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William Bunbury II (1704-1755) of Lisnavagh, co. Carlow

The construction of St Mary’s Church of Ireland in Rathvilly, Co Carlow, in 1750 was funded by William Bunbury and his younger brother Thomas.

William Bunbury II, seemingly known to his contemporaries as Billy, is assumed to have been the eldest surviving son of William and Elizabeth Bunbury.

Christened in Tullow in June 1704, he most likely inherited Lisnavagh at the age of six, following the premature death of both his parents. He would preside over Lisnavagh for the next forty years, living – we think – in a house in the Pigeon Park, where there was an enclosure of trees marked on the 1840 ordnance survey map.

William’s siblings included:

  1. Sarah Bunbury, born on 21 November 1700, died in Cashel in 1754.
  2. Benjamin Bunbury, born 28 June 1702.
  3. Joseph Bunbury, born 1705.
  4. Thomas Bunbury of Kill, born March 1706, father of William Bunbury III of Lisnavagh.
  5. Mary Bunbury, born 26 March 1705, who was married on 25 March 1753 to the Rev. Gibson Raymond, rector of Killmochrist [?] in the Diocese of Leighlin and Ferns. [2] When the London Magazine, & Monthly Chronologer of 1753 referenced the marriage, it described Mary as ‘sister to William and Thomas Bunbury of Lifnevagh and Kill, Co. Carlow, Efqrs’.
  6. Elizabeth Bunbury who married Richard Lockwood. (See below.)


School Days in Kilkenny and Athy


The age does not entirely stack up but it seems probable that he was the eight-year-old ‘William Bunbury’ who entered Kilkenny School on 8 March 1714. Whether his brothers Benjamin, Joseph and Thomas also attended Kilkenny is unclear, but the school has no record of them. The boys who attended Kilkenny School were chiefly the sons of local clergymen and farmers, but it was fast becoming the Eton of Ireland.

Founded by the Earl of Ormonde in 1538, Kilkenny School was re-endowed and much extended by the Great Duke of Ormonde after 1667. Ormonde, head of the Butler family, was effectively the Bunburys landlords at that time. The school’s alumni included writer Jonathan Swift, playwright George Farquhar and poet William Congreve (all household names by 1714), as well as George Berkeley (the philosopher for whom Berkeley College, California, was named) and Hugh Drysdale, Governor of Virginia (who entered in 1685). Later students included Henry Flood, Barry Yelverton, Viscount Avonmore and Sir Thomas Butler of Ballintemple, who entered in 1743. [3] In the 1780s, a new College was built on the same site overlooking the river Nore on John Street. This is the present-day County Hall in Kilkenny City.

It seems likely that William was then educated at John Garnet’s Latin School in Athy in 1717-1718. In the Autobiography of Pole Cosby of Stradbally, Queens County, Mr Cosby names ‘Billy and Tom Bunbury of y County Carlow and Harry Bunbury who married Miss Pinsent’ as being ‘the chief of my schoolfellows’, albeit alongside almost fifty other names. Billy is assumed to have been William Bunbury of Lisnavagh, while Harry Bunbury succeeded to Johnstown. [4]

It might be noted here that Abraham Shackleton’s famous school in Ballitore, County Kildare, was founded in 1726. Edmund Burke and Napper Tandy were among those educated there but it would not surprise me if there was also a Bunbury or two also seated in the classroom.




Little is known of William Bunbury II’s subsequent life save that he died unmarried, aged 51, on 26 February 1755. It has been suggested that he was a Member of Parliament for Carlow, but his name does not appear on the representative lists for the county, the borough or Old Leighlin.

I assume that his hold on Lisnavagh was impacted by the Coronation of George IV on 19 July 1721, on which day the 18th Earl of Ormond was made Baron Ormonde of Llanthony, in the county of Monmouth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. John Kirwan advises: ‘A £50,000 fine had to be paid for the benefit of getting the Irish estates allocated to him during the lifetime of his brother, who lived on until 1745. Had he not paid, it would have come to him due to his entailed life interest in 1745 – the forfeiture of the Ormonde entailed estate was only for the lifetime of the life tenant and that was the 2nd duke. 1822 was the state visit to Ireland of Geo IV.’

In terms of other local events, I note that the Dunlavin Hunt sponsored a £30 cup at Baltinglass races in 1755. The Dunlavin Hunt hunt had been established by James Worth Tynte, whose wife Hester inherited the Dunlavin estate from her uncle Sir Richard Bulkeley in 1710. Tynte also had a racecourse in Dunlavin. The principal hunt in Dunlavin was traditionally held on St. Stephen’s Day and indeed getting sozzled in Matt Owens every 26 December was par for the course for my younger self in the 1990s.




May 28 – William Molyneux, the fourteen-year-old son of Sir Thomas Molyneux, a former MP, is killed when a leaden image falls on him in a garden near Dublin.




Passage of the Schism Act, by which teachers were required to declare their conformity to the Established Church. This was aimed at restricting the dissenting academies but it sounds like a few Presbyterian churches were nailed up in 1714, including one at Summer Hill in Meath, and also apparently others in Antrim, Downpatrick and Rathfriland.


Rev William Robertson & a new Church of St Mary’s, Rathvilly


The Rev. William Robertson, who was rector of Rathvilly from 1738 until 1764, was born in Dublin  on 16 October 1705 and educated under Dr Francis Hutchison of Glasgow University between 1722 and 1725, completing an MA in the latter year. He was curate of Tullow, County Carlow, from Feb 1727 until 10 November 1729. He became Rector of Raville [Rathvilly] in Carlow on 11 November 1729, and of Kilravello, Wicklow, afterwards becoming Vicar of the said parishes. He also became Vicar of Rathmore, of Straboe, and Curate of Rahill (all) Carlow in 1738. He was chaplain to Lord Cathcart, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in 1732, and curate of St Luke’s, Dublin, from 1743-48. He resigned all his benefices owing to change of opinions in 1764. DD, Glasgow 1767. Master of Gr Sch Wolverhampton 1768 to death. He was married in 1728 to Elizabeth Baxter, daughter of Major William Baxter. He died of gout in the stomach at Wolverhampton on 20 May 1783 and was buried there. His published works include:

  • A Scheme for utterly Abolishing the present heavy and vexatious Tax of Tithes, London 1740.
  • An Attempt to Explain the Words, Reason, Substance, Person, Creeds, & c By a Presbyter of the Church of England London 1766.
  • Portrait Published in 8vo
  • Life From Material furnished by himself (Gents Mag 1783) reprinted in part in Chalmers’s Biog Dict. Bibliotheca Staffordiensis, 1894, p. XX.


On 12 April 1748, Rathvilly Vestry ordered that the parish church in Rathvilly be immediately pulled down in order to be rebuilt. Billy Bunbury and his younger brother Thomas were credited with providing a huge sum of £234-3-1 ½ towards the construction of the new St. Mary’s Church. The first rector of the new church appears to have been the Rev William Robertson who was recorded in Pue’s Occurrences of 27 January 1756 after this event:

Sunday, Jan. 25. [1756] Miss Harriot and Elizabeth Thompson renounced the Errors of the Church of Rome, and were received into the Communion of the Church of Ireland the Rev. William Robertson, Rector of Ravilly [Rathvilly] in the County of Carlow.



William was presumably one of the first souls whose funeral was held in the new church in Rathvilly following his death in 1755. In his will, he:

‘… devised all his real and personal estate to his brother the said Thomas Bunbury [who duly] became seized and possessed of a considerable real and personal estate and, among the rest, of the lands of Lisnavagh and his said brother’s moiety of the said lands of Tobinstown in fee and from this extract it appears that Mr Bunbury is seized in fee simple of the whole lands of Lisnavagh and Ballybitt and of one moiety of Tobinstown and is seized for life only with remainder to William Bunbury, his son and heir apparent, of the other moiety of the said lands of Tobinstown and of all the impropriate tythes and glebes of the rectory of Graney and of the one sixth part undivided of the lands of Mortarstown.’




In 1741 Edward Mercer of Knockballystine, Clonmore (south of Haroldstown) used his 242 acres as security when he borrowed £236 from William Bunbury of ‘Lisnevagh’ [sic]. [5]

In June 1750, William Bunbury and his brother Thomas spent £4,800 buying up ‘the Town & Lands of Rathmore’, including Ballyhackettfrom Margaret, Lady Viscountess Dowager Allen, her daughters Elizabeth and Francis Allen, and Richard Hull. [6]


Elizabeth Bunbury and the Lockwood, Minchin & Carden Connection


In 1716, a marriage took place between Elizabeth Bunbury (d. 1787) and Richard Lockwood II (1693-1777) of Castlelake and Cashel in Co. Tipperary. [7] She is assumed to have been an older sister of William Bunbury II and Thomas Bunbury of Kill, although she must have been very young at the time of this wedding.

Richard Lockwood II was the son of Richard Lockwood Senior (1670-1735), who served as steward and clerk to Lucy Buckworth (née Wansbrough), one of eleven children born to Robert Wansbrough (1630-1690) and Sara Hayter. Lucy was married, circa 1683, to a Cornel Buckworth who died circa 1690, possibly during the Jacobite Wars. She then married her own steward, Richard Lockwood Senior, who became a very rich man. [8] Lucy Lockwood, as she now was, gave birth to Richard Lockwood II in 1693 but died in childbirth five years later. Richard Lockwood Senior was buried in Cashel on 16 March 1735.

In 1727, Richard Lockwood built a hunting lodge at Boherclough, near Cashel, called Indaville.

Richard Lockwood II was a wealthy farmer and brewer, with lands at Castle Lake, Archerstown, Kiliglorah, Shanaclown, Ballstown and Killeragh. The remains of an old distillery can be seen at Castle Lake today. [9] With such proximity to Cashel, it comes as little surprise that the land was formerly owned by the Dukes of Ormonde. Roger Carden-Depper unearthed a document in the Registry of Deeds in Dublin, dated 2 May 1751, which referred to the lease of 240 acres and a house at Archerstown, near Thurles, by Samuel Hughes for the lifetimes of Richard Lockwood, his wife Elizabeth and their son Richard.[10] The document referred to an earlier indented deed of lease from 1746 between Samuel Hughes and Richard Lockwood:

To hold Simon Hughes for the lives of Richard Lockwood, Elizabeth Lockwood (wife to Richard Lockwood), and William Bunbury of Lisnevagh (brother to Elizabeth), pay yearly rent‘. [11]

Richard Lockwood II and his wife Elizabeth (née Bunbury) appear to have had at least two sons:

(1) William ‘Billy’ Lockwood (1722-1792), who was married in 1761 to Mary Lowe, daughter of Hamilton Lowe of Rose Green, County Tipperary. Billy seems to have ‘failed’ in Dublin, being recalled to his father’s home in Tipperary in 1787.

(2) Richard Lockwood III (1725-1777), who was married in about 1749 to Elizabeth Carden, daughter of John Carden and Rebecca Minchin, and sister of Minchin Carden of Fishmoyne. [12] The newlyweds later lived at Kilbrack or Woodhouse, Magorban. Among those who signed the marriage settlement were William Bunbury [13] (assumed to have been Elizabeth Lockwood’s brother, William Bunbury of Lisnavagh), Thomas Bunbury (of Kill, Co. Catherlogh, also Elizabeth’s brother), Henry Bunbury (of Johnstown, first cousin to Elizabeth Lockwood), Richard Lockwood (the younger), Richard Lockwood junior, [14] John Carden (of Templemore), Elizabeth Carden (the bride to be, of Fishmoyle, spinster) and Minchin Carden [15] of Fishmoyle (Elizabeth’s father, who was also a kinsman of the Bunburys of Johnstown). *

Richard Lockwood II and Elizabeth (née Bunbury) Lockwood were also the parents of

(3) Elizabeth Lockwood (b. c. 1731-25 Jan 1786) who was married on 9 December 1750 in Cashel, County Tipperary, to Nicholas Mansergh (1702-6 Aug 1768) of Grenane. He was a son of Col. Daniel Mansergh, of Macrony Castle, by his wife Mary (née Southcote). The Mansergh had six sons and a daughter:

  1. Nicholas Southcote Mansergh(1751-March 1818) of Grenane, J.P., who was married in 1770 to Elizabeth Carden (and had other spouses);
  2. Daniel Mansergh(1752-10 Jun 1823) who was married in 1788 to Katherine Pennefather;
  3. James Mansergh(1754-3 April 1808);
  4. Bryan Mansergh, who married Elizabeth Gabbett;
  5. Mathew Wenworth Mansergh(1758-1803)
  6. George Mansergh(b. 1759), who was married in 1779 to Jane Dacre (and had other spouses).
  7. Jane Elizabeth Mansergh (1763-6 Mar 1795). [16]

Roger Carden-Depper’s studies suggest that the children and grandchildren of Benjamin Bunbury of Killerig – ie: the Bunburys of Lisnavagh, Johnstown, Kill, Kilfeacle and Cloghna – maintained close contact through into the 1750s. The Lockwoods and Minchins played a key role in keeping them together. In 1750, for instance, William Lockwood leased land in Co. Dublin from Henry Bunbury (1706-1771) of Johnstown, Co. Carlow, eldest son of Joseph and Hannah Bunbury. [17] Henry’s sister Henrietta married Paul Minchin and was grandmother to Minchin Carden.

The connection deepened with the 1731 marriage of Matthew Bunbury of Kilfeacle‘s fourth son Thomas Bunbury of Shornell (1705- 11 Jan 1772) to Grace Chadwick. Two years later, Mary Lockwood, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (née Carden) married William Chadwick (1730-1799), and again in the next generation Thomas Chadwick (1752-1812) married Sarah Lockwood (1756-1826).

When Thomas Lockwood, son of Richard Lockwood (the elder), married Priscilla Darby in 1756, the witnesses were Minchin Carden, Patrick Keilly of Keilly and Matthew Bunbury of the Kilfeacle branch. [18] When Thomas and Grace Bunbury’s estranged son Matthew Bunbury (husband of Deborah Prittie) died in Southampton in 1808, his will appointed Paul Minchin of Dublin and Henry Minchin of Southampton as his executors.

When Richard Lockwood III died in 1777, he left farms at Ballyoliver, near Rathvilly, Co. Carlow, to his son Benjamin Lockwood. [19] Richard’s will also referred to Patrick Keilly as a cousin of the family, educated and provided for by the deceased. I previously interpreted a reference to a “cousin germaine” as a potential link to the Germaine family who were prominent at Lisnavagh in the 18th and 19th centuries. However, in July 2017, I was kindly alerted by John Stack that a “cousin germain” is a first cousin!!

* The Lockwood family married into the Carden of Templemore family on at least 5 occasions –

  1. Lucy 1728 1783 to Minchin Carden
  2. Richard 1725 to 1775 Elizabeth Carden
  3. Richard 1757 to 1810 to Clarinda Carden
  4. Benjamin 1760 to 1823 Gertrude Carden
  5. Hamilton 1762 to 1826 Henrietta Carden.


Rev. Richard Carden Lockwood of Indaville

Rev. Robert Carden Lockwood, sometimes called Robert Craven Lockwood, was christened in Cashel on 29 May 1781. A son of Richard Lockwood and nephew of Sir John Carden, he was the great-grandson of Richard Lockwood III and Elizabeth Bunbury. He may have been educated at a private school at the top of John Street, Cashel, just prior to Agar Lane. The school closed in 1798. In 1802, he entered Trinity College, Dublin, after which he entered the church.  According to Leet, he was in Bray by 1810.  He inherited his father’s Regency mansion at Indaville in Boherclough, near Cashel, although I think this property was on lease to Marshall Clarke and Patrick Hare at the time. (Memorial Number Register of Deeds 420369.)

His father had died and he was a reverend by 21 January 1811 when he was married at St Anne’s Church, Dublin, to Elizabeth Gibson, eldest daughter and co-heiress of the late Richard Ellis Gibson of Belan Lodge, Queens County. (Limerick Gazette,  25 January 1811, p. 3). 

Robert was at Belan, or Belin, County Laoise, in 1814. By his first wife Elizabeth, née Gibson, he had two sons (Richard Carden and Edward) and three daughters (Elizabeth Anne, Gertrude Letitia and Harriett.)

On Sunday 15 February 1821, he preached a charity sermon in St Thomas’s Church for the benefit of the Whitworth Fever Hospital, opposite the 3rd Lock on the Royal Canal. (Freeman’s Journal, 24 February 1821).

By 1824, he was living in Cashel, where he was earning the wrath of the populace by seizing cattle in lieu of tithes. The parson and his son Richard were clearly volatile types, as per this account from the Tipperary Free Press, also published in the Dublin Weekly Register of 25 October 1828:

‘CASHEL PETIT SESSIONS – Edward Maher, a Waterloo Grenadier, lodged informations against the Rev. Robt. Lockwood, of Indaville, and his son Richard, for attacking him with a sword-cane and pistol, &c, —the Parson ran the sword through Maher’s waistcoat and shirt, but Maher wrested the sword from him, he then snapped a pistol at Maher, which fortunately missed fire, and Maher then knocked him down with a pitchfork, when the son Richard fired at Maher, and the shot struck the ground near him—this young man has absconded – His Reverence has not been taken into custody as yet.’

In November 1829, Henry Joy, the Attorney General, received a letter from William Pennefather, Mayor of Cashel, enquiring if the enclosed affidavit sworn by Edward Maher against Rev Robert Lockwood ‘and others’ before the magistrates of the town could still be accepted, as the alleged outrage had taken place a year earlier. Annotation on the reverse gave the legal opinion of Richard W Greene. I have not seen this but the letter is held by the Chief’s Secretary’s Office in Dublin. [CSO/RP/1829/1807]

On  10 June 1831 the Dublin Morning Register listed Rev Robert Lockwood of Leeson Street, late of Indiaville, as Insolvent. (See Belin Resurget). He appears to have been declared insolvent very early on in his life although he continued to use Indaville as an address.

Indaville was used as a barracks by the 9th foot regiment in 1821 but was apparently a ruin by 1825. In 1828, the Rev. Lockwood is said to have sold it to William Scott, a merchant from Dublin, who seems to have rebuilt it soon afterwards. [21] Mr Scott was presumably the man whose daughter married Richard in 1834? How was Indaville still the Rev. Lockwood’s address in 1848?

On 6 February 1834, Richard, his eldest son, was married in St. Peter’s Church to Annette, eldest daughter of William Scott, Esq, of Harcourt-street, and Hayfield, County Dublin. [Warder and Dublin Weekly Mail, 15 February 1834, p. 6.]

In August 1838, his eldest daughter Elizabeth was married, firstly, to Lieutenant Charles Frederick Mayne of the 61st Regiment. He rose to become a captain but had died by 1846 or 1847 when  Elizabeth was married, secondly, to John Stephens, son of the late Admiral Stephens. (Here) The admiral may have been Rear Admiral George Hopewell Stephens.

On 24 July 1848, his second daughter Gertrude was married at St. Thomas’s Church, to Charles O’Reilly, Esq., A.B., eldest son of Charles O’Reilly, Esq., M.D., of 3, Lower Dominick-street, Dublin. (Cork Examiner, 26 July 1848, p. 3.) Her father was still described as ‘of Indaville’ at this time. Why!?

On 23 January 1849, the 68-year-old widower was married, secondly, at the Cathedral Church of Old Leighlin, Co. Carlow, to Ellen O’Callaghan, a 25-year-old spinster and third daughter of the late Charles Cornelius O’Callaghan of Drangan Lodge, County Tipperary. [20] Robert and Ellen had a daughter Catherine Clarinda Lockwood (1851-1927). She was boarding at 71.2 Lr. Gardiner Street, Dublin, at the time of the 1901 census. Ten years later, she was at 49.3 Rutland Street, Dublin, at the time of the 1911 census, where she was recorded as a ‘lady companion’. The head of the household was Ellen Birse, the widowed Sub-Postmistress, and her five daughters, three of whom were in the post office, one was a bookkeeper and one was a maternity nurse.  Catherine died in Dublin.

The Rev. Robert Lockwood died at Pleasant Street, Dublin aged 73 in 1853.

His younger son Edward Lockwood, a private in the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot died of wounds received during the defence of Lucknow on 6 October 1857, for which he received the Indian Mutiny Medal. Probate was granted to his sister Letitia.

In June 1865 houses, premises and land belonging to Richard Lockwood were advertised for sale and sold.


Bomb-Proof Lockwood


Another family member was Captain Purefoy (Bomb-Proof) Lockwood, a famous survivor of Waterloo, who was a son of the Rev Thomas Lockwood, the grandson (?) of Richard Lockwood III and Elizabeth (née Bunbury). In 1835 Bombproof Lockwood was involved in an affair of honour with a Colonel Newton, in which a William Minchin and ‘a highly respectable and amiable lady’ was also much involved. [22] He served as a captain at the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, as well as a lieutenant in the 30th Regiment, but was listed as an insolvent debtor in 1838. [23] On 17 March 1848, his daughter Maria was married at Limerick to John C. Harnett, Esq., of Listowel. [24] I think he was also connected to this man whose death was announced in the Cork Constitution of 27 July 1868:

‘On the 20th inst., Augustus Purefoy Lockwood, K.L.H.. late Surgeon-Major Royal Scots Greys, aged 49, served all through the Crimean War in the 7th Fusiliers and 8th Hussars, and afterwards in the latter during the Mutiny in India. He had served previously in the 30th Regt., and on the Staff in China.’

As of July 2017, the sole representative of this line is thought to be Bomproof Lockwood’s great-great-great granddaughter Amanda Townsend, daughter of Michael Lockwood O’Flynn, who is thought to live in Sussex. [25]




With thanks to Peter Bunbury, Roger Carden-Depper, John Colclough, Gill Miller, Susie Warren, Arthur Carden, George Thompson, Jane Paterson, Michael Brennan, William Minchin, Michael Purcell, Roger Nowlan and the Carlow Rootsweb.




[1] Census Substitutes: CARLOW, Oaths of Allegiance 1775. Ireland Genealogy Project Archives. Contributed by Mary Heaphy, via here.

[2] The Rev. Gibson Raymond is recorded as an uncle of the Rev. John Gibson (1732-1794), Vicar of Dunany (1767-94) and Rector of Clonmore (1777-94), son of the Rev Samuel Gibson. In 1777 John married Charity Graham of Drogheda. John was buried at St Peter’s, Drogheda. John, who inherited a house from his uncle Gibson Raymond, had sisters Mary Gibson, Catherine Ewing and Anna Dowell, as well as a niece Elizabeth Seaton. (James B Leslie, ‘Armagh Clergy & Parishes’, 1911).

[3] The Register of Kilkenny School (1685-1800), T. U. Sadleir (The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland), Sixth Series, Vol. 14, No. 1, p.60.

[4] Thomas U. Sadleir, ‘Loveday’s tour in Kildare in 1732’, Kildare Archaeological Society Journal 7 (1912–14) 168–177.

[5] Registry of Deeds: 104-351-73317). Edward Mercer’s daughter Elizabeth was the second wife of Captain Thomas Vigors (born c.1685), of “The Black Horse”, Justice of the Peace for Queen’s County (Laois) and High Sheriff in 1714. They had three children Richard, the Rev. Edward and Elizabeth. Thanks to Oliver Whelan.

[6] Deeds Allen & Hull to Bunbury. B. Rathvilly C. Carlow. An Indenture, made 2 June 1750, whereby Margaret, Lady Viscountess Dowager Allen, her daughters Elizabeth & Francis Allen, and Richard Hull Esq, for the sum of £4800, paid to her Ladyship, and £10 [?] a piece to the rest, sold to William Bunbury of Lisnevagh, & Thomas Bunbury of Kill, County Carlow Esquire, the Town & Lands of Rathmore, cont by including 15? of Ballyhackett – 490.
Inrolled 9 June 1750. John Lodge, Records of the Rolls, vol. 14.

[7] 1716 R.P. State of declared official announcement of marriage settlement of R. Lockwod and Miss. E Bunbury.

[8] Information from a letter written by Lucy’s brother James Wansbrough to her sister Ann (Mrs. Thomas Sheppard) who moved to the USA.

[9] Roger Carden-Depper could not find trace of any owners prior to the Matthews family who ran it during the 1800s.

[10] Ref. 71-502-52-425. 726 Deed Stephen Moore of New Barn, Tipperary sold to Richard Lockwood Junior of City of Cashel, 116 acres for the lives of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Lockwood his wife and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh. Registered 1738.
* 1731 Richard Lockwood and Minchin Carden, Freemen of Cashel
* 1733 Stephen Moore of New Barn let farm, lands of Shanacloon and Ramspark in the Barony of Elligarty for the lives of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Lockwood his wife and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh. I suspect this Stephen Moore was Stephen Moore of Kilworth, forbear of the Earls Mount Cashell.
Samuel Hughes of Archerstown house and land 400 acres for the lives of Richard Lockwood and Elizabeth Lockwood and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh.

[11] Ref. 178-430-119502.

[12] The marriage is sometimes said to have been in 1756 but the Dublin Evening Mail of 29 December 1856 details as follows:

Marriage settlement, dated 10th of August. 1749, made between Richard Lockwood, the elder, of the first part, John Carden and William Bunbury. Esqr.. of the second part, Richard Lockwood, the younger, of the third part, Elisabeth Carden of the fourth part. Paul Minchin and Thomas Bunbury, of the fifth part, and Minchin Carden and Henry Bunbury of the sixth part, by which a sum of £1,500 or £2,000 of the then currency, as the case might require, was charged for daughters’ portions as therein mentioned.

Like the Bunburys, the Cardens (originally Cawarden) were long established in Cheshire. In the late 17th century, the brothers John and William Carden, and their sister Mary, settled in Tipperary. The younger brother William (d. 1723) acquired property at Dromineer in the Barony of Upper Ormonde, married Elizabeth Minnitt and had eight children. His sister Mary married James Willington of Killskehane Castle who died in 1750 at the ripe age of 104. The elder brother John Carden (1623–1728) purchased some 3000 acres at Templemore, Co. Tipperary, which, like Killerig, had formerly belonged to the Knights Templar.

Indeed, like Benjamin of Killerig, John Carden had leased these lands for some time before the purchase. Moreover, he purchased them from the same Earl of Arran who sold the Bunburys their Carlow estates. This included ‘a Mill, and the profits of a fair, all being parcels of the Lordship of Templemore’. He married Priscilla Kent in 1673 and allegedly died in 1728 at the age of 105.

John’s eldest son Jonathan Carden (1674–1703) was disinherited by his father for marrying without his consent. He went on to purchase the Barnane estate in Co Tipperary from Stephen Moore of Kilworth, where Valerie Jellett (née Beamish) used to run an acclaimed guesthouse.

The Templemore estate thus passed to John’s younger son and namesake, John Carden (d. 1747), who was married in 1717 to Rebecca Minchin, eldest daughter of Humphrey Minchin of Ballinakill, Co. Tipperary. John and Rebecca’s eldest son John was ancestor of the Carden baronets of Templemore. Their second son Minchin Carden (1722–1785) of Fishmoyne, Co. Tipperary, is the man referred to in the above lease.

[13] Her nephew William Bunbury III (1744-1778), the future MP and resident of Lisnavagh, was just 12 at this time. There is also the possibility that he was William Bunbury of the Kilfeacle branch.

[14] Christened at Cashel in 1754, he married Sophia Hunt in Dublin in 1784 and died in Littleton, County Tipperary, in 1823.

[15] Minchin Carden (1722-1785) was the second son of John Carden (d. 1747) by his marriage to Rebecca Minchin, second daughter of Humphrey Minchin (d. 1732) of Ballinakill, Co. Tipperary. Minchin Carden’s eldest brother John was ancestor of the Carden baronets of Templemore. And just to keep things nice and complicated, Minchin’s mother Rebecca was a sister of Paul Minchin (d. 1764) of Bogh (or Bough), Co. Carlow, who was married in 1727 to Henrietta Bunbury (1708-1761), sister of Henry and daughter of Joseph Bunbury of the Johnstown branch.

On 23 February 1749, Minchin Carden married Lucy, daughter of Richard Lockwood. They had two sons – John Carden (1760–1794), who succeeded to Fishmoyne, married twice and died without issue; and Richard Carden (1760–1812), an officer in the 12th Dragoons who married Jane, daughter of Very Rev Dixie Blundell, Dean of Kildare, and was ancestor of the Cardens of Fishmoyne. In 1781, Minchin Carden contested the will of his late father-in-law, but the case was thrown out of court. For more on the Minchin family, see under Bunbury of Johnstown.

Anyone interested in the Carden family history should visit Arthur Carden’s pages here and

[16] Captain George Mansergh and his wife Jane were parents of another Jane Elizabeth Mansergh, who married James Blacker, and were parents to the historian George Dacre Blacker, influential in Maynooth. With thanks to Denis Bergin.

[17] Ref. 144-398-98003.

[18] Ref. 317-146-211717.

[19] A dispute over this inheritance is recorded in Lockwood v Lockwood at Film P-4648 at Dublin Library.

[20] Limerick & Clare Examiner, 27 January 1849.

[21] In 1864, Indaville was sold to William Power who, in his will of 1902, left it to his Corby cousins. In 2014 Indaville seemed destined to be felled and converted into an Aldi supermarket. However, Roger Carden Depper visited in 2016 and reported that the house had not been knocked down and the Aldi supermarket had built in the grounds to the rear of the property. “A new road and car park had also been built. To access the supermarket, you drive along the new road over the old city wall and into what is the old historical city of Cashel. The interior appears to have been gutted and all the old fireplaces surrounds painted in magnolia.” Having been owned by a man named Murphy, its is now owned by solicitors Cian O Carroll.

[22] The Freeman’s Journal of 31 October 1835 has more if of interest

[23] On 21 March 1838, the Belfast Commercial Chronicle recorded ‘Purefoy Lockwood, late of the Royal Hospital [Kilmainham], county Dublin. Captain of the said Royal Hospital, and Lieutenant on half-pay in her Majesty’s 30th Regiment’ in a list of ‘IRISH INSOLVENT DEBTORS’.

[24] Dublin Evening Post, 21 March 1848.

[25] With thanks to John Stack and Roger Depper.