Bumper Jack, died aged 84 on 18 July. Between 29 July and 1 September 1830, a General Election triggered by the death of George IV resulted in a moderate victory for the Duke of Wellington’s Tory government. On 9 August, John stood as a Tory for County Louth seat at Westminster. After ‘a severe contest of five days’ duration,’ he and fellow Tory candidate Alexander Dawson were elected on 13 August 1830.[32] The results were:

Alexander Dawson esq 296
John M Clintock esq 257
Richard Lalor Shiel esq 213
Richard M Bellew esq 124

However, the Tories did not have a stable majority and, following an inquiry triggered by Henry Parnell, the government collapsed. The ensuing General Election of 28 April – 1 June 1831 was a landslide win for supporters of electoral reform.

‘At the 1830 general election McClintock came forward for Louth on the Foster interest, headed since 1828 by the 2nd Baron Oriel, with the support of Roden, who was now vice-president of the Protestant Reformation Society. He described himself as a ‘constant resident in the county’, where his ‘ancestors had been long established’, and a ‘constitutional representative, anxious to improve every description of oppressive taxation’. On learning of his candidature the Wellington ministry’s Irish secretary, Lord Francis Leveson Gower, notified the popular Catholic candidate Richard Sheil that ‘as a representative of the Foster interest’, government would have to give McClintock ‘such support as it has to give’. After a turbulent three-day contest, in which the Catholic vote was split between two ‘belligerent’ candidates, McClintock finished in second place, his brother Henry noting that it was ‘rather a remarkable circumstance that … John is 61 years old this very day on which he is returned’. Following the widespread circulation of a list of ‘Brunswick Papists’ who had voted against Sheil, McClintock subscribed £30 towards the fund established to ‘protect and assist … the individuals named’. Speculation that he would be ‘turned out’ on petition came to nothing.’ He was, of course, listed by the Wellington ministry as one of their ‘friends’, although this was later queried. He presented a petition for the abolition of slavery from the Wesleyan Methodist Society of Dundalk, 5 Nov. 1830. In his only known speech, 11 Nov., he rejected the charges contained in a petition presented by Daniel O’Connell against the Dundalk magistracy, who he insisted were ‘extremely active and zealous in discharging their duty in a proper manner’. He voted in the ministerial minority on the civil list, 15 Nov. He was granted a month’s leave on urgent private business, 2 Dec. 1830. He divided against the second reading of the Grey ministry’s reform bill, 22 Mar., and for Gascoyne’s wrecking amendment, 19 Apr. 1831. At the ensuing dissolution he retired from Louth, where the Catholics had reunited, without explanation. Expectations that he would be Roden’s nominee at Dundalk proved to be false.’ [33]

Daniel O’Connell’s bust. I always feel busts give a more accurate depiction than paintings. This is a bust in Copeland porcelain after J.E. Jones.

John McClintock did his bit to try and uphold the Duke of Wellington’s Conservatives in Co. Louth, taking the place of his cousin, John Leslie Foster. Although Earl Grey’s Whigs swept to power (with O’Connell’s Irish Repeal party in third), John McClintock withstood ‘the attack of the great Liberal orator’, Richard Lalor Shiel and to be elected.

Sheil, a man deemed to be second only to O’Connell in popular estimation, first began to attack John McClintock when the Master of Drumcar had decided to attend the Catholic chapel in Dundalk circa 1825 and lecture the congregation on the strictures of the Catholic religion. [34] Shiel delivered an extraordinary, often witty reply, worth reading in the whole. He made McClintock a subject of some ridicule and brought to attention the dour Calvinistic nature of McClintock’s evangelical bible-thumping anti-Jesuit paranoia. Sheil rose from his seat immediately after McClintock finished speaking and kicked off with the following, presumably off-the-cuff paragraph.

”The speech of Mr M’Clintock, (and a more singular exhibit of gratuitous eloquence I have never heard), calls for a prompt and immediate expression of gratitude. He has had the goodness to advise us (for he has our interests at heart) to depute certain emissaries from the new Order of Liberators to his Holiness at Rome, for the purpose of procuring a repeal of certain obnoxious canons of the Council of Lateran. If Mr M Clintock had not assured us that he was serious, and was not actuated by an anxiety to throw ridicule upon the religion and proceedings of those whom he has taken under his spiritual tutelage, I should have been disposed to consider him an insidious fanatic, who, under the hypocritical pretence of giving us a salutary admonition, had come here with no other end than to fling vilification upon our creed and to throw contumely upon the persons who take the most active part in the conduct of our cause. But knowing him to be a person of high rank and large fortune, and believing him to possess the feelings, as well as the station, of a gentleman, I am willing to acquit him of any such unworthy purpose and do not believe that his object in addressing us was to offer a deliberate and premeditated insult. He did not, I am sure, for it would be inconsistent with the character which I have ascribed to him, enter this meeting for the purpose of venting his bile into our faces, and voiding upon his auditory the foul calumnies against the religion of his countrymen, which furnish the ordinary materials of rhetoric in the Bible Societies of which he is so renowned a member’.

‘I have occasionally attended meetings of the Bible Society’, continues Sheil, ‘and observed that whoever ventured to remonstrate against the use of the Apocalypse as a Spelling Book incurred the indignation of the assembly … Mr M’Clintock seems to belong to the Calvinistic department of Christianity’, declared Sheil. ‘I believe the church to be infallible’, says Shiel, ‘and he [McClintock] believes himself to be so’. McClintock, he says, is an uncle of Lord Roden, a kinsman of Lord Oriel and … he is besides nearly allied to the Archbishop of Tuam of Biblical renown and has obtained no little notoriety by his epistolary controversies with Doctor Curtis’. Sheil claims he is nonetheless a lesser evil than Mr Leslie Foster. While M’Clintock sat reddening in his seat with ‘some appearance of displeasure’, Sheil remarked: ‘I perceive that Mr M Clintock does not take the remarks which I have presumed to make in very good part. In the Evangelical Societies where he makes so conspicuous a figure, he has it all his own way. He is not much accustomed to the collisions of intellect which are incident to popular debate’. [35]

On 14 August 1831, after ‘a very warm contest’ which lasted four days, 61-year-old John McClintock was returned for Co Louth, with his old college friend  Alexander Dawson Esq.[xi]  Together they defeated Sir Patrick Bellew and Richard Sheil.

1831 Results:
Dawson (295),
McClintock (256)
Sheil (213)
Bellew (131).

It was noted that while Mr. McClintock, like the Duke of Wellington (?), voted against Lord John Russell’s bill for reform, he was ‘a man of clear vigorous understanding, and of the kindliest dispositions in private life’.

When Dawson died in office, it looks like Sheil was a shoe-in at the bye-election so he must have stood alongside John for Co Louth although John retied after the next election? [35a]

 

Stanley McClintock with his family and the Hon. Rosie O’Neill (Courtesy of Karen Ievers – Lord George Hill Collection)

Correspondence of John McClintock, 1st Lord Rathdonnell (1838-1846)

 

G3/1 1838: 1850 Two letters to John McClintock, later 1st Lord Rathdonnell, from his father, John McClintock Junior of Drumcar, about the McClintock estate in Co. Fermanagh (Cleenagh, Clontaverin, etc), in-roads made upon it in connection with the Ulster Canal, 1838, the difficulties attendant upon its being held under a lease from the bishops of Clogher/the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for Ireland, etc.

G3/2 1840-1841 Correspondence of John McClintock [either Junior or the future 1st Lord Rathdonnell?] about a row over the running of the Dunleer dispensary, and particularly over the election of Dr Delap as dispensary doctor, vice Dr Ball. The principal correspondent is Charles Coote of Baggot Street, Dublin, and there are also a number of letters from the McClintocks’ cousin and neighbour, Thomas Henry Skeffington, 2nd Viscount Ferrard, Oriel Temple, Collon, Co. Louth.

G3/3 1844-1846 Correspondence of John McClintock, the future 1st Lord Rathdonnell, about buying out the chief rent payable out of Drumcar. This is complicated by the fact that the head landlord, Charles Fortescue [of Stephenstown, Dundalk?], has run up debts of an alleged £80,000 on his property, and therefore has difficulty in making a good title.

 

*****

A Resident Landlord At Drumcar

 

‘Lady Louisa Trench and Miss Latouche are on a visit at Drumcar, the seat of John M’Clintock, Esq’.
(Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent, 20 August 1833)

‘The Most Noble the Marquess of Ormonde has left the Sackville-street Club House for Drumcar, the seat of John M’Clintock’
(Saunders’s News-Letter, 22 October 1839)

Emily McClintock outside Drumcar House, via Bernadette Slevin.

‘The Earl and Countess of Clancarty have, with their usual hospitality, been entertaining, during the great fair of Ballinasloe, a select circle ; amongst whom were the following distinguished persons – Lord and Lady Castlemaine, and the Hon. Miss Handcock; Mr. [ie: John McClintock], Lady Elizabeth, Mr. George, and Miss McClintock, of Drumcar; Mr. and Mrs. St. George, of Hedford Castle ; Mr. Mandesforde (Wandesforde?) ; Mr. Edward Butler, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Gregory * of Cool Park; Rev. Mr. Fowler and son, &c. &c.
(Statesman and Dublin Christian Record
 – Tuesday 12 October 1841)

[* Robert and Elizabeth Gregory were the parents of Sir William Gregory, who became  Governor of Ceylon and married  the famous Augusta, Lady Gregory.].

‘On Sunday evening week a body of men proceeded to the house of Mr. Marmion, of Killaley, County Louth, and threatened his life, unless he would give up a farm of land he had lately taken, from which a person named “The Glazier” had been ejected. There were upwards of two hundred persons present. Three of the party have been committed to Dundalk gaol by J. M’Clintock, Esq., of Drumcar.’
(Morning Post, 28 December 1842)

John M’Clintock, Esq., and Lady Elizabeth, hare arrived in Dublin from Drumcar, on a visit to the Dean of the Chapel Royal, Dublin Castle.
(Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent – Thursday 26 March 1846)

“A Resident Landlord—A correspondent states that John M’Clintock, Esq., of Drumcar, has employed during the past season, and still continues to do so, upwards of two hundred labourers. This is surely an exemplification of the benefits resulting from a resident landlord— Drogheda Conservative.”
(Quoted in Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent – Thursday 17 June 1847)

‘At Drumcar, the demesne of John M‘Clintock. Esq., within the last few days, a black ewe produced four lambs, all of which are black, and strong, and healthy.’
(Newry Examiner & Louth Advertiser, 28 April 1849)

 

1852 Petition

 

In 1852, there was a petition from 114 people describing themselves as ‘the Roman Catholic Farmers, Tradesmen and Labourers of John McClintock’s estate at Drumcar’ who denounced accusations that he was a bigot and pointed out that he had contributed to the construction of Dillonstown Church, never favoured Protestant tenants over Catholic, employed a large number of both religions and had never evicted any tenants who fell into arrears. According to Christine Casey and Alistair Rowan, “The Buildings of Ireland – North Leinster” (Buckley, 1993), p. 249-250, the present-day St Finian’s Church at Dillonstown Cross was built between 1862 and 1875 by John Murray to terminate a long vista from the Drumcar Road.

 

Arthur Hill (1812-1868) became 4th Marquess of Downshire in 1845 on the death of his father, and was appointed to his father’s colonelcy of the Royal South Down Militia that same year. He supported John McClintock’s unsuccessful campaign to secure a title, while his son, the 5th Marquess, employed John’s son Stanley McClintock as his agent.

Lord Downshire’s Letter To Lord Derby (1852)

 

The Lisnavagh archives contain the copy of a letter, dated 12 September 1852, from the 4th Marquess of Downshire, Blessington, Co. Wicklow, to Lord Derby, recommending ‘Old Turnip’ for a peerage. The letter reads as follows:

My dear Lord Derby,

I hope you will excuse my writing to you in favour [of] Mr McClintock’s claims to a peerage, which I have reason to think have been submitted to you, and which I am happy to say

I can bring my testimony in favour of. Mr McClintock has for a long period of time steadily and in the most undeviating manner supported the Protestant and Conservative cause, and has expended large sums of money in Louth, where in 1830 he beat Sheil and Bellew, and sat in that parliament at great inconvenience to himself, to keep the former (a great political card at that time, as we know), out, as well as the latter, afterwards a Lord of the Treasury.

One of his sons, Mr Bunbury, sat for many years for the county of Carlow, and succeeded his uncle, who rescued that county after many a fight from the Whigs.

The possessions of Mr McClintock and Mr Bunbury lie in ten different counties and must soon be united in the person of one of the family, and which will make a noble property and enable him to support the dignity of a peerage.

In addition to the expense he has undergone which, with his unswerving principles and high respectability, constitute I think a fair claim for the honour he seeks, I beg to remind you that Lord Bellew and Lord Clermont were latterly raised to the Upper House without a tithe of his property [incorrect in Lord Clermont’s case], and I certainly think that the claims of a Protestant for reward are at least as good as those of a papist of a radical republican (as is Lord Clermont), who have done their best to produce the present awful state of Louth by their backing the priests and Whig measures for many years. They have been paid for ravaging the country. Let a loyal man receive this well-earned mead of praise for upholding, at his own expense, the crown and the principles by which the Queen governs.

Many years ago he was considered so highly by our party in Ireland that the common voice of the country pointed to him as one of those who were to be made a peer. On that occasion neither he nor his friends made application to the Minister. Now, he thinks it due to his advanced age to lay his services before your Lordship, should you find it advisable to make additions to the peerage; and I beg to assure you that you can make no selection that will carry more justice with it.

Our party are deeply offended with two above-mentioned appointments, and I question very much if the radicals are so much pleased with them, for they are both men neither honoured nor respected.

I hope I shall be excused for venturing to interfere in this matter, but the greatest regard and esteem for the individual as well as for his family demand it from me, as well as my great anxiety that you should do a proper as well as a popular act, and I hope therefore you will excuse this letter.

 

Memorial at Drumcar Church, County Louth, to John McClintock, his first wife Jane (née Bunbury) and their daughter Catherine Gardiner.

 

Death of John McClintock (1855)

 

John ‘Old Turnip’ McClintock‘formerly Serjeant at Arms in the Irish House of Commons’, died on 5th (or 12th?) July 1855, at Drumcar, in his 85th year.[36] He was succeeded by his eldest son John (1798-1879), Conservative Member for Louth, 1857-9, who was created Baron Rathdonnell in 1868. However, a letter written by Sir John H Lefroy suggests that all was not well in the McClintock family at the time of Old Turnip’s death. Had he turned against his firstborn son in favour of his family by his second wife?  Full details about John McClintock, 1st Lord Rathdonnell, and his wife Anne Lefroy, can be accessed here.

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF | JOHN MCCLINTOCK, ESQ OF DRUMCAR, | BORN 12TH AUGUST, 1769. DIED 5TH JULY, 1855; | HE HELD THE OFFICE OF SERGENT AT ARMS FOR IRELAND FROM THE YEAR 1794 TILL THE TIME OF HIS DEATH; | WAS HIGH SHERIFF FOR THIS COUNTY IN 1798, AND REPRESENTED IT IN PARLIAMENT IN 1831, | HAVING BEEN MEMBER FOR THE BOROUGH OF ATHLONE IN 1823. | HE SERVED AS JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FOR A PERIOD OF 60 YEARS. | UPRIGHT AND HONORABLE, YET KIND AND CONCILIATORY IN THE DISCHARGE OF HIS PUBLIC DUTIES, | HE ENDEARED HIMSELF TO HIS FAMILY AND FRIENDS BY A REMARKABLE GENTLENESS OF CHARACTER AND A TENDER | AND AFFECTIONATE DISPOSITION. | HIS END WAS PEACE “THROUGH HIM WHOM TO KNOW IS ETERNAL LIFE.”
| ALSO TO THE MEMORY OF JANE, HIS WIFE, ONLY DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM BUNBURY, ESQ OF LISNEVAGH, M.P. FOR THE COUNTY OF CARLOW, | SHE WAS KILLED BY A FALL FROM HER HORSE AT THE EARLY AGE OF 22, ON THE 18TH APRIL, 1801, | LEAVING THREE CHILDREN TOO YOUNG TO BE CONSCIOUS OF THEIR LOSS.
| ALSO TO THE MEMORY OF CATHERINE | ONLY DAUGHTER OF THE ABOVE JANE AND JOHN MCCLINTOCK, | MARRIED 28TH JULY, 1834, THE REV GEORGE G. GARDINER OF BATH, DIED 5TH JUNE, 1834, AGED 35 YEARS. |HER REMAINS REST WITH THOSE OF HER THREE CHILDREN IN ST MICHAEL’S CHURCH, BATH. | HER MANY GIFTS AND TALENTS WERE SANCTIFIED BY HER DEEP HUMILITY AND FERVENT PIETY.
| THIS TABLET HAS BEEN ERECTED AS A TRIBUTE OF AFFECTION TO THE BEST OF PARENTS AND A BELOVED SISTER,
| BY JOHN MCCLINTOCK, ESQ OF DRUMCAR, ELDEST SON OF THE ABOVE JANE AND JOHN MCCLINTOCK.

Detail of memorial to Lady Elizabeth McClintock at Drumcar Church, County Louth.

A formidable looking Lady Elizabeth McClintock (née Le Poer Trench).  At the time of her death, aged 97 in 1877, she was living at Corrig House, Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) in County Dublin.

Lady Elizabeth, his wife for over half a century, later moved to Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) and survived him for many long years, dying aged 97 on 30 May 1877.

She outlived all thirteen of her siblings who included the last Countess of Rathdown, the last Viscountess Castlemaine and the last Archbishop of Tuam (Dr Trench). Details of her funeral can be found in the Belfast News-Letter of 7 June 1877.

A story published in the Northern Whig (6 June 1902, p. 9) told of how:

‘Lady Elizabeth M’Clintock, of Drumcar … had carefully instructed her class in the moral failings the Pharisees, and wishing to impress the lesson, she asked the head of the class, “And, now, what was the sin of the Pharisees?”|
“Atin’ camels, me lady,” was the prompt reply.’

 

Footnotes

 

[1] Major H. S. M’Clintock, `Random Stories, Chiefly Irish,’ Belfast: Marcus Ward & Company, late Nineteenth Century.

[2]He had originally intended himself for the profession of the law, and had actually kept several Terms for that purpose, but his intentions in this respect were changed by a vacancy having occurred in the office of Serjeant-at-Arms to the Irish House of Commons.’ F. B. Hamilton, The Picture of Parliament, Containing a Biographical Dictionary of the Irish Members (B. Steill, 1831)

[3] Writing in 1832, Hamilton, FB, says John was appointed Serjeant in 1791 but both his obituary in the Gentleman’s Magazine, 1855, and his memorial at Drumcar state ‘1794’.

Box D/4 4 of the Rathdonnell Papers includes an addendum to the foregoing settlement, dated 10 July 1797, John McClintock Senior (aka Bumper Jack) covenants that this third son, William Foster McClintock, now a minor and named in John McClintock Senior’s patent as Serjeant-at-Arms in the Irish House of Commons, will on attaining the age of 21 surrender his rights and emoluments under the patent to the trustees of John McClintock Junior’s and Jane Bunbury’s marriage settlement [ie the emoluments will be settled on the issue of the marriage. In the event, the office was abolished under the terms of the Act of Union before William Foster McClintock’s coming-of-age, so some alternative arrangement must have been made over the compensation money paid following its abolition.

[4] Volume 14 of The Parliamentary Register, Or, History of the Proceedings and Debates of the House of Commons of Ireland, p. 23. Printed for J. Porter, P. Byrne, and W. Porter, 1795.

[5] See p. 44 – 45 of White Knight, Black Earl. [18 May 1798 – The 2nd Earl of Kingston is tried amid great pomp by the Irish House of Lords for the murder of Colonel Henry FitzGerald. An executioner stands beside Kingston with an immense axe, painted black except for two inches of polished steel, and held at the level of the defendant’s neck. However, no witnesses appear for the prosecution, and Kingston is acquitted. The Directory of the United Irishmen had planned to use the occasion to kill the entire government and all the lords, but one vote cast against this scheme (by the informer Francis Magan) causes it to be abandoned. See here for more]

Maria Edgeworth, photographed by Richard Beard, in the early 1840s.

[6] Among the witnesses to this early hunger was the author Maria Edgeworth, daughter of the exceptionally talented inventor and educationalist, Richard Edgeworth of Mostrim (now Edgeworthstown) in County Longford. In 1800, she published Castle Rackrent, astonishing readers by its ground-breaking depiction of Irish peasants as real human beings. Not that anyone knew it was Maria who had written it; women were still very much to be seen and not heard at this time and she had the book published under a male pseudonym., I wonder did either John or Jane McClintock ever find the time to read this entertaining work, caricaturing several generations of an eccentric Anglo-Irish family.

[7] His will is recorded in Sir Arthur Vicars ‘Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810’ (1897), p. 300.

[8] The details of the Louth meeting and the Speaker’s reply appear in Union pamphlets, Volume 4, p. 189-190. NB: Wales is only a principality which is why it wasn’t part of the Union

[9] King George III’s Coronation Oath highlighted his intention to maintain the Protestant character of the Court and thus Prime Minister Pitt (whilst he would like to have done) did not ultimately pursue emancipation for the Catholics).

[10] Dunraven, 4th Earl of, ‘Past Times and Pastimes’, in 2 volumes, Hodder & Stoughton: London.

[11] The Nation, Saturday, July 14, 1855, p. 12

[12] Jane is not thought to have been hunting but, if she was, she would probably have been with the Spye Park Foxhounds near Bromham village, Wiltshire, which pack belonged to the Spicer family. Peter Hughes, editor of the Avon Vale newsletter, the Newshound, tells me that Box Hill ‘is a beautiful entry into Bath from the east.’ If you look at this link, you can see where Box is; Ashley is at the bottom of the hill in the west, and Box Hill is shown as going up the A4 towards London. As a matter of interest, this is the location of Box Tunnel, probably the crowning glory of Brunel’s Great Western Railway. The tunnel mouth emerges part way up the hill. However, Peter reckoned that in 1801 the main A4 road shown on the map did not exist. It is possible that Jane would have been riding on the old coach road, which took a more southerly route up through Kingsdown towards Chapel Plaister (shown as Wadswick). The area falls within the boundaries of the present day Avon Vale Hunt although, as its secretary, John Adderley pointed out, the Avon Vale Hunt came into existence long after 1800.

[13] By-Brook is also known as The Weaver and Withy Brook. The village of Box is on the A4 road travelling east from the city of Bath. It is just across the county border in Wiltshire. Bath was in Somerset. Just before Box there is the hamlet of Ashley. (Thanks to Hilary Cox, Senior Library Assistant, Local Studies, Bath Central Library, www.bathnes.gov.uk).

[14] I like to think that Mr. Barrington was Sir Jonah Barrington, ancestor of my pals Hugo Jellett and Minnie Preston. Sir Jonah wrote about McClintock’s opposition to the Union the previous year and was knighted in 1807. However, the connection between the two families may also be linked to this death notice from the Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette of Thursday 16 July: “Sunday [12th], died at his house in Salford, near this city [ie: Bath], the Right Hon. William Lord Viscount Barrington, aged 41. His Lordship was nephew to the present Bishop of Durham.” He was 3rd Viscount Barrington. That said, the newspaper would surely have mentioned him by title if he was involved.

Anne Lefroy married John McClintock in 1829. She would become 1st Baroness Rathdonnell almost 40 years later.

[15] Jane’s eldest son John McClintock, 1st Baron Rathdonnell, would, perhaps coincidentally, marry one of these Lefroys three decades later.

[16] Her death notice appeared in the Bath Chronicle on 30th April 1801. ‘Yesterday morning at five o’clock died, at the village of Box, near this city, in consequence of a fall from her horse, Mrs M’Clintock, wife of John M’Clintock, esq; of Drumcar, county of Louth, Ireland — thus snatched in a moment, at the age of twenty-three, in the full bloom of youth and beauty, from the society of her husband, children, parents, family and friends; attached to her by those virtues which will ever endear her memory to them, but which cannot fail to ensure to herself a happier life in a happier state’. [16]

The Hampshire Chronicle reported: “Tuesday morning the following melancholy accident took place on the London road, near Bath:—As the lady of P. M’Clintock, Esq. was riding with her husband and Mr. Barrington, her horse set off at speed up Box Hill; her companions, not increasing their pace, for fear of accelerating that of Mrs. M were, on coming to the turn of the road at Ashley, made miserable spectators of that lady extended speechless on the road, and the horse grazing by her side. The best medical assistance was immediately procured from Bath, but we are sorry to say that at present their endeavours are not likely to prove successful. Mrs. M.’s skull being fractured, she was trepanned that night; and on Wednesday morning it was discovered that her shoulder was dislocated.—Mr. Barrington, who returned to Bath, for medical assistance, had nearly experienced a similar fate, his horse falling with him in Gay-street, though materially injured, we are happy to state that he is in a way to do well.”

The article inadvertently referred to John McClintock as “P M’Clintock”. The Edinburgh magazine : or literary miscellany, Volume 17, p. 330 (J. Sibbald, 1801) also reported the news.

[17] Published in the London Courier and Evening Gazette, Monday 20 July 1801

[18] In September 2018, Jon Cooper, Clerk to Bathford Parish Council, very kindly forwarded me further details via David Howells of the Bathford Historical Society. He sent me the inscription (the top part, not the scary bit) from the “Monumental Inscriptions” volume created by the late Cmdr. Alan Craig (where it was recorded as Grave 60).

[19] ‘By special licence, in St. George’s chapel, Dublin, by the Bishop of Waterford, John M’Clintock, esq. of Drumcar, co. Louth, to Lady Elizabeth Trench, daughter of the Earl of Clancarty.’ p. 383, April 15 1805, The Gentleman’s magazine, Volume 75, Part 1.

[20] William Power Keating Trench, 1st Earl of Clancarty, was the eldest son of Richard Trench of Garbally House, Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, and . d Frances Le Poer (or Power), an heiress twice over. Through her father, she inherited the Power family estate at Coorheen, County Galway, while she also scooped a large estate from her mother, Elizabeth Keating. WPK was an energetic Whig (ie: 18th century Liberal) who represented the locality as a Member in the Irish House of Commons for many years. He was raised to the Irish House of Lords as Baron Kilconnell of Garbally, before being advanced to Viscount Dunlo of Dunlo and Ballinasloe in 1800. In 1802, he was elevated to the peerage as Earl of Clancarty. This title had previously been bestowed upon a Munster clan but they lost it along the way, I can’t remember why. At any rate, the 1st Earl of Clancarty was clearly determined to keep his new blue blood flowing for his good, broad-hipped wife bore him no less than 10 sons and 9 daughters.

[21] See this link in the Proceedings of the Royal Academy (Royal Irish Academy, 1964 (Vol. 64), p. 22) from which I extract: ‘”Being a friend of Miller of Portaferry would account for one of his [ie: FWP McClintock’s] contributions to the Mechanics’ Magazine being addressed from Portaferry, but his passion or fondness for anonymity would preclude his giving his true home address, which was also near Strangford Lough and not far from Portaferry. We infer he lived in Dublin at the time he wrote several of his papers, since some of them involved him in controversy with Robert Mallet of Dublin, and the editor remarked that Phi Mu and Mallet then lived near each other while unknown to each other ….” Elsewhere, the same source remarks: ‘Neither was an outstanding student, academically speaking, but McClintock had the edge over O’Beirne in scientific subjects. The combination of clues all point to Phi Mu being McClintock.’

[22] The Royal Academy editor adds: “Mr. H. F. McClintock, son of the explorer, tells me there is no truth in the contemporary newspaper story that nearly all Frederick William’s family died tragically in the year 1834.” True, they did not ’nearly all” die but enough of them did to make 1834 a full-blown annus horribilis.

A sketch of the Very Rev. Hugh Usher Tighe, D.D., Dean of Derry and Dean of the Chapel Royal, Dublin Castle, from H. S. McClintock’s scrapbook.

[23] The Waterford Mail of 30 April 1828 recorded: ‘On the 21st inst., in Dunleer Church, the Rev. Hugh Usher Tighe, second son of Robert Sterne Tighe, Mitchelstown, county of Westmeath, to Anne Florence, second daughter of John M’Clintock, of Drumcar, in the county of Louth, Esq.’ Notice of the marriage in The Star (London) of 14 May 1828 added that the groom was ‘the Rev. Hugh Usher Tighe, B.A. of Corpus Christi College, Oxford,’ while the Westmeath Journal of 1 May 1828 indicates that his father spelled his name ‘Robert Stearne Tighe, Esq.’

[24] Inducted May 31. Certificate of “Went and Consent ” Signed by Thomas Trouton and Wm. Branagan, jun. (D.B.)]

[25] MARRIAGES. On the 13th inst., by special license, at the Castle, Ballyraggett, the residence of Lady Harriet Kavanagh, by the Bishop of Ossory, assisted by the Rev Robert le Poer McClintock, Rector of Castle Bellingham, cousin of the bride, James Peddie Steele, Esq., B.A . M.D., Edin., to Sarah Louisa, youngest daughter of the late Rev. William and Lady Louisa le Poer Trench.
Illustrated London News – Saturday 29 September 1877

[26] ‘The Rev. Robert Le Poer McClintock, of Spencer Hill, Castle Bellingham, in the county of Louth, on the 30th ult., London He was the son of John McClintock, Esq., of Drumcar, in the county of Louth, by his second wife, Lady Elizabeth, daughter of William Power, Earl of Clancarty, and was thus half-brother of John, Lord Rathdonnell, who died on May 17 last.’ Illustrated London News – Saturday 12 July 1879

[27] Charles Frederick D’Arcy, ‘The adventures of a bishop: a phase of Irish life: a personal and historical narrative’ (Hodder & Stoughton, 1934), p. 297.

[28] Philip Salmon, John McClintock (1769-1855), of Drumcar, co. Louth, in ‘The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1820-1832’, ed. D.R. Fisher (Cambridge University Press, 2009). The Registered Papers of the Chief Secretary’s Office include a letter (CSO/RP/1818/632) dated between 13 Aug 1817-12 Sep 1818 from John McClintock, Drumcar, County Louth, to William Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland, Dublin Castle, with a report on Frances Vickers, 105 Dorset Street, Dublin, whom he claims ‘has so many near relatives well able and I believe willing to assist her’. The letter accompanied a letter from Frances to the Chief Secretary’s office at Dublin Castle, requesting her inclusion on a concordatum list for pension.

[29] CSO/RP/1818/810

[30] CSO/RP/1819/1118. The account and report were signed by O’Brien; and signed and sealed by Richard Townsend Herbert, Maurice Cane, and John Mahon, commissioners of public accounts, 14 September 1819.

[31] The Irish Times, 5 May 1904, p. 5. He he was joined in the post by Sir Ross Mahon of Castlegar, MP for Ennis, in June.

[32] In the 1835 edition of Burke’s ‘Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland’, it was noted that John McClintock, the former MP for Athlone, had been ‘returned, after a severe contest of five days’ duration, for the county of Louth, which he continued to represent until the dissolution of that parliament.’

Alexander Dawson of Riverstown, Co Louth, was an old friend of John McClintock’s from college days. The family originally came from Yorkshire and were based in Monaghan. His father John Dawson was brought to Dublin at an early age (under the auspices of prominent banker and Alderman Richard Dawson of Dawson’s Grove, ancestor of Lord Cremorne) and started business on Castle Street in 1760. Three years later John married Miss Pepper of Cook’s Town, Co Louth, by which he secured her estate. In 1792, John purchased Riverstown from the Earl of Carrick. He died in 1801 leaving considerable estates in Co Louth to his two sons, Alexander and James. Alexander was born in Castle Street, Dublin, in 1770 and educated for some time at the school of the Rev Mr Miller. He subsequently entered the University of Dublin where, during his college course and particularly in the fourth year of it, he obtained premiums, certificates and many other academic honours. In the last year of the course, he was admitted a member of the celebrated Historical Society of Trinity College, and obtained a silver medal for superior answering in history. John McClintock was ‘his contemporary and fellow student in College, in the same class and generally in the same division’. (Hamilton).

Alexander Dawson was called to the bar at the age of 23. His first major client was the Grand Canal Company of Ireland, a body involved in numerous lawsuits. He subsequently retired ‘from the turmoil of forensic life to his paternal seat at Riverstown’ where he discharged ‘the duties of an independent country gentleman’, being ‘an upright and impartial magistrate, to the satisfaction of the country’. He also devoted himself to ‘the pursuits of literature’. At length, he felt compelled to enter upon ‘the wider field of legislation’, being first returned to Parliament at the General Election of 1826 when, with the support of the Catholic Association (the 40s freeholders who now shook off the yoke and asserted their independence) he ousted the Foster family from power in Dunleer for the first time in nearly 100 years. He made his maiden speech at the commencement of the 1826 session, seconding an amendment of his friend Henry Grattan to the address. Contemporaries considered the speech ‘a favourable specimen of Mr Dawson’s powers’ – ‘the language was plain and nervous and, in some passages, eloquent and impassioned. It was chiefly distinguished, however, for a tone of moderate firmness, a depth of thought and a plain, straight-forward common-sense-like manner’. It was imbibed with ‘a vein of unpretending and sterling honesty’ and nobody could deny that Dawson spoke ‘in earnest and really felt what he said’.

F.B. Hamilton described him thus: ‘An active and efficient man, constantly upon committees in the house. His education is of the first class and his mind, together with being highly cultivated and refined, is a store of practical useful information. As a speaker, his manner is plain but cogent and earnest. There is nothing superfluous about his observations. In short, to a sound judgment, an unsullied integrity and an intrepidity which knows not how to shrink from the discharge of duty. There is united in the hon and excellent member for Louth the most obliging manners and the kindest dispositions of heart’.

[33] Samuel.

[34] Presumably this is related to ‘A Letter addressed to the Roman Catholics of the County of Louth, John McClintock of Drumcar‘, 16pp, 8vo, Drogheda pr 1826. P583?

[35] The Speeches of Richard Lalor Sheil’ By Richard Lalor Sheil, Thomas MacNevin (1865).

[35a] “LOUTH COUNTY. Late members, Alexander Dawson, and JL Foster: present, A Dawson, of Riverstown, county of Louth, and 22, Downing Street, London.- 2nd. And John M’Clintock, of Drumcar, county of Louth.- 1st. This county was contested. It is 22 miles by 14; contains 110,750 acres; 101,011 population; 5 baronies; 61 parishes; 307 £50, and 102 £20 freeholders; there voted, at the late election, 176 £50, 68 £20, 293 £10, and 28 clergymen; in all, 565. Governors, Lord Oriel and Viscount Ferrard. Lord Roden and the Foster family have extensive influence in this county. Louth sent ten members to the Irish Parliament; it now sends but four. Bedfordshire, with a population of only 85,400, returns six.’ F. B. Hamilton, ‘The Picture of Parliament, Containing a Biographical Dictionary of the Irish Members‘ (B. Stein: London, 1831)

[36] The Gentleman’s Magazine 1855 published his obituary on page 204, which I may need to look at again.